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Papyrus 20 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), designated by P20, is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript of the Epistle of James, but it only contains Chapters 2:19-3:9. The manuscript has been paleographically assigned to the late 2nd century.
|Name||P. Oxy. 1171|
|Text||Epistle of James 2-3 †|
|Now at||Princeton University Library|
|Cite||B. P. Grenfell & A. S. Hunt, Oxyrhynchus Papyri IX, (London 1912), pp. 9-11|
|Size||11.5 by 4.5 cm|
The original size of the leaves was 17 by 12 cm.
The text is neatly written in upright semi-cursive letters. The main Nomina Sacra are used, but πατηρ / pater / father and ανθρωπος / anthropos/man are written out in full.
The Greek text of this codex is representative of the Alexandrian text type (rather proto-Alexandrian). Aland placed it in Category I. This manuscript shows the greatest agreement with Codex Sinaiticus and Vaticanus, but not with codices Ephraemi, Regius, and other late Alexandrian manuscripts.
Philip Comfort has stated that the scribe who wrote P20 was also the same scribe who wrote P27, where the Greek letters α, β, δ, ε, λ, ι, μ, ν, ο, π, ρ, σ, ψ, υ, φ, ω are formed identically in both manuscripts. Comfort adds, “The handwriting has many similarities with P. Egerton 4 (2 Chronicles) of the third century, and even more so with P27, which may be the work of the same scribe.”—Philip Wesley Comfort and David P. Barrett, The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts (Wheaton, IL: Tyndale House, 2001), 106–107.
It is currently housed at the Princeton University Library (AM 4117) in Princeton.
- ALAND, KURT; ALAND, BARBARA (1995). THE TEXT OF THE NEW TESTAMENT: AN INTRODUCTION TO THE CRITICAL EDITIONS AND TO THE THEORY AND PRACTICE OF MODERN TEXTUAL CRITICISM. ERROLL F. RHODES (TRANS.). GRAND RAPIDS: WILLIAM B. EERDMANS PUBLISHING COMPANY. P. 97. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
- B. P. Grenfell & A. S. Hunt, Oxyrhynchus Papyri IX, (London, 1912), p. 9.
- COMFORT, PHILIP W.; DAVID P. BARRETT (2001). THE TEXT OF THE EARLIEST NEW TESTAMENT GREEK MANUSCRIPTS. WHEATON, ILLINOIS: TYNDALE HOUSE PUBLISHERS. P. 106. ISBN 978-0-8423-5265-9.
- “LISTE HANDSCHRIFTEN”. MÜNSTER: INSTITUTE FOR NEW TESTAMENT TEXTUAL RESEARCH. RETRIEVED 23 AUGUST 2011.
Attribution: This article incorporates some text from the public domain: Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, and Edward D. Andrews