Gen. 5:1-2; 1:28: “This is the book of the generations of Adam. When God created man, he made him in the likeness of God. Male and female he created them, and he blessed them and named them Man [or, Mankind] when they were created.” “And God blessed them. And God said to them, ‘Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth and subdue it, and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over every living thing that moves on the earth.’”
NOTE: Every living human goes back to or has descended from the first human couple, Adam and Eve.
This chapter 5 of Genesis contains the line from Adam to Noah, in which are stated some common particulars concerning all, and certain special details concerning three of them. The genealogy is traced to the tenth in descent from Adam and terminates with the flood. The scope of the chapter is to mark out the line of faith and hope and holiness from Adam, the first head of the human race, to Noah, who became eventually the second natural head of it.
Genesis 5:1-2 are a recapitulation of the creation of man. The first sentence is the superscription of the new piece of composition now before us. The heading of the second document was more comprehensive. It embraced the generations, evolutions, or outworking of the skies and the land, as soon as they were called into existence, and was accordingly dated from the third day. The present document confines itself to the generations of man, and commences, therefore, with the sixth day. The generations here are literal for the most part, though a few particulars of the individuals mentioned are recorded. But taken in a large sense this superscription will cover the whole of the history in the Old and New Testaments. It is only in the prophetic parts of these books that we reach again in the end of things to the wider compass of the heavens and the earth Isa. 65:17; 2Pet. 3:13; Rev. 21:1. Then only does the sphere of history enlarge itself to the pristine dimensions in the proper and blessed sense, when the second Adam appears on earth, and re-connects heaven and earth in a new, holy, and everlasting covenant.
And called their name man. – This name seems to connect man אדם ‘ādām with the soil from which he was taken ארמה ‘ădāmâh Gen. 2:7. It is evidently a generic or collective term, denoting the species. God, as the maker, names the race and thereby marks its character and purpose.
Acts 17:26: “[God] made out of one man [Adam] every nation of men, to dwell upon the entire surface of the earth.”
NOTE: So, while we have many races and many nations, they are all descendants of Adam.
And has made of one blood – All the families of mankind are descended from one origin or stock. However different their complexion, features, or language, yet they are derived from a common parent. The word blood is often used to denote “race, stock, kindred.” This passage affirms that all the human family are descended from the same ancestor; and that, consequently, all the variety of complexion, etc., is to be traced to some other cause than that they were originally different races created. See Gen. 1; compare Malachi 2:10. The design of the apostle in this affirmation was probably to convince the Greeks that he regarded them all as brethren; that, although he was a Jew, yet he was not enslaved to any narrow notions or prejudices in reference to other people. It follows from the truth here stated that no one nation, and no individual, can claim any pre-eminence over others in virtue of birth or blood. All are in this respect equal; and the whole human family, however, they may differ in complexion, customs, and laws, are to be regarded and treated as brethren. It follows, also, that no one part of the race has a right to enslave or oppress any other part, on account of differences of complexion.
Gen. 9:18-19: “Noah’s sons who came out of the ark were Shem and Ham and Japheth. . . . These three were Noah’s sons, and from these was all the earth’s population spread abroad.”
NOTE: After Noah and his wife, his sons, and the sons wifes survived a worldwide global flood where the ungodly and the Nephilim had been destroyed, the population of the earth, which includes all races, came from the lineage of Noah’s three sons and their wives.
After the blessing on the new heads of the human race has been pronounced, and the covenant with them renewed, we are prepared for a new development of human action. This appears, however, in the form of an event that is itself a meet preliminary to the subsequent stage of affairs. The prophecy of Noah, delivered in the shape of a solemn paternal doom, pronounced upon his three sons, sketches in a few striking traits the future history of the separate families of mankind.
Those with darker skin tend to live in warmer climates, while those with lighter skin tend to live in colder climates. Why are certain characteristics more prominent in some areas of the world? We know that Adam and Eve were the first two people. Their descendants filled the earth. However, the world’s population was reduced to eight during the Flood of Noah. From these eight individuals have come all the tribes and nations. It is likely that the skin shade of Noah and his family was middle brown. This would enable his sons and their wives to produce a variety of skin shades in just one generation. Because there was a common language and everybody lived in the same general vicinity, barriers that may have prevented their descendants from freely intermarrying weren’t as great as they are today. Thus, distinct differences in features and skin color in the population weren’t as prevalent as they are today. In Genesis 11 we read of the rebellion at the Tower of Babel. God judged this rebellion by giving each family group a different language. This made it impossible for the groups to understand each other, and so they split apart, each extended family going its own way, and finding a different place to live. The result was that the people were scattered over the earth. – Ken Ham.
Table of the 70 Families After the Flood
(With their descendants or areas where they settled)
Aryan Branch of Speech: Indo-European (14 families)
GOMER Cimmerians, N of Black Sea
ASHKENAZ SE of Black Sea
MADAI Medes, S of Caspian Sea
JAVAN Ionians, Greeks of SE Europe
ELISHAH Near Greece
TARSHISH Pre-Spanish in SW Europe
DODANIM (RODANIM) Island of Rhodes and other Aegean Islands
TUBAL Tibareni, in Asia Minor
MESHECH Phrygians of Asia Minor
TIRAS Tyrrhenians, of the Aegean Islands and Coastlands
Hamitic Branch of Speech: Afro-Asiatic (30 families)
CUSH Ethiopians in E Africa and Arabia
SEBA In E Africa
HAVILAH In SW Arabia
SABTAH In S Arabia
RAAMAH In SW Arabia
SHEBA In SW Arabia
DEDAN In Arabia
SABTECA In S Arabia or Ethiopia
LUDIM In N Africa
ANAMIM In Egypt
NAPHTUHIM In N Egypt
PATHRUSIM In Upper Egypt
PHILISTINES Coastal Plain of Palestine
PUT In N Africa
CANAAN W of Jordan River
SIDON Sidonians (Phoenicians)
JEBUSITE Around early Jerusalem
AMORITE In Palestine
GIRGASHITE W of Jordan River
HIVITE Central Palestine
ARKITE W of the Lebanon Mountains
ARVADITE Island off Syrian Coast
ZEMARITE N Phoenician Coast
HAMATHITE N of Palestine
Semitic Branch of Speech: Asiatic (26 families)
ELAM SE of Mesopotamia
EBER In Arabia and Mesopotamia
LUD Lydians of Asia Minor
ARAM Aramaeans, Syrians
HUL Near Armenia
MASH Syro-Arabian Desert or N Mesopotamia