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1 Peter 1:19 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
19 but it was with precious blood, as of an unblemished and spotless lamb, that of Christ.
But with the precious blood of Christ. On the use of the word blood and the reason why the efficacy of the atonement is said to be in the blood, see Rom. 3:25. The word precious (τίμιος) is a word that would be applied to that which is worth much, which is costly. Comp. for the use of the noun (τιμή) in this sense, Matt. 27:6, ‘The price of blood;’ Acts 4:34; 5:2, 3; 7:16. See also for the use of the adjective, (τίμιος) Rev. 17:4, ‘gold and precious stones.’ Rev. 18:12, ‘vessels of most precious wood.’ Rev. 21:11, ‘a stone most precious.’ The meaning here is that the blood of Christ had a value above silver and gold; it was worth more, to wit, (1) in itself—being a more valuable thing—and (2) in affecting our redemption. It accomplished what silver and gold could not do. The universe had nothing more valuable to offer, of which we can conceive than the blood of the Son of God.
As of a lamb. That is, of Christ regarded as a lamb offered for sacrifice. A “lamb,” among the Jews, was killed and eaten at the Passover to commemorate their deliverance from Egypt, Ex. 12:3-11. A lamb was offered in the tabernacle, and afterward in the temple, every morning and evening, as a part of the daily worship, Ex. 29:38-39. The Messiah was predicted as a lamb led to the slaughter to show his patience in his sufferings and readiness to die for man, Isa. 53:7. A lamb, among the Jews, was also an emblem of patience, meekness, and gentleness. On “all” these accounts, rather than on any one of them alone, Jesus was called “the Lamb.” He was innocent 1Pet. 2:23-25; he was a sacrifice for sin, the substance represented by the daily offering of the lamb, and slain at the usual time of the evening sacrifice Luke 23:44-46; and he was what was represented by the Passover, turning away the anger of God, and saving sinners by his blood from vengeance and eternal death, 1Cor. 5:7.
Without blemish and without spot. Such a lamb only was allowed to be offered in sacrifice, Lev. 22:20–24; Mal. 1:8, This was required, (1) because it was proper that man should offer that which was regarded as perfect in its kind; and (2) because only that would be a proper symbol of the great sacrifice which was to be made by the Son of God. The idea was thus kept up from age to age that he, of whom all these victims were the emblems, would be perfectly pure.
By Albert Barnes and Edward D. Andrews
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