Major Critical Texts of the New Testament
Byz RP: 2005 Byzantine Greek New Testament, Robinson & Pierpont
TR1550: 1550 Stephanus New Testament
Maj: The Majority Text (thousands of minuscules which display a similar text)
Gries: 1774-1775 Johann Jakob Griesbach Greek New Testament
Treg: 1857-1879 Samuel Prideaux Tregelles Greek New Testament
Tisch: 1872 Tischendorf’s Greek New Testament
WH: 1881 Westcott-Hort Greek New Testament
NA28: 2012 Nestle-Aland Greek New Testament
UBS5: 2014 Greek New Testament
NU: Both Nestle-Aland and the United Bible Society
TGNT: 2017 The Greek New Testament by Tyndale House
[BRD] MATTHEW 1:22 ΚΑΤΑ ΜΑΤΘΑΙΟΝ 1:18 Westcott-Hort New Testament (WHNU)
1:22 Τοῦτο δὲ ὅλον γέγονεν ἵνα πληρωθῇ τὸ ηθὲν ὑπὸ Κυρίου διὰ τοῦ προφήτου λέγοντος
We have a mixture of witnesses, from scribe to translators, who added Isaiah (Ἠσαΐου) before the prophet (τοῦ προφήτου), which would include (D 267 954 1582*vid ita? b, c, d vgmss syrc, s, h, pal arm Irenaeus1/2). This was clearly an interpolation into the text in an attempt to name the prophet that Matthew was quoting. Obviously, Isaiah (Ἠσαΐου) was not in the original reading, for if it had been, there would be no rational reason for its omission from such a massive number of Greek manuscripts. Generally, the shorter reading is preferred if it is determined that it was intentional because a scribe tended to add to the text to clarify it, as opposed to adding to it by mistake.
- Bruce Manning Metzger, United Bible Societies, A Textual Commentary on the Greek New Testament, Second Edition a Companion Volume to the United Bible Societies’ Greek New Testament (4th Rev. Ed.) (London; New York: United Bible Societies, 1994), 7–8.
- Philip W. Comfort, New Testament Text and Translation Commentary: Commentary on the Variant Readings of the Ancient New Testament Manuscripts and How They Relate to the Major English Translations (Carol Stream, IL: Tyndale House Publishers, Inc., 2008), 4.
- Wilker, Wieland (n.d.). Retrieved from An Online Textual Commentary on the Greek Gospels: http://www.willker.de/wie/TCG/index.html
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