What is the meaning of Higher Criticism? Why is it called higher? Higher than what? At the outset, it must be explained that the word “Higher” is an academic term, used in this connection in a purely special or technical sense. It is not used in the popular sense of the word at all and... Continue Reading →

BIBLICAL CRITICISM: Rhetorical Criticism

Hebrews 1:1-2a Updated American Standard Version (UASV) 1 Long ago God spoke to the fathers by the prophets at different times and in many ways, 2 in these last days he has spoken to us by a Son … Introduction As our coverage of the various forms of Biblical Criticism in this book has been showing, scholars seek... Continue Reading →

Form Criticism and Tradition Criticism

2 Peter 1:16 Updated American Standard Version (UASV) 16 For we did not follow cleverly devised myths when we made known to you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but we were eyewitnesses of his majesty. Introduction The historical-critical methods of form[1] and tradition[2] criticism are the natural end-products of the radical historical... Continue Reading →

Grammatical-Historical Versus Historical-Critical

Great Confusion over Terminology and Practice Overview Much confusion exists in evangelical circles regarding grammatico-historical and historical-critical approaches to exegesis.[1] These two hermeneutical disciplines are distinct and must not be confused by evangelicals. Several factors may be cited in contrast. The independence approach associates itself with the grammatico-historical hermeneutic that has its roots in the... Continue Reading →

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