Chapter 13 is a continuation of chapters 10 and 11. Again, we have two parallel lines where the second line is contrasted with the first line. While the form and content of chapter 13 is similar to chapters 10-12, it differs in that it begins with a father’s loving discipline and closes with verse 24 (second to last verse) where the loving father disciplines or corrects his son. So, we have 13:10, 13-14, 18, and 20 enclosed within verses 1 and 24, dealing with commandments, teachings, discipline, correction (reproof), and instruction. Verses 2-3 lay the foundation for this by offering counsel to the son on wise speech. It should be noted that there are no direct references to God (Jehovah) in chapter 13.
Discipline and Training
Proverbs 13:1 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
13 A wise son hears his father’s discipline,
but a scoffer does not listen to rebuke.
A wise son hears his father’s discipline: There is no verb in the first line of 13:1, so it literally reads, “A wise son, a father’s discipline.” If we come across a wise young man, the discipline of the father is the reason the situation exists. While son (ben) and father (ab) in the Hebrew are masculine singulars, the principle need not be restricted to sons and fathers only. Thus, in these last days, many households are missing the father and the mother has to assume that role and does so biblically; therefore, it is her discipline (Heb. musar) that produces the wise son. The discipline from the father can range from mild to severe. It can begin as training. However, if that is rejected, it will then move into the form of punishment. A son will become wise only if he accepts the discipline of his father.
But a scoffer does not listen to rebuke: The scoffer (Heb. lets), who has mocked his father’s discipline and treated him with contempt has rejected the discipline (instruction) of his father, so he has foolishly chosen correction in the form of punishment over mild instructive training. This son does not listen (Heb. shama), pay attention to, or accept the rebuke (Heb. gearah) of his father, as he cannot stand to hear the corrective counsel from his father. A rebuke can come in the form of the father scolding (speaking loudly and persistently), reprimanding (straight talk), or using punishment, moving beyond words if needed, to correct the son’s thinking (mindset) and behavior.
The wise son will listen to his father’s discipline (instruction) but the son who thinks he knows better, he will not pay attention for he has nothing but dislike and disdain for his father’s instruction. Therefore, this son’s arrogance will need to be corrected with some firm straight talk that is direct advice, which is straight to the point. When a son is young (2-10 years of age), he needs a lot of love from his father, which comes in the form discipline (instruction) he requires and does not even realize he unknowingly craves. This means the father must give wisely of himself, his life experience and judgment especially the wisdom found in God’s Word. Therefore, the loving father does not hold back discipline from the wise son who wants such, or the corrective punishment to the son who thinks he does not need to follow any of his father’s instruction. A good pat on the back for the wise son. A firm pat a little lower to get the attention of the son that mocks instruction, followed by direct straight forward advice.
Guard Your Tongue
Proverbs 13:2 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
2 From the fruit of a man’s mouth he eats good,
but the soul of the treacherous is for violence.
From the fruit of a man’s mouth he eats good: Here, the fruit (Heb. peri) of a man’s mouth (Heb. peh) means words from the mouth of the righteous (good, honest, upright) man, that is, speech, words, and thoughts, which can bring forth good. In other words, this is a figurative way of referring to what a good person says or the words that come from the mouth of a good or righteous person. Eats good (Heb. yokal tov) is figurative and means the words that come from a good or righteous man will result in his being rewarded with joy as his words bring forth good for himself and all others with whom he has an interchange. A good or righteous man will find joy in what he says.
But the soul of the treacherous is for violence: The Hebrew word rendered soul [“soulful desire”] (wenephesh) is often used for what a person desires, craves to eat, appetite. The Hebrew verb rendered treacherous (bogedim) means to wrong another through being unfaithful. This one is quick to betray another and is dangerously deceitful. Violence (Heb. chamas) here is referring to unjust force, an act of aggression that can lead to physical contact. This is a strong, fierce, destructive force that can maim, destroy or kill a person. It also has the sense of abusive power. In line two the treacherous person is contrasted with the good man of lone one and violence is being contrasted with the fruit of a man’s mouth.
The righteous man will find joy and happiness from the good words that come from his mouth. On the other hand, the deceitful man will crave or desire violence. The king of Israel here is likening our mouth to a fruit-bearing tree, as he seeks to guide us in our speech. The words that we speak are the fruitage of our mouths. And we will reap what we sow from our words. If our words come from a pure and righteous heart and our intention is to be kind, gentle, and respectful, being used to establish friendly relations with others, we will find joy and happiness, as we go about peacefully in this fallen world. This is far different from those who want to be treacherous, who only desires, even crave to commit violence against others. As he goes about scheming how to maim, destroy, or hurt another person, he also is the recipient of violence as well. The snares of death are at his doorstep.
Guard Your Mouth
Proverbs 13:3 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
3 He who guards his mouth preserves his soul;
he who opens wide his lips comes to ruin.
The gist of this proverb is that we need to be careful in what we say. Line one is contrasting someone who is able to keep control over his mouth with someone who does not know how to control what he says in line two.
He who guards his mouth preserves his soul: The Hebrew word rendered mouth (peh) refers to speaking, talking, communicating and so the phrase guard his mouth has the sense of one who is very careful about what he says and takes his time, thinking, weighing his words, before saying anything. Preserves his soul (i.e., life) is to keep watch over, to protect his wellbeing from any kind of harm that would come from speaking thoughtlessly.
He who opens wide his lips comes to ruin: The Hebrew word rendered lips (saphah) as in most cases refers to speech or talk and so the phrase opens wise his lips has the sense of one who is babbling here, who speaks thoughtlessly or unwisely, namely, the words of a foolish person, which is in stark contrast to the man who can guard his mouth. Comes to ruin is no small thing, for it is an irrecoverable state of devastation and destruction.
We can bring to ruin our reputation, cause hurt feelings, and strain relations, and even cause ourselves physical harm by being thoughtless with our words, foolish with our speech. Most importantly, the one who opens wide his lips with loose speech, babbling thoughtlessly, he can lose his divine approval from God, who holds us all accountable for what we say. (Deut. 23:23; Num. 30:6-8; Prov. 12:13; Matt. 12:36-37) Undoubtedly, though, all of us want to preserve our soul, that is, our life from any harm that might result from thoughtless speech.
There, if we are wise, we will take James’ counsel to heart, “be quick to hear, slow to speak, slow to anger.” It will enable us to use our words in such a way that that they are not only acceptable to God but also bring him joy. In this way, we are using our speech to the glory of our Creator. Additionally, guarding our mouth will help us to carry out the divine will as expressed at Romans 14:19: “So then we pursue the things which make for peace and the building up of one another.”
Proverbs 13:4 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
4 The soul of the sluggard craves and gets nothing,
while the soul of the diligent will be made fat.
The soul of the sluggard craves and gets nothing: The Hebrew word (atsel) rendered sluggard is used metaphorically for a lazy person, a person who is opposed, reluctant, or unwilling to work or exert himself. This person is habitually lazy or inactive, showing himself to have no discipline or initiative, a moral failure. Craves (Heb. avah) means to feel or have a strong yearning or desire for, long for, wanting something strongly. Nothing (Heb. ayin) means just what you would think, zero, naught, none, zilch, without.
While the soul of the diligent will be made fat: The diligent (Heb. charuts) is a hard-working, industrious person. A diligent person is characterized by care and perseverance in carrying out what needs to be done. This person is persistently industrious in carrying out his tasks. Be made fat would imply prosperity or abundance. Being prosperous (having basic necessities of life) are the result of hard work and poverty (not having bare necessities; getting nothing) is brought on by laziness. The bare necessities of life are food, clothing, shelter, and health.
The lazy person is not content with the basic necessities of life (food, clothing, shelter, and health) because it involves work. (1 Tim. 6:6-8) Rather, he has a strong yearning or desire for things that are far beyond the basics of life, long for more than is necessary, wanting these things strongly but is unwilling to make any kind of effort whatsoever so as to have them. To simply desire a better life or to desire eternal life is not enough. We must make a diligent effort to do the will of the Father (Matt. 7:21-23), to live according to the principles in the Word of God.
The point that this proverb is making this, merely desire something will get you nothing, it is utterly futile. Rather, being industrious is what counts. Lazy people are consumed with their excessive desires that they never make the effort needed to have them be realized. On the other hand, the soul (desire) of the diligent one is fat, that is, satisfied. This carries over into our commitment to God. As there are those who lack the love and the faith, so they hold back from carrying out the will and purposes of the Father because they are avoiding the responsibilities and so, in the end, Jesus will say, ‘I never knew you; depart from me, you workers of lawlessness.’ (Matt. 7:23) They want to receive eternal life, but they are too lazy to be obedient to the Father.
Righteousness Is a Safeguard
Proverbs 13:5 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
5 A righteous man hates falsehood,
but a wicked man acts shamefully and disgracefully.
A righteous man hates falsehood: A righteous (Heb. tsedeq) man refers to one who is in a righteous standing before God, who is characterized by righteous actions and morals in accordance with God’s moral standards. (Gen. 18:23-24; Prov. 3:33; Zeph. 2:3) Hate (Heb. sane) means to abhor, detest, loathe, to dislike intensely, to feel apathy for or hostility for someone or something. Falsehood: (Heb. debar sheqer) The sense of a brief statement or word of falsehood. A misleading falsehood that causes a mistaken belief, deception, lies.
But a wicked man acts shamefully and disgracefully: A wicked (Heb. rasha) man is the unrighteous one, who are evil, being guilty of willfully and purposely violating the standards of God. In the Old Testament, it refers to the one who refuses to acknowledge or obey God. In the book of Proverbs explicitly, it refers to the foolish one who ignores or refuses to follow the divine teachings of God. It is a state or condition of evil that focuses on the violating of God’s laws or standards. (Prov. 3:33; 18:3) Shamefully, to act: (בָּאַשׁ baash) A sense of acting odiously to behave in an odious manner. A person who smells badly, stinks. He has a bad odor, so he is loathsome and difficult to be around. – Ex. 7:18, 21; 8:10; 16:20; Isa. 50:2. Disgrace; disgracefully: (Heb. chaphar) This means to feel ashamed, to feel dishonor or guilt, to be disgraced. – (Psa. 34:6; Isa. 1:29; 24:23; Jer. 15:29; 50:12; Mic. 3:7) Here in this context shamefully and disgracefully have a similar meaning. That is, both words are referring to one who acts in such a way that is disapproved of, so as to bring dishonor and disgrace on himself, causing offense.
A righteous person develops godly qualities and always speaks the truth. He is well aware that not only is lying against God’s law (Proverbs 6:16-19; Colossians 3:9) but it is something that He detests as well. (Prov. 12:22) The righteous person does not simply avoid lying because it violates God’s law; he actually hates lying. He knows from God’s Word that no matter how small or innocent a lie may appear to be, lies will destroy human relationships. Moreover, the one who lies will lose all credibility and even if telling the truth, he will not be believed. The wicked one, on the other hand, acts shamefully, relishing in his dishonesty, and thus he brings dishonor and disgrace on himself, causing offense.
Righteousness Serves as a Protection
Proverbs 13:6 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
6 Righteousness guards the blameless of way,
but wickedness will overthrow sin.
Righteousness guards the blameless of way: Here righteousness (Heb. tsedaqah) is the same as found at 10:2 and 11:4, which refers to when someone adheres to the moral standard set out in God’s Word. (Prov. 2:9) Guards (Heb. natsar) means to keep watch, to watch over, to protect, cause to be safe from danger, suggestive of a relationship with the personification protector, righteousness. The phrase blameless of way means one whose way of life is upright. The upright (Heb. yashar) are God’s true believers, his holy ones, who are diligently seeking and searching to know, love, and obey God and to live righteously as one can within their human imperfection. – Gen. 6:5; 8:21; Jer. 17:9; Rom. 5:12.
but wickedness will overthrow sin: In the Hebrew, wickedness (Heb. rishah) is a state of being, not a group of people. A quality, state, or condition that does not conform to God’s standard of moral excellence is wicked, bad, evil, or worthless. (Prov. 11:5) Overthrow is the rendering of a different Hebrew word (salaph) than what was used in 11:11 and 12:7. Here too, sin (Heb. chattath) is the translation of an abstract noun (quality, state, or condition), not a reference to sinners. Therefore, the sense is that he who is living a life of wickedness, in that, he is not conforming to God’s moral standards, he will bring to ruin or destroy himself for living in sin (sinfulness).
Here in verse 6 of chapter 13, the wise king is highlighting that when one does what is right in God’s eyes (living by God’s moral standards), it is also beneficial as well. Like an ancient stronghold fortress, righteousness serves as a protection, whereas wickedness will bring the unrighteous one to ruin like a fortress that has been breached, for his living in sin (sinfulness). Thus, righteousness, living by the moral standards of God’s Word will serve as a protection because he is blameless (upright) in all his ways. Wickedness, on the other hand, will bring to ruin the man who walks (lives) in sin. For the one rushing into destruction, he believes that wickedness is actually the safest way, when, in fact, it is just the opposite. The one living righteously will be protected or guarded by his walking in the way that is blameless (upright), so, his very righteousness will serve as a protection.
Do Not Pretend
Proverbs 13:7 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
7 One man pretends to be rich, yet has nothing;
another pretends to be poor, yet has great wealth.
One man pretends to be rich, yet has nothing: Here, one man simply refers to some indefinite person. This Hebrew verb rendered pretends to be rich refers to someone who is enriching himself by way of appearance only, in that, he is being deceptive about his riches, acting as though he is rich. However, when it says he has nothing, it means nothing. The Hebrew noun (kol) rendered nothing refers to the total of something, that is, the entire or whole, emphasizing the totality of the object or idea and in this case, he has totally nothing.
another pretends to be poor, yet has great wealth: The contrasting parallel to line 1 is the man who pretends to be poor. He too is simply putting on an appearance. The Hebrew adjective (rab) means that, in reality, this man is quite wealthy, rich, having an abundance of material possessions and resources.
Here the king of Israel is evidencing his understanding of human nature. We can say that not everyone is what they appear to be. Some people who are poor try to give others the impression that they are wealthy by living a rich man’s lifestyle. This is quite easy today with credit cards but much more difficult in Bible times. These conceited ones are just making a showy display of themselves, attempting to give their twisted impression that they are successful. On the other hand, a rich person may downplay his wealth, to serve as a protection.
From the biblical perspective, neither of these are good, falsely displaying riches or concealing one’s riches. If our material possessions and resources are low, it is truly unwise to spend something that you do not have on luxury items just so you can appear to be wealthy, for it will eventually rob you of your happiness, family, and the necessities of life. On the other hand, your pretending to be poor when you are wealthy may very well make you into a miser, depriving you of respect and dignity and the joy that will come from sharing your prosperity. (Acts 20:35) The better life would be to simply live honestly.
Keep Desires Simple
Proverbs 13:8 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
8 The ransom of a man’s soul is his wealth,
but a poor man does not hear rebuke.
The ransom of a man’s soul is his wealth: The Hebrew noun (kopher) rendered ransom is a payment given in exchange for the release of someone held captive. The Hebrew noun (nephesh) translated literally as soul refers to the human life, a living person. The noun (Heb. ashar) translated wealth (the same Hebrew root as the verb “be rich”) refers to an abundance of material possessions, money, and resources.
It is true that riches can protect a person’s life, as he can afford to pay for things in life that serve as a protection: security, a ransom if necessary, healthy foods, and medical treatment. Ancient Israel is no different than today, a rich man can find himself or his family kidnapped and held for ransom, so he is comforted by the fact that he could afford the payment demanded in exchange for the release of himself or someone in his family held captive. There are some difficulties that come with being wealthy, but the numerous protections outweigh those. If one happens to become wealthy in life, simply avoid the temptation to be a lover of the money.
but a poor man does not hear rebuke:
The Hebrew (rush) rendered poor is referring to having very little in money, possessions, and resources, to the point of being incapable of acquiring the necessities of life.
The poor man does not hear (Heb. shama), pay attention to, or aware of a rebuke (Heb. gearah), that is, a threat to his life, as he cannot afford to pay for anything that may improve his lot in life, let alone some ransom from being kidnapped, so this is one threat that he does not have to hear. It is in this sense that the poor person is better off than the rich person. The odds of a rich man’s Mercedes Bens or BMW being stolen or facing a carjacking is far greater than a poor man’s Ford Escort. If one is wealthy, he needs to think carefully about what he wears (Rolex watch) and carries (bank bag) in public, as these possessions will be noticed.
Do not go out of your way to attract attention to yourself. If traveling through an unsafe area be aware of your surroundings at all times. “A sensible person sees danger,” says Proverbs 22:3, “but the inexperienced keep going and are punished.” Being wealthy should not be frowned upon as long as we heed the wisdom recorded in God’s Word. God wants us to be safe and He does not necessarily want us to be poor to simply remain safer based on a potential kidnapping. However, he does not expect us to chase after riches either, unwisely attracting attention to ourselves by making a showy display of our being affluent. Biblical “wisdom offers protection like money offers protection,” says Ecclesiastes 7:12, for “the advantage of knowledge is that wisdom preserves the life of him who has it.”
The Light of the Righteous Continually Becomes Brighter
Proverbs 13:9 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
9 The light of the righteous rejoices,
but the lamp of the wicked will be put out.
In the analogy here between the righteous and the wicked, we see that both have a light or lamp. The Hebrew words here translated light (Heb. or) and lamp (Heb. ner) are used interchangeably and are often used to signify life. – Proverbs 6:23; 20:20; 21:4; 24:20; Job 18:5-6; Psalm 119:105.
The light of the righteous rejoices: The light of the righteous continually becomes brighter. The Word of God is a lamp to getting the righteous one successfully through his daily life and, it is a light that offers the righteous one an illuminating view of his future, empowering him to see and follow the path of righteousness that leads to eternal happiness and satisfaction. – Psalm 119:105.
but the lamp of the wicked will be put out: The light or life of the wicked may seem bright, that is, prosperous and successful at times; but his eventuality will be darkness, where he will stumble in the absolute absence of light that is reflective of the eternal death that awaits him. The lamp of the wicked will be put out. In other words, this prosperous and successful life of his is short-lived. In the end, if his wicked ways alone do not do him in, God will extinguish his lamp of life in that he will not receive eternal life. – Proverbs 24:20.
The Word of God has infinite knowledge and wisdom of the Creator, to which only the righteous one has access. The wicked remain willfully blind to this life-saving knowledge. (2 Cor. 4:3-4) The more the righteous one grows in knowledge and understanding of God’s will and purposes (Matt. 7:21-23), the brighter the spiritual light becomes that guides him. This light is a source that brings joy. The light that the world of wicked mankind offers is fading and will eventually be extinguished. – 1 Timothy 6:20; 1 Corinthians 1:20; Colossians 2:8.
Proverbs 13:10 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
10 By insolence comes nothing but strife,
but with those who take advice is wisdom.
By insolence comes nothing but strife: The Hebrew word (zadon) rendered insolence refers to having an excessively inflated view of oneself, that is, being conceited, audacious or arrogant behavior, self-will, lacking any humility because this person believes that they know everything and are never wrong. This behavior will only result in strife (Heb. matstsah), that is, verbal contention, many heated arguments, bitter conflicts with others because of one’s arrogance.
but with those who take advice is wisdom: People who take advice are ones who are willing to listen to others. In fact, they are eager to get the insights of others, unlike the insolent of line one. This is wisdom because the ones who take advice evidence that they are wise. Yes, this wise person’s humility makes him teachable because he is capable of taking advice, unlike the closed-minded egotist of line one.
When we encounter a given situation and have a measure of uncertainty, what should we do? What if we are unsure as to whether we even have the right to act. If we take action on something where we have little or no knowledge, this will only end in conflict. If we act on something when we have no authority to do so, this will cause friction. Would we not be wiser to take advice from someone else who has knowledge and discernment? Certainly, when we are faced with questions and problems that are tricky, delicate, or controversial that cause us distress, difficulty, and trouble, we should go to God in prayer and consult the Word of God. Yet, if we are wise, we will also remember with many advisers we can succeed. (Prov. 15:22) By taking advice from others who possess more knowledge and understanding, we will gain a more balanced viewpoint.
Easy Come Easy Go
Proverbs 13:11 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
11 Wealth gained by vanity will dwindle,
but he who gathers little by little will increase it.
The gist of this proverb is quite simple in that it is comparing wealth that is quickly and easily gained (inferring dishonestly) with wealth that is gained slowly (inferring honestly) by diligent work. Now, both the Old and New Testament does not condemn being wealthy in and of itself. In fact, many times wealth is considered a blessing from God. What is disparaged is the love of wealth and wealth that is gained dishonestly: 10:2; 11:4, 18; 21:6. Again, gaining wealth quickly is suggestive of having gained wealth dishonestly at 20:21 and 28:20.
Wealth gained by vanity will dwindle: The Hebrew word (hebel) rendered “vanity” literally means “breath” or “vapor.” This is the air that passes through the lungs by the way of the mouth and nostrils (the sense being briefness and lacking in content). The end result is meaningless, emptiness, futility, uselessness, having no value or significance. Dwindle (Heb. maat) here means to gradually be reduced, decreased or disappear. “Wealth got by scheming [“wealth from gambling,” Living Bible] will diminish.”
but he who gathers little by little will increase it: The Hebrew word (qabats) rendered gathers means to collect, accumulate, or assemble items or things of value. The sense here is that it is done little by little or bit by bit. Of course, to increase it (Heb. rabah) means to make the wealth bigger or more. “but he who gathers little by little will increase his store.” An American Translation.
Certainly, money has a purpose in life. Having enough money is far better than having to live a harsh way of life in poverty. (Ecclesiastes 7:11-12) However, the seeming benefits of ill-gotten wealth (quickly and easily gained) can be deceptive. This certainly could be wealth that was gained dishonestly or sinfully, for example, gambling. A person who is lure into gambling may spend the family’s hard-earned money with the dream of winning a large sum of money. This is done at the expense of his family. And even if he should win, money that came with little or no labor will not be appreciated and so it will likely go back into more gambling. Even money that is inherited can disappear quickly if the recipient does not have the skill to manage it. Wealth quickly gained with little labor involved is likely to disappear as quickly as it was acquired. On the other hand, wealth that has been gradually accumulated, little by little or bit by bit, through diligent work, will be little by little increased and used wisely. The moral here is to learn the financial discipline to grow one’s finances even if it does come quickly or little by little, conserving it and watching it grow.
Delayed Hope Makes the Heart Sick
Proverbs 13:12 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
12 Hope deferred makes the heart sick,
but a desire fulfilled is a tree of life.
Hope deferred makes the heart sick: Hope (tocheleth) is rendered by a Hebrew verb that means to faithfully wait with the expectation that God will deliver. It is the grounds for feeling hopeful about the future. Deferred is rendered from a passive form of a verb (memussakah), which basically means to be held back until a later time, dragging time out longer, taking longer than expected, that is what seems like a long-drawn out waiting period. Here, this means that something hoped for seems or appears to be delayed or postponed. The being deferred is the sense of waiting in expectation. Heart (Heb. leb) In biblical Hebrew has twenty-four different meanings. As in many cases, in Hebrew, the heart here is referring to the mind. The sense is the place of the person’s thoughts (mind), volition, emotions. However, here it is the whole package: the mind, emotion, and really the entire person. Makes the heart sick is a figurative expression that means the person is experiencing emotional trauma in that they feel despair, stress, disappointment, frustration, anxiety, and so on.
It is not easy to wait on anything. This is especially true when one has to wait for a long time, or it is perceived as though it is a long time. King Solomon was well aware that waiting can be frustrating. The two disciples on the road to Emmaus felt into despair because the events that they had expected had not taken place. Their expectations had made them heartsick. Similarly, how many Christians have been waiting for Jesus’ return for some 2.000 years now. When we look at the wicked world that we live in, it is understandable that we have a sense of unfulfilled expectation that may cause us some despair at times.
Any unfulfilled expectations in life are bound to cause us to feel some measure of disappointment or frustration for having to wait longer than expected. This happens in everyone’s life. However, this should not be the case with the expectations that we find within God’s Word. They always come true and God’s time is not based on our schedule. Moreover, the coming events in God’s Word are happy events that will bring eternal joy and happiness; therefore, we should instead be filled with anticipatory joy long before the day of Jesus’ return or the events leading up to that return. Our joy can be even greater if we use our time wisely, ‘always abounding in the work of the Lord, knowing that in the Lord our labor is not in vain.’ (1 Cor. 15:58) We can use this time to make disciples and grow spiritually, to draw closer to God, and help Christians who may have begun to doubt. Thus, waiting for Jesus’ return will never make us heartsick. Rather, we will wait with joy.
but a desire fulfilled is a tree of life: In the case of the righteous one, desires (Heb. taavah) is a good thing, something positive that the righteous one is looking forward to and is similar to hope from line one. He wishes for, wants, longs for something based on the good life that he has been living. The present and the future of the righteous one is filled with happiness and joy because he knows he has been on the path of righteousness taking in the knowledge of God. He knows that, in the end, his hope will be fulfilled, his desires will be granted (10:24), even if this life has some difficult times along the way. Fulfilled (Heb. baah) here means that the desired thing comes to pass or arrives or is realized. Tree of life is likely taken from the tree of life in Eden (Gen. 2:9; 3:22; see Rev 2:7 and 22:2), the phrase “tree of life” occurs numerous additional times in the Scriptures, always in a figurative, or symbolic, sense. The righteous person, by his speech and his living example, he will win souls. In other words, those who listen to the righteous one, they will grow spiritually, being led to serve God and draw closer to Him, receiving the life that God has made possible.
Life is the most precious possession that man has. However, if he has no hope; then, his life has very little value and meaning. The fulfillment of a long-awaited desire will strengthen and refresh, giving renewed vitality. “According to his promise we are looking for new heavens and a new earth, in which righteousness dwells.” (2 Peter 3:13) With hopeful expectations, we joyfully wait for the fulfillment of the promises from the Word of God. While we are awaiting this fulfillment, we need to stay busy “in the work of the Lord,” to make disciples and strengthen fellow believers, and to grow spiritually as we draw closer to God. Unlike the world of fallen humanity who are devasted, sick at heart, by their hopelessness, we are filled with joy because of the hope that we have. (1 Cor. 15:58; Heb. 10:24, 25; Jam. 4:8) When we receive the fulfillment of a long-awaited desire, upon its arrival, it becomes a tree of life, truly refreshing and exhilarating.
The Consequences of Our Choices
Proverbs 13:13 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
13 The one who despises the word brings destruction on himself,
but he who fears the commandment will be rewarded.
The one who despises the word brings destruction on himself: The Hebrew word (baz) rendered despises means to show contempt for or look down on with contempt, scorns, or ridicules instructions or some kind of pledge because he rejects it or sees it as worthless. The word translates the Hebrew (davar), which is a very general word that has been used to refer to instructions, counsel, advice, teachings, or commandments, in Proverbs chapters 1-9. However, by extension, the word could also refer to the law since it is parallel to the commandment in line 2 below. It can also harken back to verse 1 of chapter 13 and be a reference to a father’s instruction, which by extension would also apply to God’s (the Father’s) laws, instructions, teachings, commandments as well. The Hebrew verb (yechabel) rendered brings destruction means to destroy completely, to damage irreparably, and is in relation to possibly one who is in debt, namely, under a pledge. If a person despises the word because he failed to repay a debt, loan, he would lose what he had put up as a pledge; in the same way, he would have to endure a loss if he failed to obey God’s commandment.
but he who fears the commandment will be rewarded: The Hebrew word (yare) rendered he who fears is referring to one who is fearful in the sense of having profound respect, usually in regards to God. In other words, this one’s love for God is so great that he fears to hurt God by falling short in some way, in this case, obedience to His commandments. This is in contrast to the one who despises the word in line 1. The Hebrew word (mitsvah) translated commandment can be referring back to verse 1 of chapter 13 again and the son who fears the commandment of his father or more likely it is referring to God’s commands or laws. The one in line 1 brings destruction on himself for ignoring instruction, while the one in line 2 will receive just the opposite, a reward (Heb. salem) for his respectful obedience to God’s commands. Being rewarded here is receiving the full recompense for one’s behavior or actions. The Hebrew verb rewarded can also have the sense of one who is complete, whole, or secure.
All of us will have to live with the consequences of our choices. If we despise or show contempt for or look down on with contempt, have scorn for, or ridicule God’s instructions when we had formerly pledged our obedience but we now reject his laws, instructions, counsel, advice, teachings, or commandments, as we now see them as worthless we will suffer the consequences of destruction both figuratively now and literally when Christ returns. However, if we continue to have deep respect, reverential fear of displeasing God and disobeying his laws, instructions, counsel, advice, teachings, or commandments, we will be rewarded with a better life now and eternal life when Christ returns.
The Law of the Wise One Is a Fountain of Life
Proverbs 13:14 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
14 The teaching of the wise is a fountain of life,
that one may turn away from the snares of death.
The teaching of the wise is a fountain of life: Here we have the teaching (Heb. torah) of the wise, with the teaching being the torah (law), that is, the instruction that is given by the wise, or what the wise person would teach. The torah here refers to the content of what is taught: direction, instruction. The Hebrew word (maqor) rendered fountain is referring to a source of flowing water, water being the foundation or source of life. The fountain of life reminds us of the tree of life back in 3:18. Wisdom is “a fountain of life to one who has it,” in that wisdom will supply us with that which we require, not only to enjoy our present life but also to obtain eternal life (John 3:16; 17:3), that is, accurate knowledge of God and the insight and good sense to be obedient to his commands. – Proverbs 3:18; 16:22.
that one may turn away from the snares of death: Here in line 2, we do not find a parallel or contrast to line 1. That one may turn away (lasur) means to “avoid,” “change direction,” “turn aside.” The sense is that one is trying to escape from or stay away from the snares of death. Here we have a figurative visual of a snare or trap that can endanger the wellbeing and will only end in death.
In Proverbs 13:1-13, Solomon has shown how the instruction found in God’s Word can help us to improve the quality of our life but also helps us avoid endangering it. The reverential fear of displeasing Jehovah will lengthen one’s life by revealing to us the snares or traps that can lead to death. When we think about the hot, dry, parched, waterless climate of ancient Palestine, we can appreciate a fountain of flowing water, which may very well save our life. It is in the same sense that the (torah, law) teachings, instruction, direction of the wise refreshes our souls and helps us to avoid the traps of life that would ensnare us like an animal, endangering us, resulting in early death, or worse still eternal death upon Christ’s return.
Good Sense Wins Favor
Proverbs 13:15 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
15 Good sense wins favor,
but the way of the treacherous is hard.
Good sense wins favor: Here as in 12:8 good sense (Heb. sekel) is referring to one who has understanding, is able to comprehend and understand, who is wise, possessing intelligence and prudence, enabling him to make good decisions. Wins favor (Heb. yitten-hēn), literally means “gives grace,” that is, a person who is viewed favorably by others.
but the way of the treacherous is hard: The way (derek) refers to the path of conduct or behavior of the treacherous person. The treacherous (Heb. bagad) is one who violates standards, rules, and principles, not being faithful. This person is not trustworthy or reliable to any person or and standard, for it is about his will and purposes. The way (faithless path of conduct) of the treacherous (no standards) is hard (Heb. etān) in that this one’s manners are coarse (abrasive, harsh), ungracious, rough.
A person who feeds on God’s Word, the Bible has “good sense,” possesses good insight, sound judgment, wise views, and he has no difficulty whatsoever in gaining the favor of others or finding favor with God. On the other hand, the wicked one who rejects the Word of God, he is faithless, untrustworthy, unreliable, his heart is “treacherous,” as he lives by his will and purposes, having callous behavior, refusing to change his evil ways, as he is uninterested to the wise instruction of God, so he is on a path to ruin. His heart is treacherous, and he is mentally bent toward evil. (Jer. 17:9; Gen 6:5; 8:21) The calloused heart of this wicked one is hardened, unmoving, beyond repentance, unwilling, so unable to change. – 2 Corinthians 4:3-4.
The Prudent Person Possesses Knowledge, Wisdom, and Understanding
Proverbs 13:16 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
16 In everything the prudent acts with knowledge,
but a fool makes known his foolishness.
God did not create Adam and Eve ignorant nor did human imperfection after the fall make humanity ignorant, and he does not want anyone to fall into ignorance, as there is no good in any of that. “Also, a soul to be without knowledge is not good, and he who is hastening with his feet is sinning.” (Prov. 19:2) Accurate knowledge should hold us back from rushing blindly, ignorantly into missing the way that we ought to have gone and so sinning against God. Solomon certainly is well aware of the benefits of knowledge of God; thus, through inspiration, he has many times urged the reader to listen to the proverbs. “Incline your ear, and hear the words of the wise, and apply your heart to my knowledge.” – Proverbs 22:17.
In everything the prudent acts with knowledge: Here and in 12:16, the prudent (Heb. arum) person is one who shows shrewdness, cleverness, craftiness, sensibility, wisdom, and good judgment in making his decisions. The prudent man has a capacity for understanding the ramification for what he says and does. The prudent one who acts with knowledge, he says and does things intelligently, and his behavior is governed by wisdom. In the book of Proverbs, the wise or prudent person stops to ponder before speaking or acting, so he behaves reasonable, discreetly, humbly, with most of his words or decisions having success.
but a fool makes known his foolishness: the fool (Heb. kesîl) hates knowledge as he lacks good judgment. His character is stupidity, rudeness, that is, one who completely lacks understanding, who is rebellious in his ways. (Prov. 1:22) Similarly, with foolishness; folly (Heb. ivveleth), we have the foolishness of the foolish one, who has the trait of acting stupidly or rashly because he is devoid of wisdom or understanding, the Hebrew noun focusing on the evil behaviors which occur in this state. Makes know (displays, flaunts, exposes) his stupidity renders a Hebrew verb (paras) meaning to display, to show, make visible, make apparent as when someone spreads out an object over a large area. This fool makes know his stupidity through his words and behavior that he has displayed, flaunted, which has exposed him to many in public places.
While prudent one or shrewd person does possess craftiness, it isn’t so here, as this person is acting with knowledge, acting with or showing care and thought before he speaks or does anything. When the prudent or shrewd person is unfairly criticized, even verbally assaulted, he is able to control his lips. He trusts in the Holy Spirit so that he does not allow the words of others to control his emotions. (Gal. 5:22-23) He realizes that the other person’s words do not impact his emotions, it is his perception of those words. Thus, he is in control of his emotions, unlike the foolish person who quickly flares up when he is offended. The prudent person acts with knowledge when he is making decisions. He knows that decisions that result in good outcomes are not the result of guessing, or being led along by emotions, or simply following others. Therefore, the prudent person takes in the knowledge of the situation, gathering all the facts, and then he considers his options. He then turns his attention to the Scriptures, looking for all laws and principles that would apply that will keep in him on the straight path. – Proverbs 3:5-6.
A Faithful Envoy Brings Healing
Proverbs 13:17 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
17 A wicked messenger falls into trouble,
but a faithful envoy brings healing.
A wicked messenger falls into trouble: The Hebrew word (rasha) here rendered wicked is one who is morally bad in principle or practice. Here the messenger fails to carry out his obligations to the one who sent him, making him both unreliable and disloyal. The unrighteous one is evil, being guilty of willfully and purposely violating the standards of God. In the Old Testament, it refers to the one who refuses to acknowledge or obey God. In the book of Proverbs explicitly, it refers to the foolish one who ignores or refuses to follow the divine teachings of God. It is a state or condition of evil that focuses on the violating of God’s laws or standards. (Prov. 3:33; 18:3) The Hebrew verb (naphal) rendered falls means “to fall down.” He has fallen into trouble with the sender because he has willfully failed to deliver the message.
but a faithful envoy brings healing:
In contrast to the bad messenger from line one, this faithful (Heb. emun) envoy is reliable and loyal to the sender, he is trustworthy. An envoy (tsir) here is someone who has been sent by the sender as his representative to take care of the sender’s interests, to convey the sender’s words and the meaning of those words as the sender’s messenger. He is accountable for making certain that what he conveys is accurate and reflective of the message that was sent. The message of this envoy will bring healing (Heb. marpe) as his news will offer the receiver of this message a corrective course for the error or offense that has been committed or is being committed.
The emphasis here is on the function of the messenger and the envoy, the qualities they possess, loyalty or disloyalty in carrying out their work as a messenger. What if the messenger or the envoy distorted or altered the sender’s message? What if the messenger or the envoy showed little concern for the accuracy of the message and was doing the bare minimum to carry out his task? Will not they receive an adverse judgment? The unfaithful messenger falls into trouble because he has failed, he has stopped delivering the message of the sender, what if the envoy stops declaring the message? He too will be in trouble.
However, this envoy has shown himself to be reliable and loyal, and so, he is a healing to himself and to all those whom he delivers the message to that choose to heed the message. We see this very healing taking place in those who deliver the message of the good news of the kingdom for the sender Almighty God. The messenger and his message heal people spiritually by awakening those with a receptive heart, which in turn, leads them to the truth of God’s Word that sets them free. (John 8:32) The envoy is only responsible for his role as a conveyer of the message, and he will deliver himself from trouble (adverse judgment) for being reliable and loyal as he does his level best to convey the sender’s message. (Ezekiel 33:9) The envoy should never neglect any opportunity to deliver his message, be it proactively doing so or reactively doing so. (1 Corinthians 9:16) And so, as envoys of God, let us always be watchful for opportunities that come to us or that we make happen to ‘preach and teach the word,’ never watering the Bible down or sugarcoating it with compromises. – 2 Timothy 4:2.
The One Heeding Reproof Is Honored
Proverbs 13:18 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
18 Poverty and disgrace come to him who ignores instruction,
but he who heeds reproof is honored.
Poverty and disgrace come to him who ignores instruction: The Hebrew word (resh) rendered poverty is the economic condition of one who lacks the basic financial and material necessities of life, who in all likelihood will have to beg to survive; while disgrace (Heb. qalon) is speaking of one who has socially lost the respect of others, who is now in a state of dishonor. The Hebrew (musar) behind instruction and can be rendered discipline, which is training or teachings of principles or accepted or known truths that enable one to improve oneself. (Ps 50:17; Prov. 1:8; 15:33; 23:12) This instruction can be a minor punishment that may come in the form of a correction or a rebuke, which is ignored and; thus, brings on poverty and shame. (Prov. 3:11) This economic condition of poverty and social condition of disgrace (shame) is a direct result of ignoring, namely, willfully paying no attention, that is, rejecting, the instruction or teaching of the wisdom that comes from God’s Word.
but he who heeds reproof is honored: On the other hand, the one who heeds (Heb. shomer) or regards reproof (Heb. tokachath), that is, accept rebukes, corrective counsel is one who is able to be observant, be careful, beware, pay attention make sure or certain, guard oneself, learn and recall things he has learned, which enable him to watch for danger.
We will become wise the moment that we can accept or even request reproof, that is constructive criticism. Sound advice from a source of wisdom, be it, one with more life experience or especially the Word of God can be most helpful. The key word above is that corrective counsel must be heeded. It does no good to get a car if you do not drive it, to receive money or food if you do not use it, and more importantly, to receive wise counsel from the Word of God or one with more life experience and then not pay attention to it, not apply it. Why? Because such corrective counsel can save us a lot of headaches and heartaches, anxiety, stress, and depression, not to mention, it can help us avoid the tragedies Satan’s world throws at us. If we neglect this corrective counsel, it will bring us disgrace, shame, dishonor as we live in poverty.
Yes, it is comforting to receive praise and commendations from others, as it will certainly lift us up emotionally and encourage us to make even more personal and spiritual progress in our lives. However, the real path to success comes from reproof and rebukes, corrective counsel if we can humbly accept it. Ponder for a moment the two letters that the apostle Paul wrote young Timothy. It must have felt very good to get commended for his faithfulness. However, the gold nuggets of those letters were the counsel that Timothy humbly heeded. Paul exhorted Timothy to hold onto his faith and to retain his good conscience, and to do so as he dealt justly with others in the Christian congregation. He further encouraged Timothy to develop godly devotion and to be self-sufficient, to wisely take the vast knowledge that he had received as Paul’s traveling companion for fifteen years and to instruct others as he has been instructed, and to resist the apostasy, as he carried out his ministry after Paul was gone. The young one is the Christian congregation would be humble and wise id they not only expected but welcomes constructive counsel from the more experienced ones.
The Wicked Will Not Depart from Evil
Proverbs 13:19 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
19 A desire fulfilled is sweet to the soul,
but to turn away from evil is an abomination to fools.
A desire fulfilled is sweet to the soul: In the case of the righteous one, desires (Heb. taavah) is a good thing, something positive that the righteous one wishes for, wants, is looking forward to being fulfilled, which he has not received yet. He wishes for, wants, longs for something based on the good life that he has been living. The present and the future of the righteous one is filled with happiness and joy because he knows he has been on the path of righteousness taking in the knowledge of God. He knows that, in the end, his hope will be fulfilled, his desires will be granted (10:24), even if this life has some difficult times along the way. Fulfilled (Heb. hayah) here is not the same as the Hebrew word in 13:12. However, it has the same meaning, that is, the desired thing comes to pass or arrives or is realized. Sweet (arab) here has the sense to be pleasing, to be pleasant, to be acceptable, enjoyable, favorable or welcome. Sweet to the soul means that persons whose desire is fulfilled, this is pleasant or enjoyable to the person.
but to turn away from evil is an abomination to fools: Turn away from evil is also used in describing Job in Job 1:1, saying “that man [Job] was blameless and upright, one who feared God and turned away from evil.” The point here is that the foolish hate to turn away from evil, an outrage to even consider abandoning evil and doing so is a disgrace. In other words, wicked fools love their evil ways. Fools (Heb. kesîl) hate knowledge as they lack good judgment. Their character is stupidity, rudeness, that is, one who completely lacks understanding, who is rebellious in his ways. – Proverbs 1:22.
When a healthy desire has been reached, accomplished, or fulfilled or a wish has been achieved, attained, or realized, that soul (person) has become filled with satisfaction, for this is the most pleasant or enjoyable experience. Therefore, the opposite is true for the foolish one, who has the trait of acting stupidly or rashly in seeking his fleshly desires because he is devoid of wisdom or understanding and his desires are unhealthy; thus, for him, it is an abomination to depart from his evil ways. The evil fool can only achieve his fleshly, worldly ambitions, desires, goals, and hopes through bad methods, and if he were to abandon evil, he would be denied the sick, twisted pleasure of his fulfilling his warped unhealthy desires. So, we can see the wisdom of our cultivating healthy proper desires.
Walk With Wise Persons
Proverbs 13:20 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
20 He who walks with wise men will be wise,
but the companion of fools will suffer harm.
He who walks with wise men will be wise: Walk: (Heb. halak) in integrity (Heb. tōm) a state of blamelessness being free of guilt. (Prov. 2:7) In the Bible, the expression “to walk” is figurative and illustrative and can mean to follow a certain course of action, as “Noah walked with God.” (Gen. 6:9; 5:22) Those who walk with God follow the life course outlined by God’s Word and will find his favor, that is, be pleasing to him. Pursuing such a life-course makes you different from most of the unbelievers. The Greek New Testament uses the same illustrative expression, contrasting two different courses of action sought by one before and after becoming a servant of God. (Eph. 2:2, 10; 4:17; 5:2) Similarly “running” is also used to symbolize a course of action. (1 Pet. 4:4) God tells us that the prophets in Judah “ran” though he did not send them, yet they took the prophetic course, that is, prophesied falsely. (Jer. 23:21) Paul gives us a visual picture of the Christian course in terms of “running.” He compares it to a race that a person must run, while also obeying the rules of the race if they are to win the prize. – 1 Cor. 9:24; Gal. 2:2; 5:7.
Wisdom: (Heb. chokmah) is sound judgment, based on knowledge and understanding. It is the balanced application of that knowledge to answer difficulties, achieve objectives, sidestep or ward off dangers, not to mention helping others to accomplish the same. The wise person is often contrasted with the foolishness or stupid person. (Deut. 32:6; Prov. 11:29; Eccles. 6:8) The wise person (Heb. chakam) is one who is shrewd, as he has the ability to understand and discern, so he would be a trusted guide or advisor.
but the companion of fools will suffer harm: The companion (Heb. raah) is a friend or an associate of someone and, in this case, it is a friend who associates with a foolish person who does stupid things. Fools: (Heb. kesîl) hate knowledge as they lack good judgment. Their character is stupidity, rudeness, that is, one who completely lacks understanding, who is rebellious in his ways. (Prov. 1:22) Foolishness: (Heb. ivveleth) The foolishness of the foolish one, who has the trait of acting stupidly or rashly because he is devoid of wisdom or understanding, the Hebrew noun focusing on the evil behaviors which occur in this state. Suffer harm is an expression referring to physical or emotional pain.
Who are the fools with whom a wise person should have no associations? The fool is not simply just one who lacks knowledge but are persons who are unaware of moral truth, they are godless persons. This proverb is talking about more than mere casual contact with a foolish person. It is talking about a person with whom one spends a lot of time and shared experiences. What a powerful effect our friends, companions, and associates can have on our thoughts, our likes, and our dislikes! There is no denying the damage a bad companionship can bring. This can be for the better or it can be for the worse. As line one shows, good friends, wise friends can be real assistance in our continuing our walk with God. The implication here of walking with a wise person implies a close connection, who has a molding effect for good.
Unexpected Bad Events Befall Us All
Proverbs 13:21 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
21 Misfortune pursues sinners,
but the righteous are rewarded with good.
Misfortune pursues sinners: The Hebrew word (raah) that is translated misfortune, which is generally rendered evil, wickedness, disaster, trouble has the sense of an event that results in a great loss or misfortune. Pursues (Heb. radaph) to go after or chase someone or something with considerable effort and focus. The verb pursues person personifies misfortune as an animate being. Sinners (Heb. chatta) are ones who sin. To sin (Heb. chattath; Gr. hamartia) is any spoken word (Job 2:10; Ps 39:1), wrong action (Lev. 20:20; 2 Cor. 12:21) or failing to act when one should have (Num. 9:13; Jam. 4:17), in mind and heart (Prov. 21:4; Rom. 3:9-18; 2 Pet 2:12-15) that is contrary to God’s personality, ways, will and purposes, standards, as set out in the Scriptures. It is also a major sin to lack faith in God, doubting in mind and heart, even subtly in our actions, that he has the ability to carry out his will and purposes. (Heb. 3:12-13, 18-19). It is commonly referred to as missing the mark of perfection. In short, a sinner is a person that has a bad moral character who is often contrasted with the righteous person in the Scriptures.
but the righteous are rewarded with good: The Hebrew word rendered righteous; upright; just: (Heb. tsedeq) refers to one who is in a righteous standing before God, who is characterized by righteous actions and morals in accordance with God’s moral standards. (Gen. 18:23-24; Prov. 3:33; Zeph. 2:3) The righteous are rewarded (Heb. shillum) with good (Heb. tob) that is prosperity, prospering in life, which means that they are given compensation for their good moral behavior or actions.
The sinner who lives in and delights in sin are not shielded from the evil. Misfortunes, disastrous trouble that will eventually follow. They have no intrinsic value in the eyes of God, no worthiness of being spared from the disasters that will befall them throughout their imperfect human life in Satan’s world, nor the judgment that is to come. There is no excusableness for them, nor any wealth they may have accumulated, nor for them. they deserve to suffer the troubles and disaster of their wickedness.
There is an old saying that, generally speaking, ‘if you do good you will get good’ or if you do good, good will be done to you.’ Our pursuing righteousness can be and most often will be rewarding now and will certainly be rewarding in the end (Matt. 24:13), for God cares for and protects the righteous. (Psalm 37:25) However, we have to understand the unexpected events befall us all. (Eccles. 9:11) In other words, bad things happen to good people. Sometimes in this human imperfection, in the fallen world of Satan and his demons, and humanity alienated from God unexpected bad things happen to good people. God does not put up a protective wall around his people. Yes, he uses the good angels to protect his people from an all-out slaughter but not to protect them from the results of Adamic sin.
Is there anything that the righteous can do to prepare for or lessen the blow of unexpected bad events that befall us all? Yes. Generally speaking, if you do good, good things will happen for you. The key ingredient is that doing good is having an accurate understanding of God’s Word and applying it in a balanced manner in life. The biblically minded person who has the mind of Christ is statistically going to have more good things happen than the sinner. We cannot stop unexpected events that are out of our control, such as a plane crash, natural disasters, crime, sickness, old age, and death. However, even then, the wise person of God can still use the wisdom of God to enhance his or her odds of not befalling disasters or at least possible surviving them. We can research what is the safest seat on a jet airplane and the safest airline, we can choose to not live beneath a volcano or in a tornado alley or where hurricanes occur often, we can choose to not walk down dark alleys late at night where crime is high, we can choose to live a healthy lifestyle, and we can choose to be careful on how we spent our money. All of this wisdom and more is found in the book of Proverbs.
The Heaped-Up Treasures of the Sinners Goes to the Righteous
Proverbs 13:22 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
22 A good man leaves an inheritance to his son’s sons,
but the sinner’s wealth is stored up for the righteous.
A good man leaves an inheritance to his son’s sons: Here the Hebrew (tob) masculine singular adjective “good” in our phrase a good man is referring to a person possessing or displaying moral virtue. He is one who evidences kindness, as he is good-hearted, he is friendly. Giving of himself and finances, empathetic and sympathetic, and selfless. The next phrase leaves an inheritance is a causative form of the verb (to inherit), meaning that he causes others to inherit. Finally, the son’s sons or children’s children does not necessarily mean that the good man left his inheritance to his grandchildren but rather to a descendent, which could mean his children or grandchildren.
but the sinner’s wealth is stored up for the righteous: Sinners (Heb. chatta) are ones who sin. To sin (Heb. chattath; Gr. hamartia) is any spoken word (Job 2:10; Ps 39:1), wrong action (Lev. 20:20; 2 Cor. 12:21) or failing to act when one should have (Num. 9:13; Jam. 4:17), in mind and heart (Prov. 21:4; Rom. 3:9-18; 2 Pet 2:12-15) that is contrary to God’s personality, ways, will and purposes, standards, as set out in the Scriptures. It is also a major sin to lack faith in God, doubting in mind and heart, even subtly in our actions, that he has the ability to carry out his will and purposes. (Heb. 3:12-13, 18-19). It is commonly referred to as missing the mark of perfection. In short, a sinner is a person that has a bad moral character who is often contrasted with the righteous person in the Scriptures. The Hebrew word (chayil) rendered wealth means any possessions of a person that could be considered valuable, material prosperity. The Hebrew verb (tsaphan) rendered stored up is referring to the material prosperity of some value that has been set aside for future use, and in this case, to be given to the righteous. The Hebrew word rendered righteous; upright; just: (Heb. tsedeq) refers to one who is in a righteous standing before God, who is characterized by righteous actions and morals in accordance with God’s moral standards. – Genesis 18:23-24; Proverbs 3:33; Zephaniah 2:3.
Proverbs 13:22a can be seen in the light of Proverbs as a whole and Solomon the man of great wisdom from God. Consider the inheritance that a parent or grandparent can leave for their children or grandchildren if they had helped them take in knowledge of God, as they cultivate an intimate relationship with the Father. This would be the ultimate gift to leave. Yet, God and Solomon being used by God often gave practical advice as well, so making arrangements to leave your material wealth to the children and grandchildren would be prudent.
Proverbs 13:22b can be seen in a light that most would not consider. The apostle Peter tells us in his quoting the prophet Isaiah that “according to his [God’s] promise we are waiting for new heavens and a new earth in which righteousness dwells.” (2 Peter 3:13; See Rev. 21:27) When this comes true at the second coming of Jesus Christ, the wicked will have been destroyed, cleared out of the way, making room so that “the meek shall inherit the earth and delight themselves in abundant peace.” – Psalm 37:11.
Be Prudent and Act with Knowledge
Proverbs 13:23 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
23 There is much food in the fallow ground of the poor,
but it is swept away by injustice.
The contrast here in verse 23 seems to be the ever recurring one between honest poverty and dishonest wealth. However, it can also be a simple case of bad things happen to persons who have God’s blessing and work hard.
There is much food in the fallow ground of the poor: Here fallow ground (Heb. נִיר nir) refers to ground or land that has not been used, as it has not been seeded for one or more seasons. Fallowing allows the soil to have a certain rest period that gives it the opportunity to replenish nutrients that can be seeped from certain plants or regular irrigation.
But it is swept away by injustice: Here swept away (Heb. סָפָה saphah) suggests being destroyed, viewed as being taken away or captured, and, in this context, one has been cheated out of the necessities of life by others. Injustice (Heb. מִשְׁפָּט mishpat) refers to those who have acted unfairly to another, in a just and right way.
A cautious and careful person acts with knowledge and wisdom even when he has very little. “There is much food in the fallow ground of the poor,” says Proverbs 13:23, “but it is swept away by injustice.” We could possibly view the second half of verse 13 as the person being swept away because they lacked good judgment. A person who has very little but works hard and had God’s blessing because he is obedient to his Word can gain much in time. When one is lacking justice, the unfair judgment of Satan’s world can sweep away the means and opportunity to get ahead in life. There are times when a person has truly little in the ways of the necessities of life because they are lazy, or they are living in sin. (Prov. 13:25) Yet, bad things happen to good people in Satan’s world. A person who is righteous before God may work extremely hard every day and still have a lack of food, sleep (stress), shelter, and clothing because of injustice.
Training Your Child with Love
Proverbs 13:24 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
24 He who spares the rod hates his son,
but he who loves him seeks him diligently with discipline.
He who spares the rod hates his son: The important principle of physical punishment in the training of the youth is found in the book of Proverbs numerous times. (22:15; 23:13–14; 29:15) He who spares (חוֹשֵׂךְ chosek) translates a masculine singular participle that the ESV translates as “whoever,” and the NRSV and others render as a plural “those who spare.” Spares means to save or relieve from an experience or action, to restrain, hold back or keep back, to halt, or to withhold. This verb can be found in 10:19, in reference to the lips, “but he who restrains his lips is prudent.”
The rod is the rendering of a general term for a staff, stick, i.e., a wooden stick of various lengths and thicknesses, or symbol of authority. Most modern translations do not try and sidestep the verse plain meaning spare the rod means avoiding physical punishment. However, some do seek to avoid the plain meaning of the text, physical punishment; for example, the GNT (TEV) reads, “If you don’t punish your children.” The CEV reads, “If you love your children, you will correct them” and the SPCL “Whoever does not correct his son.”
Hates his son (Heb. שׂוֹנֵא בְנוֹ) is an emphatic expression that is basically saying that any father who does not train his son (child) with physical punishment, he does not really love his son (child), that is, he does not truly care about training his son (child). In the book of Proverbs, the father who genuinely cares for his son (child), he must be ready to go to the fullest extent in punishment, physical correction. More on this below.
But he who loves him seeks him diligently with discipline: Many of the dynamic translations replace “he” with “those who,” “you,” or “the one” in an effort to sidestep the masculine gender. He who loves him is the father who loves him, of course. However, this does not mean that the mother cannot use physical punishment to train the children. She should, especially in the absence of the father. Diligent (Heb. שִׁחֲרוֹ ;שָׁחַר shachar) renders a word that means ‘to long for, to look or seek for, to earnestly seek, to search for. One possible meaning is ‘to look early for,’ which would convey the idea that physical discipline should begin early in the child’s life while he is still young. Any parent with grown children now looking back knows that if one avoids training a young child, they lose respect, and will pay for this in the teenage years. Discipline (Heb. מוּסָר musar) renders a word used in 1:2-3, 7-8, where the RSV translates it as “instruction.” It is also used in 3:11, where the 2017 CSB also translates it as “instruction.” However, in 3:11 and here in 13:24, this context, the sense is that of being disciplined (trained); it is referring to being chastised, corrected, rebuked, or warned in 3:11, and here to the extent of physical discipline (training).
Genesis 6:5 and 8:21 tell us that imperfect humans are mentally bent toward evil. Jeremiah 17:9 tells us that imperfect humans have a treacherous heart, which we cannot fully understand. The apostle Paul tells us that our natural desire is to do bad. All humans in our imperfection need disciple. However, it is most crucial in our childhood. In the Bible, “the rod” is also used as a symbol of authority. Here in our text, it is referring to parental authority. In the context here, it primarily does refer to physical discipline (spanking the child) but can, in general, refer to all forms of child discipline. Spanking should be the last resort. 13:24 is referring to child correction in whatever it may take so as to train the child. It may be a simple, mild rebuke that is enough, while in another you may have to raise your voice, and at other times taking away privileges to correct improper behavior. We need to consider Proverbs 17:10 in this context, which says, “A rebuke goes deeper into a man of understanding than a hundred blows into a fool.”
Physical discipline, that is, spanking a child, is meant to get their attention, so they will more aptly listen to the verbal correction that you are about to give them. It is not meant to be abusive. The age of the child will determine the degree that will be needed to get the child’s attention. When physical discipline is applied, it should always be done with love and wisdom, so as to benefit the child.
The father or mother are not loving parents if they overlook or ignore the child’s behavioral problems. Rather, the parent should be diligently seeking to discipline such bad behavior. The parent starts disciplining early in the child’s life, when discipline is comprehensible, removing the bad behavior before it becomes too deeply rooted. Again, we follow other biblical counsel in conjunction with Proverb 13:24, such as Ephesians 6:4, “Fathers, do not provoke your children to anger, but bring them up in the discipline and instruction of the Lord.”
Some parents may think that physical discipline is going too far and so they become permissive and fail to apply this form of correction when the child is young enough to get their attention. What many parents have learned later is that they never get thanks from a child for such a permissive attitude. Rather, it is the parent who seeks out the child for physical discipline if it is needed, who later hears the child later say, ‘Thank you for disciplining me when I was younger, I thought it was wrong at the time, but now that I am a parent, I understand.’ Proverbs 29:15 states: “The rod and reproof give wisdom, but a boy left to himself brings shame to his mother.” To withhold parental authority shows indifference or a lack of love for the child and a lack of trust in God’s Word. Applying parental authority kindly, lovingly, and firmly shows one’s loving concern for their child. One final qualification, if the child has been diagnosed with ADHD or any other kind of learning disorder by a mental health expert; then, this must be taken into the way we apply our parental authority. We may make allowances for certain things, but we do not let the disorder set aside discipline. We simply discipline with it in mind. Many modern-day child psychologists believe that spanking is barbaric because, in their mind, they are thinking of the abusive cases, not correct biblical understanding. Many modern-day child psychologists are very permissive when it comes to discipline, which has led to the disrespect for authority that we have with our young people today. If a parent takes their child to a child psychologist, make every effort to seek out a Christian child psychologist who is grounded in a correct understanding of God’s Word.
Contrasting the Righteous and the Wicked As to the Necessities of Life
Proverbs 13:25 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
25 The righteous eats to the satisfying of his soul,
but the belly of the wicked suffers want.
The righteous eats to the satisfying of his soul: The English Standard Version renders this, “The righteous has enough to satisfy his appetite.” The Lexham English Bible, “The righteous eats to satisfy his life.” The literal rendering found in the Updated American Standard Version, “eats to the satisfying of his soul” likely means having the necessities of life.
But the belly of the wicked suffers want: The Hebrew word rendered belly (בֶּטֶן beten) here in this context has the meaning the stomach or abdomen, that is, the body part that processes the food, the upper part of the digestive tract specifically. (Job 15:2; 20:15; Prov. 13:25; 18:20) Suffers want translates a verb (תֶּחְסָר techsar), which has the sense of “lacks.” Suffers want is a way of saying one is living in poverty, lacking the basics of life’s necessities, penniless. The wicked one will suffer from hunger in that he will often go hungry.
Many times, in Proverbs, we are contrasting the righteous and the wicked here. In the case of 13:25, generally speaking, the righteous will have plenty to eat and will not go hungry. Generally speaking, the righteous one will not live in poverty, lacking the necessities of life. Why do I say generally speaking? It is because no Proverb is absolute. In Satan’s world and human imperfection, bad things happen to righteous people. Nevertheless, the righteous one living by God’s Word, that is, the Spirit will most often have the necessities of life, having plenty to eat. On the other hand, the wicked one, living by the flesh, many times, will not have the necessities of life and will go hungry. Now, even this is not absolute because many righteous people go hungry their entire life and many wicked people are wealthy their entire life. But this life in human imperfection is short-lived, and the wicked will not see eternal life under human imperfection and God’s sovereignty. The sense here is that the righteous, prudent, upright person who makes choices based on accurate knowledge of God’s Word has a far greater chance of even being blessed in this Satanic age. God is well aware of what is good for us in life, in our family, our relationship, our workplace, our worship, or even if we need to be disciplined, as we saw in 13:24. Therefore, once again, if we apply the wise counsel of God’s Word, we will undeniably experience the best way of life even in human imperfection and Satanic rule.
BIBLE DIFFICULTIES Chapter 13
13:22 – Is there an absolute obligation for believers to leave an inheritance to their children or grandchildren?
Proverbs 13:22 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
22 A good man leaves an inheritance to his son’s sons,
but the sinner’s wealth is stored up for the righteous.
This is in harmony with the apostle Paul’s counsel in I Timothy 5:8 that reads, “But if anyone does not provide for his own, [I.e., relatives] and especially for those of his household, he has denied the faith and is worse than an unbeliever.” However, Jesus said exhorted us, “Do not store up for yourselves treasures on earth.” (Matt. 6:19). Jesus also said, “Give to everyone who asks you.” (Lu 6:30) The problem comes in when we consider what seems to be conflicting counsel. How do we not store up treasures, and give to everyone who asks, and still acquire enough money to leave an inheritance for our children?
The above exhortations, counsel, or advice are not absolutes and are to be taken in a balanced manner no matter what our yearly income is. Jesus talked about giving money to others, but he never said to give money away foolishly or to give it all away. Proverbs 21:20 says, ‘a foolish man devours his money.’ It is the love of money that is the root of all injurious things. (1 Timothy 6:10) Money can become an idol to man. (Luke 18:22) When Jesus said, “Do not store up for yourselves treasures on earth” (Matt. 6:19), he meant do not chase after, idolize, the almighty dollar. Jesus’ message is to be prudent when it comes to our income and to not money our primary concern in life. He encourages you “not be anxious about your soul, what you will eat or what you will drink, nor about your body, what you will put on. Is not life more than food, and the body more than clothing?” (Matt. 6:25) We are not to spend every waking moment to build up our treasures here on earth. (Matt. 6:19-20)
Nevertheless, he never said that we were not to save and invest our money, to plan out our future. We live as though Jesus will return tomorrow, that is we maintain our righteous standing. We plan as though Jesus will return in fifty years, that is we take care of our families, neighbors, get educations, build a career, and most importantly carry out our ministries. In fact, Jesus gave us parables about investing in our futures. (Matt. 25:14-30), as well as counting the cost before making large purchases. (Luke 14:28) Jesus never meant, nor did any early Christians ever take him as meaning that we should go to the extreme in giving all our finances away because Jesus said, “Give to everyone who asks you.” (Lu 6:30) Early Christianity never supported any kind of socialism or communism, regardless of misinterpreted verses today. (see Acts 2:44-45) Verses like Acts 2:44-45 are not prescriptive but rather they are simply descriptive. Moreover, this was a temporary solution, not some permanent arrangement. Also, this helping the needy was strictly voluntary, not government commanded or even church commanded, not even God commanded. Lastly, they only gave part of their belongings to help the poor, not everything they owned.
Most of the early Christians own their own homes and property, even additional property in some cases. So, the early Christians had income, property, possessions, which they use part to help others while they were alive, and to provide for their family when they died. The sensible, wise believer gives of his possessions first to God (Matt. 6:19, 33), then they took care of their family and thereafter other believers (1 Tim. 5:8), followed by, within their means, they helped the poor. – Galatians 2:10.
(13:01) In what forms may discipline come? How does God’s Word train us? How effective can discipline be? Why do good children also need discipline, instruction, and direction?
(13:02) How does the king of Israel show the importance of being guided by God’s Word in our speech?
(13:03) What can result from thoughtless, foolish speech? How can we learn to guard our mouth and avoid potential ruin?
(13:04) Why must we be industrious and put forth diligent effort? What can be said about the one who holds back from dedicating his life to Christ because he wants to avoid responsibility?
(13:05) Why does the righteous one not simply avoid lies; but rather he actually grows to hate them?
(13:06) How is doing what is right in God’s eyes is beneficial? How does the quality of righteousness protect a person, whereas wickedness will bring him to ruin?
(13:07) Why is it not good to falsely display one’s riches or conceal one’s wealth? What is the better life?
(13:08) How is it that riches can protect a person’s life? If one happens to become wealthy, how should he view the money and possessions he has? What is one threat that a poor person does not have to worry about? If one is wealthy what are some wise choices that he might make in his daily life to save his soul from the wicked world that surrounds him? Where is the best knowledge, insight, and wisdom found?
(13:09) How are we to understand this analogy between the righteous and the wicked?
(13:10) What is the result when we have an inflated view of ourselves and why is taking advice from others the wiser course of action?
(13:11) What is the lesson of this proverb when comparing wealth that is quickly and easily gained with wealth that is gained slowly by diligent work?
(13:12) When does waiting ‘make the heart sick,’ and when does it become a cause for joy? What amazing events are Christians confidently waiting to see? How can Christians find joy while we are waiting for God’s will and purposes to be fulfilled?
(13:13) What are the consequences of our actions or behaviors, whether good or bad?
(13:14) How can the instruction found in the Word of God help us to improve our quality of life and avoid endangering it, leading to premature death?
(13:15) Why is the guidance from God’s Word so important?
(13:16) Why is it imperative that we do not fall into ignorance, and, correspondingly, why does God urge us to listen to what he has to say?
(13:17) What is the emphasis on here as to the messenger and the envoy?
(13:18) What is it that causes some to stumble in life repeatedly, keeping them in poverty and ashamed of themselves? What is it that can pull them out of poverty and dishonor?
(13:19) What is the difference between the proper healthy desires of the righteous here and the improper unhealthy ones of the fool?
(13:20) Why is it imperative that we know just who we are walking with, that is, spending time with?
(13:21) Is there anything that the righteous can do to prepare for or lessen the blow of unexpected bad events that befall us all?
(13:22) How is it that the heaped-up treasures of the wicked finally go to the righteous?
(13:23) Why do bad things happen to persons who have God’s blessing and work hard?
(13:24) What usually results when parents fail to discipline their children? What position do child psychologists take on spanking, but what fruitage has their permissiveness produced? What is the correct understanding of Proverbs 13:24?
(13:25) How are we to understand the contrast between the righteous and the wicked in terms of having the necessities of life?
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Translation and Textual Criticism
The King James Bible was originally published in 1611. Some have estimated that the number of copies of the King James Version that have been produced in print worldwide is over one billion! There is little doubt that the King James Version is a literary masterpiece, which this author has and will appreciate and value for its unparalleled beauty of expression. This book is in no way trying to take away from what the King James Version has accomplished. The King James Version is a book to be commended for all that it has accomplished. For four centuries, when English-speaking people spoke of “the Bible,” they meant the King James Version. The question that begs to be asked of those who favor the King James Bible is, Do You Know the King James Version? What do most users of the King James Bible not know about their translation? Whether you are one who favors the King James Version or one who prefers a modern translation, Andrews will answer the questions that have long been asked for centuries about the King James Bible and far more.
THE COMPLETE GUIDE TO BIBLE TRANSLATION (CGBT) is for all individuals interested in how the Bible came down to us, as well as having an insight into the Bible translation process. CGBT is also for those who are interested in which translation(s) would be the most beneficial to use. The translation of God’s Word from the original languages of Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek is a task unlike any other and should never be taken lightly because it carries with it the heaviest responsibility: the translator renders God’s thoughts into a modern language. It is CGBT’s desire to take challenging and complex subjects and make them easy to understand. CGBT will communicate as clearly and powerfully as possible to all of its readers while also accurately communicating information about the Bible. …
Many have asked Edward D. Andrews as a Chief Translator, “In studying the modern Bible translations, I have come across some verses that are left out but that are in my King James Version or even my New King James Version, such as Matthew 18:11; 23:14; Luke 17:36. I have gotten conflicting opinions on social media. Can you please clear this up for me?”
Have you experienced this? The book of Revelation warns: “if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God will take away his share in the tree of life and in the holy city, which are described in this book.” Yes, removing a true part of the Bible would be a serious matter. (Rev. 22:19) But had this happened? Do you know why these verses are omitted from modern translations? You might wonder, ‘Is my modern Bible translation lacking something that the King James Version has?’ The reader of the King James Version may feel that they have something that the modern Bibles do not. Andrews will help the reader find the answers to whether verses are being omitted and far more when it comes to the differences between the King James Bible and the Modern Bible translations.
The fascinating story of how we got the English Bible in its present form starts 1,120 years ago. HISTORY OF ENGLISH VERSIONS OF THE BIBLE covers the fascinating journey of the Bible from the 9th century AD to the beginning of the 20th-century. The chief translator of the Updated American Standard Version Edward D. Andrews invites readers to explore the process of from the early manuscripts to contemporary translations today.
And so, it was that translators like William Tyndale were martyred for the honor of giving the people a Bible that could easily be understood. What a price they had paid, however; it was a priceless gift! Tyndale and others before and after him had worked with the shadow of death towering over their heads. However, by delivering the Bible to many people in their native tongue, they opened up before them the possibility, not of death, but life eternal. As Jesus Christ said in the Tyndale Bible, “This is lyfe eternall that they myght knowe the that only very God and whom thou hast sent Iesus Christ.” (John 17:3) May we, therefore, know the value of what we can now hold in our hands, and may we diligently study God’s Word.
JOHN 8:58 has been one of the most hotly debated verses in the Bible for centuries. For the first time, an impartial, unbiased, objective investigation begins and ends here. BEFORE ABRAHAM WAS I AM is for all individuals interested in how John 8:58 should be translated, as well as how it should be interpreted. The book impartially (objectively) offers the two different translation views on this verse, as well as two different interpretational views. The reader is given the opportunity to see both perspectives, and then, he or she can decide for themselves. The reader does not have to know Biblical Greek, as we have taken every measure to make this small book easy to understand. We have used the Greek interlinear with the English above the Greek. We have translated all the Greek herein. We have tried to define and explain every uncommon term. Views on translating John 8:58 include NT commentator with the historical setting Kenneth O Gangel, Bible background Clinton E. Arnold and Craig S. Keener, Exegetical commentator D. A. Carson, NT Greek scholar Daniel B. Wallace, Textual scholar B. F. Westcott, Senior Bible Translator of the NASB Don Wilkins, and Chief Translator of the UASV and textual scholar Edward D. Andrews.
FROM SPOKEN WORDS TO SACRED TEXTS is an introduction-intermediate level coverage of the text of the New Testament. Andrews begins by introducing the reader to New Testament textual studies by presenting all the essential, foundational details necessary to understand New Testament textual criticism. With Andrews’ clear and comprehensive approach to New Testament textual studies, FROM SPOKEN WORDS TO SACRED TEXTS, will remain popular for beginning and intermediate students for decades to come. This source on how the New Testament came down us will become the standard book for courses in biblical studies, as well as the history of Christianity. FROM SPOKEN WORDS TO SACRED TEXTS is assured of becoming a reliable, clear-cut resource for generations of Bible students to come.
The Greek New Testament was copied and recopied by hand for 1,500 years. Regardless of those scribes who had worked very hard to be faithful in their copying, errors crept into the text. How can we be confident that what we have today is the Word of God? FROM SPOKEN WORDS TO SACRED TEXTS introduces its readers to New Testament textual studies of the Greek New Testament. Herein the reader will find plain language as Edward D. Andrews gives the reader an in-depth view of the history of the New Testament. We will discover how the New Testament books were transmitted. The intentional and unintentional scribal errors that crept into the text for some 1,500 years of corruption by copyists, followed by over 400 years of restoration work by textual scholars who gave their entire lives to give us today a restored New Testament text. In this book, the reader will gain an appreciation for the vast work that has been carried out in preserving the text of the New Testament and finding renewed confidence in its reliability. Andrews’ work on FROM SPOKEN WORDS TO SACRED TEXTS was carried out with an apologetical mindset to assist Christians in their defense of God’s Word.
What are the churchgoers, the Bible college students, and seminary students to do when one Bible scholar says one thing and another Bible scholar says something quite different, or worse still, as is the case with P52, several Bible scholars are saying different dates for the time when the Greek New Testament fragment P52 was written? P = Papyrus (a plant in Egypt), the material that was used to make sheets of papyrus paper that were written on by scribes to make copies of Bible books. 52 = the number assigned to that discovered manuscript. What makes it even more unnerving is when one is not an expert in the field of study, only having basic knowledge. How can they possibly know who is correct? Worse still, the Christian is put in the embarrassing position on social media of telling an atheist that P52 is dated to 100-150 C.E., and then the atheist responds to the Christian with, ‘no your evidence from 1935 is outdated, as recent research points to a date of 200 C.E. or later.’ What is the Christian to do? What will be accomplished here in THE P52 PROJECT can be used at other times when the Christian is faced with two scholars or more offering conflicting conclusions. We are going to use the common sense that God gave us and weigh the evidence from both sides. We are going to treat THE P52 PROJECT like a criminal trial with P52 being on trial.
What the churchgoer, serious Bible students, and seminary students, and hopefully all Christians will learn in this short publication concerning P52 will help them in their approach when Bible scholars are offering conflicting information on other issues as well. The tiny Greek New Testament manuscript, P52, is an extremely useful, indispensable artifact of early Christianity. Andrews has made every effort to make this subject easier to understand. THE P52 PROJECT is too important to leave it in the hands of textual scholars, paleographers, and papyrologists.
THE READING CULTURE OF EARLY CHRISTIANITY provides the reader with the production process of the New Testament books, the publication process, how they were circulated, and to what extent they were used in the early Christian church. It examines the making of the New Testament books, the New Testament secretaries and the material they used, how the early Christians viewed the New Testament books, and the literacy level of the Christians in the first three centuries. It also explores how the gospels went from an oral message to a written record, the accusation that the apostles were uneducated, the inspiration and inerrancy in the writing process of the New Testament books, the trustworthiness of the early Christian copyists, and the claim that the early scribes were predominantly amateurs. Andrews also looks into the early Christian’s use of the codex [book form], how did the spread of early Christianity affect the text of the New Testament, and how was the text impacted by the Roman Empire’s persecution of the early Christians?
The Bible has been under attack since Moses penned the first five books. However, the New Testament has faced criticism like no other time over the 50-70-years. Both friend and foe have challenged the reliability of our New Testament. Self-proclaimed Agnostic textual scholar Dr. Bart D. Ehrman has claimed that there are 400,000+ scribal errors in our Greek New Testament manuscripts. A leading textual scholar, Greek grammarian, and Christian apologist Dr. Daniel B. Wallace has stipulated that this is true. This is of particular interest among all Christians, who have been charged with defending the Word of God. – 1 Peter 3:15.
In this volume, textual scholar Edward D. Andrews offers the churchgoer and textual student a defense against this specific attack on the New Testament. Andrews offers the reader a careful analysis of the relevant evidence, giving his readers logical, reasonable, rational assurances that the New Testament can be trusted more than ever before. He will explain the differences between the older Bible translations and the newer ones. Andrews will explain why we do not need the original manuscripts to have the original Word of God. He will reveal how reliable our manuscripts are, how they survived the elements and the persecution of early Christianity, as well as withstanding careless and even deceitful scribes. Finally, Andrews will deal with the 400,000+ scribal errors in the Greek New Testament manuscripts extensively. The author takes a complicated subject and offers his readers an easy to understand argument for why they can have confidence in the Bible despite various challenges to the trustworthiness of Scripture, offering an insightful, informed, defense of God’s Word.
This fourth edition will be dealing with the Greek text of our New Testament, through the Eyes of Dr. Bart D. Ehrman, in his New York Times bestseller: Misquoting Jesus: The Story Behind Who Changed the Bible and Why (2005). First, in the introduction, we will look into Bart D. Ehrman’s early life and spiritual decline as he moved from being an evangelical conservative Christian to becoming an agnostic skeptic. Second, we will open with chapter one covering the book writing process of the New Testament authors and early Christian scribes. Then, we will spend three lengthy chapters covering the reading culture of early Christianity because of Ehrman’s claim of just how low the literacy rates were in early Christianity. After that, we will take one chapter to investigate the early Christian copyists because of Ehrman’s claim that most of the scribal errors come from the first three centuries. Following this will be one of the most critical chapters examining Ehrman’s claim of 400,000 textual variants [errors] and what impact they have on the integrity of the Greek New Testament. We will then investigate Bible Difficulties and what they mean for the trustworthiness of God’s Word. After that, we will give the reader the fundamentals of some of Ehrman’s complaints, debunking them as we investigate each one throughout seven chapters.
The Apostolic Fathers were core Christian theologians among the Church Fathers who lived in the 1st and 2nd centuries A.D., who are believed to have personally known some of the Twelve Apostles or to have been significantly influenced by them. Their writings, though widely circulated in Early Christianity, were not included in the canon of the New Testament. Many of the writings derive from the same time period and geographical location as other works of early Christian literature, which came to be part of the New Testament. Some of the writings found among the Apostolic Fathers appear to have been as highly regarded as some of the writings which became the New Testament.
These writers include Clement of Rome, Ignatius, Polycarp, Hermas, Barnabas, Papias, and the anonymous authors of the Didachē (Teaching of the Twelve Apostles), Letter to Diognetus, Letter of Barnabas, and the Martyrdom of Polycarp. Not everything written by the Apostolic Fathers is considered to be equally valuable theologically, but taken as a whole, their writings are more valuable historically than any other Christian literature outside the New Testament. They provide a bridge between it and the more fully developed Christianity of the late 2nd century.
The Apostolic Fathers are a small number of Early Christian authors who lived and wrote in the second half of the 1st century and the first half of the 2nd century. They are acknowledged as leaders in the early church, although their writings were not included in the New Testament. They include Clement of Rome, Ignatius of Antioch, Polycarp of Smyrna, the author of the Didache, and the author of the Shepherd of Hermas. The Apostolic Fathers, the earliest extant Christian writings outside the New Testament, are a primary resource for the study of early Christianity. These works are important because their authors were contemporaries of the biblical writers. J. B. Lightfoot is known as the greatest British New Testament scholar of the nineteenth century.
Christian Apologetics and Evangelism
The only way in which anyone can become a genuine disciple of Jesus Christ is to exercise a divinely-given faith in the once crucified but now glorified Son of God, a faith that quickens the soul, fills it with the mind of Christ, and so unites them to Jesus forever. Murray & Andrews well know that the means for arriving at faith is the Word of God. It is the question often asked by the Master, Jesus Christ, which brings us to the title of the book, “If I speak the truth, why do you not believe ?” (John 8:46). Assured like the apostle Paul, as taught by the Lord, that the only mode for receiving forgiveness of sins and inheritance among them that are sanctified, is “faith” in Christ (Acts 26:18). Therefore, Murray & Andrews concentrate their writings on the anxious soul onto the Savior, on the one hand, and the necessity and power of faith in his own heart, on the other. By this means, they expect that under the working of the Spirit through the Word of God, the reader will be led to more fully live their life in faith, ‘the faith which is in the Son of God, who loved you and gave Himself up for you.” (Gal. 2:20) This little book will play a valuable part in our modern Christian faith, no doubt, with its lessons helping Christians to grow spiritually. This book will awaken the need for a vital bond between Christ and the readers, leading them to a stronger faith, which is so richly needed today.
Who wrote this important and enlightening book of Hebrews? Why does it really matter if the book is canonical, authoritative, and inspired? The book was not signed, and so there have been many suggestions over the centuries. Honestly, there is no absolute determinative evidence for any suggested author, even Paul. However, we do not live in an absolute world. God is absolute, and the Word of God in the original is absolute. It seems that most researchers that address this appear to offer just a few suggestions to live with the belief that it is best to say that we do not know. There have been many suggested authors since the first century: Paul, Luke, Barnabas, Silas, Apollos, Priscilla and Aquila, James, Philip, Jude, Clement of Rome have all been offered as suggested authors of the book of Hebrews. So, who really wrote the book of Hebrews? Indeed, the book of Hebrews is packed with the most relevant and beneficial information as well as with serious and weighty exhortation, excellent encouragement, and severe warnings lest we fall away from the faith. The better we become informed with this Bible book, the more we profit from what it has to say. Having some certainty as to who the author is will also give us a deeper appreciation of its authentic and authoritative state.
The book PAUL AND LUKE ON TRIAL deals with their reputations, the authenticity, and the trustworthiness of their New Testament books (Acts and Galatians), which Bible critics have sought to undermine for centuries. Sadly, this attack also comes from “the new generation of evangelical scholars [who are] far more comfortable with ambiguity and uncertainty than previous generations.” (Wallace forward, Page xii) Herein the Bible critics and modern evangelical scholars are the prosecutors in this trial, and Andrews is serving as the Christian apologist in defense of the Apostle Paul and the disciple Luke. Andrews in PAUL AND LUKE ON TRIAL will briefly talk about Higher critics who have dissected the Word of God until it has become the word of man and a very jumbled word at that. Chapter one will look at how we can use legal terms to view Bible evidence objectively. Chapters 2 and 3 will lay more groundwork defining and dealing with Bible difficulties as it relates to the trial of Paul and Luke. A Brief historical overview of 36-49 C.E. in Chapter 4 apply all that we will have learned up unto this point in our defense of Paul and Luke. As a bonus, APPENDIX I is a chapter explaining Bible Difficulties, and APPENDIX II is a defense of the prophet Daniel and the book that bears his name.
THE BIBLE: ERRORS! MISTAKES! INCONSISTENCIES! CONTRADICTIONS! Critics claim that the Bible is filled with so-called errors, mistakes, inconsistencies, and contradictions. Some even speak of thousands of errors. The truth is there is not even one demonstrated error in the original text of the Bible. Of course, we would never say that there are no difficulties in our Bibles. The Bible is loaded with thousands of difficult, challenging passages, many of which become obstacles in the development of our faith. These difficulties arise out of differences in culture, language, religious and political organizations, not to mention between 2,000 to 3,500 years of separation between the Bible author and the modern-day reader. Calling attention to these difficulties and sifting out the misconceptions, Andrews defends the full inerrancy of the Bible, clarifies the so-called errors or mistakes and what might seem like apparent contradictions. He arms the Christian with what he or she needs to defend their faith in the Bible. Honestly, whenever Christians find a difficulty in the Bible, frankly, acknowledge it. Do not try to obscure it. Do not try to dodge it. Herein is the defense of God’s Word that Christians have been waiting for.
The role of women within the church has been a heated, ongoing debate. There are two views. We have the equal ministry opportunity for both men and women (egalitarian view) and the ministry roles distinguished by gender (complementarian view). This biblically grounded introduction will acquaint the reader with the biblical view: what does the Bible say about the woman’s role in the church? Both views mention the teachings of the apostle Paul in 1 Timothy 2:12 in order to support their viewpoint. Andrews will furnish the reader with a clear and thorough presentation of the biblical evidence for the woman’s role in the church so we can better understand the biblical viewpoint.
Some of the questions asked and answered in THE YOUNG CHRISTIAN’S SURVIVAL GUIDE are “You claim the Bible is inspired because it says it is, right (2 Tim. 3:16)? Isn’t that circular reasoning?” “You claim the Bible was inspired, but there was no inspired list of which books that is true of. So how can we know which ones to trust?” “With so many different copies of manuscripts that have 400,000+ variants (errors), how can we even know what the Bible says?” “Why can’t the people who wrote the four Gospels get their story straight?” These questions and many more will be asked and answered with reasonable, rational, Scriptural answers.
Was the Gospel of Mark Written First? Were the Gospel Writers Plagiarists? What is the Q Document? What about Document Q? Critical Bible scholars have assumed that Matthew and Luke used the book of Mark to compile their Gospels and that they consulted a supplementary source, a document the scholars call Q from the German Quelle, or source. From the close of the first century A.D. to the 18th century, the reliability of the Gospels was never really brought into question. However, once we enter the so-called period of enlightenment, especially from the 19th century onward, some critical Bible scholars viewed the Gospels not as the inspired, inerrant Word of God but rather as the word of man, and a jumbled word at that. In addition, they determined that the Gospels were not written by Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, saying the Gospels were written after the apostles, denying that the writers of the Gospels had any firsthand knowledge of Jesus; therefore, for these Bible critics such men were unable to offer a record of reliable history. Moreover, these critical Bible scholars came to the conclusion that the similarities in structure and content in the synoptic (similar view) Gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke), suggests that the evangelists copied extensively from one other. Further, the critical Bible scholars have rejected that the miracles of Jesus and his resurrection ever occurred as recorded in the Gospels. Lastly, some have even gone so far as to reject the historicity of Jesus himself.
Inside of some Christians unbeknownst to their family, friends or the church, they are screaming, “I doubt, I doubt, I have very grave doubts!” Ours is an age of doubt. Skepticism has become fashionable. We are urged to question everything: especially the existence of God and the truthfulness of his Word, the Bible. A SUBSTANTIAL PORTION of REASONABLE FAITH is on healing for the elements of emotional doubt. However, much attention is given to more evidenced-based chapters in our pursuit of overcoming any fears or doubts that we may have or that may creep up on us in the future.
How can you improve your effectiveness as teachers? Essentially, it is by imitating JESUS CHRIST The Great Teacher You may wonder, ‘But how can we imitate Jesus?’ ‘He was the perfect, divine, Son of God.’ Admittedly, you cannot be a perfect teacher. Nevertheless, regardless of your abilities, you can do your best to imitate the way Jesus taught. JESUS CHRIST The Great Teacher will discuss how you can employ all of his teaching methods. What a privilege it is to be a teacher of God’s Word and to share spiritual values that can have long-lasting benefits!
How can you improve your effectiveness as teachers? Essentially, it is by imitating THE APOSTLE PAUL: The Preacher, Teacher, Apologist. You may wonder, ‘But how can we imitate Paul?’ ‘He was an inspired author, who served as an apostle, given miraculous powers.’ Admittedly, Paul likely accomplished more than any other imperfect human. Nevertheless, regardless of your abilities, you can do your best to imitate the way Paul taught. THE APOSTLE PAUL: The Preacher, Teacher, Apologist will discuss how you can employ all of his teaching methods. When it comes to teaching, genuine Christians have a special responsibility. We are commanded to “make disciples of all nations . . . , teaching them.” (Matt. 24:14; 28:19-20; Ac 1:8)
How true is the Old Testament? For over two centuries Biblical scholars have held to the so-called documentary hypothesis, namely, that Genesis – Deuteronomy was not authored by Moses, but rather by several writers, some of whom lived centuries after Moses’ time. How have many scholars questioned the writership of Isaiah, and are they correct? When did skepticism regarding the writership of Isaiah begin, and how did it spread? What dissecting of the book of Isaiah has taken place? When did criticism of the book of Daniel begin, and what fueled similar criticism in more recent centuries? What charges are sometimes made regarding the history in Daniel? Why is the question of the authenticity of the books of Moses, the Book of Isaiah and the Book of Daniel an important one? What evidence is there to show that the books of Moses, the Book of Isaiah and the Book of Daniel is authentic and true? Do these critics have grounds for challenging these Bible author’s authenticity and historical truthfulness? Why is it important to discuss whether Old Testament Aurhoriship is authentic and true or not?
Who wrote the first five books of the Bible? Was it Moses or was it others centuries later? If Moses wrote the first five books of the Bible, then how was his own death and burial written in Deuteronomy Chapter 34? Many mainstream Bible scholars argue that Moses could not have written the Pentateuch since he likely existed many centuries earlier than the development of the Hebrew language. When was the origin of the Hebrew language? Popular scholarship says that if Moses had written the Pentateuch, he would have written in the Egyptian language, not the Hebrew. Moreover, most of the Israelites and other people of the sixteenth century B.C.E. were illiteral, so who could have written the Torah, and for whom would it be written because the people of that period did not read?
Finally, analysis of the first five books demonstrates multiple authors, not just one, which explains the many discrepancies. Multiple authors also explain the many cases of telling of the same story twice, making the same events appear to happen more than once. The modern mainstream scholarship would argue that within the Pentateuch we see such things as preferences for certain words, differences in vocabulary, reoccurring expressions in Deuteronomy that are not found in Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, and Numbers, all evidence for their case for multiple authors.
What does the evidence say? What does archaeology, linguistic analysis, historical studies, textual analysis, and insights from Egyptologists tell us? Again, who wrote the first five books of the Bible? Was it Moses or was it others centuries later? Andrews offers his readers an objective view of the evidence.
Agabus is a mysterious prophetic figure that appears only twice in the book of Acts. Though his role is minor, he is a significant figure in a great debate between cessationists and continualists. On one side are those who believe that the gift of prophecy is on par with the inspired Scriptures, infallible, and has ceased. On the other side are those who define it as fallible and non-revelatory speech that continues today in the life of the church. Proponents of both camps attempt to claim Agabus as an illustration of their convictions. This study defends the position that Agabus’ prophecies are true in every detail. Beginning with a survey of major figures in the debate, the author conducts an exegetical analysis of passages where Agabus appears in defense of the infallible view.
Islam is making a significant mark on our world. It is perhaps the fastest-growing religion in the world. It has become a major obstacle to Christian missions. And Muslim terrorists threaten the West and modern democracies. What is the history of Islam? What do Muslims believe? Do Christians and Muslims worship the same God? Why do we have this clash of civilizations? Is sharia law a threat to modern democratic values? How can we fight terrorists in the 21st century? These are significant questions that deserve thoughtful answers. This book provides practical, biblical answers so Christians can understand Islam, witness to their Muslim friends, and support efforts by the government to protect all of us from terrorism.
IS THE QURAN THE WORD OF GOD? Is Islam the One True Faith? This book covers the worldview, practices, and history of Islam and the Quran. This book is designed as an apologetic evangelistic tool for Christians, as they come across Muslims in their daily lives, as well as to inform them, as a protection again the misleading media. The non-Muslims need to hear these truths about Islam and the Quran so they can have an accurate understanding of the Muslim mindset that leads to their actions. Islam is the second largest religion in the world. Radical Islam has taken the world by storm, and the “fake media” has genuinely misled their audience for the sake of political correctness. This book is not a dogmatic attack on Islam and the Quran but rather an uncovering of the lies and describing of the truths. The reader will be introduced to the most helpful way of viewing the evidence objectively. We will answer the question of whether the Quran is a literary miracle, as well as is there evidence that the Quran is inspired by God, along with is the Quran harmonious and consistent, and is the Quran from God or man? We will also examine Islamic teachings, discuss the need to search for the truth, as well as identify the book of truth. We will look at how Islam views the Bible. Finally, we will take up the subjects of Shariah Law, the rise of radical Islam, Islamic eschatology, and how to effectively witness to Muslims.
The average Christian knows somewhat how dangerous radical Islam is because of the regular media coverage of beheadings of Christians, Jews, and even young little children, not to mention Muslims with which they disagree. However, the average Christian does not know their true beliefs, just how many there are, to the extent they will go to carry out these beliefs. Daily we find Islamic commentators on the TV and radio, offering up misleading information, quoting certain portions of the Quran while leaving other parts out. When considering Islamic beliefs, other Islamic writings must be considered, like the Hadith or Sunnah, and the Shariah, or canon law. While Islam, in general, does not support radical Islam, the vast majority do support radical beliefs. For example, beheadings, stoning for adultery or homosexuality, suicide bombings, turning the world into an Islamic state, and far too many other heinous things. THE GUIDE TO ISLAM provides Christians with an overview of Islamic terminology. The reader will learn about Muhammad’s calling, the history of the Quran, how Islam expanded, the death of Muhammad and the splinter groups that followed. In addition, the three sources of their teaching, six pillars of belief, five pillars of Islam, the twelfth Imam, and much more will be discussed. All of this from the mind of radical Islam. While there are several books on Islam and radical Islam, this will be the first that will prepare its readers to communicate effectively with Muslims in an effort toward sharing biblical truths. …
Historical Criticism of the Bible got started in earnest, known then as Higher Criticism, during the 18th and 19th centuries, it is also known as the Historical-Critical Method of biblical interpretation. Are there any weakness to the Historical-Critical Method of biblical interpretation (Historical Criticism), and why is historical criticism so popular among Bible scholars today? Its popularity is because biblical criticism is subjective, that is, based on or influenced by personal feelings or opinions and is dependent on the Bible scholar’s perception. In other words, biblical criticism allows the Bible scholar, teacher, or pastor the freedom to interpret the Scriptures, so that God’s Word it tells them things that they want to hear. Why is this book so critical for all Christians? Farnell and Andrews will inform the reader about Biblical criticism (historical criticism) and its weaknesses, helping you to defend God’s Word far better.
Biblical criticism is an umbrella term covering various techniques for applying literary historical-critical methods in analyzing and studying the Bible and its textual content. Biblical criticism is also known as higher criticism, literary criticism, and historical criticism. Biblical criticism has done nothing more than weaken and demoralize people’s assurance in the Bible as being the inspired and fully inerrant Word of God and is destructive in its very nature. Historical criticism is made up of many forms of biblical criticism that are harmful to the authoritative Word of God: historical criticism, source criticism, form criticism, redaction criticism, social-science criticism, canonical criticism, rhetorical criticism, structural criticism, narrative criticism, reader-response criticism, and feminist criticism. Not just liberal scholarship, but many moderate, even some “conservative” scholars have …
FEMINIST CRITICISM will offer the reader explicitly what the Bible says. Feminist criticism is a form of literary criticism that is based on feminist theories. The worldview of feminism uses feminist principles to interpret the word of God. Biblical feminists argue that they are merely focused on creating equal opportunities to serve. They say that they want the freedom to follow Jesus Christ as he has called them. They assert that they merely want to use the gifts that he has given them in God’s service. Biblical feminists maintain that Scripture clearly states the worth and value of men and women equally when it comes to serving God. Biblical feminists also say that they want to partner with the men when it comes to taking the lead in the church and parenting in the home. They seek mutual submission and subjection in the church leadership and the home headship, not what they perceive to be a male hierarchy. FEMINIST CRITICISM will gently and respectfully address these issues with Scripture.
APOLOGETICS: Reaching Hearts with the Art of Persuasion by Edward D. Andrews, author of over seventy books, covers information that proves that the Bible is accurate, trustworthy, fully inerrant, and inspired by God for the benefit of humankind. The reader will be introduced to Christan apologetics and evangelism. They will learn what Christian apologetics is. They will be given a biblical answer to the most demanding Bible question: Problem of Evil. The reader will learn how to reach hearts with are the art of persuasion. They will use persuasion to help others accept Christ. They will learn to teach with insight and persuasiveness. They will learn to use persuasion to reach the heart of those who listen to them.
REVIEWING 2013 New World Translation of Jehovah’s Witnesses is going to challenge your objectivity. Being objective means that personal feelings or opinions do not influence you in considering and representing facts. Being subjective means that your understanding is based on or influenced by personal feelings, tastes, or ideas. If the reader finds these insights offense, it might be a little mind control at work from years of being told the same misinformation repeatedly, so ponder things objectively. We can also have preconceived ideas that have been a part of our thinking for so long; we do not question them. Preconceived is an idea or opinion that is formed before having the evidence for its truth. If we are to be effective, we must season our words, so that they are received well. Then there is the term preconception, which means a preconceived idea or prejudice. Seasoned words, honesty, and accuracy are distinctive features of effective apologetic evangelism.
Use of REASONING FROM THE SCRIPTURES should help you to cultivate the ability to reason from the Scriptures and to use them effectively in assisting others to learn about “the mighty works of God.” – Acts 2:11. If Christians are going to be capable, powerful, efficient teachers of God’s Word, we must not only pay attention to what we tell those who are interested but also how we tell them. Yes, we must focus our attention on the message of God’s Word that we share but also the method in which we do so. Our message, the Gospel (i.e., the good news of the Kingdom), this does not change, but we do adjust our methods. Why? We are seeking to reach as many receptive people as possible. “You will be my witnesses … to the End of the Earth.” – ACTS 1:8.
Why should we be interested in the religion of others? The world has become a melting pot of people, cultures, and values, as well as many different religions. Religion has the most significant impact on the lives of mankind today. There are only a few of the major religions that make up billions of people throughout the earth. According to some estimates, there are roughly 4,200 religions in the world. God’s will is that “all sorts of men should be saved and come to an accurate knowledge of truth.” (1 Tim. 2:4) God has assigned all Christians the task of proclaiming the Word of God, teaching, to make disciples. (Matt. 24:15; 28:19-20: Ac 1;8) That includes men and women who profess a non-Christian religion, such as Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam to mention just a few. If there are Hindus, Buddhist or Muslims are in your community, why not initiate a conversation with them? Christians who take the Great Commission seriously cannot afford to ignore these religions. …
Evangelism is the work of a Christian evangelist, of which all true Christians are obligated to partake to some extent, which seeks to persuade other people to become Christian, especially by sharing the basics of the Gospel, but also the deeper message of biblical truths. Today the Gospel is almost an unknown, so what does the Christian evangelist do? Preevangelism is laying a foundation for those who have no knowledge of the Gospel, giving them background information, so that they can grasp what they are hearing. The Christian evangelist is preparing their mind and heart so that they will be receptive to the biblical truths. In many ways, this is known as apologetics. Christian apologetics [Greek: apologia, “verbal defense, speech in defense”] is a field of Christian theology which endeavors to offer a reasonable and sensible basis for the Christian faith, defending the faith against objections. It is reasoning from the Scriptures, explaining and proving, as one instructs in sound doctrine, many times having to overturn false reasoning before he can plant the seeds of truth. …
MOST Christian apologetic books help the reader know WHAT to say; THE CHRISTIAN APOLOGIST is HOW to communicate it effectively. The Christian apologist’s words should always be seasoned with salt as he or she shares the unadulterated truths of Scripture with gentleness and respect. Our example in helping the unbeliever to understand the Bible has been provided by Jesus Christ and his apostles. Whether dealing with Bible critics or answering questions from those genuinely interested, Jesus referred to the Scriptures and at times used appropriate illustrations, helping those with a receptive heart to accept the Word of God. The apostle Paul “reasoned with them from the Scriptures, explaining and proving” what was biblically true. (Ac 17:2-3) The material in THE CHRISTIAN APOLOGIST can enable us to do the same. Apologist Normal L. Geisler informs us that “evangelism is planting seeds of the Gospel” and “pre-evangelism is tilling the soil of people’s minds and hearts to help them be more willing to listen to the truth (1 Cor. 3: 6).”
THE EVANGELISM HANDBOOK is a practical guide (for real-life application) in aiding all Christians in sharing biblical beliefs, the Good News of the Kingdom, how to deal with Bible critics, overturning false beliefs, so as to make disciples, as commanded by Christ. (Matthew 24:14; 28:19-20; Ac 1:8) Why do Christians desire to talk about their beliefs? Jesus said, “And this gospel of the kingdom will be proclaimed in the whole inhabited earth for a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come.” (Matt 24:14) This is the assignment, which all Christians are obligated to assist in carrying out. Jesus also said, “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.” (Matt. 22:39) Jesus commanded that we “go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them” and “teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you.” (Matt. 28:19-20) If one failed to be obedient to the great commission of Matthew 28:19-20, he or she could hardly claim that they have genuine faith. All true Christians have a determination to imitate God, which moves us to persist in reflecting his glory through our sharing Bible beliefs with others.
The reader will receive eight small introductory books in this one publication. Andrews’ intention is to offer his reader several chapters on eight of the most critical subject areas of understanding and defending the Word of God. This will enable the reader to lay a solid foundation for which he can build throughout his Christian life. These eight sections with multiple chapters in each cover biblical interpretation, Bible translation philosophies, textual criticism, Bible difficulties, the Holy Spirit, Christian Apologetics, Christian Evangelism, and Christian Living.
“‘Deep’ study is no guarantee that mature faith will result, but shallow study guarantees that immaturity continues.”(p. xiii)—Dr. Lee M. Fields.
The Culture War. How the West lost its greatness and was weakened from within outlines how the West lost its values, causing its current decline. It is a forceful attack on the extreme liberal, anti-religious ideology which since the 1960’s has permeated the Western culture and weakened its very core. The West is now characterized by strict elitist media censorship, hedonism, a culture of drug abuse, abortion, ethnic clashes and racial divide, a destructive feminism and the dramatic breakdown of the family. An ultra-rich elite pushes our nations into a new, authoritarian globalist structure, with no respect for Western historical values. Yet, even in the darkest hour, there is hope. This manifesto outlines the remedy for the current malaise and describes the greatness of our traditional and religious values that once made our civilization prosper. It shows how we can restore these values to bring back justice, mercy, faith, honesty, fidelity, kindness and respect for one another. Virtues that will motivate individuals to love one another, the core of what will make us great again.
New Left Tyranny shows how the neo-Marxist New Left turned their back on historical Western principles and became a destructive authoritarian force. It abandoned the working class. By systematically attacking traditional values and inciting hateful Identity Politics, they created a dysfunctional society characterized by social anarchy, selfishness and a lack of personal responsibility.
“This is a remarkable book by a remarkable person. Excellent work.”
Dr. Paul Craig Roberts, leading American political economist
Hanne Nabintu Herland is a Scandinavian bestselling author, historian of comparative religions and founder of The Herland Report
EARLY CHRISTIANITY IN THE FIRST CENTURY will give its readers a thrilling account of first-century Christianity. When and how did they come to be called Christians? Who are all obligated to be Christian evangelists? In what way did Jesus set the example for our evangelism? What is the Kingdom of God? What was their worship like and why were they called the Truth and the Way? How did 120 disciples at Pentecost grow to over one million within 70-80-years? What was meant by their witness to the ends of the earth? How did Christianity in its infancy function to accomplish all it did? How was it structured? How were the early Christians, not of the world? How were they affected by persecution? How were they not to love the world, in what sense? What divisions were there in the second and third centuries? Who were the Gnostics? These questions will be answered, as well as a short overview of the division that grew out of the second and third centuries, pre-reformation, the reformation, and a summary of Catholicism and Protestantism. After a lengthy introduction to First-Century Christianity, there is a chapter on the Holy Spirit in the First Century and Today, followed by sixteen chapters that cover the most prominent Christians from the second to fourth centuries, as well as a chapter on Constantine the Great.
The intention of this book is to investigate the biblical chronology behind Jehovah’s Witnesses most controversial doctrinal position that Jesus began to rule invisibly from heaven in October 1914. This biblical chronology of the Witnesses hinges upon their belief that the destruction of Jerusalem by the Babylonians, which they say occurred in 607 B.C.E. The Witnesses conclude that Chapter 4 of the book of Daniel prophesied a 2,520 year period that began in 607 B.C.E. and ended in 1914 C.E. They state, “Clearly, the ‘seven times’ and ‘the appointed times of the nations’ refer to the same time period.” (Lu 21:24) It is their position that When the Babylonians conquered Jerusalem, the Davidic line of kings was interrupted, God’s throne was “trampled on by the nations” until 1914, at which time Jesus began to rule invisibly from heaven. …
In order to overcome and church problems, we must first talk about the different problems of the church. Many of the church problems today stem from the isms: liberalism, humanism, modernism, Christian progressivism, theological liberalism, feminism, higher criticism, and biblical criticism. Moreover, many are simply not a biblically grounded church regardless of how much they claim to be so. The marks of a true Christian church would be like the different lines that make up a church’s fingerprint, a print that cannot belong to any other church. The true Christian church contains their own unique grouping of marks, forming a positive “fingerprint” that cannot belong to any other church. William Lange Craig wrote, “Remember that our faith is not based on emotions, but on the truth, and therefore you must hold on to it.” What truth? Jesus said to the Father in prayer, “Sanctify them in the truth; your word is truth.” (John 17:17) Are you doing the will of the Father? Is your church doing the will of the Father? – Matthew 7:21-23; 1 John 2:15-17.
Evangelist Norman Robertson claims that “Tithing is God’s way of financing His kingdom on the earth.” He asserts that “It is His system of economics which enables the Gospel to be preached.” Not bashful about telling his followers of their duty to give, he flatly states: ‘Tithing isn’t something you do because you can afford it. It is an act of obedience. Not tithing is a clear violation of God’s commandments. It is embezzlement.’ Most likely you accept that giving should be part of Christian worship. However, do you find continuous demanding appeals for money disturbing, perhaps even offensive? FLEECING THE FLOCK by Anthony Wade is an exhaustive examination of all of the popular tithing arguments made from the pulpit today. …
DECEPTION IN THE CHURCH by Fred DeRuvo asks Does It Matter How You Worship? There are 41,000 different denominations that call themselves “Christian” and all would claim that they are the truth. Can just any Christian denomination please God? Can all be true or genuine Christianity if they all have different views on the same Bible doctrines? DeRuvo will answer. He will focus on the largest part of Christianity that has many different denominations, the charismatic, ecstatic Signs and Wonders Movements. These ecstatic worshipers claim … DeRuvo will answer all these questions and more according to the truth of God’s Word.—John 8:31-32; 17:17.
Plunkett exposes the errors corrupting the Christian church through the Word of Faith, New Apostolic Reformation, and extreme charismatic movements. LEARN TO DISCERN, by author Daniel Plunkett highlights how an encounter with a rising star in the Word of Faith / “Signs and Wonders” movement was used by God to open his eyes to the deceptions, false teachings, and spiritual abuses running rampant in the charismatic movement today. These doctrines are thoroughly explored as taught by some of today’s most prominent speakers and evangelists and contrasted with the clear teachings of Scripture. LEARN TO DISCERN is an invaluable resource …
CALVINISM VS. ARMINIANISM goes back to the early seventeenth century with a Christian theological debate between the followers of John Calvin and Jacobus Arminius, and continues today among some Protestants, particularly evangelicals. The debate is centered around soteriology, that is, the study of salvation, and includes disputes about total depravity, predestination, and atonement. While the debate has developed its Calvinist–Arminian form in the 17th century, the issues that are fundamental to the debate have been discussed in Christianity in some fashion since the days of Augustine of Hippo’s disputes with the Pelagians in the fifth century. CALVINISM VS. ARMINIANISM is taking a different approach in that the issues will be discussed as The Bible Answers being that it is the centerpiece.
A comprehensive book on HOW TO STUDY YOUR BIBLE by observing, interpreting, and applying, which will focus on the most basic Bible study tools, principles, and processes for moving from an in-depth reading of the Scriptures to application. What, though, if you have long felt that you are not studiously inclined? Realize that the primary difference between a serious Bible student and a less serious Bible student is usually diligence and effort, not being a gifted student. Being a gifted Bible student alone is not enough. Efficient methods of Bible study are worth learning, for those seeking to become serious Bible students. The joy missing from many Bible students is because they do not know how to study their Bible, which means they do not do it well. Perhaps you dislike Bible study because you have not developed your study skills sufficiently to make your Bible study enjoyable. Maybe you have neglected your Bible study simply because you would rather be doing something else you enjoy.
How can we find more enjoyment in studying the Bible? How can we make our study periods more productive? What circumstances contribute to effective personal study? How can we derive real benefit and pleasure from our Bible reading? From what activities can time be bought out for reading and studying the Bible? Why should we watch our spiritual feeding habits? What benefits come from reading and studying the Scriptures? There is a great and constantly growing interest in the study of the English Bible in these days. However, very much of the so-called study of the English Bible is unintelligent and not fitted to produce the most satisfactory results. The authors of this book already have a book entitled “HOW TO STUDY: Study the Bible for the Greatest Profit,” but that book is intended for those who are willing to buy out the time to put into thorough Bible study.
Why is personal and family Bible study so important in our life now? How can we apply the Word of God in our lives? How can we use the Bible to help others? How can we effectively use the Scriptures when teaching others? How can we make decisions God’s way? How can Bible principles help us to decide wisely? Why should we have faith in God and his word? The Psalmist tells us, God’s Word “is a lamp to my foot, and a light for my path.” (Psalm 119:105) Since the Bible is a gift from God, the time and effort that we put into our personal Bible Study is a reflection of how much we appreciate that gift. What do our personal Bible study habits reveal about the depth of our appreciation of God’s Word? Certainly, the Bible is a deep and complex book, and reading and studying are not easy at times. However, with time and effort, we can develop a spiritual appetite for personal Bible study. (1 Peter 2:2)
Correctly interpreting the Bible is paramount to understanding the Word of God. As Christians, we do not want to read our 21st-century worldview INTO the Scriptures, but rather to takeOUT OF the Scriptures what the author meant by the words that he used. The guaranteed way of arriving a correct understanding of God’s Words is to have an accurate knowledge of the historical setting, cultural background, and of the people, governments, and religious leaders, as well as the place and time of the New Testament writings. Only with the background, setting, and context can you grasp the author’s intended meaning to his original readers and …
The life of Christ is an exhaustless theme. It reveals a character of greater massiveness than the hills, of a more serene beauty than the stars, of sweeter fragrance than the flowers, higher than the heavens in sublimity and deeper than the seas in mystery. As good Jean Paul has eloquently said, “It concerns Him who, being the holiest among the mighty, and the mightiest among the holy, lifted with His pierced hands empires off their hinges, turned the stream of centuries out of its channels, and still governs the ages.” …
Stalker’s Life of St. Paul became one of the most widely read and respected biographies of the Apostle to the Gentiles. As an insightful compendium on the life of Paul, this work is of particular interest to pastors and teachers who desire to add realism and vividness to their account of one of the greatest Christians who ever lived. Stalker’s work includes a section at the back entitled “Hints for Teachers and Questions for Pupils.” This supplement contains notes and “further reading” suggestions for those teaching on the life of St. Paul, along with a number of questions over each chapter for students to discuss. In addition, seventeen extra chapters have been added that will help the reader better understand who the Apostle Paul was and what first-century Christianity was like. For example, a chapter on the conversion of Saul/Paul, Gamaliel Taught Saul of Tarsus, the Rights, and Privileges of Citizenship, the “Unknown God,” Areopagus, the Observance of Law as to Vows, and much more.
With solid scholarship and exceptional clarity, beginning in Gethsemane, Stalker and Andrews examine Jesus’ trial and crucifixion. Their work is relevant, beneficial and enjoyable because they cover this historical period of Jesus’ life in an easy to understand format. Stalker’s expressive and persuasive style provides a great resource to any Bible study of the events leading to the death of Jesus Christ. THE TRIAL AND DEATH OF JESUS CHRIST is an academicish book written with a novelish style.
Delving into the basics of biblical interpretation, Edward D. Andrews has provided a complete hands-on guide to understanding what the author meant by the words that he used from the conservative grammatical-historical perspective. He teaches how to study the Bible on a deep, scholarly level, yet making it understandable to all. He has sought to provide the very best tool for interpreting the Word of God. This includes clarification of technical terms, answers to every facet of biblical interpretation, and defense of the inerrancy and divine inspiration of Scripture. Andrews realizes that the importance of digging deeper in our understanding of the Bible, for defending our faith from modern-day misguided scholarship. Andrews gives the reader easy and memorable principles and methods to follow for producing an accurate explanation that comes out of, not what many read into the biblical text. The principal procedure within is to define, explain, offer many examples, and give illustrations, to help the reader fully grasp the grammatical-historical approach. …
Anybody who wants to study the Bible, either at a personal level or a more scholarly level needs to understand that there are certain principles that guide and govern the process. The technical word used to refer to the principles of biblical interpretation is hermeneutics, which is of immense importance in Biblical Studies and Theology. How to Interpret the Bible takes into consideration the cultural context, historical background and geographical location in which the text was originally set. This enables us to obtain clarity about the original author’s intended meaning. Linguistic and literary factors are analyzed so that the various genres of Scripture are examined for their true meaning. The importance of having sound principles of interpretation cannot be overstated as …
Once upon a time, Postmodernism was a buzzword. It pronounced Modernism dead or at least in the throes of death. It was a wave that swept over Christendom, promising to wash away sterile, dogmatic and outmoded forms of church. But whatever happened to postmodernism? It was regarded as the start of a major historical transition to something new and promising and hailed as a major paradigm shift. Is it a philosophy that has passed its “sell-by” date? No! The radical fringe has become the dominant view and has been integrated into all aspects of life, including the Christian church. With the emergence of multicultural societies comes interaction with different belief systems and religions. Values like tolerance and a dislike of dogmatism have become key operating concepts, which reflect a change in worldview. …
In an age obsessed with physical and psychological health the author emphasizes the importance of spiritual well-being as an essential element of holistic health for the individual Christian and for Christian communities. This work constitutes a template for a spiritual audit of the local church. It offers an appointment with the Great Physician that no Christian can afford to ignore. Developing Healthy Churches: A Case-Study in Revelation begins with a well-researched outline of the origins and development of the church health movement. With that background in mind the author, aware that throughout the history of the church there have been a number of diverse views about how Revelation ought to be interpreted, presents the reader with four distinct interpretive models. These are the idealist, preterist, historicist, and futurist. Beville explains these interpretive approaches simply and critiques them fairly.e …
This is a comprehensive study of euthanasia and assisted suicide. It traces the historical debate, examines the legal status of such activity in different countries and explores the political, medical and moral matters surrounding these emotive and controversial subjects in various cultural contexts. The key advocates and pioneers of this agenda-driven movement (such as the late Jack Kevorkian, popularly known as “Dr. Death” and Philip Nitschke, founder of Exit International) are profiled. Not only are the elderly and disabled becoming increasingly vulnerable but children, psychiatric patients, the depressed and those who are simply tired of life are now on a slippery slope into a dystopian nightmare. The spotlight is brought to bear on the Netherlands, in particular, where palliative care and the hospice movement are greatly underdeveloped as a result of legalization. These dubious “services” are now offered as part of “normal” medical care in Holland where it is deemed more cost-effective to be given a lethal injection. The vital role of physicians as healers in society must be preserved and the important but neglected spiritual dimension of death must be explored. Thus a biblical view of human life is presented. …
Journey with Jesus through the Message of Mark is an insightful and engaging survey of Mark’s Gospel, exploring each major section of the text along with key themes. It is a work that can be enjoyed by laypersons as well as pastors and teachers. Pastors will find the abundant use of illustrations to be helpful in preparing their own messages and as such, it will find a welcome place in the preacher’s library. Simply, powerfully, with great precision, and exegetical accuracy, Kieran Beville masterfully brings us on a life-transforming journey. Readers will be both inspired and challenged as they hear the words of Jesus speaking afresh from the page of Scripture and experience the ministry of Jesus in a spiritually captivating way. The author has a pastor’s heart, a theologian’s mind, and a writer’s gift. His style is gripping, as he beautifully explains and illustrates Mark’s Gospel. Kieran Beville has done a great service to the church, and especially to true believers, who desire to grow in grace, increase in their knowledge of truth, and experience the intimacy, joy, and underserved and unspeakable privilege of walking, as disciples, with Jesus. This book is ideal as a study companion for Mark’s Gospel. One can read a section from the gospel and then read the corresponding section to receive a fresh viewpoint and a practical application. …
What are angels & demons? Can angels help us? What does the Bible say about angels? What is the truth about angels? Can Angels affect your life? Who were the “sons of God” in Genesis 6:2? Who were the Nephilim in Genesis 6:2? Who is Michael the archangel? Can Satan the Devil control humans? How can we win our struggle against dark spiritual forces? How can you resist the demons? Do evil spirits exercise power over humankind? Is Satan really the god of this world and just what does that mean? What did Jesus mean when he said, “the whole world lies in the power of the evil one [i.e., Satan]”? Andrews using the Bible will answer all of these questions and far more. …
Donald T. Williams learned a lot about the Christian worldview from Francis Schaeffer and C. S. Lewis, but it was actually Tolkien who first showed him that such a thing exists and is an essential component of maturing faith. Not only do explicitly Christian themes underlie the plot structure of The Lord of the Rings, but in essays such as “On Fairie Stories” Tolkien shows us that he not only believed the Gospel on Sunday but treated it as true the rest of the week and used his commitment to that truth as the key to further insights in his work as a student of literature. “You can do that?” Williams thought as a young man not yet exposed to any Christian who was a serious thinker. “I want to do that!” His hope is that his readers will catch that same vision from this book. An Encouraging Thought elucidates the ways in which Tolkien’s The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings are informed by and communicate a biblical worldview. This book will help readers appreciate the ways in which a biblical worldview informs Tolkien’s work, to the end that their own faith may be confirmed in strength, focused in understanding, deepened in joy, and honed in its ability to communicate the Gospel.
HUMILITY: The Beauty of Holiness contains 12 studies on humility, a quality that Andrew Murray rightly believes should be one of the distinguishing characteristics of the discipleship of Christ. Jesus not only strongly impressed His disciples with the need for humility but was in Himself its supreme example. He described Himself as “meek and lowly (tapeinos) in heart.” (Matt. 11:29) The first of the Beatitudes was to “the poor in spirit” (humbly aware of spiritual needs Matt. 5:3), and it was “the meek” who should “inherit the earth.” Humility is the way to true greatness: he who should “humble himself as this little child” should be “the greatest in the kingdom of heaven.” “Whosoever shall exalt himself shall be humbled, and whosoever shall humble himself shall be exalted.” (Matt. 18:4; 23:12; Lu 14:11; 18:14). To the humble mind, truth is revealed. (Matt. 11:25; Lu 10:21) Jesus set a touching example of humility in His washing His disciples’ feet. (Joh 13:1-17) The apostle Paul makes an earnest appeal to Christians (Php 2:1-11) that they should cherish and manifest the Spirit of their Lord’s humility, “in lowliness of mind each counting other better than himself,” and mentions the supreme example of the self-emptying (kenosis) of Christ: “Have this mind in you, which was also in Christ Jesus.”—Philippians 2:7.
Waiting on God appropriately (Ps 42:5, 11; 43:5) is encouraged for one to gain divine approval. Waiting on God, what does it involve? As Christians, we are “waiting for and hastening the coming of the day of God.” We look forward to relief when the time arrives for “the day of judgment and destruction of the ungodly.” (2 Peter 3:7, 12) Thus, waiting on God involves waiting for His time to act. As we await the Lord’s day, we may, at times, be very deeply concerned to see the moral standards of the world around us sink ever lower. At such moments, it is good to consider the words of God’s prophet Micah, who wrote, “The godly person has perished from the land, and there is no upright person among humankind.” Then he added: “But as for me, I will look to the Lord; I will wait for the God of my salvation.” (Micah 7:2, 7) What is the waiting attitude that we should develop? Since having to wait is often tiring and trying, how can we find joy while waiting on God? Murray and Andrews address these questions and so much more.
The Pilgrim’s Progress is a religious allegory by the English writer John Bunyan, published in two parts. It is regarded as one of the most significant works of religious, theological fiction in English literature. It has been translated into more than 200 languages and has never been out of print. The work is a symbolic vision of the good man’s pilgrimage through life. At one time second only to the Bible in popularity, The Pilgrim’s Progress is the most famous Christian allegory still in print. The entire book is presented as a dream sequence narrated by an omniscient narrator. The allegory’s protagonist, Christian, is an everyman character, and the plot centers on his journey from his hometown, the “City of Destruction” (“this world”), to the “Celestial City” (“that which is to come”: Heaven) atop Mount Zion. Christian is weighed down by a great burden—the knowledge of his sin—which he believed came from his reading “the book in his hand” (the Bible).
Andrews has written The Biblical Guide to Avoid the Pitfalls of Sexual Immorality. This tool is for both man and woman, husband and wife, all Christians who will marry one day and those who have been married for some time. The fallen world that we live in is fertile ground for immorality. The grass always seems greener somewhere away from one’s own spouse. Adultery is something everyone should avoid. It destroys more than just marriages, it destroys a person’s life, family and most importantly their relationship with God. Such is the danger of adultery that the Bible strongly warns every man and woman against it. The world that we currently live in is very vile, and sexual morality is no longer a quality that is valued. What can Christians do to stay safe in such an influential world that caters to the fallen flesh? What can help the husband and wife relationship to flourish as they cultivate a love that will survive the immoral world that surrounds them? We might have thought that a book, like God’s Word that is 2,000-3,500 years old would be out of date on such modern issues, but the Bible is ever applicable. The Biblical Guide to Avoid the Pitfalls of Sexual Immorality will give us the biblical answers that we need.
How could Satan, Adam, and Eve have sinned if they were perfect? How much influence does Satan have? How does Satan try to influence you? What do you need to learn about your enemy? How can you overcome Satanic influences? Can Satan know your thoughts? Can Satan control you? How can you overcome Satanic Influences? How does Satan blind the minds of the unbelievers? How you can understand Satan’s battle for the Christian mind. How you can win the battle for the Christian mind. How you can put on the full armor of God? All of these questions and far more are dealt with herein by Andrews.
WHAT IS A MIRACLE? It is an event that goes beyond all known human and natural powers and is generally attributed to some supernatural power. Why should YOU be interested in miracles?
“Miracles, by definition, violate the principles of science.”—RICHARD DAWKINS.
“Belief in miracles is entirely rational. Far from being an embarrassment to religious faith, they are signs of God’s love for, and continuing involvement in, creation.”—ROBERT A. LARMER, PROFESSOR OF PHILOSOPHY.
SHOULD YOU believe in miracles? As we can see from the above quotations, opinions vary considerably. But how could you convincingly answer that question?
Some of YOU may immediately answer, “Yes, I believe.” Others might say, “No, I don’t believe.” Then, there are some who may say, “I don’t know, and I really don’t care! Miracles don’t happen in my life!” Really, why should YOU be interested in miracles? The Bible promises its readers that in the future some miracles far beyond all ever recorded or experienced is going to occur and will affect every living person on earth. Therefore, would it not be worth some of your time and energy to find out whether those promises are reliable? What does God’s Word really teach about miracles of Bible times, after that, our day, and the future?
Andrews, an author of over 100 books, has chosen the 40 most beneficial Proverbs, to give the readers an abundance of wise, inspired counsel to help them acquire understanding and safeguard their heart, “for out of it are the sources of life.” (4:23) GODLY WISDOM SPEAKS sets things straight by turning the readers to Almighty God. Each Proverb is dealt with individually, giving the readers easy to understand access to what the original language really means. This gives the readers what the inspired author meant by the words that he used. After this, the reader is given practical guidance on how those words can be applied for maneuvering through life today. GODLY WISDOM with its instruction and counsel never go out of date.
Yes, God will be pleased to give you strength. He even gives “extraordinary power” to those who are serving him. (2 Cor. 4:7) Do you not feel drawn to this powerful Almighty God, who uses his power in such kind and principled ways? God is certainly a “shield for all those who take refuge in him.” (Psalm 18:30) You understand that he does not use his power to protect you from all tragedy now. He does, however, always use his protective power to ensure the outworking of his will and purpose. In the long run, his doing so is in your best interests. Andrews shares a profound truth of how you too can have a share in the power of God. With THE POWER OF GOD as your guide, you will discover your strengths and abilities that will make you steadfast in your walk with God. You can choose to rise to a new level and invite God’s power by focusing on The Word That Will Change Your Life Today.
Herein Andrews will answer the “why.” He will address whether God is responsible for the suffering we see. He will also delve into whether God’s foreknowledge is compatible with our having free will. He will consider how we can objectively view Bible evidence, as he answers why an almighty, loving and just God would allow bad things to happen to good people. Will there ever be an end to the suffering? He will explain why life is so unfair and does God step in and solve our every problem because we are faithful? He will also discuss how the work of the Holy Spirit and the indwelling of the Holy Spirit should be understood in the light of wickedness. Lastly, Andrews will also offer biblical counsel on how we can cope when any tragedy strikes, …
GOD knows best. Nobody surpasses him in thought, word, or action. As our Creator, he is aware of our needs and supplies them abundantly. He certainly knows how to instruct us. And if we apply divine teaching, we benefit ourselves and enjoy true happiness. Centuries ago, the psalmist David petitioned God: “Make me to know your ways, O Lord; teach me your paths. Lead me in your truth and teach me” (Psalm 25:4-5) God did this for David, and surely He can answer such a prayer for His present-day servants.
Whom do we lean upon when facing distressing situations, making important decisions, or resisting temptations? With good reason, the Bible admonishes us: “Trust in the Lord with all your heart and do not lean on your own understanding. In all your ways know him, and he will make straight your paths.” (Prov. 3:5-6) Note the expression “do not lean upon your own understanding.” It is followed by “In all your ways know him.” God is the One with a truly sound mind. Thus, it follows that whenever we are faced with a decision, we need to turn to the Bible to see what God’s view is. This is how we acquire the mind of Christ.
Yes, God will be pleased to give you strength. He even gives “extraordinary power” to those who are serving him. (2 Cor. 4:7) Do you not feel drawn to this powerful Almighty God, who uses his power in such kind and principled ways? God is certainly a “shield for all those who take refuge in him.” (Psalm 18:30) You understand that he does not use his power to protect you from all tragedy now. He does, however, always use his protective power to ensure the outworking of his will and purpose. In the long run, his doing so is in your best interests. Andrews shares a profound truth …
All of us will go through difficult times that we may not fully understand. The apostle Paul wrote, “in the last days difficult times will come.” (2 Tim. 3:1) Those difficulties are part of the human imperfection (Rom. 5:12) and living in a fallen world that is ruled by Satan (2 Cor. 4:3-4). But when we find ourselves in such a place, it’s crucial that we realize God has given us a way out. (1 Cor. 10:13) Edward Andrews writes that if we remain steadfast in our faith and apply God’s Word correctly when we go through difficult times, we will not only grow spiritually, but we will …
Why should you be interested in the prophecy recorded by Daniel in chapter 11 of the book that bears his name? The King of the North and the King of the South of Daniel are locked in an all-out conflict for domination as a world power. As the centuries pass, turning into millenniums, first one, then the other, gains domination over the other. At times, one king rules as a world power while the other suffers destruction, and there are stretches of time where there is no conflict. But then another battle abruptly erupts, and the conflict begins anew. Who is the current King of the North and the King of the South? Who are the seven kings or kingdoms of Bible history in Revelation chapter 17? We are living in the last days that the apostle Paul spoke of, when he said, “difficult times will come.” (2 Tim. 3:1-7) How close we are to the end of these last days, wherein we will enter into the Great Tribulation that Jesus Christ spoke of (Matt. 24:21), no one can know for a certainty. However, Jesus and the New Testament authors have helped to understand the signs of the times and …
The theme of Andrews’ new book is “YOU CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE.” As a Christian, you touch the lives of other people, wherein you can make a positive difference. Men and women of ancient times such as David, Nehemiah, Deborah, Esther, and the apostle Paul had a positive influence on others by caring deeply for them, maintaining courageous faith, and displaying a mild, spiritual attitude. Christians are a special people. They are also very strong and courageous for taking on such an amazingly great responsibility. But if you can make a difference, be it with ten others or just one, you will have done what Jesus asked of you, and there is no more beautiful feeling. YOU CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE with joy.
Many have successfully conquered bad habits and addictions by applying suggestions found in the Bible and by seeking help from God through prayer. You simply cannot develop good habits and kick all your bad ones overnight. See how to establish priorities. Make sure that your new habits work for you instead of your old bad habits against you. It is one thing to strip off the old habits, yet quite another to keep them off. How can we succeed in doing both, no matter how deeply we may have been involved in bad habitual practices?
It may seem to almost all of us that we are either entering into a difficult time, living in one, or just getting over one and that we face one problem after another. This difficulty may be the loss of a loved one in death or a severe marriage issue, a grave illness, the lack of a job, or simply the stress of daily life. As Christians, we need to understand that God’s Word will carry us through these times, as we maintain our integrity whether in the face of tremendous trials or the tension of everyday life. We are far better facing these hurdles of life with the help of God, who can make the worst circumstances much better and more bearable.
The world that you live in today has many real reasons to be fearful. Many are addicted to drugs, alcohol, bringing violence into even the safest communities. Terrorism has plagued the world for more than a decade now. Bullying in schools has caused many teen suicides. The divorce rate even in Christian households is on the rise. Lack of economic opportunity and unemployment is prevalent everywhere. Our safety, security, and well-being are in danger at all times. We now live in a prison of fear to even come outside the protection of our locked doors at home. Imagine living where all these things existed, but you could go about your daily life untouched by fear and anxiety. What if you could be courageous and strong through your faith in these last days? What if you could live by faith not fear? What if insight into God’s Word could remove your fear, anxiety, and dread? Imagine a life of calmness, peace, unconcern, confidence, comfort, hope, and faith. Are you able to picture a life without fear? It is possible.
John 3:16 is one of the most widely quoted verses from the Christian Bible. It has also been called the “Gospel in a nutshell,” because it is considered a summary of the central theme of traditional Christianity. Martin Luther called John 3:16 “The heart of the Bible, the Gospel in miniature.” The Father had sent his Son to earth to be born as a human baby. Doing this meant that for over three decades, his Son was susceptible to the same pains and suffering as the rest of humankind, ending in the most gruesome torture and execution imaginable. The Father watched the divine human child Jesus grow into a perfect man. He watched as John the Baptist baptized the Son, where the Father said from heaven, “This is my Son, the beloved, in whom I am well pleased.” (Matt. 3:17) The Father watched on as the Son faithfully carried out his will, fulfilling all of the prophecies, which certainly pleased the Father.–John 5:36; 17:4. …
This commentary volume is part of a series by Christian Publishing House (CPH) that covers all of the sixty-six books of the Bible. These volumes are a study tool for the pastor, small group biblical studies leader, or the churchgoer. The primary purpose of studying the Bible is to learn about God and his personal revelation, allowing it to change our lives by drawing closer to God. The Book of James volume is written in a style that is easy to understand. The Bible can be difficult and complex at times. Our effort herein is to make it easier to read and understand, while also accurately communicating truth. CPH New Testament Commentary will convey the meaning of the verses in the book of Philippians. In addition, we will also cover the Bible background, the custom and culture of the times, as well as Bible difficulties. …
SECTION 1 Surviving Sexual Desires and Love will cover such subjects as What Is Wrong with Flirting, The Pornography Deception, Peer Pressure to Have Sexual Relations, Coping With Constant Sexual Thoughts, Fully Understanding Sexting, Is Oral Sex Really Sex, …SECTION 2 Surviving My Friends will cover such subjects as Dealing with Loneliness, Where Do I Fit In, Why I Struggle with Having Friends, …SECTION 3 Surviving the Family will cover such subjects as Appreciating the House Rules, Getting Along with My Brothers and Sisters, How Do I Find Privacy, … SECTION 4 Surviving School will cover such subjects as How Do I Deal With Bullies, How Can I Cope With School When I Hate It, … SECTION 5 Surviving Who I Am will cover such subjects as Why Do I Procrastinate, … SECTION 6 Surviving Recreation will cover such subjects as … SECTION 7 Surviving My Health will cover such subjects as How Can I Overcome My Depression, …
Who should read THIRTEEN REASONS WHY YOU SHOULD KEEP LIVING? Anyone who is struggling in their walk as a young person. Anyone who has a friend who is having difficulty handling or coping with their young life, so you can offer them the help they need. Any parent who has young ones. And grade school, junior high or high school that wants to provide an, in touch, anti-suicide message to their students. … Many youths say that they would never dream of killing themselves. Still, they all have the deep feeling that there are no reasons for going on with their lives. Some have even hoped that some sort of accident would take their pain away for them. They view death as a release, a way out, a friend, not their enemy. …
The purpose of Waging War is to guide the youth of this program from start to finish in their therapeutic efforts to gain insight into their patterns of thinking and beliefs that have led to the current outcomes in their life thus far and enable them to change the path which they are on. Waging War is a guide to start the youth with the most basic information and work pages to the culmination of all of the facts, scripture, and their newly gained insight to offer a more clear picture of where they are and how to change their lives for the better. Every chapter will have work pages that Freeman has used and had found to be useful in therapy, but most importantly, this workbook will teach the Word to a population that does not hear it in its’ most correct form. What is the significance of controlling ones’ thoughts and how does that apply to you? Doubts, fears, and insecurities come from somewhere, especially when they are pervasive. Understanding this idea will help one to fight those thoughts and free them from the shackles their mind puts around their hearts, preventing them from achieving their dreams and the plans God had intended for them when they were created.
There are many reasons the Christian view of humanity is very important. The Christian view of humanity believes that humans were created in the image of God. We will look at the biblical view of humanity. We are going to look at the nature of man, the freedom of man, the personality of man, the fall of man, the nature of sin and death, as well as why God has allowed sin to enter into the world, as well as all of the wickedness and suffering that came with it. Andrews will answer the following questions and far more. How does the Bible explain and describe the creation of man and woman? Why is it imperative that we understand our fallen condition? What does it mean to be made in the image of God? …
In FOR AS I THINK IN MY HEART – SO I AM, Edward D. Andrews offers practical and biblical insights on a host of Christian spiritual growth struggles, from the challenge of forgiveness to eating disorders, anger, alcoholism, depression, anxiety, pornography, masturbation, same-sex attraction, and many others. Based on Proverbs 23:7 (NKJV): “For as he thinks in his heart, so is he,” Andrews’ text works from the position that if we can change the way that we think, we can alter the way we feel, which will modify the way we behave. FOR AS I THINK IN MY HEART – SO I AM offers far more than self-help to dozens of spiritual struggles, personal difficulties, and mental disorders. It will benefit Christian and non-Christian alike. The Scriptural advice and counsel coupled with cognitive behavioral therapy will be helpful even if every chapter is not one of your struggles. For As I Think in My Heart enables readers to examine the lies and half-truths …
THERE IS A GENUINE HAPPINESS, contentment, and joy, which come from reading, studying and applying God’s Word. This is true because the Scriptures offer us guidance and direction that aids us in living a life that coincides with our existence as a creation of Almighty God. For example, we have a moral law that was written on our heart. (Rom. 2:14-15) However, at the same time, we have a warring against the law of our mind and taking us captive in the law of sin, which is in our members. (Rom. 7:21-25) When we live by the moral law, it brings us joy, when we live by the law of sin; it brings about distress, anxiety, regrets to both mind and heart, creating a conflict between our two natures. In our study of the Bible, we can interact with a living God who wants a personal relationship with us. And in APPLYING GOD’S WORD MORE FULLY, we will learn how to engage His words like never before. Andrews helps his readers …
THERE IS ONE MAJOR DIFFERENCE between Christian living books by Andrews and those by others. Generally speaking, his books are filled with Scripture and offer its readers what the Bible authors meant by what they penned. In this publication, it is really God’s Word offering the counsel, which is “profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness.” (2 Tim. 3:16-17) From the moment that Adam and Eve were expelled from the Garden of Eden, humans have been brought forth in sin, having become more and more mentally bent toward evil, having developed a heart (i.e., inner person) that is treacherous, and unknowable to them, with sin’s law dwelling within them. Sadly, many of us within the church have not been fully informed …
A clean conscience brings us inner peace, calmness, and profound joy that is seldom found in this world under the imperfection of fallen flesh that is catered to by Satan, the god of the world. Many who were formerly living in sin and have now turned their life over to God, they now know this amazing relief and are able today to hold a good and clean conscience as they carry out the will of the Father. WALK HUMBLY WITH YOUR GOD, has been written to help its readers to find that same joy, to have and maintain a good, clean conscience in their lives. Of course, it is incapable of covering every detail that one would need to consider and apply in their lives …
God is the originator of marriage. The Bible’s advice has helped many couples overcome problems and have a long, happy marriage. The Bible is a book for all people that provides practical advice that can improve our marriage. Husbands and wives can include God in their marriage by following his loving guidance. If we want a healthy, joyful, Christ-centered marriage, then we must embrace the principles in the Bible. Marriage is one of the greatest gifts that God has given us. Counsel from the Word of God will enrich, reinforce, and strengthen a marriage that is already strong and save a marriage that is failing.
This book is primarily for WIVES, but husbands will greatly benefit from it as well. WIVES will learn to use God’s Word to construct a solid and happy marriage. The Creator of the family gives the very best advice. Many have been so eager to read this new publication: WIVES BE SUBJECT TO YOUR HUSBANDS. It offers wives the best insights into a happy marriage, by way of using God’s Word as the foundational guide, along with Andrews’ insights. WIVES learn that marriage is a gift from God. WIVEStake in information that will help them survive the first year of marriage. WIVES will be able to make Christian marriage a success. WIVES will maintain an honorable marriage. WIVES will see how to submit correctly to Christ’s headship. WIVES will learn how to strengthen their marriage through good communication. …
This book is primarily for HUSBANDS, but wives will greatly benefit from it as well. HUSBANDS will learn to use God’s Word to construct a solid and happy marriage. The Creator of the family gives the very best advice. Many have been so eager to read this new publication: HUSBANDS LOVE YOUR WIVES. It offers husbands the best insights into a happy marriage, by way of using God’s Word as the foundational guide, along with Andrews’ insights. HUSBANDS learn that marriage is a gift from God. HUSBANDS take in information that will help them survive the first year of marriage. HUSBANDS will be able to make Christian marriage a success. HUSBANDS will maintain an honorable marriage. …
Technological and societal change is all around us. What does the future hold? Trying to predict the future is difficult, but we can get a clue from the social and technological trends in our society. The chapters in this book provide a framework as Christians explore the uncharted territory in our world of technology and social change. Some of the questions that Anderson will answer are: What are the technological challenges of the 21st century? How should we think about the new philosophies like transhumanism? Should we be concerned about big data? What about our privacy in a world where government and corporations have some much information about us? How should we think about a world experiencing exponential growth in data and knowledge? What social trends are affecting baby boomers, baby busters, and millennials?
Government affects our daily lives, and Christians need to think about how to apply biblical principles to politics and government. This book provides an overview of the biblical principles relating to what the apostle Paul calls “governing authorities” (i.e., government) with specific chapters dealing with the founding principles of the American government. This includes an examination of the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, the Bill of Rights, and the Federalist Papers. The thirteen chapters in this book not only look at the broad founding principles but also provide an in-depth look at other important political and governmental issues. One section explains the history and application of church and state issues. Another section describes aspects of political debate and discourse. A final section provides a brief overview of the Christian heritage of this nation that was important in the founding of this country and the framing of our founding documents.
Economics affects our daily lives, and Christians need to think about how to apply biblical principles to money, investment, borrowing, and spending. They also need to understand the free enterprise system and know how to defend capitalism. Chapters in this book not only look at broad economic principles, but a section of the book is devoted to the challenges we face in the 21st century from globalization and tough economic times. A section of the book also provides an in-depth look at other important social and economic issues (gambling, welfare) that we face every day …
Do you desire to follow Jesus Christ and transform the culture around you? Are you sure you know what it means to be a disciple and follow a dangerous revolutionary who often comforts the afflicted and afflicts the comfortable? Jesus Christ is not the mild status quo rabbi you may have been taught in your local church. He is dangerous and anyone who follows him is on a dangerous journey. The demands he places upon you and the challenges you will encounter are necessary on the journey. The journey with Jesus Christ is not for the fainthearted. If you are really serious about joining Jesus Christ in the transformation of the culture around you, here is a raw outlook on what to expect on this DANGEROUS JOURNEY.
Each of the twenty-five chapters in the POWER THROUGH PRAYER provides helpful methods and suggestions for growing and improving your prayer life with God through the power of prayer. So, what can we expect if we make prayer a part of our life? Prayer can give you a peace of mind. Prayer can comfort and strength when facing trials. Prayer can help us make better life choices. The Bible says: “If any of you lacks wisdom [especially in dealing with trials], let him ask God, who gives generously to all without reproach, and it will be given him.” (James 1:5) Prayer can help to avoid temptation. Prayer is the path yo forgiveness of sins. Your prayers can help others. You will receive encouragement when your prayers are answered.
DOZENS OF QUESTIONS WILL BE ANSWERED: Why is prayer necessary? What must we do to be heard by God? How does God answer our prayers? Does God listen to all prayers? Does God hear everyone’s prayers? What may we pray about? Does the Father truly grant everything we ask for? What kind of prayers would the Father reject? How long should our prayers be? How often should we pray? Why should we say “Amen” at the end of a prayer? Must we assume a special position or posture when praying? There are far more than this asked and answered.
What forms of prayer do you personally need to offer more often? Who benefits when you pray for others? Why is it important to pray regularly? Why should true Christians pray continually? To whom should we pray, and how? What are the proper subjects for prayer? When should you pray? Does God listen to all prayers? Whose prayers is God willing to hear? What could make a person’s prayers unacceptable to God? When Jesus says, “whatever you ask in prayer, you will receive if you have faith,” an absolute guarantee that we will receive it? HOW TO PRAY by Torrey and Andrews is a spiritual gem that will answer all of these questions and far more. HOW TO PRAY is a practical guidebook covers the how, when, and most importantly, the way of praying. An excellent devotional resource for any Christian library.
Bible Doctrines – Theology
Torrey and Andrews have taken deep theological subjects and made them easy to understand. CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY: What the Bible Teaches about God has twelve chapters. Chapter 1 begins with God as Spirit, followed by the Unity of God, the Eternity of God, the Omnipresence of God, the Personality of God, the Omnipotence of God, the Omniscience of God, the Holiness of God, the Love of God, The Righteous (or Justice) of God, the Mercy (or Living-Kindness of God), and finally the Faithfulness of God. The advantage of CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY is enormous: each thought-provoking chapter is based soundly in God’s Word, helping the reader to cultivate a sound biblical foundation. Whether you are a student, pastor, teacher, youth worker, or layperson, this publication is a fantastic tool for understanding the Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian Faith, in the light of solid Scriptural truth. All chapters in the book come from extensive research as to What the Bible Teaches about God.
Torrey and Andrews have taken deep theological subjects and made them easy to understand. CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY: What the Bible Teaches about Jesus Christ has twelve chapters. Chapter 1 begins with God as Spirit, followed by the Unity of God, the Eternity of God, the Omnipresence of God, the Personality of God, the Omnipotence of God, the Omniscience of God, the Holiness of God, the Love of God, The Righteous (or Justice) of God, the Mercy (or Living-Kindness of God), and finally the Faithfulness of God. The advantage of CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY is enormous: each thought-provoking chapter is based soundly in God’s Word, helping the reader to cultivate a sound biblical foundation. Whether you are a student, pastor, teacher, youth worker, or layperson, this publication is a fantastic tool for understanding the Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian Faith, in the light of solid Scriptural truth. All chapters in the book come from extensive research as to What the Bible Teaches about Jesus Christ.
Torrey, Andrews, and Sweeney have taken deep theological subjects and made them easy to understand. CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY: What the Bible Teaches about the Holy Spirit has eighteen chapters. Chapter 1 begins with the Personality of the Holy Spirit, followed by the Deity of the Holy Spirit, the Distinction of the Holy Spirit from the Father and the Son, the Subordination of the Holy Spirit to the Father and the Son, the names of the Holy Spirit, the Work of the Holy Spirit, the Baptism and Filling with the Holy Spirit, the Work of the Holy Spirit in the Prophets and the Apostles, the Work of the Holy Spirit In Jesus Christ, the Spirit and Christians, How are Christians to Understand the Indwelling of the Holy Spirit, the Holy Spirit in the First Century and Today and finally some Parting Words about the Holy Spirit. The advantage of CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY is enormous: each thought-provoking chapter is based soundly in God’s Word, helping the reader to cultivate a sound biblical foundation. Whether you are a student, pastor, teacher, youth worker, or layperson, this publication is a fantastic tool for understanding the Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian Faith, in the light of solid Scriptural truth. All chapters in the book come from extensive research as to What the Bible Teaches about the Holy Spirit. CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY: What the Bible Teaches about the Holy Spirit is the third of five volumes.
Torrey and Andrews have taken deep theological subjects and made them easy to understand. CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY: What the Bible Teaches about Man has eighteen chapters. Chapter 1 begins with Man’s Original Condition, the Present Standing Before God and Condition of Men Outside of the Redemption, the Future Destiny of Those Who Reject the Redemption, Justification, the New Birth, Adoption, Sanctification, Repentance, Faith, Love to God, Love to Christ, Love to Man, Prayer, Thanksgiving, Worship, the Believer’s Assurance, and finally the Future Destiny of Believers. The advantage of CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY is enormous: each thought-provoking chapter is based soundly in God’s Word, helping the reader to cultivate a sound biblical foundation. Whether you are a student, pastor, teacher, youth worker, or layperson, this publication is a fantastic tool for understanding the Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian Faith, in the light of solid Scriptural truth. All chapters in the book come from extensive research as to What the Bible Teaches about Man. CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY: What the Bible Teaches about Man is the fourth of five volumes.
Torrey and Andrews have taken deep theological subjects and made them easy to understand. CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY: What the Bible Teaches about Angels & Satan the Devil has twenty-one chapters. Torrey in Chapter 1 begins with the Angel’s nature, position, number, and abode, the Work of Angels, the Devil’s Existence, Nature, Position and Character, Ezekiel 28 Explained, the Abod of Satan, Our Duty Toward Satan and His Destiny, Andrews Explaining Angels, Explaining Satan the Devil, Explaining the Demons, Who Were the “Sons of God” In Genesis 6:2, Who Were the Nephilim In Genesis 6:2, Answering No One Has Seen God, Who Is Michael the Archangel, Angelic Rebellion in the Spirit Realm, Can Satan Control Humans, Can Satan Know the Thoughts of the Human Mind, Struggle Against Dark Spiritual Forces, Why Has God Permitted Evil, Do Christians Have Guardian Angels, How Much Is God Involved In Humanity, and Why Is Life So Unfair. The advantage of CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY is enormous: each thought-provoking chapter is based soundly in God’s Word, helping the reader to cultivate a sound biblical foundation. Whether you are a student, pastor, teacher, youth worker, or layperson, this publication is a fantastic tool for understanding the Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian Faith, in the light of solid Scriptural truth. All chapters in the book come from extensive research as to What the Bible Teaches about Angels & Satan the Devil. CHRISTIAN THEOLOGY: What the Bible Teaches about Angels & Satan the Devil is the fifth of five volumes.
The Bible describes the events that will occur before and after the destruction of Gog of Magog. Who is Gog of Magog mentioned in the book of Ezekiel? Why should we be interested in the prophecy recorded in Daniel chapter 11? Find out in a verse-by-verse explanation of Daniel Chapter 11, as you discover who the kings of the North and the South are from before Jesus’ day throughout the last days. You will benefit from paying attention to Daniel’s prophecy about the battle between the two kings? Taken together, the Bible books of Daniel and Revelation not only identify eight kings but also show the sequence in which they would appear. We can explain those prophecies.
People grow old, get sick, and die. Even some children die. Should you be afraid of death or of anybody who has died? Do you know what happens if we die? Will you ever see your dead loved ones again? “If a man dies, shall he live again?” asked the man Job long ago. (Job 14:14) Did God originally intend for humans to die? Why do you grow old and die? What is the Bible’s viewpoint of death? What is the condition of the dead? Are the dead aware of what is happening around them? What hope is there for the dead?
Herein Andrews will give the reader exactly what the Bible offers on exposing who the Antichrist and the Man of Lawlessness are. If we look at the texts that refer to the antichrist and the man of lawlessness, we will have lines of evidence that will enable us to identify them. Why is it important that we know who the antichrist and the man of lawlessness are? The antichrist and the man of lawlessness have had a greater impact on humanity and Christianity over the past centuries than many know. Moreover, the influence on the true worshipers of Christianity today has been even more significant and will only go from bad to worse as we come closer to the second coming of Christ. …
Throughout the Scriptures, God is identified as the Creator. He is the One “who created the heavens (He is the God who formed the earth and made it, He established it.” (Isa 45:18) He is the One “who forms mountains and creates the wind” (Am 4:13) and is the One “who made the heaven and the earth and the sea, and all that is in them.” (Ac 4:24; 14:15; 17:24) “God . . . created all things.” (Eph. 3:9) Jesus Christ tells us that it is the Father who “created them [humans] from the beginning made them male and female.” (Matt. 19:4; Mark 10:6) Hence, the Father is fittingly and uniquely called “the Creator.” (Isa 40:28) It is because of God’s will that we exist, for He has ‘created all things, and because of his will they existed and were created.’―Revelations 4:11 …
Eschatology is the teaching of what is commonly called the “Last Things.” That is the subject of Andrews’ book, which will cover, Explaining Prophecy, Explaining Clean and Pure Worship, The New Testament Writers Use of the Old Testament, Explaining the Antichrist, Explaining the Man of Lawlessness, Explaining the Mark of the Beast, Explaining Signs of the End of the Age, Explaining the Rapture, Explaining the Great Tribulation, Explaining Armageddon, Explaining the Resurrection Hope, Explaining the Millennium, Explaining the Final Judgment, Explaining the Unevangelized, Explaining Hell
The information herein is based on the disciples coming to Jesus privately, saying, “Tell us, (1) when will these things be, and (2) what will be the sign of your coming, and (3) of the end of the age?” (Matthew 24:3) What will end? When will the end come? What comes after the end? Who will survive the end? These questions and far more will be answered as Andrews delves into The SECOND COMING of CHRIST. In chapters 1 and 2, we must address why Jesus is saying there would be an end to the Jewish age. In chapter 3, we will take a deep look at the signs that establish the great tribulation is closing in, and when is it time to flee. In chapter 4, we will go over the signs of the end of the Jewish age. In chapter 5, we will walk through the events leading up to the end of the Jewish age from 66 – 70 C.E., and how it applies to our Great Tribulation in these last days. In chapter 6, we will cover the second coming of Jesus where the reader will get the answers as to whether verses 3-28 of Matthew Chapter 24 apply to Christ’s second coming. We will close out with chapter 7, and how we should understand the signs, and how we do not want to be led astray, just as Jesus warned even some of the chosen ones would be misled. We will also address what comes after the end.
What Really Is Hell? What Kind of Place is Hell? What Really Happens at Death? What Did Jesus Teach About Hell? How Does Learning the Truth About Hell Affect You? Who Goes to Hell? What Is Hell? Is It a Place of Eternal Torment? Does God Punish People in Hellfire? Do the Wicked Suffer in Hell? What Is the Lake of Fire? Is It the Same as Hell or Gehenna? Where Do We Go When We Die? What Does the Bible Say About Hell? Andrews Shares the Truth on WHAT IS HELL From God’s Word.
Miracles were certainly a part of certain periods in Bible times. What about today? Are miracles still taking place? There are some very important subjects that surround this area of discussion that is often misunderstood. Andrews will answer such questions as does God step in and solve every problem if we are faithful? Does the Bible provide absolutes or guarantees in this age of imperfect humanity? Are miracles still happening today? Is faith healing Scriptural? Is speaking in tongues evidence of true Christianity? Is snake handling biblical? How are we to understand the indwelling of the Holy Spirit? The work of the Holy Spirit. Andrews offers his readers very straightforward, biblically accurate explanations for these difficult questions. If any have discussed such questions, without a doubt, they will be very interested in the Bible’s answers in this easy to read publication.
Today there are many questions about homosexuality as it relates to the Bible and Christians. What does the Bible say about homosexuality? Does genetics, environment, or traumatic life experiences justify homosexuality? What is God’s will for people with same-sex attractions? Does the Bible discriminate against people with same-sex attractions? Is it possible to abstain from homosexual acts? Should not Christians respect all people, regardless of their sexual orientation? Did not Jesus preach tolerance? If so, should not Christians take a permissive view of homosexuality? Does God approve of same-sex marriage? Does God disapprove of homosexuality? If so, how could God tell someone who is attracted to people of the same sex to shun homosexuality, is that not cruel? If one has same-sex attraction, is it possible to avoid homosexuality? How can I as a Christian explain the Bible’s view of homosexuality? IT IS CRUCIAL that Christians always be prepared to reason from the Scriptures, explaining and proving what the Bible does and does not say about homosexuality, yet doing it with gentleness and respect. Andrews will answer these questions and far more.
Theology & Technology
A lot of confusion exists over the right ethical approach to new technologies. Do we embrace it all as an unmitigated good? Or should we take a more cautionary route that seeks to evaluate our own technology use and its impact on society from a critical perspective? A new awareness of both the dangers and potential benefits new technologies offer will guide us through a morass of ethical questions. We stress limits because it is here that the traditional dialectic of question and answer has broken down; even talking about technological restraint is met with near-universal scorn. Nevertheless, it is through the negative side of this debate that the antithesis will transition into a resolve for the technological problem raised in this Manifesto.
Technology is everywhere, we live, and breath and move in it, but what is our technology worship doing to our souls? How does it impact our relationships with each other? Can we remain human in a technological environment? Terlizzese addresses these questions and more in my latest book Machinehead: Rise of the Technology God. This book on social criticism speaks to the history and sources of computer worship and digital adoration and its consequences for the future of our century. The technological problem stated simply is that technology as a force for good and human amelioration has reversed its direction by means of unlimited acceleration and unfettered use, which threatens us with the opposite of progress in manifest regression, and burgeoning extinction. I resolve these problems by focusing on individual responsibility in the face of an apparent irresistible force moving history toward annihilation. Only as we curb technology use through exercising self-control can we liberate ourselves from Machinehead the technology God.
KILLER COMPUTERS is meant to stimulate thinking on the most critical issue of our times, technology, and in particular Artificial Intelligence, which occupies the foremost of our attention. It does this through a common reference: science fiction film. Science fiction does not predict the future, but it does, for better or worse, anticipate it. Killer Computers are a metaphor for when machines, in the not too distant future, are given the power by their creators, to make life and death decisions, especially in a military or Civil Defense context, which will inevitably spill over into medical and judicial realms. The solitary cause for this potential future is the collective resignation to think for ourselves in all things. The Enlightenment principle of Sapere Aude (dare to think for yourself) is being forgotten in favor an Artificial Intelligence that does all our thinking for us. The hope is that through awareness, we will be smart enough not to let that happen, while still enjoying the benefits this technology offers. These essays include a discussion on a theology of culture, On Black Holes and Arch Angels, as well as Grace and Law and case studies on important thinkers that address technological and political worlds, such as Gabriel Marcel and Reinhold Niebuhr. Hope is a predominate theme which is capped by a chapter on New Creation. Wisdom counsels a path through critical participation in the technological system. We must see ourselves as part of the problem and therefore, part of the solution.
Today’s Technological progress is mankind’s greatest achievement but may lead to total destruction. Technological progress consumes more than it produces, it pursues its own ends not that of humanity’s and cannot accelerate indefinitely on a planet with finite resources. Jacques Ellul noted “[t]echnique (technology) has its limits. But when it has reached those limits, will anything exist outside them . . . is it (technological acceleration) not succeeding in undermining everything which is outside it?” (Ellul 1964, 85) Once technological limits are reached will anything be left? Transhumanists expect that technological acceleration will culminate by mid-century in an event they call the “Singularity” a technological Omega Point or convergence of human and artificial intelligence that will give rise to a god-like supercomputer (Artilect) which promises a century of progress in one hour. Despite apparent immediate gains, technology makes the human plight worse through exhaustion of resources and spiritual slavery. The Singularity will mark the end of technological progress as it reaches completion without redressing the spiritual problem inherent to the human condition. This means that all who step into the Singularity will enter a void, a digital black hole. The solution is as simple as the problem is sublime, step away from the edge of the abyss slowly.
If you’ve struggled in the world of difficulties that surround you, you’re not alone. Maybe you have looked for help, and you have been given conflicting answers. 40 DAYS DEVOTIONAL FOR YOUTHS: Coming-of-Age In Christ, can help you. Its advice is based on answers that actually work, which are found in the Bible. God’s Word has helped billions over thousands of years to face life’s challenges successfully. Find out how it can help you! 40 DAYS DEVOTIONAL FOR YOUTHS includes seven sections, with several chapters in each. It includes the following sections: Sexual Desires and Love, your friends, your family, school, recreation, your health. You need advice you can trust! 40 DAYS DEVOTIONAL FOR YOUTHS will give you that. This author has worked with thousands of youths from around the world. The Bible-based sound advice helped them. Now you can discover how it can help you.
Young ones and teens, you are exposed to complex problems that your parents may not understand. Young Christians, you are bombarded with multiple options for solving everyday problems through social media. Where do you turn to find answers? Where can you look to find guidance from Scripture? In order to provide a Christian perspective to problem-solving, the author of this devotional book decided to take a different approach. Terry Overton was determined to find out what problems middle school children and teens were worried about the most. While visiting her grandchildren one weekend, she asked her granddaughter to send topics to her so that she could write a devotional about the topic. In a matter of weeks, not only did her granddaughter send her topics, but the other grandchildren and their friends sent topics of concern. Once the author wrote a devotional for a topic, it was sent to the teen requesting the devotional. Soon, these requests were happening in real time. Students sent text requests about problems happening in school and asked what the student should do? How should this be handled?
This devotional book follows the author’s own faith journey back to God. Significant life events can shake our world and distort our faith. Following life’s tragedies, a common reaction is to become angry with God or to reject Him altogether. Examples of tragedies or traumas include life-changing events such as physical or sexual assault, destruction of one’s home, the tragic death of a loved one, diagnoses of terminal diseases, divorce, miscarriages, or being a victim of a crime. Tragedies or traumas can cause feelings of anxiety, depression, shame, and guilt.
Throughout the book, common themes emerge to support caregivers. The reader will find interesting Bible Scriptures, offering a Christian perspective, for handling issues that may arise. These inspiring passages will assist the caregiver in finding peace and faith as they travel their journey as a caregiver. Although caregivers may not know how long they will play this role, they take on the responsibility without any question. Taking care of others is often mentioned in the Bible and, as noted in this devotional, this self-sacrificing, highly valued, and often challenging service will ultimately be rewarded.
Humans must breathe in the air of our atmosphere to survive. Many cities because of pollution face a dangerous level of contamination in their air. However, an even more deadly air affects both Christians and nonChristians. Ordinary methods or devices cannot detect this poisonous air. The apostle Paul, in his letter to the Ephesians, spoke of the “air,” when he said that Satan was “the ruler of the authority of the air.” (Eph. 2:2) In that, very same verse Paul said the “air” is “the spirit now working in the sons of disobedience.” If we breathe in this “air,” we will begin to adopt their attitude, thoughts, speech, and conduct.
Humans must breathe in the air of our atmosphere to survive. Many cities because of pollution face a dangerous level of contamination in their air. However, an even more deadly air affects both Christians and nonChristians. Ordinary methods or devices cannot detect this poisonous air. The apostle Paul, in his letter to the Ephesians, spoke of the “air,” when he said that Satan was “the ruler of the authority of the air.” (Eph. 2:2) In that, very same verse Paul said the “air” is “the spirit now working in the sons of disobedience.” If we breathe in this “air,” we will begin to adopt their attitude, thoughts, speech, and conduct.
BREAD OF HEAVEN helps the reader to have a greater understanding of the timeless truths of Scripture and a deeper appreciation of the grandeur of God. It offers meditations on selected Scriptures which will draw the reader’s attention upwards to the Savior. Kieran Beville’s daily devotional combines down-to-earth, unstuffy humanity in today’s world with a biblical and God-centered approach, and draws on rich theology in a thoroughly accessible way. He addresses not just the intellect and the will but gets to the heart, our motivational center, through the mind. If your Christian life could benefit from a short, well-written daily blast of Christ’s comfort and challenge, get this book and use it! These short Bible-based meditations are fresh and contemporary. Beville gives to the twenty-first-century reader what earlier authors have given to theirs. Here is practical wisdom that is a helpful guide to stimulate worship and set you thinking as you begin each day with God.
Christian Fiction & Historical Fiction
Stella Mae Clark thought she had a wonderful life. She idolized her father, a military man who raised her to love Christ with all of her heart. She had a mother who loved her father and their example of true love gave her the sparkle in her eyes. That is until the unimaginable happens and her life is completely shattered. One decision at the age of sixteen would again turn her world completely upside down. Stella Mae makes the decision to leave her life and her family behind to seek refuge from her painful past. She desperately seeks solace, answers, and for something to fill the aching void within her heart. Just as she thinks she has settled into a new life with Christ, tragedy once again strikes and shatters any hope she had for a normal life. She abandons Christ and turns to a life of sin before it ultimately consumes her and breaks her down. Will it take nearly losing her life to find her way back to God or will her shame and regret keep holding her back? Join Stella Mae on her journey to find meaning and purpose in the midst of all her tragedy as she seeks to find the One her heart has been missing. The story of her past is one of loss, shame, heartbreak, and fear. With the help of those who see her for more than her past, she is able to become the person she always wanted to be and a new creature.
HEROES OF FAITH is historical fiction of the life of the first imperfect human after the fall, Abel, based on the Word of God. After reading the account, it will be as if Abel were an old friend. This brief powerful story will move and motivate the faith of all readers. HEROES OF FAITH has been created to not only entertain but also help the reader strengthen his or her faith. We will begin with an easy to understand introductory chapter on the question, What Is Faith? After that, is the historical story of the life of Abel. This is followed by the Bible difficulties of all the persons in the life of Abel: his father Adam, his mother Eve, and his brother Cain. Finally, we close this crucial book that can strengthen us in these last days with four chapters on Bible Difficulties, which will also help the reader grow in faith.
AN APOCALYPTIC NOVEL: As you are no doubt are aware, Jerry B. Jenkins and Tim LaHaye in 1995 wrote a novel entitled “Left Behind.” Jerry and Tim had some prior success with a major publisher and were able to get their novel published. The Left Behind novel was published by Tyndale House beginning in 1995 within a multiple volumes Left Behind series resulting in sales exceeding 60 million books. In 1992 Don Alexander wrote the storyline embedded in Left Behind. He copyrighted the novel in 1992 under the title “Oren Natas” [who is the Anti-Christ in his storyline]. The entire novel is contained in a single volume. It is a novel written depicting a colorful and witty cast of characters who live through all the “end time” Bible prophecies.
A routine classified telepathic interrogation of a potential terrorist, followed by an assignment that doesn’t go as planned thrusts Tabatha – the world’s only telepathic human – into the public eye. The exposure leads an evil neuro-scientist requesting a meeting with her in hopes of luring her to his cause as well as unveiling a deadly creative work that has spanned three decades of research and development.
ONLINE REVIEW: “Very fun read. Fast paced and honest. Tons of evolution occurs during the process thru the story. Wonderful girl trying to become an adult Christian in a world that also pits her superpowers against terrorists with the help of her own special forces team. Buy this book and just enjoy!”
In June 1985, an excavation project was undertaken by The British Antiquities Volunteers (BAV) at a plot of rocky land where the Kidron and Hinnom Valleys meet near the eastern side of Old Jerusalem. That year many hundreds of (mostly redundant) ‘small finds’ were recovered in the Judean desert but none of such significance as a handful of scrolls retrieved from a buried Roman satchel (presumed stolen) at this site. The discovery has since come to be known as ‘The Diary of Judas Iscariot.’ In The Diary of Judas Iscariot Owen Batstone relates the observations and feelings of Judas, a disgruntled disciple, as he accompanies Jesus of Nazareth during His ministry, and uses this fable and allegory to explore some of the ways a person might resist becoming a Christian.
Kevin Trill struggles with the notion that he may have missed the Rapture. With nothing but the clothes on his back and a solid gold pocket watch, he sets off towards Garbor, a safe haven for those who haven’t yet taken the mark of the beast. While on his way to Garbor, he meets up with an unlikely trio who befriends him. Together, they set out towards Garbor. Unfortunately, however, they are soon faced with their first major catastrophe, which sparks debate among them as to whether or not they really are in the Great Tribulation. On their journey, the group meets up with many people, some of them good and some of them evil. …
There grew an element in the valley that did not want to be ruled by the Light of the Word. Over time, they convinced the people to reject it. As they started to reject this Light, the valley grew dim and the fog rolled in. The people craved the darkness rather than the Light because they were evil. They did not want to embrace the Light because it exposed their wickedness. They rejected the Light of the Word and ruled themselves. Those few who had embraced the Light and hated the darkness were killed. Since that time anyone who embraced the Light of the Word, pursued or talked about it were arrested. Those arrested were sentenced to death by stoning. The last prophet gave a prophecy before he was martyred. “The whisperer will come and empower three witnesses that will make manifest the works of darkness and destroy it, and deliver my people from the grip of darkness to the freedom found in the light.” All the Children of the Light were killed off or went into hiding living among the Children of Darkness in secret, not mentioning the Light for fear of death. Generations grew up being ignorant of the Light of the Word and never knowing the difference. No one ever mentioned the Light or dared to even talk about the Light. …
 Or correction
 I.e., desire
 I.e., will be fully satisfied
 I.e., guards him whose way is upright
 I.e., life
 I.e. shines brightly
 Some take it as by fraud; the Greek and Latin have haste
 Or reveres
 Or prosperity
 Personification is assigning human traits to inanimate objects, ideas, or phenomena.
 Or to his children’s children