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NT Textual Criticism

NTTC MATTHEW 1:22: what was spoken by the Lord through [Isaiah] the prophet

Matthew 1:22 Update American Standard Version (UASV) 22 Now all this has happened to fulfill what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet: Continue Reading →


NTTC MATTHEW 1:18: “the birth of the Jesus Christ”

Generally speaking, if either Ἰησοῦς or Χριστός was alone in a reading, the scribal tendency was to expand either of them by adding the other. It would seem that this is not the case with this verse, as we ... Continue Reading →

NTTC MATTHEW 1:18: she was found to be with child by the Holy Spirit

Nomina Sacra (singular: nomen sacrum from Latin sacred name): In early Christian scribal practices, there was the abbreviation of several frequently occurring divine names or titles within the Greek manuscripts. Continue Reading →

NTTC MATTHEW 1:16: Defending Mary’s virginity

The TR WH NU reading above is supported by much more weightier witnesses 𝔓1א B C L W (f) 33 and this alone means that it ... Continue Reading →

NTTC MATTHEW 1:11: Why is Jacob left out of Matthew’s genealogy list?

There are several copyists in various manuscripts, who attempted to harmonize Matthew with 1 Chronicles 3:15-16 by adding another person to the genealogy, some even marking it as an insertion, letting readers know it was not original. Between Josiah and Jeconiah we find ... Continue Reading →

NTTC MATTHEW 1:10: Liberal scholarship? What is the original reading Amon or Amos?

It is Deja Vu all over again. Matthew 1:10 is almost an exact repeat of Matthew 1:7-8. There the earliest and best Greek manuscripts ... Continue Reading →

NTTC MATTHEW 1:7-8: Absolute Inerrancy or Limited Inerrancy? What is the original reading Asa or Asaph?

On Matthew 1:7-8, Comfort is correct when he writes, “However, the documentary evidence strongly supports the ‘incorrect’ spelling.”[1] Nevertheless, he is mistaken when he goes on to say ... Continue Reading →

NTTC MATTHEW 1:6: Is “the King” mentioned once or twice in reference to David in the original?

“The King” in the earliest manuscripts (𝔓1 א B) was only mentioned once in reference to David’s being mentioned twice (“Jesse became the father of David the king. And David became the father of Solomon”). It was ... Continue Reading →

INTRODUCTION: The Sources of New Testament Textual Criticism

If we are to be able to evaluate the readings of the manuscripts that we have, we must be familiar with the manuscripts themselves. Moreover, we must understand how they are connected by their likenesses and differences. Westcott and Hort... Continue Reading →

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