THE HEBREW BIBLE: Biblia Hebraica Quinta

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The Biblia Hebraica Quinta Editione, abbreviated as BHQ or rarely BH5, is the fifth edition of the Biblia Hebraica and when complete will supersede the fourth edition, the Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia (BHS).

Biblia Hebraica series

 

Biblia Hebraica Quinta, Ruth 1:1–9. The textual apparatus on Ruth 1:1 (see fig. F), first contains the lemma from the base text (ML; בִּימֵי שְׁפֹט הַשֹׁפְטִים); then the witnesses that agree with this reading (4QRutha [one of the mss of Ruth from Qumran], GMss. [reading of more than one manuscript of the Old Greek], V [Latin Vulgate], T [Targum] | [separator line]); then appears the first reading that differs from the base text (ἐν τῷ κρίνειν τοὺς κριτάς G [sigla of witnesses attesting this reading] | [separator line]); another reading appears next that differs from the base text [Syriac text] S [Syriac]; next appear the notations “facil-synt” (facilitation of the syntax, “simplifying the syntax”) and “+” (symbol indicating that the commentary section has a discussion of this variant) and finally “—” (marks the end of the discussion of the variant). [German Bible Society]
Paul D. Wegner, A Student’s Guide to Textual Criticism of the Bible: Its History, Methods & Results (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2006), 113–114. 

BHK Biblia Hebraica Kittel (1. – 3.)
BHS Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia (4.)
BHQ Biblia Hebraica Quinta (5.)

 


Translator see BHQ Fascicles and Editors
Language Biblical Hebrew, Biblical Aramaic, English
Publisher Deutsche Bibelgesellschaft, Stuttgart
Published 2004 – est. 2021
(see release date)
Media type Hardcover pocket edition (“Handausgabe”)
Preceded by Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia
Website https://www.academic-bible.com/en/home/current-projects/biblia-hebraica-quinta-bhq/

Content

Like the third and fourth editions, the BH5 uses a text-based on the Leningrad Codex;[1] the text has been corrected against color photographs of the codex taken in the 1990s.

A sample page from Biblia Hebraica Quinta (Deuteronomy 1:1–11). Note the newly implemented and fully collated Masorah magna between the main text and the critical apparatus.

Unlike previous editions, it includes a commentary explaining the Masorah[2] and discussing the significance of the textual variants in the footnotes. It also contains the Masorah magna, which was not in the first three versions and only available in a supplementary volume in BHS. Another change is that it rarely cites variants from Hebrew manuscripts collated by Benjamin Kennicott[3] and C. D. Ginsburg;[4] the editors, following the work of Moshe Goshen-Gottstein,[5] believe that such variants are of little value.

BHQ Fascicles and Editors

The edition has been described as “international and ecumenical” as it features editors from 13 different countries and different denominations (with involvement from Catholics, Protestants and Jews).[6] The work is currently being published in fascicles[7] according to this release schedule:[8]

 

The Biblia Hebraica Quinta Editione, abbreviated as BHQ or rarely BH5, is the fifth edition of the Biblia Hebraica and when complete will supersede the fourth edition, the Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia (BHS).

A sample page from Biblia Hebraica Quinta (Deuteronomy 1:1–11). Note the newly implemented and fully collated Masorah magna between the main text and the critical apparatus.

Content

Like the third and fourth editions, the BH5 uses a text-based on the Leningrad Codex; the text has been corrected against color photographs of the codex taken in the 1990s.

Unlike previous editions, it includes a commentary explaining the Masorah and discussing the significance of the textual variants in the footnotes. It also contains the Masorah magna, which was not in the first three versions and only available in a supplementary volume in BHS. Another change is that it rarely cites variants from Hebrew manuscripts collated by Benjamin Kennicott and C. D. Ginsburg; the editors, following the work of Moshe Goshen-Gottstein, believe that such variants are of little value.

BHQ Fascicles and Editors

The edition has been described as “international and ecumenical” as it features editors from 13 different countries and different denominations (with involvement from Catholics, Protestants, and Jews).[1] The work is currently being published in fascicles according to this release schedule:[a]

The linked books of the Bible below that have been released will jump you to Amazon.

  Fascicle Editor University / Institute Country Publication
1 Genesis Avraham Tal Tel Aviv University  Israel RELEASED
2 Exodus Peter Schwagmeier University of Zurich   Switzerland in preparation
3 Leviticus Innocent Himbaza University of Fribourg   Switzerland RELEASED
4 Numbers Martin Rösel University of Rostock  Germany in preparation
5 Deuteronomy Carmel McCarthy University College Dublin  Ireland RELEASED
6 Joshua Seppo Sipilä University of Helsinki  Finland in preparation
7 Judges (Eng.-Heb. Ed.) Natalio Fernandez Marcos CSIC Madrid  Spain RELEASED
8 Samuel Stephen Pisano Pontificio Istituto Biblico Rome  Italy in preparation
9 Kings Adrian Schenker University of Fribourg   Switzerland in preparation
Carmel McCarthy University College Dublin  Ireland
10 Isaiah Arie van der Kooij Leiden University  Netherlands in preparation
11 Jeremiah Richard D. Weis Lexington Theological Seminary  United States in preparation
12 Ezekiel Johan Lust Katholieke Universiteit Leuven  Belgium 2022 (forthcoming)
13 Twelve Prophets Anthony Gelston Durham University  United Kingdom RELEASED
14 Chronicles Zipora Talshir University of Beer Sheva  Israel RELEASED
15 Psalms Gerard J. Norton University College Dublin  Ireland in preparation
16 Job Robert Althann Pontificio Istituto Biblico Rome  Italy 2021 (forthcoming)
17 Proverbs Jan de Waard University of Strasbourg  France RELEASED
18a General Introduction to Megilloth       RELEASED
18b Ruth Jan de Waard University of Strasbourg  France RELEASED
18c Canticles Piet B. Dirksen Leiden University  Netherlands RELEASED
18d Qoheleth Yohanan A. P. Goldman University of Fribourg   Switzerland RELEASED
18e Lamentations Rolf Schäfer German Bible Society Stuttgart  Germany RELEASED
18f Esther Magne Sæbø MF School of Theology Oslo  Norway RELEASED
19 Daniel Agustinus Gianto Pontificio Istituto Biblico Rome  Italy in preparation
20 Ezra and Nehemiah David Marcus JTS New York  United States RELEASED

Consulting work for the Masorah is being done by Aron Dotan, Tel Aviv University,  Israel.

  indicates members of the Editorial Committee
A indicates the president of the Editorial Committee
  • The first fascicle (general introduction and The Five Megilloth, part 18) was published in 2004. The books are in the same order as in the Leningrad Codex and BHS, namely Ruth, Canticles (Song of Songs), Qoheleth (Ecclesiastes), Lamentations, and Esther.
  • The second fascicle (Ezra and Nehemiah, part 20) was published in 2006.
  • The third fascicle (Deuteronomy, part 5) was published in September 2007.
  • The fourth fascicle (Proverbs, part 17) was published in February 2009.
  • The fifth fascicle (The Twelve Minor Prophets, part 13) was published in November 2010.
  • The sixth fascicle (Judges, part 7) was published in March 2012.
  • The seventh fascicle (Genesis, part 1) was published on February 1, 2016.

In October 2016, the release dates for Leviticus and Ezekiel slipped a year (from 2016 to 2017 and from 2017 to 2018, respectively) on the Scholarly-Bibles.com web page, and the release date for Numbers changed from “forthcoming in 2017” to “in preparation,” and that for Job changed from “in preparation” to “forthcoming in 2017.”

Release Date

The Eisenbrauns web page estimates that the entire Hebrew Bible will be completed by 2021. 

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[1] The Leningrad Codex (Latin: Codex Leningradensis, the “codex of Leningrad”) is the oldest complete manuscript of the Hebrew Bible in Hebrew, using the Masoretic Text and Tiberian vocalization. It is dated 1008 CE (or possibly 1009) according to its colophon.

[2] The Masoretic Text (MT or 𝕸; Hebrew: נוסח המסורה‎, romanized: Nusakh haMasora) is the authoritative Hebrew and Aramaic text of the 24 books of the Tanakh in Rabbinic Judaism. The Masoretic Text defines the Jewish canon and its precise letter-text, with its vocalization and accentuation known as the Masorah.

[3] Benjamin Kennicott (4 April 1718 – 18 September 1783) was an English churchman and Hebrew scholar.

[4] Christian David Ginsburg (Hebrew: כריסטיאן דוד גינצבורג‎, 25 December 1831 – 7 March 1914) was a Polish-born British Bible scholar and a student of the Masoretic tradition in Judaism. He was born to a Jewish family in Warsaw but converted to Christianity at the age of 15.

[5] Moshe Goshen-Gottstein (Hebrew: משה גושן-גוטשטיין) (born 1925; died 1991) was a German-born professor of Semitic linguistics and biblical philology at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and director of the lexicographical institute and Biblical research institute of Bar-Ilan University.

[6] “Internationale Forschung – Institut Barthélemy.” Archived from the original on 2016-04-15. Retrieved Friday, June 25, 2021.

[7] In literature, a serial is a printing format by which a single larger work, often a work of narrative fiction, is published in smaller, sequential installments. The installments are also known as numbers, parts or fascicles, and may be released either as separate publications or within sequential issues of a periodical publication, such as a magazine or newspaper.Serialisation can also begin with a single short story that is subsequently turned into a series.

[8] According to the German Bible Society webpage last retrieved on June 16th, 2015.

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