Minuscule 23 Greek Manuscript of the New Testament

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Minuscule 23 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), ε 1183 (von Soden),[1] is a Greek minuscule manuscript of the New Testament, written on vellum. Palaeographically it has been assigned to the 11th-century.[2] It has marginalia. Currently, there are 2,951 minuscule manuscripts.

The P52 PROJECT THE NEW TESTAMENT DOCUMENTS 4th ed. MISREPRESENTING JESUS

Description

The codex contains a text of the four Gospels with some lacunae[3] (Matthew 1:1-5.7-16; Luke 24:42-John 2:20; John 21:24.25), on 230 parchment leaves (23 cm by 18.4 cm). The text is written in one column per page, 22 lines per page.[4] The initial letters in gold and color.

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The text is divided according to the κεφαλαια (chapters), whose numbers are given at the margin, and their τιτλοι (titles of chapters) at the top of the pages. There is also a division according to the smaller Ammonian Sections (no references to the Eusebian Canons).[5]

It contains lists of the κεφαλαια (tables of contents) before each Gospel and lectionary markings at the margin (for Church reading). It has the Latin Vulgate version down to Luke 4:18.[6]

9781949586121 BIBLE DIFFICULTIES THE NEW TESTAMENT DOCUMENTS

Text

The Greek text of the codex is a representative of the Byzantine text-type. Aland placed it in Category V.[7]

According to the Claremont Profile Method[8] it represents the textual family Kx [9] in Luke 10. In Luke 1 and Luke 20 (weak) it represents textual cluster Π1441.[10]

Verse John 21:25 is omitted.[11]

4th ed. MISREPRESENTING JESUS The Complete Guide to Bible Translation-2

History

The manuscript probably was written in Italy. It is dated by the INTF to the 11th-century.

It was partially examined and collated by Griesbach and Scholz (only 186 verses). It was examined and described by Paulin Martin.[12] C. R. Gregory saw the manuscript in 1885.[13]

It is currently housed at the Bibliothèque nationale de France (Gr. 77) in Paris.

Wikipedia and Edward D. Andrews

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[1] Gregory, Caspar René (1908). Die griechischen Handschriften des Neuen Testament. Leipzig: J. C. Hinrichs’sche Buchhandlung. p. 49.

[2] K. Aland, M. Welte, B. Köster, K. Junack, Kurzgefasste Liste der griechischen Handschriften des Neues Testaments, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin, New York 1994, p. 48.

“Liste Handschriften.” Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 2013-09-26.

[3]lacuna is a gap in a manuscript, inscription, text, painting, or musical work. A manuscript, text, or section suffering from gaps is said to be “lacunose” or “lacunulose.”

[4] “Liste Handschriften.” Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 2013-09-26.

[5] Scrivener, Frederick Henry Ambrose; Edward Miller (1894). A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. Vol. 1 (4 ed.). London: George Bell & Sons. p. 194.

Eusebian canonsEusebian sections or Eusebian apparatus, also known as Ammonian sections, are the system of dividing the four Gospels used between late Antiquity and the Middle Ages. The divisions into chapters and verses used in modern texts date only from the 13th and 16th centuries, respectively. The sections are indicated in the margin of nearly all Greek and Latin manuscripts of the Bible, and usually summarized in canon tables at the start of the Gospels. There are about 1165 sections: 355 for Matthew, 235 for Mark, 343 for Luke, and 232 for John; the numbers, however, vary slightly in different manuscripts.

[6] Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testament. Vol. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs’sche Buchhandlung. p. 134.

[7] Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 138.

[8] The Claremont Profile Method is a method for classifying ancient manuscripts of the Bible. It was elaborated by Ernest Cadman Colwell and his students. Professor Frederik Wisse attempted to establish an accurate and rapid procedure for the classification of the manuscript evidence of any ancient text with large manuscript attestation, and to present an adequate basis for the selection of balanced representatives of the whole tradition. The work of Wisse is limited only to three chapters in Luke: 1, 10, and 20.

[9] Family Kx is a large group of the New Testament manuscripts. It belongs to the Byzantine text-type as one of the textual families of this group. It includes uncials, and although hundreds of minuscules, no early ones.

[10] Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 53

Family Π is a group of New Testament manuscripts. Belonging to the Byzantine text-type, it is one of the textual families of this group. The name of the family, “Π”, is drawn from the symbol used for the Codex Petropolitanus. One of the most distinct of the Byzantine sub-groups, it is very old and the third largest. The oldest Byzantine manuscripts belong to this family.

[11] Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testament. Vol. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs’sche Buchhandlung. p. 134.

[12] Wisse, Frederik (1982). The Profile Method for the Classification and Evaluation of Manuscript Evidence, as Applied to the Continuous Greek Text of the Gospel of Luke. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 53

[13] Gregory, Caspar René (1900). Textkritik des Neuen Testament. Vol. 1. Leipzig: J.C. Hinrichs’sche Buchhandlung. p. 134.

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