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1 Peter 2:23 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
23 when he was being reviled, he did not revile in return; while suffering, he uttered no threats, but kept entrusting himself to the one who judges righteously;
When he was being reviled, he did not revile in return. He did not use harsh and opprobrious words in return for those which he received. (1.) He was reviled. He was accused of being a seditious man; spoken of as a deceiver; charged with being in league with Beelzebub, the ‘prince of the devils’ and condemned as a blasphemer against God. This was done (a) by the great and the influential of the land; (b) in the most public manner; (c) with a design to alienate his friends from him; (d) with the most cutting and severe sarcasm and irony; and (e) in reference to everything that would most affect a man of delicate and tender sensibility. (2.) He did not revile those who had reproached him. He asked that justice might be done. He demanded that if he had spoken evil, they should bear witness to the evil, but beyond that, he did not go. He used no harsh language. He showed no anger. He called for no revenge. He prayed that they might be forgiven. He calmly stood and bore it all, for he came to endure all kinds of suffering in order that he might set us an example and make an atonement for our sins.
While suffering, he uttered no threats. That is, when he suffered injustice from others in his trial, and in his death, he did not threaten punishment. He did not call down the wrath of heaven. He did not even predict that they would be punished; he expressed no wish that they should be.
but kept entrusting himself to the one who judges righteously. The sense is much the same. The meaning is that he committed his cause, his name, his interests, and the whole case to God. The meaning of the phrase ‘that judges righteously’ here is that God would do him exact justice. Though wronged by men, he felt assured that he would do right. He would rescue his name from these reproaches; he would give him the honor in the world which he deserved; and he would bring upon those who had wronged him all that was necessary in order to show his disapprobation of what they had done, and all that would be necessary to give the highest support to the cause of virtue. Comp. Luke 23:46. This is the example that is set before us when we are wronged. The whole example embraces these points: (1.) We should see to it that we ourselves are guiltless in the matter for which we are reproached or accused. Before we fancy that we are suffering as Christ did, we should be sure that our lives are such as not to deserve reproach. We cannot indeed hope to be as pure in all things as he was, but we may so live that if we are reproached and reviled we may be certain that it is not for any wrong that we have done to others or that we do not deserve it from our fellow-men. (2.) When we are reproached and reviled, we should feel that we were called to this by our profession; that it was one of the things which we were taught to expect when we became Christians; that it is what the prophets and apostles endured, and what the Master himself suffered in an eminent degree; and that if we meet with the scorn of the great, the gay, the rich, the powerful, it is no more than the Savior did, and no more than we have been taught to expect will be our portion. It may be well, too, to remember our unworthiness; and to reflect that though we have done no wrong to the individual who reviles us, yet that we are sinners and that such reproaches may not be a useless admonisher of our being guilty before God. So David felt when reproached by Shimei: ‘So let him curse because the Lord hath said unto him, Curse David. Who shall then say, wherefore have you done so?’ 2 Sam. 16:10. (3.) When this occurs, we should calmly and confidently commit our cause to God. Our name, our character, our influence, our reputation, while living and after we are dead, we should leave entirely with him. We should not seek nor desire revenge. We should not call down the wrath of God on our persecutors and slanderers. We should calmly feel that God will give us the measure of reputation which we ought to have in the world and that he will suffer no ultimate injustice to be done us. ‘Commit thy way unto the Lord; also trust in him, and he shall bring it to pass; and he shall bring forth thy righteousness as the light, and thy judgment as the noon-day,’ Ps. 37:5, 6. The Latin Vulgate has here, ‘But he committed himself to him who judged him unjustly’, judicanti se injusté; that is, to Pontius Pilate, meaning that he left himself in his hands, though he knew that the sentence was unjust. But there is no authority for this in the Greek, and this is one of the instances in which that version departs from the original.
By Albert Barnes and Edward D. Andrews
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