THE RISE OF CATHOLICISM: The Great Apostasy

The argument often given by those within Catholicism is that the Catholic Church goes clear back to the apostle Peter as the first pope. Apostolic succession is the method whereby the ministry of the Christian Church is held to be derived from the apostles by a continuous succession, which has usually been associated with a claim that the succession is through a series of bishops. They would also say that many early Christian writers used Catholicism. We will see that Catholicism goes back to Jesus, Christ, Peter, and Paul in the first century. However, not in the way that the Catholic Churchmen might want to accept, but it is nevertheless true. And having an understanding of what the word Catholicism means will help us understand why early Christian writers used it and why many Protestant authors have used it.

The Byzantine Civilization in the 12th Century

This article is meant to add context to the Byzantine text that was starting to be standardized in the 12th-century C.E. [Byzantine Kr/family 35 Text-Form] During the 12th century, the civilization of the Byzantine Empire experienced a period of intense change and development. This has led some historians to refer to a 12th-century 'Renaissance' in Byzantine cultural and intellectual achievement.

THE WALDENSES: Unorthodox or Searchers of Truth?

The Catholic Church would love everyone to forget the seeds of discontent that were present in her midst many years before Peter Waldo. For example, there was Bishop Agobard of Lyons, France (779-840 C.E.), who had come out strongly against image worship, churches dedicated to saints, and church liturgy, which was not in agreement with the Word of God, the Bible.

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