PAPYRUS 22 (P22) [P. Oxy. 1228] New Testament Fragment Manuscript Dating to 200-250 A.D.

CPH LOGO Founded 2005 - 03

Please Help Us Keep These Thousands of Blog Posts Growing and Free for All

$5.00

The Reading Culture of Early Christianity From Spoken Words to Sacred Texts 400,000 Textual Variants 02
 

 

Papyrus P22
The P52 PROJECT THE NEW TESTAMENT DOCUMENTS 4th ed. MISREPRESENTING JESUS
 
Name P. Oxy. 1228
Text John 15-16 †
Date 3rd century
Script Greek
Found Egypt
Now at Glasgow University Library
Cite B. P. Grenfell & A. S. HuntOxyrynchus Papyri’’ X, (London, 1914), pp. 14-16
Size 18.5 x 5 cm
Type Alexandrian text-type
Category I
Grenfell and Hunt
Bernard Grenfell
 
 
Arthur Hunt
 
 

Papyrus 22 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), designated by P22, is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript of the Gospel of John, only containing extant John 15:25-16:2, 21–32. The manuscript has been paleographically assigned to 200-250 A.D. It is the only identified New Testament papyrus to have been written originally as a roll; not a codex or re-using the back of a scroll.

APOSTOLIC FATHERS Lightfoot APOSTOLIC FATHERS

Description

The text was written in two consecutive columns on a roll. The reverse side is blank.
The manuscript employs conventional Nomina Sacra: ΠΣ ΠΝΑ ΠΡΣ ΠΡΑ ΙΗΣ ΑΝΟΣ.
The text contains no punctuation marks.

The Greek text of this codex is a representative of the Alexandrian text-type (rather proto-Alexandrian). Aland described it as a normal text and placed it in Category I. This manuscript displays an independent text. Coincidences with the Codex Sinaiticus are frequent, but divergences are noticeable. There are no singular readings. According to Schofield, the fragment rather represents the eclecticism of the early papyri before the crystallizing of the textual families had taken place.

It is currently housed at the Glasgow University Library (MS Gen 1026) in Glasgow.

9781949586121 BIBLE DIFFICULTIES THE NEW TESTAMENT DOCUMENTS

John 15:25-16:2, 21-32 The Westcott and Hort Greek New Testament (WH)

 25 ἀλλ’But ἵναin order that πληρωθῇshould be fulfilled the λόγοςword the (one) ἐνin τῷthe νόμῳLaw αὐτῶνof them γεγραμμένοςhaving been written ὅτιthat ᾿ΕμίσησάνThey hated μεme δωρεάν.as free gift. 26 ὍτανWhenever ἔλθῃshould come the παράκλητοςhelper ὃνwhom ἐγὼI πέμψωshall send ὑμῖνto you παρὰbeside τοῦof the πατρός,Father, τὸthe πνεῦμαspirit τῆςof the ἀληθείαςtruth which παρὰbeside τοῦof the πατρὸςFather ἐκπορεύεται,is proceeding, ἐκεῖνοςthat (one) μαρτυρήσειwill bear witness περὶabout ἐμοῦ·me; 27 καὶand ὑμεῖςyou δὲbut μαρτυρεῖτε,are bearing witness, ὅτιthat ἀπ’from ἀρχῆςbeginning μετ’with ἐμοῦme ἐστέ.you are.

16 ΤαῦταThese (things) λελάληκαI have spoken ὑμῖνto you ἵναin order that μὴnot σκανδαλισθῆτε.you might be stumbled. 2 ἀποσυναγώγουςOff from synagogue ποιήσουσινthey will make ὑμᾶς·you; ἀλλ’but ἔρχεταιis coming ὥραhour ἵναin order that πᾶςeveryone the ἀποκτείναςhaving killed ὑμᾶςyou δόξῃshould think λατρείανsacred service προσφέρεινto be offering τῷto the θεῷ.God. 

 21 The γυνὴwoman ὅτανwhenever τίκτῃshe may give birth λύπηνgrief ἔχει,is having,  ὅτιbecause ἦλθενcame the ὥραhour αὐτῆς·of her; ὅτανwhenever δὲbut γεννήσῃshe should become parent to τὸthe παιδίον,little boy, οὐκέτιnot yet μνημονεύειshe is remembering τῆςof the θλίψεωςtribulation διὰthrough τὴνthe χαρὰνjoy ὅτιbecause ἐγεννήθηwas generated ἄνθρωποςman εἰςinto τὸνthe κόσμον.world. 22 καὶAlso ὑμεῖςyou οὖνtherefore νῦνnow μὲνindeed λύπηνgrief ἔχετε·you are having; πάλινagain δὲbut ὄψομαιI shall see ὑμᾶς,you, καὶand χαρήσεταιwill rejoice ὑμῶνof you the καρδία,heart, καὶand τὴνthe χαρὰνjoy ὑμῶνof you οὐδεὶςno one ἀρεῖwill lift up ἀφ’from ὑμῶν.you. 23 καὶAnd ἐνin ἐκείνῃthat τῇthe ἡμέρᾳday ἐμὲme οὐκnot ἐρωτήσετεyou will question οὐδέν·nothing; ἀμὴνamen ἀμὴνamen λέγωI am saying ὑμῖν,to you, ἄνlikely τιanything αἰτήσητεyou should ask τὸνthe πατέραFather δώσειhe will give ὑμῖνto you ἐνin τῷthe ὀνόματίname μου.of me. 24 ἕωςUntil ἄρτιright now οὐκnot ᾐτήσατεyou asked οὐδὲνnothing ἐνin τῷthe ὀνόματίname μου·of me; αἰτεῖτεbe you asking καὶand λήμψεσθε,you will receive, ἵναin order that the χαρὰjoy ὑμῶνof you may be πεπληρωμένη.having been made full. 25 ΤαῦταThese (things) ἐνin παροιμίαιςcomparisons λελάληκαI have spoken ὑμῖν·to you; ἔρχεταιis coming ὥραhour ὅτεwhen οὐκέτιnot yet ἐνin παροιμίαιςcomparisons λαλήσωI shall speak ὑμῖνto you ἀλλὰbut παρρησίᾳoutspokenly περὶabout τοῦthe πατρὸςFather ἀπαγγελῶI shall report back ὑμῖν.to you. 26 ἐνIn ἐκείνῃthat τῇthe ἡμέρᾳday ἐνin τῷthe ὀνόματίname μουof me αἰτήσεσθε,you will ask, καὶand οὐnot λέγωI am saying ὑμῖνto you ὅτιthat ἐγὼI ἐρωτήσωshall request τὸνthe πατέραFather περὶabout ὑμῶν·you; 27 αὐτὸςhe γὰρfor the πατὴρFather φιλεῖis having affection for ὑμᾶς,you, ὅτιbecause ὑμεῖςyou ἐμὲme πεφιλήκατεhave been having affection for καὶand πεπιστεύκατεyou have believed ὅτιthat ἐγὼI παρὰbeside τοῦof the πατρὸςFather ἐξῆλθον.I came out. 28 ἐξῆλθονOut I came ἐκout of τοῦthe πατρὸςFather καὶand ἐλήλυθαI have come εἰςinto τὸνthe κόσμον·world; πάλινagain ἀφίημιI am letting go off τὸνthe κόσμονworld καὶand πορεύομαιI am going πρὸςtoward τὸνthe πατέρα.Father.

29 ΛέγουσινAre saying οἱthe μαθηταὶdisciples αὐτοῦof him ἼδεSee! νῦνNow ἐνin παρρησίᾳoutspokenly λαλεῖς,you are speaking, καὶand παροιμίανcomparison οὐδεμίανno one λέγεις.you are saying. 30 νῦνNow οἴδαμενwe have known ὅτιthat οἶδαςyou have known πάνταall (things) καὶand οὐnot χρείανneed ἔχειςyou are having    ἵναin order that   τίςanyone σεyou ἐρωτᾷ·may question; ἐνin τούτῳthis πιστεύομενwe are believing ὅτιthat ἀπὸfrom θεοῦGod ἐξῆλθες.you came out. 31 ἀπεκρίθηAnswered αὐτοῖςto them ἸησοῦςJesus ἌρτιRight now πιστεύετε;are you believing? 32 ἰδοὺLook! ἔρχεταιIs coming ὥραhour καὶand ἐλήλυθενit has come ἵναin order that σκορπισθῆτεyou should be scattered ἕκαστοςeach (one) εἰςinto τὰthe ἴδιαown (things) κἀμὲand me μόνονalone ἀφῆτε·you will let go off; καὶand οὐκnot εἰμὶI am μόνος,alone, ὅτιbecause the πατὴρFather μετ’with ἐμοῦme ἐστίν.is. 

APOSTOLIC FATHERS Lightfoot

Philip Comfort

Grenfell and Hunt noted that there is general similarity between the script in P22 and that found in P. Oxy. 654 (Logia), which can be dated confidently to the mid-third century. The hand of P22, though a bit heavier, should be dated to the same period.

Grenfell and Hunt said that P22 is “a good and interesting text, but does not at all agree consistently with any one of the chief authorities.” Following Grenfell and Hunt, Schofield indicated that P22’s “textual affinities are not strongly marked; it does not agree with any one group of the manuscripts. The fragment rather represents the eclecticism of the early papyri before the crystallizing of the textual families had taken place.”

[first column]

15

25αυ]των γεγραμμε[νος
δωρεαν] 26οταν ελθη ο πα̣[ρακλητος
ϋμ]ιν παρα του π̅ς̅ [το
του] π̅ρ̅ς̅ εκπορε̣υ̣ε̣[ται
ε]μ̣ου 27και ϋμ[εις

16

ε]μ̣ου εστε 1τ[αυτα
σκανδ]αλισθητε❏ [2αποσυναγωγους
ε]ρ̣χε̣ται ωρ[α
[location of lower margin is uncertain]
[16:3–20 missing]

[second column]
21γ]υ̣νη οταν̣ τικτ̣η̣ λ̣υπ[ην
αυ]τ̣η̣ς̣ ο̣ταν δε γεν̣ν̣η[ση
μνημο]νευει της θλει̣ψ̣εω̣[ς
εγενν]η̣θη α̅ν̅ο̅ς̅ ει̣ς τον κ̣[οσμον
22μ]ε̣ν λυπην εχετ̣ε π̣[αλιν
χαρη]σεται ϋμων η κ̣αρ[δια
ου]δ̣εις αιρει̣ αφ [ϋ]μ̣ω̣ν [23και
ου]κ ερωτησετ̣ε̣ [ου]δε[ν
ο] τ̣ι εα̣ν̣ αιτησ̣[ητε
δωσει] ϋμ̣ε̣ι̣ν̣ 24εω̣[ς] α̣ρ̣τ̣ι̣ [ουκ
ονο]μ̣α̣τι μο̣υ [αιτειτε
[three lines cannot be deciphered]
25του] π̅ρ̅ς̅ [α]π[α]γγελω [ϋμειν
26ε]ν τω ον[οματ]ι μ[ο]υ αιτη[σεσθε
εγ]ω ερω[τησ]ω̣ τ̣ο̣ν̣ π̅ρ̅α̅ [περι
27ο] π̣̅η̣̅[ρ̅ φιλει] ϋμα[ς] ο̣τι̣ ϋμ̣[εις
κα]ι π̣[επιστε]υκα̣τ̣[ε] οτι εγ[ω
εξηλθο]ν 28εξ[η]λθον παρα του π̣̅[ρ̅ς̅ και
τ]ον [κοσμον] παλιν α[φιημι
πορευομαι] π̣ρ̣[ος] τ̣[ο]ν̣ [π̅ρ̅α̅
29αυτου] ι̣δ̣ε [νυν
ου]δ̣εμι̣[αν] λ[εγεις
30πα]ντ[α] κα̣ι ου χρει[αν
τ]ο̣υτω [πισ]τευο̣μ̣ε[ν
31απ]ε̣κρι[θη] αυτοις ι̅η̣̅[ς̅] α̣[ρτι
32ερχεται] ω̣ρα [και ε]λ̣η̣λ̣υ̣θεν̣ [ϊνα
ε]ι̣ς̣ τ[α ι]δ̣ι̣α̣ κα[ι] εμ̣[ε
[location of lower margin is uncertain]

Attribution: This article incorporates some text from the public domain: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, and Edward D. Andrews

REFERENCES

  1. Aland, KurtAland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 97. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
  2. Comfort, Philip W.; David P. Barrett (2001). The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts. Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers. p. 109. ISBN 978-0-8423-5265-9.
  3. B. P. Grenfell & A. S. Hunt, Oxyrynchus Papyri X, (London 1914), p. 14.
  4. Peter M. Head, The Habits of New Testament Copyists Singular Readings in the Early Fragmentary Papyri of John, Biblica 85 (2004), 406.
  5. “Liste Handschriften”. Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 23 August 2011.

FURTHER READING

SCROLL THROUGH DIFFERENT CATEGORIES BELOW

BIBLE TRANSLATION AND TEXTUAL CRITICISM

The Complete Guide to Bible Translation-2
The Reading Culture of Early Christianity From Spoken Words to Sacred Texts 400,000 Textual Variants 02
The P52 PROJECT THE NEW TESTAMENT DOCUMENTS 4th ed. MISREPRESENTING JESUS
APOSTOLIC FATHERS Lightfoot APOSTOLIC FATHERS
English Bible Versions King James Bible KING JAMES BIBLE II
9781949586121 BIBLE DIFFICULTIES THE NEW TESTAMENT DOCUMENTS
APOSTOLIC FATHERS Lightfoot

BIBLICAL STUDIES / INTERPRETATION

CALVINISM VS. ARMINIANISM
How to Interpret the Bible-1 INTERPRETING THE BIBLE how-to-study-your-bible1
how-to-study-your-bible1
israel against all odds ISRAEL AGAINST ALL ODDS - Vol. II

EARLY CHRISTIANITY

THE LIFE OF JESUS CHRIST by Stalker-1 The TRIAL and Death of Jesus_02 THE LIFE OF Paul by Stalker-1
PAUL AND LUKE ON TRIAL
APOSTOLIC FATHERS Lightfoot APOSTOLIC FATHERS I AM John 8.58

CHRISTIAN APOLOGETIC EVANGELISM

The Epistle to the Hebrews PAUL AND LUKE ON TRIAL
REASONING FROM THE SCRIPTURES APOLOGETICS CONVERSATION EVANGELISM
AN ENCOURAGING THOUGHT_01
Young Christians
INVESTIGATING JEHOVAH'S WITNESSES REVIEWING 2013 New World Translation
Jesus Paul THE EVANGELISM HANDBOOK
REASONING WITH OTHER RELIGIONS APOLOGETICS
REASONABLE FAITH FEARLESS-1
Satan BLESSED IN SATAN'S WORLD_02 HEROES OF FAITH - ABEL
is-the-quran-the-word-of-god UNDERSTANDING ISLAM AND TERRORISM THE GUIDE TO ANSWERING ISLAM.png
DEFENDING OLD TESTAMENT AUTHORSHIP Agabus Cover BIBLICAL CRITICISM
Mosaic Authorship HOW RELIABLE ARE THE GOSPELS
THE CREATION DAYS OF GENESIS gift of prophecy

TECHNOLOGY

9798623463753 Machinehead KILLER COMPUTERS
INTO THE VOID

CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY

Why Me_ Explaining the Doctrine of the Last Things Understaning Creation Account
Homosexuality and the Christian second coming Cover Where Are the Dead
CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY Vol. CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY Vol. II CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY Vol. III
CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY Vol. IV CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY Vol. V MIRACLES
Human Imperfection HUMILITY

CHILDREN’S BOOKS

READ ALONG WITH ME READ ALONG WITH ME READ ALONG WITH ME

PRAYER

Powerful Weapon of Prayer Power Through Prayer How to Pray_Torrey_Half Cover-1

TEENS-YOUTH-ADOLESCENCE-JUVENILE

THERE IS A REBEL IN THE HOUSE thirteen-reasons-to-keep-living_021 Waging War - Heather Freeman
 
Young Christians DEVOTIONAL FOR YOUTHS 40 day devotional (1)
Homosexuality and the Christian THE OUTSIDER RENEW YOUR MIND

CHRISTIAN LIVING

GODLY WISDOM SPEAKS Wives_02 HUSBANDS - Love Your Wives
 
WALK HUMBLY WITH YOUR GOD THE BATTLE FOR THE CHRISTIAN MIND (1)-1
ADULTERY 9781949586053 PROMISES OF GODS GUIDANCE
APPLYING GODS WORD-1 For As I Think In My Heart_2nd Edition Put Off the Old Person
Abortion Booklet Dying to Kill The Pilgrim’s Progress
WHY DON'T YOU BELIEVE WAITING ON GOD WORKING FOR GOD
 
YOU CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE Let God Use You to Solve Your PROBLEMS THE POWER OF GOD
HOW TO OVERCOME YOUR BAD HABITS-1 GOD WILL GET YOU THROUGH THIS A Dangerous Journey
ARTS, MEDIA, AND CULTURE Christians and Government Christians and Economics

CHRISTIAN COMMENTARIES

CHRISTIAN DEVOTIONALS
40 day devotional (1) Daily Devotional_NT_TM Daily_OT
DEVOTIONAL FOR CAREGIVERS DEVOTIONAL FOR YOUTHS DEVOTIONAL FOR TRAGEDY
DEVOTIONAL FOR YOUTHS 40 day devotional (1)

CHURCH HEALTH, GROWTH, AND HISTORY

LEARN TO DISCERN Deception In the Church FLEECING THE FLOCK_03
The Church Community_02 THE CHURCH CURE Developing Healthy Churches
FIRST TIMOTHY 2.12 EARLY CHRISTIANITY-1

Apocalyptic-Eschatology [End Times]

Explaining the Doctrine of the Last Things Identifying the AntiChrist second coming Cover
ANGELS AMERICA IN BIBLE PROPHECY_ ezekiel, daniel, & revelation

CHRISTIAN FICTION

Oren Natas_JPEG Sentient-Front Seekers and Deceivers
Judas Diary 02 Journey PNG The Rapture

One thought on “PAPYRUS 22 (P22) [P. Oxy. 1228] New Testament Fragment Manuscript Dating to 200-250 A.D.

Add yours

Leave a Reply

Powered by WordPress.com.

Up ↑

%d bloggers like this: