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kerby Anderson
KERBY ANDERSON is the President of Probe Ministries. He is the host of “Point of View” radio talk show. He is the author of fifteen books. B.S., Oregon State University (Zoology), M.F.S., Yale University (Science), M.A., Georgetown University (Government), Kennedy Institute of Bioethics (Washington, D.C)

Islam involves both doctrine (beliefs) and duties (practice). Muslims are to believe and act according to the revelation given to Muhammad and written down in the Qur’an. They are to do this as an act of submission to the will of Allah. After all, the word Islam means “submission” and the word Muslim describes someone who submits.

The basic theology of Islam, therefore, can be found primarily within the Qur’an because it is the foundational religious text of Islam. Islam teaches that the Qur’an contains the words of Allah, and the “mother of the book” is actually in heaven with Allah (13:39; 43:3-4; 85:21-23). It is composed of the revelations to Muhammad over a twenty-three-year period and was later compiled in the years 646-650 from materials written by Muhammad before his death in 632. Muslims regard it as Allah’s final revelation to mankind.

The Arabic word Qur’an is the noun form of the Arabic verb qara’a, which means “to recite.” When the angel Gabriel appeared, he commanded Muhammad three separate times to “recite.” Sura 12:2 says, “We have sent it down as an Arabic Qur’an, in order that ye may learn wisdom.” The Qur’an is the collection of those recitations revealed to Muhammad in Arabic. Muslims believe that only the Qur’an in Arabic is the true revelation. Thus, the only way to understand the revelation is in the original Arabic language. For that reason, an English translation of the Qur’an is seen as merely an interpretation and not considered a real Qur’an. They may be helpful for personal use but have no weight in any religious debate or discussion.

The Qur’an consists of 114 chapters (or suras) that include 6,616 verses (ayas). Of these chapters, 86 were written in Mecca and 28 were written in Medina. The Qur’an is about 1/3 the size of the Bible. Unlike the Bible, the Qur’an is not in chronological order. With the exception of the first chapter, the rest of the chapters are ordered with the longest chapters first. As it turns out, the Qur’an is almost in reverse chronological order. That has caused some to suggest that it could be read from back to front in order to understand the progression of the revelation.

Like the Bible, the Qur’an claims to be divine inspiration. Islam teaches that the Qur’an is a word-for-word copy of God’s final revelation supposedly sent down from heaven during the month of Ramadan, during the night of power (Sura 17:85). This was supposedly revealed to Muhammad through the angel Gabriel (Sura 25:32).

Muslims believe that the Qur’an was divinely revealed in its present state without corruption. Thus, Islam does not allow literary criticism or historical criticism. In essence, the Qur’an is to be read and memorized, but not to be questioned (Sura 5:101).

Muslims show great respect for the Qur’an because they believe it to be the perfect revelation from Allah. For example, they will kiss the book and even touch it to their forehead. And they will also store the Qur’an on the highest shelf in their house.

The transmission of the Qur’an is fairly simple. After Muhammad’s death, Caliph Abu Bakr collected the recitations into one document based on the memorization of Muhammad’s companions. Later (in 652) Caliph Uthman established the authorized version of the Qur’an and burned all the other conflicting versions.

In addition to the Qur’an, there is the Hadith which provides a narration of Muhammad’s life and is important is determining the Sunnah or Muslim way of life. The Hadith is a collection of: (1) what Muhammad said (qawl), (2) what Muhammad did (fi’l), and (3) what Muhammad approved (taqrir). These passages provide guidance in how Muslims are to live and behave. Muhammad is the example every faithful Muslim is to follow.

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Qur’an and the Bible

A foundational belief in Islam is that mankind can often be led astray and that humans can be forgetful about God. So, Muhammad taught that God sent various prophets (such as Moses and Jesus) to bring fresh revelation from God.

However, Muhammad also taught that these various revelations had been lost or corrupted. While most Muslims will have respect for the Bible, they will also believe that the Bible has been corrupted in its transmission. Only the Qur’an, they believe, has been perfectly transmitted to us. It is the authentic and authoritative word of Allah.

Both the Bible and the Qur’an claim to be divine revelation. And both books claim to have been accurately preserved through the centuries. But Islam makes a very strong case for that preservation. For example, if you take a tour of an Islamic center, the guide will tell you that the current copy of the Qur’an contains the exact words given by Muhammad to his followers with absolutely no mistakes.

By contrast, Christians do not make quite the same sweeping claim regarding the Bible. While they do affirm that the original manuscripts of the Bible are without error, they do not make the same Muslim claim about the perfect transmission of the Bible. They may believe that the transmission has been extremely accurate, but will not make a claim similar to what many Muslims claim about the Qur’an.

The Bible and the Qur’an disagree with one another on major issues. The two books make contradictory claims about God, Jesus, salvation, and biblical history. Both claims cannot be true. They both could be false, but they cannot both be true because the accounts contradict each other.

Islam solves this dilemma by teaching that the Jews and Christians corrupted the Bible. This is the doctrine of tahrif, which is the Arabic word for corruption. That is their explanation for why the Qur’an and the Bible disagree. They believe that the People of the Book have corrupted the Bible.

There is a problem with this view: the Qur’an says many positive and complimentary things about the Bible. Sura 5:44 says, “It was we who revealed the Law to Moses; therein was guidance and light.” Verse 46 goes on to say, “And in their footsteps, We sent Jesus the son of Mary, confirming the Law that has come before him. We sent him the Gospel: therein was guidance and light.”

The Qur’an (5:68) has this to say about Jews and Christians: “Say, O People of the Book! Ye have not ground to stand upon unless you stand fast by the Law, the Gospel, and all the revelation that has come to you from your Lord.”

Allah tells Muhammad to consider previous revelation (10:94) to Jews and Christians: “If thou wert in doubt as to what we have revealed unto thee, then ask those who have been reading the Book from before thee.” It also says in Sura 29:46, “And dispute ye not with the People of the Book, except with means better.”

 It is important to note that in the early days of Islam, the Bible was held in higher regard than later in its history. Muhammad taught that his revelation was the culmination of other revelation provided by such prophets as Moses and Jesus. Therefore, he encouraged others to read and learn from these previous revelations. Only later did Muslims begin to teach that these were corrupted.

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Consider the logical problem this creates. On the one hand, the Qur’an calls the Bible, the “word of God” (Sura 6:115). But on the other hand, Muslims argue that the Old and New Testaments have been corrupted and contend that a lost gospel of Jesus has been replaced with Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John.

Here is the problem with this perspective. First, the Qur’an calls the Bible the word of God, and acknowledges that it is divine revelation. Second, it also teaches that Jesus was a prophet and that his teaching had authority. Finally, Muhammad told Muslims to go to Christians (who had been reading the Bible) to affirm Muhammad’s message (Sura 10:94).

Therefore, it appears that Muhammad believed that the Bible in existence in the seventh century was accurate. And the Bible we have in our hands today is the same Bible that existed in the seventh century. So if the Bible in the time of Muhammad was accurate, why isn’t today’s copy also accurate? This is the problem with Muslims arguing that the Bible has been corrupted.

By contrast, the Qur’an does suffer from textual omissions and even errors. From the time of the death of Muhammad to the time in which the Qur’an was compiled, some of what Muhammad spoke was lost due to the death of his companions who had memorized specific passages. And later when multiple versions of the Qur’an appeared, there was a great controversy among Muslims. The Caliph Uthman ordered Zaid bin Thabit to collect all the copies in use, create a standard version and destroy the rest.

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Contradictions Between the Bible and the Qur’an

The Bible and the Qur’an do contradict each other on many issues. Here are just a few examples:

  • The Qur’an teaches (Sura 5:116) that Christians worship three gods: the Father, the Mother (Mary) and the Son (Jesus). But the Bible actually teaches that there is one God in three persons (the Trinity).
  • The Qur’an says (Sura 37:100-111) that Abraham was going to sacrifice Ishmael, while the Bible teaches that Abraham was going to sacrifice Isaac.
  • The Qur’an teaches (Sura 4:157) that Jesus was not crucified. The Bible teaches that Jesus Christ was crucified on a cross.

Many of the statements in the Qur’an are also at odds with historical facts that can be verified through historical accounts.

  • The Qur’an says (Sura 20:85-97) that the Samaritans tricked the Israelites at the Exodus and were the ones who built the golden calf. For the record, the word Samaritan wasn’t even used until 722 B.C. and is several hundred years after the Exodus.
  • The Qur’an also states (Sura 18:89-98) that Alexander the Great was a Muslim who worshiped Allah. Alexander lived from 356 B.C. to 323 B.C. hundreds of years before Muhammad proclaimed his revelation which became the religion of Islam.

Islamic Monotheism

The most foundational doctrine in Islam is monotheism. This doctrine is encapsulated in the creed: “There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is the prophet of Allah.” And not only is it a creed, but it is also a statement of faith that routinely heard from the lips of every faithful Muslim. It is the creed by which every Muslim is called to prayer five times a day.

Allah is the name of the God of Islam. And it is important to note that this name for God was known even before the beginning of Islam. In fact, Muhammad’s own father bore the name Abd-Allah. Before the time of Muhammad, the tribes in the Arabian Peninsula worshipped many gods. Muhammad taught that there was one true God. Allah literally means “the God.” He is one and transcendent. Muhammad proclaimed that all the other deities that were worshiped at the time were not worthy of worship as divine beings.

The Qur’an provides the identity and character of Allah. The first chapter of the Qur’an is known as the Faitha or “opening.” It summarizes the foundational belief of Muslims about Allah. According to the passage, he is most gracious and merciful, the sustainer of the world, and master of the Day of Judgment. Therefore, he is to be worshipped (Sura 1:1-7). And in one chapter near the end of the Qur’an (Sura 112), it says, “He is God, One, God the Everlasting Refuge, who has not begotten, and has not been begotten, and equal to Him is not any one.”

This passage (along with others in the Qur’an) teaches the absolute unity and sovereignty of Allah. The oneness of God precludes any plural nature to God. And there is no equal to Allah. He is the only God in the heavens, and therefore the only deity worth worshipping and obeying.

The Qur’an teaches that evidence of Allah can be found in creation. There are over eighty passages in the Qur’an that describe the wonders of nature. These all point to the existence of a God who created the heavens and earth. In fact, the Qur’an teaches (Sura 45:3-4) that we can use logic and reason to determine that God exists because He has manifested Himself through the creation.

The Qur’an also teaches that creation can provide theological arguments for the existence of God and the falsity of other deities. Here are a few examples:

  • God’s is united to His creation (Sura 6:96-100).
  • Polytheism and atheism are contrary to reason (Sura 23:119).
  • Dualism is self-destructive (Sura 21:22).

Because of this strong emphasis on monotheism, Muslims reject the idea that God could be more than one person or that God could have a partner. The Qur’an teaches the unity of God (tawhid). Allah is one God and the same God for all people. Anyone who does not believe this is guilty of the sin of shirk. This is the quintessential sin in Islam (Sura 4:48).  According to Islam, God cannot have a partner and cannot be joined together in the Godhead with other persons. Muslims, therefore, reject the Christian idea of the Trinity.

Muslims also differ from Christians in their understanding of the nature and character of God. The God of the Bible is knowable. Jesus came into the world that we might know God (John 17:3).

Islam teaches a very different view of God. Allah is transcendent and distant. He is separate from His creation. He is exalted and far removed from mankind. While we may know His will, we cannot know Him personally. In fact, there is very little written about the character of God. Allah is the creator and sustainer of the creation, but He is also unknowable. No person can ever personally know and have a relationship with Allah. Instead, humans are to be in total submission to the will of Allah.

Moreover, Allah does not personally enter into human history. Instead, he deals with the world through His word (the Qur’an), through His prophets (such as Muhammad), and through angels (such as Gabriel).

If you ask a Muslim to describe Allah, most likely they will recite to you a key passage that lists some of the names of God (Sura 59). The Qur’an requires that God is called by these “beautiful names.” This passage describes him as: Most Gracious, Most Merciful, The Sovereign, The Holy One, The Guardian of Faith, The Preserver of Safety, The Exalted in Might, etc.

A Muslim will also talk about “the ninety-nine names of Allah.” According to tradition, Muhammad said that to memorize and say these ninety-nine names of God will aid a Muslim in entering paradise. Many Muslims even use prayer to help them keep track of the various names of God.

The Muslim perspective on God’s love is also very different from the Christian view. Crucial to Christians is the belief that “God so loved the world” (John 3:16).

By contrast, Muslims grow up hearing about all the people Allah does not love:

  • “For Allah loves not transgressors” (Sura 2:190).
  • “Allah loves not the impious and the sinful” (Sura 2:276).
  • “Allah loves not the unbelievers” (Sura 3:32).
  • “For Allah loves not the evildoers” (Sura 3:57).
  • “Allah loves not the arrogant and boastful men” (Sura 4:36).
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Muslim Belief about Muhammad

Christians frequently make the mistake of assuming that Muhammad has essentially the same role in Islam that Jesus has in Christianity. This is not true. Muslims see Muhammad as a messenger, while Christians see Jesus as the message, or the Word (John 1:1).

Muslims believe that Muhammad is the final prophet from Allah. He is referred to as the “seal of the prophets” (Sura 33:40). But while he is revered as a greatest of the prophets, most do not teach that he was sinless. The Qur’an does not make the claim that he was sinless, and there are passages that teach that Muhammad was a man like us (Sura 18:110) and that Allah told Muhammad that he must repent of his sins (Sura 40:55). This differs from the Christian teaching that Jesus Christ lived a perfect and sinless life (2 Cor. 5:21).

But even if Muslims do not see Muhammad as sinless, they do teach that his life should be an example of how they should act. Muhammad’s action (known as the sunna) provides a clear path for how Muslims are to behave. One Muslim scholar said, “Know that the key to happiness is to follow the sunna and to imitate the Messenger of God in all his coming and going, his movement and rest, in his way of eating, his attitude, his sleep and his talk.”[1]

Muhammad’s every action is to be imitated by Muslims. His life is a model for believers. In fact, some Muslims even avoid eating food that Muhammad avoided or never was able to eat.

Muhammad is so revered by Muslims that no attack upon him or even his likeness (e.g., through a cartoon) may be allowed. William Cantrell Smith notes that “Muslims will allow attacks on Allah: there are atheists and atheistic publications, and rationalistic societies; but to disparage Muhammad will provoke from even the most ‘liberal’ sections of the community a fanaticism of blazing vehemence.”[2]

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The Qur’an and Jesus

Muslims sometimes accuse Christians of elevating Jesus to an inappropriate level of honor and worship. The Qur’an teaches that Jesus was just a prophet to the Jews. It also teaches that Jesus promoted the coming of Muhammad who is revered as the seal of the prophets.

Muhammad originally portrayed himself as the last of the prophets and showed reverence for the “people of the book.” So, Muslims believe many of the same things about Jesus as Christians do:

  • The Qur’an refers to Jesus as “the Messiah” or “the Christ” (Sura 4:157). It also calls him “the word of God” (Sura 3:45). He is also called a “spirit” from God (Sura 4:171) and a “sign” (Sura 23:50).
  • The Qur’an also teaches that Jesus was born of the virgin Mary. It also says that Jesus performed many miracles, including raising people from the dead.
  • The Qur’an also claims that Jesus is alive today. Many Muslims even believe that He will return to earth.

Though Muslims share some Christian beliefs about Jesus, there is two points of disagreement that means a world of difference between Islam and Christianity: Christ’s death and deity.

Muslims deny that Jesus was crucified on the cross. They base this on this passage in the Qur’an that talks about what the Jews did to Jesus:

That they said (in boast), ‘We killed Christ Jesus, the Son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah’—but they killed him not, crucified him, but so it was made to appear to them, and those who different therein are full of doubts, with no certain) knowledge, but only conjecture to follow, for a surety they killed him not—nay, Allah raised him up to Himself; and Allah is exalted in Power, Wise” (Sura 4:157-158).

Muslims have come to various conclusions about what this means. Perhaps Judas was mistakenly crucified on the cross. Perhaps a disciple volunteered to die on the cross. Maybe God transposed the likeness of Jesus on some poor soul. There are various suggestions that have been made, but they all point to one conclusion: Jesus did NOT die on the cross.

Muslims believe that Jesus never died on the cross in part because they cannot believe that a great prophet of God would ever die a shameful death. Since crucifixion was a humiliating way to die, they believe that God must have intervened so that Jesus would not have to suffer in this way.

They also reject Christ’s death on the cross because they reject the Christian idea of original sin and human sinfulness. According to Islam, each person is responsible for his or her actions, and no one else should have to pay for their mistakes. There is no need for Jesus to die on the cross for our sins. There is no need for that atonement. In fact, many Muslims actually claim that the theology of the atonement was interjected into Christianity and has corrupted God’s original message of salvation.

Muslims not only deny Christ’s death, but they deny Christ’s deity. While they respect Him as one of the great prophets, they reject the Christian idea that Jesus was God. They reject the biblical doctrine of the trinity, and they reinterpret any biblical passage that might suggest that Jesus and God are the same. The Qur’an teaches that it is blasphemy to equate Jesus with God:

They do blaspheme who say: “Allah is Christ the son of Mary.” But said Christ: “O Children of Israel! Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.” Whoever joins other gods with Allah, Allah will forbid him the Garden, and the Fire will be his abode. . . .Christ, the son of Mary, was no more than a Messenger; many were the Messengers that passed away before him. His mother was a woman of truth. They had both to eat their (daily) food. See how Allah doth make His signs clear to them; yet see in what ways they are deluded away from the truth! (Sura 5:72, 75)

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The Qur’an also teaches that Christians who “call Christ the Son of God” shall face judgment because “Allah’s curse” will be upon them (Sura 9:30).

So, it can be said that anyone who accepts the foundational doctrine of Christianity (the Jesus is God) is guilty of the one unforgivable sin within Islam. Essentially the Qur’an teaches that God will forgive any sin except the sin of idolatry (known as shirk). Christians are guilty of the one sin that Allah will not forgive.

By contrast, Christianity teaches that we are saved by believing in Jesus as the Son of God. “And the testimony is this, that God has given us eternal life, and this life is in His Son. He who has the Son has the life; he who does not have the Son of God does not have the life. (1 John 5:11-12)”

Jesus claimed to be God, Messiah, and the way to God (Mark 14:61-62; John 10:30; 14:6-9). He also allowed others to worship Him (Matt. 14:33; 28:9; cf. also Acts 10:25-26; 14:12-15). Jesus claimed power over the Sabbath (Matt. 12:8), and he claimed the power to forgive sins (Matt. 9:6, Mark 2:5-10).

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The Prophets

The Qur’an teaches that there have been many prophets in the past leading up to Muhammad (Sura 2:38, 177, 252, 285; 4:80, 164; 17:70; 18:110; 33:40). It actually mentions twenty-five prophets by name, although Islamic tradition suggests there were over 100,000 prophets. Muhammad is the “seal” of the prophets (Sura 33:40) and the “bearer of glad tidings” (Sura 33:45-46).

Jesus is mentioned 97 times in the Qur’an. And the Qur’an emphasizes that the messages of Moses and Jesus are the same as the message of Muhammad (Sura 2:136). The Qur’an teaches that prophets are righteous men who bring the Word of God. They are free from all vices and thus used by God to deliver His message. Muslims routinely say the words “praise be upon him” after the name of every prophet, including Jesus. Within the Qur’an, Jesus is given high honor but not considered the Son of God.

Angels

According to the Qur’an, angels carry out the commands of Allah (Sura 2:285; 6:100; 34:40-41; 46:29-32; 72:1-28). The most prominent angel in the Qur’an is Gabriel because he is the one who supposedly appeared to Muhammad and provided the revelation. Michael is another angel mentioned in the Qur’an. He is the guardian of the Jews.

The Qur’an also teaches that angels are for our protection: “We are your protectors in this life and in the hereafter” (Sura 41:31; 82:10-12). The Hadith teaches that two angels are assigned to each person at birth: one records good deeds, the other bad deeds. They will give an account of each individual’s actions on the Day of Judgment.

Islam also teaches that there is jinn. They are creatures that are invisible and are able to act with free will. Like human beings, they have the capacity to be good or bad. They can take various forms and have the capacity to possess humans. Islamic tradition says that Satan was not an angel but a jinn based upon their understanding of Sura 18:50.

Perhaps the best-known example of jinn can be found in the story of Aladdin in the Western translation of The Book of One Thousand and One Nights. He was bound to an oil lamp and granted wishes to whoever freed him from the lamp by polishing it.

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Muslim Belief About Sin

Islam and Christianity have very different views of sin. Although both accept the Genesis account of creation, they come to opposite conclusions.

The Muslim view is that God created Adam and Eve.  They sinned, and God forgave them. Unlike Christianity, Islam does not have a doctrine of original sin. Humans do not have a sin nature, but instead are forgetful of God’s commands and therefore need prophets to direct them back to His will.

Allah commanded Muhammad to guide humanity back to the path of salvation through obedience to His laws and the performing of good works. Humans need this guidance because they are described in the Qur’an as ignorant, arrogant, and weak-willed.

Sura 2:35-37 has this account of creation: “We said, ‘Oh Adam! Dwell thou and thy wife in the Garden, and eat of the bountiful things therein as (where and when) ye will; but approach not this tree, or ye run into harm and transgression.’ Then did Satan make them slip from the (Garden), and get them out of the state (of felicity) in what they had been. We said: ‘Get ye down all (ye people), with enmity between yourselves. On earth will be your dwelling place.’ .  .  . Then learnt Adam from his Lord words of inspiration, and his Lord turned towards him; for He is oft returning, Most Merciful.”

This passage (and others teach) that Adam and Eve disobeyed God’s command to them, so God expelled from paradise to earth. In the process, God forgave them. There is no doctrine of the fall, and thus no real need for a savior to take upon Himself the sins of the world.

     One Muslim author writes, “Islam teaches that people are born innocent and remain so until each makes him or herself guilty by a guilty deed. Islam does not believe in ‘original sin;’ and its scripture interprets Adam’s disobedience as his own personal misdeed—a misdeed for which he repented and which God forgave.”[3]

The Christian perspective of sin is very different. Romans 3:23 teach that “all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God.” We are in a fallen state because “through one man sin entered the world, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men, because all sinned” (Rom. 5:12).

Muslim Belief About Salvation

Islam and Christianity also have very different views about salvation that are derived from their different views of sin. Muslims often see human failings as the result of forgetfulness or as merely making mistakes. They believe that we are constantly forgetful of God, but they do not believe that we have a sin nature. Therefore, Muslims believe they can be saved by their own efforts by following the regime of the five pillars of Islam: Shahada (repetition of the creed), Salat (prayers), Zakat (almsgiving), Sawm (fast of Ramadan), and Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca).

The Qur’an teaches that believers are to follow the straight path (Sura 1:6). Therefore they are responsible for their actions. They must do what Allah commands in order to please him and be admitted into paradise. Obeying the five pillars of Islam is the way to achieve this reward.

Muslims do not believe they can have any assurance of their own salvation. Allah sends people to paradise or hell as he pleases: “So Allah leads astray those whom He please and guides whom He pleases and He is Exalted in power, full of wisdom” (Sura 14:4).

One image used in the Qur’an to illustrate this is the image of a scale. On the Day of Judgment, all of their works will be weighed: “Then those whose balance (of good deeds) is heavy—they will attain salvation: but those whose balance is light, will be those who have lost their souls; in hell will they abide” (Sura 23:102-103).

Apparently, even Muhammad had doubts about his own salvation. He said, “though I am the Apostle of Allah, yet I do not know what Allah will do to me” (Hadith 5:266). When Muhammad was on his night journey, he discovered good works recorded in a book: “The fate of each man. We have bound about his next. On the Day of Resurrection, We shall confront him with a book spread open, saying ‘Here is your book: read it. Enough for you this day that your own soul should call you to account’” (Sura 17:13).

The question facing all Muslims is whether their good deeds will outweigh their bad deeds. Faith is certainly important, but so are good works. And since all of this is uncertain, there is no assurance of salvation.

But while salvation is unsure, damnation is certain. The Qur’an teaches that those who reject the faith (Sura 2:6, 3:32) are lost. And a Muslim believer who rejects the teachings of Islam will never be restored. That is why most Muslim parents will disown their children if they convert to Christianity. In their minds, Allah has rejected them so they must do the same.

By contrast, the biblical view of salvation is very different. The Bible teaches that Adam’s sin has affected all of humanity. Romans 5:12 reads, “Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, and death through sin, and in this way death came to all men, because all sinned.” Paul later (5:18-19) adds that “So then as through one transgression there resulted condemnation to all men, even so through one act of righteousness there resulted justification of life to all men. For as through the one man’s disobedience, the many were made sinners, even so through the obedience of the One the many will be made righteous.”

God is holy (Ps. 77:13), and He alone is holy (Rev. 15:4). When we try to measure our sin against God’s holiness, it is impossible to balance the scales. David laments in Psalm 103:3 that “If You, Lord, should mark iniquities, O Lord, who could stand?” Another place where the Bible uses the concept of scales is in Daniel (5:27) where God’s judgment falls upon Belshazzar: “You have been weighed in the balances, and found wanting.” The Bible also uses the image of a measuring rod in Amos (7:7-9) to show that God’s people fall short of His standard of righteousness.

The Bible clearly teaches that no one is good enough to stand before His righteousness. The Old Testament says that “all our righteous deeds are like a filthy garment” (Isaiah 64:6). The New Testament teaches that we are made righteous not by doing good works (Eph. 2:8-9) but by faith in the death of Christ on the cross. Jesus paid the penalty for sin that we might have everlasting life.

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Heaven, Hell, and Judgment

The Qur’an frequently talks about a coming “Day of Judgment.” It is depicted as a time of wrath, retribution, and judgment (Sura 55). Islam teaches that the final hour will come suddenly. Natural disasters will occur, and graves will open up (Sura 75; 82; 84).

This day is often described as the day of wrath or the day of decision or the day of truth. On this day, every person will stand before Allah, and a scroll will come down accounting for all his or her deeds. “On the Day of Judgment We shall bring out for him a scroll, which he will see spread open. It will be said to him, Read thine own record. Sufficient is thy soul this day to make out an account against thee” (Sura 17:13-14).

Also on that day, their deeds will be weighed on a great scale. If it tips toward righteousness, the person will go to paradise. If not, he or she will go to hell. Allah determines your destiny: “Yea, to Allah, belongs all that is in the heavens and on earth; so that He rewards those who do evil, according to their deeds, and He rewards those who do good, with what is best” (Sura 53;31).

Paradise is a place of beauty, with streams of clear water as well as rivers of milk and fountains of honey. It is also a place of sensual and sexual delight (Sura 3:14-15; 47:15; 55).

Hell is a place of burning. Brains are boiled, and molten lead is poured into ears. The poor souls have faces covered in fire (Sura 14:50; 76:4). Hell is the place where idolaters and infidels can be found. The Hadith seems to teach that more women are in hell than men.

One Muslim tradition teaches that Jesus will return to earth as the Messiah. Supposedly he will destroy all crosses, kill all pigs, and be buried next to Muhammad when he dies. Another tradition says that a messiah figure (known as Mahdi) will come to earth and join with Jesus to fight against the Antichrist. He will then institute a kingdom of justice.

[1] Annemarie Schimmel and Abdoldjavad Falaturi, We Believe in One God (New York: The Seabury Press, 1979), 31.

[2] Ibid., 35.

[3] Isma’il R. Al Faruqi, Islam (Nils, IL: Argus Communications, 1984), 9.

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Herein Andrews will answer the “why.” He will address whether God is responsible for the suffering we see. He will also delve into whether God’s foreknowledge is compatible with our having free will. He will consider how we can objectively view Bible evidence, as he answers why an almighty, loving and just God would allow bad things to happen to good people. Will there ever be an end to the suffering? He will explain why life is so unfair and does God step in and solve our every problem because we are faithful? He will also discuss how the work of the Holy Spirit and the indwelling of the Holy Spirit should be understood in the light of wickedness. Lastly, Andrews will also offer biblical counsel on how we can cope when any tragedy strikes, …

Let God Use You to Solve Your PROBLEMSLet God Use You to Solve Your PROBLEMS: GOD Will Instruct You and Teach You In the Way You Should Go

GOD knows best. Nobody surpasses him in thought, word, or action. As our Creator, he is aware of our needs and supplies them abundantly. He certainly knows how to instruct us. And if we apply divine teaching, we benefit ourselves and enjoy true happiness. Centuries ago, the psalmist David petitioned God …

PROMISES OF GODS GUIDANCE

Whom do we lean upon when facing distressing situations, making important decisions, or resisting temptations? With good reason, the Bible admonishes us: “Trust in the Lord with all your heart and do not lean on your own understanding. In all your ways know him, and he will make straight your paths.” (Prov. 3:5-6) Note the expression …

THE POWER OF GODTHE POWER OF GOD: The Word That Will Change Your Life Today 

Yes, God will be pleased to give you strength. He even gives “extraordinary power” to those who are serving him. (2 Cor. 4:7) Do you not feel drawn to this powerful Almighty God, who uses his power in such kind and principled ways? God is certainly a “shield for all those who take refuge in him.” (Psalm 18:30) You understand that he does not use his power to protect you from all tragedy now. He does, however, always use his protective power to ensure the outworking of his will and purpose. In the long run, his doing so is in your best interests. Andrews shares a profound truth …

BLESSED IN SATAN'S WORLDBLESSED BY GOD IN SATAN’S WORLD How All Things Are Working for Your Good

All of us will go through difficult times that we may not fully understand. The apostle Paul wrote, “in the last days difficult times will come.” (2 Tim. 3:1) Those difficulties are part of the human imperfection (Rom. 5:12) and living in a fallen world that is ruled by Satan (2 Cor. 4:3-4). But when we find ourselves in such a place, it’s crucial that we realize God has given us a way out. (1 Cor. 10:13) Edward Andrews writes that if we remain steadfast in our faith and apply God’s Word correctly when we go through difficult times, we will not only grow spiritually, but we will …

AMERICA IN BIBLE PROPHECY_UNITED STATES OF AMERICA IN BIBLE PROPHECY: The Kings of the North & South of Daniel and the Seven Kings of Revelation 

Why should you be interested in the prophecy recorded by Daniel in chapter 11 of the book that bears his name? The King of the North and the King of the South of Daniel are locked in an all-out conflict for domination as a world power. As the centuries pass, turning into millenniums, …

YOU CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE: Why and How Your Christian Life Makes a DifferenceYOU CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE: Why and How Your Christian Life Makes a Difference

The theme of Andrews’ new book is YOU CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE. As a Christian, you touch the lives of other people, wherein you can make a positive difference. Men and women of ancient times such as David, Nehemiah, Deborah, Esther, and the apostle Paul had a positive influence on others …

TURN OLD HABITS INTO NEW HABITS: Why and How the Bible Makes a DifferenceTURN OLD HABITS INTO NEW HABITS: Why and How the Bible Makes a Difference

Many have successfully conquered bad habits and addictions by applying suggestions found in the Bible and by seeking help from God through prayer. You simply cannot develop good habits and kick all your bad ones overnight. See how to establish priorities. Make sure that your new habits …

GOD WILL GET YOU THROUGH THIS: Hope and Help for Your Difficult TimesGOD WILL GET YOU THROUGH THIS: Hope and Help for Your Difficult Times

It may seem to almost all of us that we are either entering into a difficult time, living in one, or just getting over one and that we face one problem after another. This difficulty may be the loss of a loved one in death or a severe marriage issue, a grave illness, the lack of a job, or …

FEARLESS: Be Courageous and Strong Through Your Faith In These Last DaysFEARLESS: Be Courageous and Strong Through Your Faith In These Last Days

The world that you live in today has many real reasons to be fearful. Many are addicted to drugs, alcohol, bringing violence into even the safest communities. Terrorism has plagued the world for more than a decade now. Bullying in schools has caused many teen suicides. The divorce rate …

JOHN 3:16: For God So Loved the WorldJOHN 3:16: For God So Loved the World

John 3:16 is one of the most widely quoted verses from the Christian Bible. It has also been called the “Gospel in a nutshell,” because it is considered a summary of the central theme of traditional Christianity. Martin Luther called John 3:16 “The heart of the Bible, the Gospel in …

THE BOOK OF JAMES: CPH New Testament Commentary, Vol. 17 (An Apologetic and Background Exposition of the Holy Scriptures) CPH New Testament CommentaryTHE BOOK OF JAMES (CPH New Testament Commentary 17)

…about God and his personal revelation, allowing it to change our lives by drawing closer to God. The Book of James volume is written in a style that is easy to understand. The Bible can be difficult and complex at times. Our effort herein is to make it easier to read and understand, while …

THE OUTSIDER: Coming-of-Age In This MomentTHE OUTSIDER Coming-of-Age In This Moment

THE OUTSIDER is a Coming-of-Age book. SECTION 1 Surviving Sexual Desires and Love will cover such subjects as What Is Wrong with Flirting, The Pornography Deception, Peer Pressure to Have Sexual Relations, Coping With Constant Sexual Thoughts, Fully Understanding Sexting, Is Oral Sex …

THIRTEEN REASONS WHY YOU SHOULD KEEP LIVING: When Hope and Love VanishTHIRTEEN REASONS WHY YOU SHOULD KEEP LIVING: When Hope and Love Vanish

Who should read THIRTEEN REASONS WHY YOU SHOULD KEEP LIVING? Anyone who is struggling with their walk as a young person. Anyone who has a friend who is having difficulty handling or coping with their young life, so you can offer them the help they need. Any parent who has young ones. And …

WAGING WAR: A Christian's Cognitive Behavioral Therapy WorkbookWAGING WAR: A Christian’s Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Workbook

Waging War is a guide to start the youth with the most basic information and work pages to the culmination of all of the facts, scripture, and their newly gained insight to offer a more clear picture of where they are and how to change their lives for the better. Every chapter will have …

THE POWERFUL WEAPON OF PRAYER: A Healthy Prayer LifeTHE POWERFUL WEAPON OF PRAYER: A Healthy Prayer Life

DOZENS OF QUESTIONS WILL BE ANSWERED: Why is prayer necessary? What must we do to be heard by God? How does God answer our prayers? Does God listen to all prayers? Does God hear everyone’s prayers? What may we pray about? Does the Father truly grant everything we ask for? What kind …

HUMAN IMPERFECTION: While We Were Sinners Christ Died For UsHUMAN IMPERFECTION: While We Were Sinners Christ Died For Us

There are many reasons the Christian view of humanity is very important. The Christian view of humanity believes that humans were created in the image of God. We will look at the biblical view of humanity. We are going to look at the nature of man, the freedom of man, the personality of …

FOR AS I THINK IN MY HEART SO I AM: Combining Biblical Counseling with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy [Second Edition]FOR AS I THINK IN MY HEART SO I AM: Combining Biblical Counseling with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy [Second Edition] 

In FOR AS I THINK IN MY HEART – SO I A M, Edward D. Andrews offers practical and biblical insights on a host of Christian spiritual growth struggles, from the challenge of forgiveness to eating disorders, anger, alcoholism, depression, anxiety, pornography, masturbation, same-sex …

APPLYING GOD'S WORD MORE FULLY: The Secret of a Successful Christian Life [Second Edition]APPLYING GOD’S WORD MORE FULLY: The Secret of a Successful Christian Life [Second Edition]

There is a genuine happiness, contentment, and joy, which come from reading, studying and applying God’s Word. This is true because the Scriptures offer us guidance and direction that aids us in living a life that coincides with our existence as a creation of Almighty God. For example, we …

PUT OFF THE OLD PERSON: Put On the New Person [Second Edition]PUT OFF THE OLD PERSON: Put On the New Person [Second Edition]

THERE IS ONE MAJOR DIFFERENCE between Christian living books by Andrews and those by others. Generally speaking, his books are filled with Scripture and offer its readers what the Bible authors meant by what they penned. In this publication, it is really God’s Word offering the counsel, …

Walking With Your God_Second EditionWALK HUMBLY WITH YOUR GOD: Putting God’s Purpose First in Your Life [Second Edition]

A clean conscience brings us inner peace, calmness, and a profound joy that is seldom found in this world under the imperfection of fallen flesh that is catered to by Satan, the god of the world. Many who were formerly living in sin and have now turned their life over to God, they now know this amazing relief and are able today to hold a good and clean conscience as they carry out the will of the Father. WALK HUMBLY WITH YOUR GOD, has been written to help its readers to find that same joy, to have and maintain a good, clean conscience in their lives. Of course, it is incapable of covering every detail that one would need to consider and apply in their lives …

WIVES BE SUBJECT TO YOUR HUSBANDS: How Should Wives Treat Their Husbands?WIVES BE SUBJECT TO YOUR HUSBANDS How Should Wives Treat Their Husbands?

This book is primarily for WIVES, but wives will greatly benefit from it as well. WIVES will learn to use God’s Word to construct a solid and happy marriage. The Creator of the family gives the very best advice. Many have been so eager to read this new publication: WIVES BE SUBJECT TO …

HUSBANDS LOVE YOUR WIVES: How Should Husbands Treat Their Wives?HUSBANDS LOVE YOUR WIVES: How Should Husbands Treat Their Wives?

This book is primarily for HUSBANDS, but wives will greatly benefit from it as well. HUSBANDS will learn to use God’s Word to construct a solid and happy marriage. The Creator of the family gives the very best advice. Many have been so eager to read this new publication: HUSBANDS LOVE …

TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIAL TRENDS: A Biblical Point of View

Technological and societal change is all around us. What does the future hold? Trying to predict the future is difficult, but we can get a clue from the social and technological trends in our society. The chapters in this book provide a framework as Christians explore the uncharted territory in our world of technology and social change.

CHRISTIANS AND GOVERNMENT: A Biblical Point of View

Government affects our daily lives, and Christians need to think about how to apply biblical principles to politics and government. This book provides an overview of the biblical principles relating to what the apostle Paul calls “governing authorities” (i.e., government) with specific chapters dealing with the founding principles of the American government. This includes an examination of the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, the Bill of Rights, and the Federalist Papers.

CHRISTIANS AND ECONOMICS A Biblical Point of View

Economics affects our daily lives, and Christians need to think about how to apply biblical principles to money, investment, borrowing, and spending. They also need to understand the free enterprise system and know how to defend capitalism. Chapters in this book not only look at broad economic principles, but a section of the book is devoted to the challenges we face in the 21st century from globalization and tough economic times. A section of the book also provides an in-depth look at other important social and economic issues (gambling, welfare) that we face every day

A Dangerous JourneyA DANGEROUS JOURNEY: Those Who Become Jesus’ Disciples 

Do you desire to follow Jesus Christ and transform the culture around you? Are you sure you know what it means to be a disciple and follow a dangerous revolutionary who often comforts the afflicted and afflicts the comfortable? Jesus Christ is not the mild status quo rabbi you may have been taught in your local church. He is dangerous and anyone who follows him is on a dangerous journey. The demands he places upon you and the challenges you will encounter are necessary on the journey. The journey with Jesus Christ is not for the fainthearted. If you are really serious about joining Jesus Christ in the transformation of the culture around you, here is a raw outlook on what to expect on this DANGEROUS JOURNEY.

Christian Apologetics and Evangelism

REASONABLE FAITHREASONABLE FAITH: Saving Those Who Doubt 

Inside of some Christians unbeknownst to their family, friends or the church, they are screaming, “I doubt, I doubt, I have very grave doubts!” Ours is an age of doubt. Skepticism has become fashionable. We are urged to question everything: especially the existence of God and the truthfulness of his Word, the Bible. A SUBSTANTIAL PORTION of REASONABLE FAITH is on healing for the elements of emotional doubt. However, much attention is given to more evidenced-based chapters in our pursuit of overcoming any fears or doubts that we may have or that may creep up on us in the future.

THE GREAT TEACHER Jesus ChristTHE GREAT TEACHER JESUS CHRIST: What Made Jesus Christ’s Teaching, Preaching, Evangelism, and Apologetics Outstanding Effective?

How can you improve your effectiveness as teachers? Essentially, it is by imitating THE GREAT TEACHER: Jesus Christ. You may wonder, ‘But how can we imitate Jesus?’ ‘He was the perfect, divine, Son of God.’ Admittedly, you cannot be a perfect teacher. Nevertheless, regardless of your abilities, you can do your best to imitate the way Jesus taught. THE GREAT TEACHER: Jesus Christ will discuss how you can employ all of his teaching methods.

King James BibleTHE KING JAMES BIBLE: Do You Know the King James Version?

The King James Bible was originally published in 1611. Some have estimated that the number of copies of the King James Version that have been produced in print worldwide is over one billion! There is little doubt that the King James Version is a literary masterpiece, which this author has and will appreciate and value for its unparalleled beauty of expression. This book is in no way trying to take away from what the King James Version has accomplished. The King James Version is a book to be commended for all that it has accomplished. For four centuries, when English-speaking people spoke of “the Bible,” they meant the King James Version. The question that begs to be asked of those who favor the King James Bible is, Do You Know the King James Version? What do most users of the King James Bible not know about their translation? Whether you are one who favors the King James Version or one who prefers a modern translation, Andrews will answer the questions that have long been asked for centuries about the King James Bible and far more.

DEFENDING OLD TESTAMENT AUTHORSHIP: The Word of God Is Authentic and TrueDEFENDING OLD TESTAMENT AUTHORSHIP: The Word of God Is Authentic and True

How true is the Old Testament? For over two centuries Biblical scholars have held to the so-called documentary hypothesis, namely, that Genesis-Deuteronomy was not authored by Moses, but rather by several writers, some of whom lived centuries after Moses’ time. How have many scholars …

Agabus CoverDEFENDING AGABUS AS A NEW TESTAMENT PROPHET: A Content-Based Study of His Predictions In Acts by Sung Cho

Agabus is a mysterious prophetic figure that appears only twice in the book of Acts. Though his role is minor, he is a significant figure in a great debate between cessationists and continualists. On one side are those who believe that the gift of prophecy is on par with the inspired Scriptures, infallible, and has ceased. On the other side are those who define it as fallible and non-revelatory speech that continues today in the life of the church. Proponents of both camps attempt to claim …

WHAT WILL HAPPEN IF YOU DIEWHAT WILL HAPPEN IF YOU DIE?: Should You Be Afraid of Death or of People Who Have Died?

People grow old, get sick, and die. Even some children die. Should you be afraid of death or of anybody who has died? Do you know what happens if we die? Will you ever see your dead loved ones again? “If a man dies, shall he live again?” asked the man Job long ago. (Job 14:14) Did God originally intend for humans to die? Why do you grow old and die? What is the Bible’s viewpoint of death? What is the condition of the dead? Are the dead aware of what is happening around them? What hope is there for the dead?

UNDERSTANDING ISLAM AND TERRORISM: A Biblical Point of ViewUNDERSTANDING ISLAM AND TERRORISM: A Biblical Point of View

Islam is making a significant mark in our world. It is perhaps the fastest-growing religion in the world. It has become a major obstacle to Christian missions. And Muslim terrorists threaten the West and modern democracies. What is the history of Islam? What do Muslims believe? Do Christians and Muslims worship the same God? Why do we have this clash of civilizations? Is sharia law a threat to modern democratic values? How can we fight terrorists in the 21st century? These are significant questions that deserve thoughtful answers …

IS THE QURAN The WORD OF GOD?: Is Islam the One True Faith?IS THE QURAN THE WORD OF GOD?: Is Islam the One True Faith?

IS THE QURAN THE WORD OF GODIs Islam the One True Faith? This book covers the worldview, practices, and history of Islam and the Quran. This book is designed as an apologetic evangelistic tool for Christians, as they come across Muslims in their daily lives, as well as to inform …

REASONS FOR FAITH: The First Apologetic Guide For Christian Women on Matters of The Heart, Soul, and MindREASONS FOR FAITH: The First Apologetic Guide For Christian Women on Matters of The Heart, Soul, and Mind

If you have the desire to become better equipped to reach others for the lost or to strengthen your faith, Judy Salisbury’s guide—written specifically to meet the needs of Christian women today—offers you a safe, practical, and approachable place to start. In her lively, …

BIBLICAL CRITICISM: What are Some Outstanding Weaknesses of Modern Historical Criticism?BIBLICAL CRITICISM: What are Some Outstanding Weaknesses of Modern Historical Criticism

Historical Criticism of the Bible got started in earnest, known then as Higher Criticism, during the 18th and 19th centuries, it is also known as the Historical-Critical Method of biblical interpretation. Are there any weakness to the Historical-Critical Method of biblical interpretation …

BIBLICAL CRITICISM: Beyond the BasicsBIBLICAL CRITICISM: Beyond the Basics

Biblical criticism is an umbrella term covering various techniques for applying literary historical-critical methods in analyzing and studying the Bible and its textual content. Biblical criticism is also known as higher criticism, literary criticism, and historical criticism. Biblical …

CHRISTIAN APOLOGETIC EVANGELISM: Reaching Hearts with the Art of PersuasionCHRISTIAN APOLOGETIC EVANGELISM: Reaching Hearts with the Art of Persuasion

APOLOGETICS: Reaching Hearts with the Art of Persuasion by Edward D. Andrews, author of seventy-two books, covers information that proves that the Bible is accurate, trustworthy, fully inerrant, and inspired by God for the benefit of humankind. The reader will be introduced to Christan …

REVIEWING 2013 New World Translation of Jehovah’s Witnesses: Examining the History of the Watchtower Translation and the Latest Revision

REVIEWING 2013 New World Translation of Jehovah’s Witnesses is going to challenge your objectivity. Being objective means that personal feelings or opinions do not influence you in considering and representing facts. Being subjective means that your understanding is based on or influenced by personal feelings, tastes, or ideas. If the reader finds these insights offense, it might be a little mind control at work from years of being told the same misinformation repeatedly, so ponder things objectively …

REASONING FROM THE SCRIPTURES: Sharing CHRIST as You Help Others to Learn about the Mighty works of God

Use of REASONING FROM THE SCRIPTURES should help you to cultivate the ability to reason from the Scriptures and to use them effectively in assisting others to learn about “the mighty works of God.” – Acts 2:11. If Christians are going to be capable, powerful, efficient teachers of God’s Word, we must not only pay attention to what we tell those who are interested but also how we tell them. Yes, we must focus our attention on…

REASONING WITH THE WORLD’S VARIOUS RELIGIONS: Examining and Evangelizing Other Faiths

God’s will is that “all sorts of men should be saved and come to an accurate knowledge of truth.” (1 Tim. 2:4) God has assigned all Christians the task of proclaiming the Word of God, teaching, to make disciples. (Matt. 24:15; 28:19-20: Ac 1;8 That includes men and women who profess a non-Christian religion, such as Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam to mention just a few. If there are Hindus, Buddhist or Muslims are in your community, why not initiate a conversation with them? Christians who take the Great Commission seriously cannot afford to ignore these religions…

CONVERSATIONAL EVANGELISM: Defending the Faith, Reasoning from the Scriptures, Explaining and Proving, Instructing in Sound Doctrine, and Overturning False Reasoning, [Second Edition]CONVERSATIONAL EVANGELISM, [Second Edition]

Evangelism is the work of a Christian evangelist, of which all true Christians are obligated to partake to some extent, which seeks to persuade other people to become Christian, especially by sharing the basics of the Gospel, but also the deeper message of biblical truths. Today the …

THE CHRISTIAN APOLOGIST: Always Being Prepared to Make a Defense [Second Edition]THE CHRISTIAN APOLOGIST: Always Being Prepared to Make a Defense [Second Edition]

MOST Christian apologetic books help the reader know WHAT to say; THE CHRISTIAN APOLOGIST is HOW to communicate it effectively. The Christian apologist words should always be seasoned with salt as we share the unadulterated truths of Scripture with gentleness and respect. Our example …

THE EVANGELISM HANDBOOK: How All Christians Can Effectively Share God's Word in Their Community, [SECOND EDITION]THE EVANGELISM HANDBOOK: How All Christians Can Effectively Share God’s Word in Their Community, [SECOND EDITION]

THE EVANGELISM HANDBOOK is a practical guide (for real-life application) in aiding all Christians in sharing biblical beliefs, the Good News of the kingdom, how to deal with Bible critics, overturning false beliefs, so as to make disciples, as commanded by Christ. Matthew 24:14; …

YOUR GUIDE FOR DEFENDING THE BIBLE: Self-Education of the Bible Made Easy [Third Edition]YOUR GUIDE FOR DEFENDING THE BIBLE: Self-Education of the Bible Made Easy [Third Edition]

The reader will receive eight small introductory books in this one publication. Andrews’ intention is to offer his reader several chapters on eight of the most critical subject areas of understanding and defending the Word of God. This will enable the reader to lay a solid foundation for …

THE CULTURE WAR: How the West Lost Its Greatness & Was Weakened From WithinTHE CULTURE WAR: How the West Lost Its Greatness & Was Weakened From Within 

The Culture War. How the West lost its greatness and was weakened from within outlines how the West lost its values, causing its current decline. It is a forceful attack on the extreme liberal, anti-religious ideology which since the1960’s has permeated the Western culture and …

EARLY CHRISTIANITY IN THE FIRST CENTURY Jesus' Witnesses to the Ends of the EarthEARLY CHRISTIANITY IN THE FIRST CENTURY Jesus’ Witnesses to the Ends of the Earth

EARLY CHRISTIANITY IN THE FIRST CENTURY will give its readers a thrilling account of first-century Christianity. When and how did they come to be called Christians? Who are all obligated to be Christian evangelists? In what way did Jesus set the example for our evangelism? What is the …

CRISIS OF FAITH: Saving Those Who DoubtCRISIS OF FAITH Saving Those Who Doubt 

Inside of some Christians unbeknownst to their family, friends or congregation, they are screaming, “I doubt, I doubt, I have very grave doubts!” OURS is an age of doubt. Skepticism has become fashionable. We are urged to question everything: especially the existence of God and the …

Investigating Jehovah's Witnesses: Why 1914 Is Important to Jehovah?s WitnessesINVESTIGATING JEHOVAH?S WITNESSES: Why 1914 Is Important to Jehovah?s Witnesses

The intention of this book is to investigate the biblical chronology behind Jehovah’s Witnesses most controversial doctrinal position that Jesus began to rule invisibly from heaven in October 1914. This biblical chronology of the Witnesses hinges upon their belief that the destruction of …

THE CHURCH CURETHE CHURCH CURE: Overcoming Church Problems

In order to overcome and church problems, we must first talk about the different problems of the church. Many of the church problems today stem from the isms: liberalism, humanism, modernism, Christian progressivism, theological liberalism, feminism, higher criticism, and biblical criticism. Moreover, many are simply not a biblically grounded church regardless of how much they claim to be so. The marks of a true Christian church would be like the different lines that make up a church’s fingerprint, a print that cannot belong to any other church. The true Christian church contains their own unique grouping of marks, forming a positive “fingerprint” that cannot belong to any other church. William Lange Craig wrote, “Remember that our faith is not based on emotions, but on the truth, and therefore you must hold on to it.” What truth? Jesus said to the Father in prayer, “Sanctify them in the truth; your word is truth.” (John 17:17) Are you doing the will of the Father? Is your church doing the will of the Father? – Matthew 7:21-23; 1 John 2:15-17.

FLEECING THE FLOCK_03FLEECING THE FLOCK: Setting the People of God Free From the Lies of Tithing

Evangelist Norman Robertson claims that “Tithing is God’s way of financing His kingdom on the earth.” He asserts that “It is His system of economics which enables the Gospel to be preached.” Not bashful about telling his followers of their duty to give, he flatly states: ‘Tithing isn’t something you do because you can afford it. It is an act of obedience. Not tithing is a clear violation of God’s commandments. It is embezzlement.’ Most likely you accept that giving should be part of Christian worship. However, …

Deception In the ChurchDECEPTION IN THE CHURCH: Does It Matter How You Worship?

DECEPTION IN THE CHURCH by Fred DeRuvo asks Does It Matter How You Worship? There are 41,000 different denominations that call themselves “Christian” and all would claim that they are the truth. Can just any Christian denomination please God? Can all be true or genuine Christianity if they all have different views on the same Bible doctrines? DeRuvo will answer. He will focus on the largest part of Christianity that has many different denominations, the charismatic, ecstatic Signs and Wonders Movements. These ecstatic worshipers claim … DeRuvo will answer all these questions and more according to the truth of God’s Word.—John 8:31-32; 17:17.

Translation and Textual Criticism

THE COMPLETE GUIDE to BIBLE TRANSLATION: Bible Translation Choices and Translation Principles [Second Edition]THE COMPLETE GUIDE TO BIBLE TRANSLATION: Bible Translation Choices and Translation Principles [Second Edition] 

THE COMPLETE GUIDE TO BIBLE TRANSLATION (CGBT) is for all individuals interested in how the Bible came down to us, as well as having an insight into the Bible translation process. CGBT is also for those who are interested in which translation(s) would be the most beneficial to use.

CHOOSING YOUR BIBLE: Bible Translation DifferencesCHOOSING YOUR BIBLE: Bible Translation Differences

There are more than 150 different Bible translations in the English language alone. Some are what we call literal translations, which seeks to give the reader the exact English equivalent of what was written in the original language text, thus allowing the reader access to the actual Word …

THE TEXT OF THE NEW TESTAMENT The Science and Art of Textual CriticismTHE TEXT OF THE NEW TESTAMENT: The Science and Art of Textual Criticism

THE TEXT OF THE NEW TESTAMENT was copied and recopied by hand for 1,500 years. Regardless of those scribes who had worked very hard to be faithful in their copying, errors crept into the text. How can we be confident that what we have today is the Word of God? Wilkins and Andrews …

MISREPRESENTING JESUS: Debunking Bart D. Ehrman's MISREPRESENTING JESUS: Debunking Bart D. Ehrman’s “Misquoting Jesus” [Third Edition]

Edward D. Andrews boldly answers the challenges Bart D. Ehrman alleges against the fully inerrant, Spirit-inspired, authoritative Word of God. By glimpsing into the life of Bart D. Ehrman and following along his course of academic studies, Andrews helps the reader to understand the …

Biblical Studies

HOW TO STUDY YOUR BIBLE: Rightly Handling the Word of GodHOW TO STUDY YOUR BIBLE: Rightly Handling the Word of God

A comprehensive book on HOW TO STUDY YOUR BIBLE by observing, interpreting, and applying, which will focus on the most basic Bible study tools, principles, and processes for moving from an in-depth reading of the Scriptures to application. What, though, if you have long felt that you are …

THE NEW TESTAMENT: Its Background, Setting & ContentTHE NEW TESTAMENT: Its Background, Setting & Content

…the author’s intended meaning to his original readers and how that meaning can then apply to us. Marshall gives you what you need for deeper and richer Bible study. Dr. Lee M. Fields writes, “‘Deep’ study is no guarantee that mature faith will result, but shallow study guarantees …

THE LIFE OF JESUS CHRIST: What Do You Know About Jesus? [Updated and Expanded]THE LIFE OF JESUS CHRIST: What Do You Know About Jesus? [Updated and Expanded] 

The life of Christ is an exhaustless theme. It reveals a character of greater massiveness than the hills, of a more serene beauty than the stars, of sweeter fragrance than the flowers, higher than the heavens in sublimity and deeper than the seas in mystery. As good Jean Paul has …

THE LIFE OF THE APOSTLE PAUL: The Apostle to the Nations [Updated and Expanded]THE LIFE OF THE APOSTLE PAUL: The Apostle to the Nations [Updated and Expanded] 

Stalker’s Life of St. Paul became one of the most widely read and respected biographies of the Apostle to the Gentiles. As an insightful compendium on the life of Paul, this work is of particular interest to pastors and teachers who desire to add realism and vividness to their account of …

INTERPRETING THE BIBLE: Introduction to Biblical HermeneuticsINTERPRETING THE BIBLE: Introduction to Biblical Hermeneutics

Delving into the basics of biblical interpretation, Edward D. Andrews has provided a complete hands-on guide to understanding what the author meant by the words that he used from the conservative grammatical-historical perspective. He teaches how to study the Bible on a deep, scholarly …

HOW TO INTERPRET THE BIBLE: An Introduction to HermeneuticsHOW TO INTERPRET THE BIBLE: An Introduction to Hermeneutics

…Linguistic and literary factors are analyzed so that the various genres of Scripture are examined for their true meaning. The importance of having sound principles of interpretation cannot be overstated as to ignore them will result in all manner of erroneous assumptions. Beville presents …

THE CHURCH COMMUNITY IN CONTEMPORARY CULTURE: Evangelism and Engagement with Postmodern PeopleTHE CHURCH COMMUNITY IN CONTEMPORARY CULTURE: Evangelism and Engagement with Postmodern People

Once upon a time, Postmodernism was a buzz word. It pronounced Modernism dead or at least in the throes of death. It was a wave that swept over Christendom, promising to wash away sterile, dogmatic and outmoded forms of church. But whatever happened to postmodernism? It was regarded …

DEVELOPING HEALTHY CHURCHES: A Case-Study in RevelationDEVELOPING HEALTHY CHURCHES: A Case-Study in Revelation

church. It offers an appointment with the Great Physician that no Christian can afford to ignore. Developing Healthy ChurchesA Case-Study in Revelationbegins with a well-researched outline of the origins and development of the church health movement. With that background in mind the …

DYING TO KILL: A Christian Perspective on Euthanasia and Assisted SuicideDYING TO KILL: A Christian Perspective on Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide

…liberties in a multi-cultural society that is becoming increasingly secular. This work provides an ethical framework in which euthanasia and assisted suicide can be evaluated. These issues are on the radar indicating a collision course with Christian values. It is time for Christians to be …

JOURNEY WITH JESUS THROUGH THE MESSAGE OF MARK: Experience the Ministry of Jesus in a Spiritually Captivating WayJOURNEY WITH JESUS THROUGH THE MESSAGE OF MARK

Journey with Jesus through the Message of Mark is an insightful and engaging survey of Mark‘s Gospel, exploring each major section of the text along with key themes. It is a work that can be enjoyed by laypersons as well as pastors and teachers. Pastors will find the abundant use …

ANGELS & DEMONS: The Bible AnswersANGELS & DEMONS The Bible Answers

What are angels & demons? Can angels help us? What does the Bible say about angels? What is the truth about angels? Can Angels affect your life? Who were the “sons of God” in Genesis 6:2? Who were the Nephilim in Genesis 6:2? Who is Michael the archangel? Can Satan the Devil control …

AN ENCOURAGING THOUGHT The Christian Worldview

An Encouraging Thought elucidates the ways in which Tolkien’s The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings are informed by and communicate a biblical worldview. This book will help readers appreciate the ways in which a biblical worldview informs Tolkien’s work, to the end that their own faith may be confirmed in strength, focused in understanding, deepened in joy, and honed in its ability to communicate the Gospel.

Bible Doctrines

WHERE ARE THE DEAD? Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian FaithWHERE ARE THE DEAD? Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian Faith

What is the Bible’s viewpoint? Without delving into an endless stream of what man has said, Andrews looks at what the Bible says about death and the like. Why do we grow old and die? What happens at death? Is there life after death, or is this all there is? Do we have an immortal soul? …

IDENTIFYING THE ANTICHRIST: The Man of Lawlessness and the Mark of the Beast RevealedIDENTIFYING THE ANTICHRIST: The Man of Lawlessness and the Mark of the Beast Revealed

Herein Andrews will give the reader exactly what the Bible offers on exposing who the Antichrist and the Man of Lawlessness are. If we look at the texts that refer to the antichrist and the man of lawlessness, we will have lines of evidence that will enable us to identify them. Why is it …

UNDERSTANDING THE CREATION ACCOUNT: Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian FaithUNDERSTANDING THE CREATION ACCOUNT: Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian Faith

Throughout the Scriptures, God is identified as the Creator. He is the One “who created the heavens (He is the God who formed the earth and made it, He established it.” [Isa 45:18] He is the One “who forms mountains and creates the wind” (Am 4:13) and is the One “who made the heaven and …

The SECOND COMING of CHRIST: Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian FaithThe SECOND COMING of CHRIST: Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian Faith

The information herein is based on the disciples coming to Jesus privately, saying, “Tell us, (1) when will these things be, and (2) what will be the sign of your coming, and (3) of the end of the age?” (Matthew 24:3) What will end? When will the end come? What comes after the end? Who …

WHAT IS HELL? Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian FaithWHAT IS HELL? Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian Faith

What Really Is Hell? What Kind of Place is Hell? What Really Happens at Death? What Did Jesus Teach About Hell? How Does Learning the Truth About Hell Affect You? Who Goes to Hell? What Is Hell? Is It a Place of Eternal Torment? Does God Punish People in Hellfire? Do the Wicked Suffer in …

Miracles? - Do They Still Happen Today?: God Miraculously Saving People’s Lives, Apparitions, Speaking In Tongues, Faith HealingMIRACLES – DO THEY STILL HAPPEN TODAY? God Miraculously Saving People’s Lives, Apparitions, Speaking In Tongues, Faith Healing 

Miracles were certainly a part of certain periods in Bible times. What about today? Are miracles still taking place. There are some very important subjects that surround this area of discussion that are often misunderstood. Andrews will answer such questions as does God step in and solve …

HOMOSEXUALITY - The BIBLE and the CHRISTIAN: Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian FaithHOMOSEXUALITY – The BIBLE and the CHRISTIAN: Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian Faith

Today there are many questions about homosexuality as it relates to the Bible and Christians. What does the Bible say about homosexuality? Does genetics, environment, or traumatic life experiences justify homosexuality? What is God’s will for people with same-sex attractions? Does the …

Daily Devotionals

DEVOTIONAL FOR YOUTHS: Growing Up In Christ

Young ones and teens, you are exposed to complex problems that your parents may not understand. Young Christians, you are bombarded with multiple options for solving everyday problems through social media. Where do you turn to find answers? Where can you look to find guidance from Scripture? In order to provide a Christian perspective to problem-solving, the author of this devotional book decided to take a different approach.

DEVOTIONAL FOR TRAGEDYDEVOTIONAL FOR THOSE COPING WITH TRAGEDY: A Journey Back to God

This devotional book follows the author’s own faith journey back to God. Significant life events can shake our world and distort our faith. Following life’s tragedies, a common reaction is to become angry with God or to reject Him altogether. Examples of tragedies or traumas include life-changing events such as physical or sexual assault, destruction of one’s home, the tragic death of a loved one, diagnoses of terminal diseases, divorce, miscarriages, or being a victim of a crime. Tragedies or traumas can cause feelings of anxiety, depression, shame, and guilt.

DEVOTIONAL FOR CAREGIVERSDEVOTIONAL FOR CAREGIVERS: Finding Strength Through Faith 

Throughout the book, common themes emerge to support caregivers. The reader will find interesting Bible Scriptures, offering a Christian perspective, for handling issues that may arise. These inspiring passages will assist the caregiver in finding peace and faith as they travel their journey as a caregiver. Although caregivers may not know how long they will play this role, they take on the responsibility without any question. Taking care of others is often mentioned in the Bible and, as noted in this devotional, this self-sacrificing, highly valued, and often challenging service will ultimately be rewarded.

DAILY DEVOTIONAL Daily Musings From the Old Testament

Humans must breathe in the air of our atmosphere to survive. Many cities because of pollution face a dangerous level of contamination in their air. However, an even more deadly air affects both Christians and nonChristians. Ordinary methods or devices cannot detect this poisonous air.

DAILY DEVOTIONAL: Daily Musing From the New Testament

Paul counseled, “Set your mind on the things above, not on the things that are on earth.” (Col. 3:2) It is, for this reason, Marshall has penned the DAILY DEVOTIONAL: Daily Musings From the New Testament, which can help us be protected against Satan’s efforts at controlling our mind and heart.  For each day of the year, DAILY DEVOTIONAL provides a Daily Bible Reading and comments for consideration.

BREAD OF HEAVEN: Daily Meditations on Scripture

BREAD OF HEAVEN helps the reader to have a greater understanding of the timeless truths of Scripture and a deeper appreciation of the grandeur of God. It offers meditations on selected Scriptures which will draw the reader’s attention upwards to the Savior.

Christian Fiction

THE DIARY OF JUDAS ISCARIOT: How to Keep Jesus at Arm's LengthTHE DIARY OF JUDAS ISCARIOT: How to Keep Jesus at Arm’s Length

…desert but none of such significance as a handful of scrolls retrieved from a buried Roman satchel (presumed stolen) at this site. The discovery has since come to be known as ‘The Diary of Judas Iscariot.’ In The Diary of JudasIscariot Owen Batstone relates the observations and feelings …

THE SECRET HIDEAWAYTHE SECRET HIDEAWAY ON BRIDGETON HILL

Rachael Garrison knows all the shrewd ways to successfully close multi-million-dollar real estate deals with her father’s famous New York real estate enterprise. But beyond her savvy to rake in huge deals is her premonition that an impending global takeover of the world’s financial wealth is on the horizon by evil leaders of The Great Ten Nations. From New York City to the Irish Hills of Michigan, and into the streets of Detroit her life takes on enormous purpose as

THE RAPTURE: God’s Unwelcomed WrathTHE RAPTURE: God’s Unwelcomed Wrath

Kevin Trill struggles with the notion that he may have missed the Rapture. With nothing but the clothes on his back and a solid gold pocket watch, he sets off towards Garbor, a safe haven for those who haven’t yet taken the mark of thebeast. While on his way to Garbor, he meets up …

SEEKERS AND DECEIVERS: Which One are You? It Is Time to Join the Fight!

There grew an element in the valley that did not want to be ruled by the Light of the Word. Over time, they convinced the people to reject it. As they started to reject this Light, the valley grew dim and the fog rolled in. The people craved the darkness rather than the Light because they were evil. They did not want to  …

The Shadow Flames of Uluru: Book ONE in the CHAOS DOWN UNDER 

When an ancestor saddles them with the responsibility to purge Australia of a demon threatening to wipe our humanity with black flames, fraternal siblings Amber and Michael Hauksby lay their lives on the line. As the world crumbles around them into chaos, and ancient marsupials wreak havoc in their hometown, they must journey into …

WRITE PLACE, RIGHT TIME: The Pre-Apocalyptic Misadventure of a Freelance Journalist 

“Write Place, Right Time” follows the pre-apocalyptic misadventures of freelance journalist Don Lamplighter. While on what he expects to be a routine Monday night trip to a village board meeting, Lamplighter’s good nature compels him to help a stranded vehicle. Little does he know that by saving one of the car’s occupants, he sets forth a chain of what to him seem to be unrelated events where he must use his physical and social skills to save himself and others from precarious situations.

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