Major Critical Texts of the New Testament
Byz RP: 2005 Byzantine Greek New Testament, Robinson & Pierpont
TR1550: 1550 Stephanus New Testament
Maj: The Majority Text (thousands of minuscules which display a similar text)
Gries: 1774-1775 Johann Jakob Griesbach Greek New Testament
Treg: 1857-1879 Samuel Prideaux Tregelles Greek New Testament
Tisch: 1872 Tischendorf’s Greek New Testament
WH: 1881 Westcott-Hort Greek New Testament
NA28: 2012 Nestle-Aland Greek New Testament
UBS5: 2014 Greek New Testament
NU: Both Nestle-Aland and the United Bible Society
TGNT: 2017 The Greek New Testament by Tyndale House
Matthew 1:18 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
18 Now the birth of Jesus Christ was in this way: When his mother Mary had been betrothed to Joseph, before they came together she was found to be with child by the Holy Spirit.
[ … ] The square brackets below are a reconstruction of the letters or words that were likely original.
Nomina Sacra (singular: nomen sacrum from Latin sacred name): In early Christian scribal practices, there was the abbreviation of several frequently occurring divine names or titles within the Greek manuscripts. In Matthew 1:18, the divine names Jesus, Christ, and Spirit are written in nomen sacrum in the earliest manuscripts (𝔓1 א B W) The earliest of these is 𝔓1, which dates to about 250 C.E., and is similar to 𝔓69, having the same date. This is but a mere 200 years after Matthew penned his Gospel and only 150 years after John penned his Gospel, three epistles and the book of Revelation.
MATTHEW 1:18 ΚΑΤΑ ΜΑΤΘΑΙΟΝ 1:18 Westcott-Hort New Testament (WHNU)
1:18 Τοῦ δὲ Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ ἡ γένεσις οὕτως ἦν. Μνηστευθείσης τῆς μητρὸς αὐτοῦ Μαρίας τῷ Ἰωσήφ, πρὶν ἢ συνελθεῖν αὐτοὺς εὑρέθη ἐν γαστρὶ ἔχουσα ἐκ πνεύματος ἁγίου.
MATTHEW 1:18 PAPYRUS 1 – P. Oxy. 2 (𝔓1)
18 Τοῦ δὲ ι̅υ̅ χ̅υ̅ ἡ γένεσις οὕτως ἦν. Μνηστευθείσης τῆς μητρὸς αὐτοῦ Μ[αρ]ία[ς] τῷ Ἰω]σήφ, πρὶν ἢ συνελθεῖν αὐτοὺ[ς εὑ]ρέθη ἐν γαστρὶ ἔχουσα ἐκ [π̅ν̅ς̅ ]ἁ[γίου.
P1 (Papyrus 1 – P. Oxy. 2)
Contents: Matt. 1:1–9, 12, 14–20
Date: 250 C.E.
Discovered: Oxyrhynchus, Egypt
Housing Location: University of Pennsylvania Museum (E 2746)
Physical Features: The manuscript is a fragment of one leaf, one column per page; 12 cm x 25 cm; 37–38 lines per page; reformed documentary hand. The words are written continuously without separation. There are no accents or breathing marks. The nomina sacra are written in abbreviated forms:
Textual Character: The copyist of P1 stayed faithful to the very reliable exemplar that he was using. In places where there are major variants, 𝔓1 has a close agreement with the Alexandrian family, particularly Codex Vaticanus, from which it scarcely differs.
NTTC Matthew 1:1: The Gospel According to Matthew and the Nomina Sacra
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