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BIBLICAL TRAINING ACADEMY—Apologetic Defense of the faith, the Bible, and Christianity


NT Textual Criticism

What Is the Goal of the New Testament Textual Scholar?

This article may be somewhat controversial because many modern textual scholars are not certain that we can get back to the original text. Again, when we use the term “original” reading or “original” text in this publication, it is a... Continue Reading →


THE BATTLE FOR THE BIBLE: The Struggle for a More Accurate Text of the New Testament

When you open your Bible today, are you able to be confident that the words you are reading are in fact the very corresponding English words that were written by Matthew, Mark, Luke, John, Peter, Paul, James, and Jude nearly... Continue Reading →

NTTC GALATIANS 1:6: “grace of Christ”” or “grace”?

by the grace of Christ: There is a textual problem involving the phrase by the grace of Christ. In the Greek manuscripts we find four different readings: Continue Reading →

NTTC 1 TIMOTHY 3:16: “God was manifest in the flesh” or “He was manifested in the flesh”?

This simply solved textual issue caused many problems in the nineteenth century and really with the King James Version Onlyists, it still does today. The Bible scholars entered the fray because they thought the textual scholars were undermining their doctrinal position that God became man. ... Continue Reading →

Mistakes Were Made In Copying God’s Word. Was the Purity of the Bible Text Threatened? Were These Serious Enough to Ruin the Message of the Bible?

Dionysius of Corinth, an avowed Christian overseer in the second century, lamented what had been done to his own writings. “For I wrote letters when the brethren requested me to write. And these letters the apostles of the devil have... Continue Reading →

Desiderius Erasmus and the Textus Receptus

Manuscripts Separated Into Families We have textual traditions or families of texts, which grew up in a certain region. For example, we have the Alexandrian text-type, which Westcott and Hort called the Neutral text that came from Egypt. Then, there... Continue Reading →

GREEK TEXT: Copyists Preserved God’s Word

TRUE OR FALSE ... IT IS TRUE OR FALSE THAT the Bible has been handed down through the ages without alteration. IT IS TRUE OR FALSE THAT the hundreds of thousands of variations in Bible manuscripts weaken its claim that... Continue Reading →

TEXTUAL ERRORS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT: Unconscious or Unintentional and Conscious or Intentional

The Necessity of Evaluating the Evidence. (See How to Count Textual Variants) Criticism from its very nature concerns itself entirely with the problems suggested by the errors of various kinds which it brings to light. In the writings of the New Testament... Continue Reading →

NTTC MATTHEW 4:17: Repent, for the kingdom of heavens has drawn near

The longer reading is preferred if there is clear reason(s) internally as to why the scribe omitted a word or phrase, like difficulties (perceived contradictions) or awkwardness. For example, a scribe may willfully remove or alter a verse that is repeating one of the previous verses. Continue Reading →

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