THE LENINGRAD CODEX—A Precious Bible Treasure of Leningrad

Explore the fascinating world of The Leningrad Codex—a Precious Bible Treasure of Leningrad. Discover its rich history, its role as the faithful representative of the Masoretic Text, its unique artistic embellishments, and its unparalleled importance in modern biblical studies. Join us as we unlock the secrets of this ancient manuscript that continues to be an indispensable resource for scholars, theologians, and anyone interested in the Hebrew Bible.

HOW WE GOT THE HEBREW OLD TESTAMENT: From the Days of Ezra to the Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia

The Hebrew Old Testament, also known as the Tanakh or Hebrew Bible, is the collection of thirty-nine sacred texts that are central to Judaism and are also accepted by many Christian denominations as part of their canon of scripture. The Hebrew Old Testament includes the Torah (also known as the Pentateuch or the Five Books of Moses), the Prophets, and the Writings. It is the authoritative text of the Old Testament by Jews and many Christian scholars.

Manuscripts of the Hebrew Scriptures

The first list of the Old Testament manuscripts in Hebrew, made by Benjamin Kennicott (1776–1780) and published by Oxford, listed 615 manuscripts from libraries in England and on the Continent. Giovanni de Rossi (1784–1788) published a list of 731 manuscripts. The main manuscript discoveries in modern times are those of the Cairo Geniza (c. 1890)... Continue Reading →

Who Were the Masoretes and Why Are They So Important?

Who were the Masoretes, and what valuable comments have they made on the Hebrew text? What do we know about the Masoretes? What did their work involve? What did the Masoretes do regarding the Hebrew text? What is the Masoretic text, and how do we know that it is reliable? How dependable, how accurate is this Masoretic text? Can we find a “pure” Masoretic text? Why did the Masoretes take such extreme care not to alter the text when previous copyists had altered it? Was their form of Jewish belief different from that of their predecessors?

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