What Is the Nature of God’s Sovereignty, and How Does it Relate to Human Free Will?

The concept of God's sovereignty refers to his absolute control and authority over all things. It suggests that God is the creator and sustainer of the universe and that he has the power to do whatever he pleases. Some people believe that this concept of sovereignty is incompatible with the idea of human free will, as it suggests that God has predetermined everything that will happen and that human beings have no real choice in the matter.

THE KNOWABILITY OF GOD: What Do We Know? What Can We Know?

According to the Bible, it is possible to know God. In the Bible, God reveals himself to people through various means, such as through his creation, his word (the Bible), and through Jesus Christ. In the Old Testament, God reveals himself to the Israelites through his actions and his laws, which were given to them through Moses. God also reveals himself through prophets, who spoke on his behalf and delivered messages from him to the people. In the New Testament, God reveals himself fully and definitively through Jesus Christ, who is described as the Word made flesh (John 1:14). Jesus is the complete and ultimate revelation of God, and through him, we can come to know and understand God more fully.

Why Do We Suffer, Grow Old, and Die?

According to the Christian faith, sin is a separation from God and is considered to be a spiritual death. The physical death that all people experience is a result of this separation from God, and it is only through faith in Jesus Christ, the son of God, that people can be reconciled to God and have the hope of eternal life.

CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY: The Speculative Method of Theological Investigation

Speculation assumes, in an à priori manner, certain principles and, from them, undertakes to determine what is and what must be. It decides on all truth or determines on what is true from the laws of the mind or from axioms involved in the constitution of the thinking principle within us. To this head must be referred all those systems which are founded on any à priori philosophical assumptions. There are three general forms in which this speculative method has been applied to theology.

CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY: The Inductive Method of Theological Investigation

It is the so-called inductive method because it agrees with everything essential to the inductive method as applied to the natural sciences. The inductive method is an investigative way of studying the Bible. It helps to provide an overall understanding of a passage of Scripture: what it says, the intended meaning to the original audience, and how it can be applied today. The inductive method seeks to arrive at general conclusions through the consideration of specific facts.

CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY: The Mystical Method of Theological Investigation

Few words have been used with a greater latitude of meaning than mysticism. It is here to be taken in a sense antithetical to speculation. Speculation is a process of thought; mysticism is a matter of feeling. The one assumes that the thinking faculty is that by which we attain the knowledge of truth. The other distrusting reason teaches that feelings alone are to be relied upon, at least in the sphere of religion.

CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY: The Desire of the Human Mind

Divine revelation appeals to preparation in the human spirit, which it explains and accounts for: first, the instinctive (intuitive) and indestructible sense of dependence on a First Cause; secondly, the consciousness of responsibility to a Supreme Authority; and third, the union of these in the deep desire to know and have fellowship with the Source and End of life.

Theology a Science

Every science has two factors: facts and ideas, or facts and the mind. Science is more than knowledge. Knowledge is the persuasion of what is true on adequate evidence. If theology is a science, it must include something more than mere knowledge of facts. It must embrace an exhibition of the internal relation of those facts, one to another and each to all. It must be able to show that if one is admitted, others cannot be denied.

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