Kurt and Barbara Aland Categories of New Testament Manuscripts

New Testament manuscripts in Greek are categorized into five groups, according to a scheme introduced in 1981 by Kurt and Barbara Aland in The text of the New Testament. The categories are based on how each manuscript relates to the various text-types. Generally speaking, earlier Alexandrian manuscripts are category I, while later Byzantine manuscripts are category V. Aland's method involved considering 1000 passages where the Byzantine text... Continue Reading →

Caesarean Text-Type of Greek New Testament Manuscripts

An Eastern form of text, which was formerly called the Caesarean text, is preserved, to a greater or lesser extent, in several Greek manuscripts (including Θ, 565, 700) and in the Armenian and Georgian versions. The text of these witnesses is characterized by a mixture of Western and Alexandrian readings. (Bruce M. Metzger)

Western Text-Type of Greek New Testament Manuscripts

The chief characteristic of Western readings is fondness for paraphrase. Words, clauses, and even whole sentences are freely changed, omitted, or inserted. Sometimes the motive appears to have been harmonization, while at other times it was the enrichment of the narrative by the inclusion of traditional or apocryphal material. (Bruce M. Metzger)

Alexandrian Text-Type of Greek New Testament Manuscripts

The Alexandrian text ... is usually considered to be the best text and the most faithful in preserving the original. Characteristics of the Alexandrian text are brevity and austerity. That is, it is generally shorter than the text of other forms, and it does not exhibit the degree of grammatical and stylistic polishing that is characteristic of the Byzantine type of text (Bruce M. Metzger)

List of Greek Majuscule Manuscripts of the New Testament

A New Testament uncial is a section of the New Testament in Greek or Latin majuscule letters, written on parchment or vellum. This style of writing is called Biblical Uncial or Biblical Majuscule. At present, there are 323 manuscripts. This source page started out Wikipedia but Edward D. Andrews will be updating it for Christian Publishing House. Some things are linked to the CPH blog and others... Continue Reading →

Minuscule 23 Greek Manuscript of the New Testament

Minuscule 23 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 1183 (von Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, written on vellum. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 11th-century.[2] It has marginalia. Currently, there are 2,951 minuscule manuscripts. Description The codex contains a text of the four Gospels with some lacunae (Matthew 1:1-5.7-16; Luke 24:42-John 2:20; John 21:24.25), on 230 parchment leaves (23 cm by 18.4 cm). The text is written in... Continue Reading →

Lectionary 1 Greek Manuscript of the New Testament

Lectionary 1, designated siglum (symbol) ℓ 1 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), is a Greek manuscript of the New Testament on vellum. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 10th century.[1] Formerly it was known as Codex Colbertinus 700, then Codex Regius 278. Currently, there are 2,484 Lectionary manuscripts. Description The codex contains lessons from the Gospels lectionary (Evangelistarium) with some lacunae.[2] The text is written in Greek uncial letters, on 265 parchment leaves (30 cm... Continue Reading →

List of Greek Lectionary Manuscripts of the New Testament

A New Testament Lectionary is a handwritten copy of a lectionary or book of New Testament Bible readings. Lectionaries may be written in majuscule or minuscule Greek letters, on parchment, papyrus, vellum, or paper. This page is from Wikipedia but will be updated over time by Edward D. Andrews for Christian Publishing House. As of November 2019, there are 2,484 Lectionary Greek New Testament Manuscripts. New Testament lectionaries are distinct from: New Testament... Continue Reading →

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