THE GOSPEL OF LUKE – (GENTI)

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LUKE

CHAPTER 1

1 ᾿ΕπειδήπερSince even πολλοὶmany ἐπεχείρησανtook in hand ἀνατάξασθαιto compile διήγησινstatement περὶabout τῶνthe πεπληροφορημένωνhaving been carried through to the full ἐνin ἡμῖνus πραγμάτων,of facts, 2 καθὼςaccording as παρέδοσανgave over ἡμῖνto us οἱthe ἀπ’from ἀρχῆςbeginning αὐτόπταιeyewitnesses καὶand ὑπηρέταιsubordinates γενόμενοιhaving become τοῦof the λόγου,word, 3 ἔδοξεit seemed [good] κἀμοὶalso to me παρηκολουθηκότιhaving followed closely ἄνωθενfrom above πᾶσινto all (things) ἀκριβῶςaccurately καθεξῆςin order σοιto you γράψαι,to write, κράτιστεmost mighty Θεόφιλε,Theophilus, 4 ἵναin order that  t ἐπιγνῷςyou might know upon περὶabout ὧνwhich  κατηχήθηςyou have been taught orally λόγωνof words τὴνthe ἀσφάλειαν.safeness.

5 ᾿ΕγένετοHappened to be ἐνin ταῖςthe ἡμέραιςdays Ἡρῴδουof Herod βασιλέωςking τῆςof the ἸουδαίαςJudea ἱερεύςpriest τιςsomeone ὀνόματιto name ΖαχαρίαςZechariah ἐξout of ἐφημερίαςupon-day [service] ᾿Αβιά,of Abijah, καὶand γυνὴwoman αὐτῷto him ἐκout of τῶνthe θυγατέρωνdaughters ᾿Ααρών,of Aaron, καὶand τὸthe ὄνομαname αὐτῆςof her ᾿Ελεισάβετ.Elizabeth. 6 ἦσανWere δὲbut δίκαιοιrighteousἀμφότεροιboth (ones) ἐναντίονin front τοῦof the θεοῦ,God, πορευόμενοιgoing their way ἐνin πάσαιςall ταῖςthe ἐντολαῖςcommandments καὶand δικαιώμασινrighteous requirements τοῦof the κυρίουLord ἄμεμπτοι.blameless (ones). 7 καὶAnd οὐκnot ἦνwas αὐτοῖςto them τέκνον,child, καθότιaccording to which ἦνwas the ᾿ΕλεισάβετElizabeth στεῖρα,barren, καὶand ἀμφότεροιboth (ones) προβεβηκότεςhaving advanced ἐνin ταῖςthe ἡμέραιςdays αὐτῶνof them ἦσαν.were.

8 ᾿ΕγένετοIt happened to be δὲbut ἐνin τῷthe ἱερατεύεινto be serving as priest αὐτὸνhim ἐνin τῇthe τάξειorder τῆςof the ἐφημερίαςupon-day [service] αὐτοῦof him ἔναντιin front τοῦof the θεοῦGod
9 κατὰaccording to τὸthe ἔθοςcustom τῆςof the ἱερατίαςpriestly office ἔλαχεhe obtained by lot τοῦof the θυμιᾶσαιto offer incense εἰσελθὼνhaving entered εἰςinto τὸνthe ναὸνdivine habitation τοῦof the κυρίου,Lord,
10 καὶand πᾶνall τὸthe πλῆθοςmultitude ἦνwas τοῦof the λαοῦpeople προσευχόμενονpraying ἔξωoutside τῇto the ὥρᾳhour τοῦof the θυμιάματος·incensing; 11 ὤφθηwas seen δὲbut αὐτῷto him ἄγγελοςangel Κυρίουof Lord ἑστὼςhaving stood ἐκout of δεξιῶνright-hand [places] τοῦof the θυσιαστηρίουaltar τοῦof the θυμιάματος.incense. 12 καὶAnd ἐταράχθηbecame troubled ΖαχαρίαςZechariah ἰδών,having seen, καὶand φόβοςfear ἐπέπεσενfell over ἐπ’upon αὐτόν.him. 13 εἶπενSaid δὲbut πρὸςtoward αὐτὸνhim the ἄγγελοςangel ΜὴNot φοβοῦ,be fearing, Ζαχαρία,Zechariah, διότιbecause εἰσηκούσθηwas heard within the δέησίςsupplication σου,of you, καὶand the γυνήwoman σουof you ᾿ΕλεισάβετElizabeth γεννήσειwill give birth υἱόνson σοι,to you, καὶand καλέσειςyou will call τὸthe ὄνομαname αὐτοῦof him Ἰωάνην·John; 14 καὶand ἔσταιwill be χαράjoy σοιto you καὶand ἀγαλλίασις,exultation, καὶand πολλοὶmany ἐπὶupon τῇthe γενέσειorigin αὐτοῦof him χαρήσονται·will rejoice; 15 ἔσταιhe will be γὰρfor μέγαςgreat ἐνώπιονin sight Κυρίου,of Lord, καὶand οἶνονwine καὶand σίκεραstrong drink οὐnot μὴnot πίῃ,he might drink, καὶand πνεύματοςof spirit ἁγίουholy πλησθήσεταιhe will be filled ἔτιyet ἐκout of κοιλίαςcavity μητρὸςof mother αὐτοῦ,of him, 16 καὶand πολλοὺςmany τῶνof the υἱῶνsons Ἰσραὴλof Israel ἐπιστρέψειhe will turn back ἐπὶupon ΚύριονLord τὸνthe θεὸνGod αὐτῶν·of them; 17 καὶand αὐτὸςhe προελεύσεταιwill go ahead ἐνώπιονin sight αὐτοῦof him ἐνin πνεύματιspirit καὶand δυνάμειpower Ἠλεία,of Elijah, ἐπιστρέψαιto turn back καρδίαςhearts πατέρωνof fathers ἐπὶupon τέκναchildren καὶand ἀπειθεῖςdisobedient (ones) ἐνin φρονήσειsensibleness δικαίων,of righteous (ones), ἑτοιμάσαιto get ready Κυρίῳto Lord λαὸνpeople κατεσκευασμένον.having been furnished down.

18 καὶAnd εἶπενsaid ΖαχαρίαςZechariah πρὸςtoward τὸνthe ἄγγελονangel ΚατὰAccording to τίwhat γνώσομαιshall I know τοῦτο;this? ἐγὼI γάρfor εἰμιam πρεσβύτηςaged καὶand the γυνήwoman μουof me προβεβηκυῖαhaving advanced ἐνin ταῖςthe ἡμέραιςdays αὐτῆς.of her. 19 καὶAnd ἀποκριθεὶςhaving answered the ἄγγελοςangel εἶπενsaid αὐτῷto him ᾿ΕγώI εἰμιam ΓαβριὴλGabriel the (one) παρεστηκὼςhaving been standing alongside ἐνώπιονin sight τοῦof the θεοῦ,God, καὶand ἀπεστάληνI was sent off λαλῆσαιto speak πρὸςtoward σὲyou καὶand εὐαγγελίσασθαίto declare good news σοιto you ταῦτα·these (things); 20 καὶandἰδοὺlook! ἔσῃyou will be σιωπῶν(one) being silent καὶand μὴnot δυνάμενοςbeing able λαλῆσαιto speak ἄχριuntil ἧςof which ἡμέραςday γένηταιshould take place ταῦτα,these (things), ἀνθ’instead of ὧνwhich (things) οὐκnot ἐπίστευσαςyou believed τοῖςto the λόγοιςwords μου,of me, οἵτινεςwhich πληρωθήσονταιwill be fulfilled εἰςinto τὸνthe καιρὸνappointed time αὐτῶν.of them. 21 καὶAnd ἦνwas the λαὸςpeople προσδοκῶνwaiting for τὸνthe Ζαχαρίαν,Zechariah, καὶand ἐθαύμαζονwere wondering ἐνin τῷthe χρονίζεινto be taking [his] time ἐνinτῷthe ναῷdivine habitation αὐτόν.him. 22 ἐξελθὼνHaving come out δὲbut οὐκnot ἐδύνατοhe was able λαλῆσαιto speak αὐτοῖς,to them, καὶand ἐπέγνωσανthey recognized ὅτιthat ὀπτασίανsight ἑώρακενhe had seen ἐνin τῷthe ναῷ·divine habitation; καὶand αὐτὸςhe ἦνwas διανεύων(one) making signs αὐτοῖς,to them, καὶand διέμενενwas remaining κωφός.dumb.
23 ΚαὶAnd ἐγένετοit happened ὡςas ἐπλήσθησανwere fulfilled αἱthe ἡμέραιdays τῆςof the λειτουργίαςpublic service αὐτοῦ,of him, ἀπῆλθενhe went off εἰςinto τὸνthe οἶκονhouse αὐτοῦ.of him.

24 ΜετὰAfter δὲbut ταύταςthese τὰςthe ἡμέραςdays συνέλαβενconceived ᾿ΕλεισάβετElizabeth the γυνὴwoman αὐτοῦ·of him; καὶand περιέκρυβενshe was hiding round about ἑαυτὴνherself μῆνας[for] months πέντε,five, λέγουσαsaying ὅτιthat 25 ΟὕτωςThus μοιto me πεποίηκενhas done ΚύριοςLord ἐνin ἡμέραιςdays αἷςto which ἐπεῖδενhe looked upon ἀφελεῖνto lift up off ὄνειδόςreproach μουof me ἐνin ἀνθρώποις.men.

26 ᾿ΕνIn δὲbut τῷthe μηνὶmonth τῷthe ἕκτῳsixth ἀπεστάληwas sent off the ἄγγελοςangel ΓαβριὴλGabriel ἀπὸfrom τοῦthe θεοῦGod εἰςinto πόλινcity τῆςof the ΓαλιλαίαςGalilee to which [city] ὄνομαname ΝαζαρὲτNazareth 27 πρὸςtoward παρθένονvirgin ἐμνηστευμένηνhaving been promised in marriage ἀνδρὶto male person to whom ὄνομαname ἸωσὴφJoseph ἐξout of οἴκουhouse Δαυείδ,of David, καὶand τὸthe ὄνομαname τῆςof the παρθένουvirgin Μαριάμ.Mary. 28 καὶAnd εἰσελθὼνhaving entered πρὸςtoward αὐτὴνher εἶπενhe said Χαῖρε,Be rejoicing, κεχαριτωμένη,(one) having been highly favored, the κύριοςLord μετὰwith σοῦ.you. 29 The (one) δὲbut ἐπὶupon τῷthe λόγῳword διεταράχθηwas deeply disturbed καὶand διελογίζετοwas reasoning out ποταπὸςof what sort εἴηwould be the ἀσπασμὸςgreeting οὗτος.this. 30 καὶAnd εἶπενsaid the ἄγγελοςangel αὐτῇto her ΜὴNot φοβοῦ,be fearing, Μαριάμ,Mary, εὗρεςyou found γὰρfor χάρινfavor παρὰbeside τῷthe θεῷ·God; 31 καὶand ἰδοὺlook! συλλήμψῃyou will conceive ἐνin γαστρὶbelly καὶand τέξῃyou will give birth to υἱόν,son, καὶand καλέσειςyou will call τὸthe ὄνομαname αὐτοῦof him Ἰησοῦν.Jesus. 32 οὗτοςThis one ἔσταιwill be μέγαςgreat καὶand υἱὸςSon Ὑψίστουof Most High κληθήσεται,will be called, καὶand δώσειwill give αὐτῷto him ΚύριοςLord the θεὸςGod τὸνthe θρόνονthrone Δαυεὶδof David τοῦof the πατρὸςfather αὐτοῦ,of him, 33 καὶand βασιλεύσειhe will reign ἐπὶupon τὸνthe οἶκονhouse Ἰακὼβof Jacob εἰςinto τοὺςthe αἰῶνας,ages, καὶand τῆςof the βασιλείαςkingdom αὐτοῦof him οὐκnot ἔσταιwill be τέλος.end.

34 εἶπενSaid δὲbut ΜαριὰμMary πρὸςtoward τὸνthe ἄγγελονAngel ΠῶςHow ἔσταιwill be τοῦτο,this, ἐπεὶsince ἄνδραmale person οὐnot γινώσκω;am knowing? 35 καὶAnd ἀποκριθεὶςhaving answered the ἄγγελοςangel εἶπενsaid αὐτῇto her ΠνεῦμαSpirit ἅγιονholy ἐπελεύσεταιwill come over ἐπὶupon σέ,you, καὶand δύναμιςpower Ὑψίστουof Most High ἐπισκιάσειwill overshadow σοι·you; διὸthrough which καὶalso τὸthe γεννώμενονone being born ἅγιονholy κληθήσεται,will be called, υἱὸςSon θεοῦ·of God; 36 καὶand ἰδοὺlook! ᾿ΕλεισάβετElizabeth the συγγενίςrelative σουof you καὶalso αὐτὴvery συνείληφενshe has conceived υἱὸνson ἐνin γήρειold age αὐτῆς,of her, καὶand οὗτοςthis μὴνmonth ἕκτοςsixth ἐστὶνis αὐτῇto her τῇthe (one) καλουμένῃbeing called στείρᾳ·barren; 37 ὅτιbecause οὐκnot ἀδυνατήσειwill be impossible παρὰbeside τοῦthe θεοῦGod πᾶνevery ῥῆμα.saying.
38 εἶπενSaid δὲbut ΜαριάμMary ἸδοὺLook! The δούληslave girl Κυρίου·of Lord; γένοιτόmay it take place μοιto me κατὰaccording to τὸthe ῥῆμάsaying σου.of you. καὶAnd ἀπῆλθενwent off ἀπ’from αὐτῆςher the ἄγγελος.angel.

39 ᾿ΑναστᾶσαHaving stood up δὲbut ΜαριὰμMary ἐνin ταῖςthe ἡμέραιςdays ταύταιςthese ἐπορεύθηwent her way εἰςinto τὴνthe ὀρινὴνmountainous [country] μετὰwith σπουδῆςhaste εἰςinto πόλινcity Ἰούδα,of Judah, 40 καὶand εἰσῆλθενentered εἰςinto τὸνthe οἶκονhouse Ζαχαρίουof Zechariah καὶand ἠσπάσατοgreeted τὴνthe ᾿Ελεισάβετ.Elizabeth. 41 καὶAnd ἐγένετο,it happened, ὡςas ἤκουσενheard τὸνthe ἀσπασμὸνgreeting τῆςof the ΜαρίαςMary the ᾿Ελεισάβετ,Elizabeth, ἐσκίρτησενleaped τὸthe βρέφοςinfant ἐνin τῇthe κοιλίᾳcavity αὐτῆς,of her, καὶand ἐπλήσθηwas filled πνεύματοςof spirit ἁγίουholy the ᾿Ελεισάβετ,Elizabeth,
42 καὶand ἀνεφώνησενshe sounded up κραυγῇto outcry μεγάλῃgreat καὶand εἶπενsaid Εὐλογημένη(One) having been blessed σὺyou ἐνin γυναιξίν,women, καὶand εὐλογημένος(one) having been blessed the καρπὸςfruit τῆςof the κοιλίαςcavity σου.of you. 43 καὶAnd πόθενfrom where μοιto me τοῦτοthis (thing) ἵναin order that ἔλθῃshould come the μήτηρmother τοῦof the κυρίουLord μουof me πρὸςtoward ἐμέ;me? 44 ἰδοὺLook! γὰρFor ὡςas ἐγένετοoccurred the φωνὴvoice τοῦof the ἀσπασμοῦgreeting σουof you εἰςinto τὰthe ὦτάears μου,of me, ἐσκίρτησενleaped ἐνin ἀγαλλιάσειexultation τὸthe βρέφοςinfant ἐνin τῇthe κοιλίᾳcavity μου.of me. 45 καὶAnd μακαρίαhappy the [woman] πιστεύσασαhaving believed ὅτιbecause ἔσταιwill be τελείωσιςcomplete performance τοῖςto the (things) λελαλημένοιςhaving been spoken αὐτῇto her παρὰbeside Κυρίου.Lord.

46 ΚαὶAnd εἶπενsaid ΜαριάμMary ΜεγαλύνειMagnifies the ψυχήsoul μουof me τὸνthe Κύριον,Lord, 47 καὶand ἠγαλλίασενexulted τὸthe πνεῦμάspirit μουof me ἐπὶupon τῷthe θεῷGod τῷthe σωτῆρίsavior μου·of me; 48 ὅτιbecause ἐπέβλεψενhe looked over ἐπὶupon τὴνthe ταπείνωσινlow position τῆςof the δούληςslave girl αὐτοῦ,of him, ἰδοὺlook! γὰρfor ἀπὸfrom τοῦthe νῦνnow μακαριοῦσίνwill pronounce happy μεme πᾶσαιall αἱthe γενεαί·generations; 49 ὅτιbecause ἐποίησένdid μοιto me μεγάλαgreat (things) the δυνατός,powerful (One), καὶand ἅγιονholy τὸthe ὄνομαname αὐτοῦ,of him, 50 καὶand τὸthe ἔλεοςmercy αὐτοῦof him εἰςinto γενεὰςgenerations καὶand γενεάςgenerations τοῖςto the (ones) φοβουμένοιςfearing αὐτόν.him. 51 ᾿ΕποίησενHe did κράτοςmight ἐνin βραχίονιarm αὐτοῦ,of him, διεσκόρπισενhe scattered ὑπερηφάνουςsuperior (ones) διανοίᾳto intention καρδίαςof heart αὐτῶν·of them; 52 καθεῖλενhe took down δυνάσταςpotentates ἀπὸfrom θρόνωνthrones καὶand ὕψωσενexalted ταπεινούς,lowly (ones),
53
 πεινῶνταςhungering (ones) ἐνέπλησενhe infilled ἀγαθῶνof good (things) καὶand πλουτοῦντας(ones) being rich ἐξαπέστειλενhe sent off out κενούς.empty. 
54 ἀντελάβετοHe came to the aid Ἰσραὴλof Israel παιδὸςboy αὐτοῦ,of him, μνησθῆναιto call to mind ἐλέους,of mercy, 55 καθὼςaccording as ἐλάλησενhe spoke πρὸςtoward τοὺςthe πατέραςfathers ἡμῶν,of us, τῷto the ᾿ΑβραὰμAbraham καὶand τῷto the σπέρματιseed αὐτοῦof him εἰςinto τὸνthe αἰῶνα.age. 56 ἜμεινενRemained δὲbut ΜαριὰμMary σὺνtogether with αὐτῇher ὡςas μῆναςmonths τρεῖς,three, καὶand ὑπέστρεψενreturned εἰςinto τὸνthe οἶκονhouse αὐτῆς.of her.

57 ΤῇTo the δὲbut ᾿ΕλεισάβετElizabeth ἐπλήσθηwas filled the χρόνοςtime τοῦof the τεκεῖνto give birth αὐτήν,her, καὶand ἐγέννησενshe gave birth υἱόν.son. 58 καὶAnd ἤκουσανheard οἱthe περίοικοιneighbors καὶand οἱthe συγγενεῖςrelatives αὐτῆςof her ὅτιthat ἐμεγάλυνενmagnified ΚύριοςLord τὸthe ἔλεοςmercy αὐτοῦof him μετ’with αὐτῆς,her, καὶand συνέχαιρονthey were rejoicing with αὐτῇ.her. 59 ΚαὶAnd ἐγένετοit occurred ἐνin τῇthe ἡμέρᾳday τῇthe ὀγδόῃeighth ἦλθανthey came περιτεμεῖνto circumcise τὸthe παιδίον,little boy, καὶand ἐκάλουνthey were calling αὐτὸit ἐπὶupon τῷthe ὀνόματιname τοῦof the πατρὸςfather αὐτοῦof it Ζαχαρίαν.Zechariah. 60 καὶAnd ἀποκριθεῖσαhaving answered the μήτηρmother αὐτοῦof it εἶπενsaid Οὐχί,No, ἀλλὰbut κληθήσεταιhe will be called Ἰωάνης.John. 61 καὶAnd εἶπανthey said πρὸςtoward αὐτὴνher ὅτιthat ΟὐδεὶςNo one ἔστινis ἐκout of τῆςthe συγγενείαςrelationship σουof you ὃςwho καλεῖταιis being called τῷto the ὀνόματιname τούτῳ.this.
62 ἐνένευονThey were nodding in δὲbut τῷto the πατρὶfather αὐτοῦof it τὸthe τίwhat ἂνlikely θέλοιhe would will καλεῖσθαιto be being called αὐτό.it. 63 καὶAnd αἰτήσαςhaving asked for πινακίδιονtabletἔγραψενhe wrote λέγωνsaying ἸωάνηςJohn ἐστὶνis ὄνομαname αὐτοῦ.of it. καὶAnd ἐθαύμασανwondered πάντες.all. 64 ἀνεῴχθηWas opened δὲbut τὸthe στόμαmouth αὐτοῦof him παραχρῆμαinstantly καὶand the γλῶσσαtongue αὐτοῦ,of him, καὶand ἐλάλειhe was speaking εὐλογῶνblessing τὸνthe θεόν.God. 65 ΚαὶAnd ἐγένετοcame to be ἐπὶupon πάνταςall φόβοςfear τοὺςthe περιοικοῦντας(ones) dwelling around αὐτούς,them, καὶand ἐνin ὅλῃwhole τῇthe ὀρινῇmountainous [country] τῆςof the ἸουδαίαςJudea διελαλεῖτοwas being spoken through πάνταall τὰthe ῥήματαsayings ταῦτα,these, 66 καὶand ἔθεντοput πάντεςall οἱthe (ones) ἀκούσαντεςhaving heard ἐνin τῇthe καρδίᾳheart αὐτῶν,of them, λέγοντεςsaying ΤίWhat ἄραreally τὸthe παιδίονlittle boy τοῦτοthis ἔσται;will be? καὶAnd γὰρfor χεὶρhand Κυρίουof Lord ἦνwas μετ’was αὐτοῦ.it.

67 ΚαὶAnd ΖαχαρίαςZechariah the πατὴρfather αὐτοῦof it ἐπλήσθηwas filled πνεύματοςof spirit ἁγίουholy καὶand ἐπροφήτευσενprophesied λέγωνsaying
68 ΕὐλογητὸςBlessed ΚύριοςLord the θεὸςGod τοῦof the Ἰσραήλ,Israel, ὅτιbecause ἐπεσκέψατοhe looked upon καὶand ἐποίησενdid λύτρωσινdeliverance τῷto the λαῷpeople αὐτοῦ,of him, 69 καὶand ἤγειρενhe raised up κέραςhorn σωτηρίαςof salvation ἡμῖνto us ἐνin οἴκῳhouse Δαυεὶδof David παιδὸςboy αὐτοῦ,of him, 70 καθὼςaccording as ἐλάλησενhe spoke διὰthrough στόματοςmouth τῶνof the ἁγίωνholy ἀπ’from αἰῶνοςage προφητῶνprophets αὐτοῦ,of him, 71 σωτηρίανsalvation ἐξout of ἐχθρῶνenemies ἡμῶνof us καὶand ἐκout of χειρὸςhand πάντωνof all τῶνthe (ones) μισούντωνhating ἡμᾶς,us, 72 ποιῆσαιto do ἔλεοςmercy μετὰwith τῶνthe πατέρωνfathers ἡμῶνof us καὶand μνησθῆναιto call to mind διαθήκηςof covenant ἁγίαςholy αὐτοῦ,of him, 73 ὅρκονoath ὃνwhich ὤμοσενhe swore πρὸςtoward ᾿ΑβραὰμAbraham τὸνthe πατέραfather ἡμῶν,of us, 74 τοῦof the δοῦναιto give ἡμῖνto us ἀφόβωςfearlessly ἐκout of χειρὸςhand ἐχθρῶνof enemies ῥυσθένταςhaving been drawn λατρεύεινto be rendering sacred service αὐτῷto him 75 ἐνin ὁσιότητιloyalty καὶand δικαιοσύνῃrighteousness ἐνώπιονin sight αὐτοῦof himπάσαιςto all ταῖςthe ἡμέραιςdays ἡμῶν.of us. 76 ΚαὶAnd σὺyou δέ,but, παιδίον,little boy, προφήτηςprophet Ὑψίστουof Most High κληθήσῃ,you will be called, προπορεύσῃyou will go your way before γὰρfor ἐνώπιονin sight Κυρίουof Lord ἑτοιμάσαιto make ready ὁδοὺςwaysαὐτοῦ,of him, 77 τοῦof the δοῦναιto give γνῶσινknowledge σωτηρίαςof salvation τῷto the λαῷpeople αὐτοῦof him ἐνin ἀφέσειletting go off ἁμαρτιῶνof sins αὐτῶν,of them, 78 διὰthrough σπλάγχναintestines ἐλέουςof mercy θεοῦof God ἡμῶν,of us, ἐνin οἷςwhich ἐπισκέψεταιwill look upon ἡμᾶςus ἀνατολὴdaybreak ἐξout of ὕψους,height, 79 ἐπιφᾶναιto shine upon τοῖςto the (ones) ἐνin σκότειdarkness καὶand σκιᾷshadow θανάτουof death καθημένοις,sitting, τοῦof the κατευθῦναιto straighten down τοὺςthe πόδαςfeet ἡμῶνof us εἰςinto ὁδὸνway εἰρήνης.of peace.

80 ΤὸThe δὲbut παιδίονlittle boy ηὔξανεwas growing καὶand ἐκραταιοῦτοwas getting mighty πνεύματι,to spirit, καὶand ἦνhe was ἐνin ταῖςthe ἐρήμοιςdesolate [places] ἕωςuntil ἡμέραςday ἀναδείξεωςof showing up αὐτοῦof him πρὸςtoward τὸνthe Ἰσραήλ.Israel.

CHAPTER 2

1 ᾿ΕγένετοIt happened δὲbut ἐνin ταῖςthe ἡμέραιςdays ἐκείναιςthose ἐξῆλθενwent out δόγμαdecree παρὰbeside ΚαίσαροςCaesar ΑὐγούστουAugustus ἀπογράφεσθαιto be getting registered πᾶσανall τὴνthe οἰκουμένην·inhabited [earth]; 2 αὕτηthis ἀπογραφὴregistration πρώτηfirst ἐγένετοoccurred ἡγεμονεύοντοςbeing governor τῆςof the ΣυρίαςSyria Κυρηνίου·Quirinius; 3 καὶand ἐπορεύοντοthey were going their way πάντεςall ἀπογράφεσθαι,to be getting registered, ἕκαστοςeach (one) εἰςinto τὴνthe ἑαυτοῦof himself πόλιν.city. 4 ᾿ΑνέβηWent up δὲbut καὶalso ἸωσὴφJoseph ἀπὸfrom τῆςthe ΓαλιλαίαςGalilee ἐκout of πόλεωςcity ΝαζαρὲτNazareth εἰςinto τὴνthe ἸουδαίανJudea εἰςinto πόλινcity Δαυεὶδof David ἥτιςwhich καλεῖταιis being called Βηθλεέμ,Bethlehem, διὰthrough τὸthe εἶναιto be αὐτὸνhim ἐξout of οἴκουhouse καὶand πατριᾶςfather [place] Δαυείδ,of David,
5 ἀπογράψασθαιto get registered σὺνtogether with ΜαριὰμMary τῇthe (one) ἐμνηστευμένῃhaving been given in marriage αὐτῷ,to him, οὔσῃbeing ἐνκύῳ.pregnant. 6 ᾿ΕγένετοIt occurred δὲbutἐνin τῷthe εἶναιto be αὐτοὺςthem ἐκεῖthere ἐπλήσθησανwere fulfilled αἱthe ἡμέραιdays τοῦof the τεκεῖνto give birth αὐτήν,her, 7 καὶand ἔτεκενshe gave birth to τὸνthe υἱὸνson αὐτῆςof her τὸνthe πρωτότοκον,firstborn, καὶand ἐσπαργάνωσενshe swaddled αὐτὸνhim καὶand ἀνέκλινενmade recline αὐτὸνhim ἐνin φάτνῃ,manger, διότιbecause οὐκnot ἦνwas αὐτοῖςto them τόποςplace ἐνin τῷthe καταλύματι.loosing-down [place].

8 ΚαὶAnd ποιμένεςshepherds ἦσανwere ἐνin τῇthe χώρᾳcountry τῇthe αὐτῇvery ἀγραυλοῦντεςliving in the fields καὶand φυλάσσοντεςguarding φυλακὰςwatches τῆςof the νυκτὸςnight ἐπὶupon τὴνthe ποίμνηνflock αὐτῶν.of them. 9 καὶAnd ἄγγελοςangel Κυρίουof Lord ἐπέστηstood upon αὐτοῖςthem καὶand δόξαglory Κυρίουof Lord περιέλαμψενgleamed around αὐτούς,them, καὶand ἐφοβήθησανthey feared φόβονfear μέγαν·great; 10 καὶand εἶπενsaid αὐτοῖςto them the ἄγγελοςangel ΜὴNot φοβεῖσθε,be you fearing, ἰδοὺlook! γὰρfor εὐαγγελίζομαιI am declaring good news ὑμῖνto you χαρὰνjoy μεγάληνgreat ἥτιςwhich ἔσταιwill be παντὶto all τῷthe λαῷ,people, 11 ὅτιbecause ἐτέχθηwas born ὑμῖνto you σήμερονtoday σωτὴρSavior ὅςwho ἐστινis χριστὸςChrist κύριοςLord ἐνin πόλειcity Δαυείδ·of David; 12 καὶand τοῦτοthis ὑμῖνto you σημεῖον,sign, εὑρήσετεyou will find βρέφοςinfant ἐσπαργανωμένονhaving been swaddled καὶand κείμενονlying ἐνin φάτνῃ.manger. 13 καὶAnd ἐξέφνηςsuddenly ἐγένετοcame to be σὺνwith τῷthe ἀγγέλῳangel πλῆθοςmultitude στρατιᾶςof army οὐρανίουheavenly αἰνούντωνof (ones) praising τὸνthe θεὸνGod καὶand λεγόντωνsaying
14 ΔόξαGlory ἐνin ὑψίστοιςhighest [places] θεῷto God καὶand ἐπὶupon γῆςearth εἰρήνηpeace ἐνin ἀνθρώποιςmen εὐδοκίας.of well thinking.

15 ΚαὶAnd ἐγένετοit occurred ὡςas ἀπῆλθονthey went off ἀπ’from αὐτῶνthem εἰςinto τὸνthe οὐρανὸνheaven οἱthe ἄγγελοι,angels, οἱthe ποιμένεςshepherds ἐλάλουνwere speaking πρὸςtoward ἀλλήλουςone another ΔιέλθωμενLet us go through δὴactually ἕωςuntil ΒηθλεὲμBethlehem καὶand ἴδωμενlet us see τὸthe ῥῆμαsaying τοῦτοthis τὸthe γεγονὸςhaving occurred which the κύριοςLord ἐγνώρισενmade known ἡμῖν.to us.16 καὶAnd ἦλθανthey came σπεύσαντεςhaving made haste καὶand ἀνεῦρανfound up τήνthe τεand ΜαριὰμMary καὶand τὸνthe ἸωσὴφJoseph καὶand τὸthe βρέφοςinfant κείμενονlying ἐνin τῇthe φάτνῃ·manger; 17 ἰδόντεςhaving seen δὲbut ἐγνώρισανthey made known περὶabout τοῦthe ῥήματοςsaying τοῦthe λαληθέντοςhaving been spoken αὐτοῖςto them περὶabout τοῦthe παιδίουlittle boy τούτου.this. 18 καὶAnd πάντεςall οἱthe (ones) ἀκούσαντεςhaving heard ἐθαύμασανwondered περὶabout τῶνthe (things) λαληθέντωνhaving been spoken ὑπὸby τῶνthe ποιμένωνshepherds πρὸςtoward αὐτούς,them, 19 the δὲbut ΜαρίαMary πάνταall συνετήρειwas preserving τὰthe ῥήματαsayings ταῦταthese συνβάλλουσαthrowing together ἐνin τῇthe καρδίᾳheart αὐτῆς.of her. 20 καὶAnd ὑπέστρεψανturned under οἱthe ποιμένεςshepherds δοξάζοντεςglorifying καὶand αἰνοῦντεςpraising τὸνthe θεὸνGod ἐπὶupon πᾶσινall (things) οἷςwhich ἤκουσανthey heard καὶand εἶδονsaw καθὼςaccording as ἐλαλήθηit was spoken πρὸςtoward αὐτούς.them.

21 ΚαὶAnd ὅτεwhen ἐπλήσθησανwere fulfilled ἡμέραιdays ὀκτὼeight τοῦof the περιτεμεῖνto circumcise αὐτόν,him, καὶand ἐκλήθηwas called τὸthe ὄνομαname αὐτοῦof him Ἰησοῦς,Jesus, τὸthe [name] κληθὲνcalled ὑπὸby τοῦthe ἀγγέλουangel πρὸbefore τοῦtheσυλλημφθῆναιto be conceived αὐτὸνhim ἐνin τῇthe κοιλίᾳ.cavity.

22 ΚαὶAnd ὅτεwhen ἐπλήσθησανwere fulfilled αἱthe ἡμέραιdays τοῦof the καθαρισμοῦpurification αὐτῶνof them κατὰaccording to τὸνthe νόμονlaw Μωυσέως,of Moses, ἀνήγαγονthey led up αὐτὸνhim εἰςinto ἸεροσόλυμαJerusalem παραστῆσαιto present τῷto the κυρίῳ,Lord, 23 καθὼςaccording as γέγραπταιit has been written ἐνin νόμῳlaw Κυρίουof Lord ὅτιthat ΠᾶνEvery ἄρσενmale διανοῖγονopening μήτρανwomb ἅγιονholy τῷto the κυρίῳLord κληθήσεται,will be called, 24 καὶand τοῦof the δοῦναιto give θυσίανsacrifice κατὰaccording to τὸthe εἰρημένονhaving been said ἐνin τῷthe νόμῳlaw Κυρίου,of Lord, ΖεῦγοςPair τρυγόνωνof turtledoves or δύοtwo νοσσοὺςnestlings περιστερῶν.of pigeons.

25 ΚαὶAnd ἰδοὺlook! ἄνθρωποςman ἦνwas ἐνin ἸερουσαλὴμJerusalem to whom ὄνομαname Συμεών,Simeon, καὶand the ἄνθρωποςman οὗτοςthis δίκαιοςrighteous καὶand εὐλαβής,holding well, προσδεχόμενοςwaiting for παράκλησινconsolation τοῦof the Ἰσραήλ,Israel, καὶand πνεῦμαspirit ἦνwas ἅγιονholy ἐπ’upon αὐτόν·him; 26 καὶand ἦνwas αὐτῷto him κεχρηματισμένονhaving been divinely revealed ὑπὸby τοῦthe πνεύματοςspirit τοῦof the ἁγίουholy μὴnot ἰδεῖνto see θάνατονdeath πρὶνprior to or ἂνlikely ἴδῃhe should see τὸνthe χριστὸνChrist Κυρίου.of Lord. 27 καὶAnd ἦλθενhe came ἐνin τῷthe πνεύματιspirit εἰςinto τὸthe ἱερόν·temple; καὶand ἐνin τῷthe εἰσαγαγεῖνto lead in τοὺςthe γονεῖςparents τὸthe παιδίονlittle boy ἸησοῦνJesus τοῦof the ποιῆσαιto do αὐτοὺςthem κατὰaccording to τὸthe (thing) εἰθισμένονhaving been made custom τοῦof the νόμουlaw περὶabout αὐτοῦit 28 καὶand αὐτὸςhe ἐδέξατοreceived αὐτὸit εἰςinto τὰςthe ἀγκάλαςarms καὶand εὐλόγησενblessed τὸνthe θεὸνGod καὶand εἶπενsaid 29 ΝῦνNow ἀπολύειςyou are loosing off τὸνthe δοῦλόνslave σου,of you, δέσποτα,Sovereign Lord, κατὰaccording to τὸthe ῥῆμάsaying σουof you ἐνin εἰρήνῃ·peace; 30 ὅτιbecause εἶδονsaw οἱthe ὀφθαλμοίeyes μουof me τὸthe σωτήριόνmeans of saving σουof you 31 which ἡτοίμασαςyou made ready κατὰaccording to πρόσωπονface πάντωνof all τῶνthe λαῶν,peoples, 32 φῶςlight εἰςinto ἀποκάλυψινuncovering ἐθνῶνof nations καὶand δόξανglory λαοῦof people σουof you Ἰσραήλ.of Israel. 33 καὶAnd ἦνwas theπατὴρfather αὐτοῦof it καὶand the μήτηρmother θαυμάζοντεςwondering ἐπὶupon τοῖςthe (things) λαλουμένοιςbeing spoken περὶabout αὐτοῦ.it. 34 καὶAnd εὐλόγησενblessed αὐτοὺςthem ΣυμεὼνSimeon καὶand εἶπενsaid πρὸςtoward ΜαριὰμMary τὴνthe μητέραmotherαὐτοῦof it ἸδοὺLook! οὗτοςThis (one) κεῖταιis lying εἰςinto πτῶσινfall καὶand ἀνάστασινstanding up πολλῶνof many ἐνin τῷthe ἸσραὴλIsrael καὶand εἰςinto σημεῖονsign ἀντιλεγόμενον,being talked against, 35 καὶand σοῦof you αὐτῆςvery τὴνthe ψυχὴνsoul διελεύσεταιwill go through ῥομφαία,long sword, ὅπωςso that ἂνlikely ἀποκαλυφθῶσινmay be uncovered ἐκout of πολλῶνmany καρδιῶνhearts διαλογισμοί.reasonings.

36 ΚαὶAnd ἦνwas ἍνναAnna προφῆτις,prophetess, θυγάτηρdaughter Φανουήλ,of Phanuel, ἐκout of φυλῆςtribe ᾿Ασήρ,of Asher, αὕτηthis προβεβηκυῖαhaving advanced ἐνin ἡμέραιςdays πολλαῖς,many, ζήσασαhaving lived μετὰwith ἀνδρὸςmale person ἔτηyears ἑπτὰseven ἀπὸfrom τῆςthe παρθενίαςvirginity αὐτῆς,of her, 37 καὶand αὐτὴshe χήραwidow ἕωςuntil ἐτῶνyears ὀγδοήκονταeighty- τεσσάρων,four, who οὐκnot ἀφίστατοwas missing from τοῦthe ἱεροῦtemple νηστείαιςto fastings καὶand δεήσεσινsupplications λατρεύουσαrendering sacred service νύκταnight καὶand ἡμέραν.day. 38 καὶAnd αὐτῇto very τῇthe ὥρᾳhour ἐπιστᾶσαhaving stood uponἀνθωμολογεῖτοwas returning thanks τῷto the θεῷGod καὶand ἐλάλειwas speaking περὶabout αὐτοῦit πᾶσινto all τοῖςthe (ones) προσδεχομένοιςwaiting for λύτρωσινdeliverance Ἰερουσαλήμ.of Jerusalem.

39 ΚαὶAnd ὡςas ἐτέλεσανthey ended πάνταall τὰthe (things) κατὰaccording to τὸνthe νόμονlaw Κυρίου,of Lord, ἐπέστρεψανthey returned εἰςinto τὴνthe ΓαλιλαίανGalilee εἰςinto πόλινcity ἑαυτῶνof themselves Ναζαρέτ.Nazareth. 40 ΤὸThe δὲbut παιδίονlittle boy ηὔξανενwas growing καὶand ἐκραταιοῦτοwas getting mighty πληρούμενονbeing filled σοφίᾳ,to wisdom, καὶand χάριςfavor θεοῦof God ἦνwas ἐπ’upon αὐτό.it.

41 ΚαὶAnd ἐπορεύοντοwere going their way οἱthe γονεῖςparents αὐτοῦof him κατ’according to ἔτοςyear εἰςinto ἸερουσαλὴμJerusalem τῇto the ἑορτῇfestival τοῦof the πάσχα.passover. 42 ΚαὶAnd ὅτεwhen ἐγένετοhe came to be ἐτῶνof years δώδεκα,twelve, ἀναβαινόντωνgoing up αὐτῶνof them κατὰaccording to τὸthe ἔθοςcustom τῆςof the ἑορτῆςfestival 43 καὶand τελειωσάντωνhaving finished τὰςthe ἡμέρας,days, ἐνin τῷthe ὑποστρέφεινto be returning αὐτοὺςthem ὑπέμεινενremained behind ἸησοῦςJesus the παῖςboy ἐνin Ἰερουσαλήμ,Jerusalem, καὶand οὐκnot ἔγνωσανknew οἱthe γονεῖςparents αὐτοῦ.of him. 44 νομίσαντεςHaving opined δὲbut αὐτὸνhim εἶναιto be ἐνin τῇthe συνοδίᾳcompany ἦλθονthey came ἡμέραςof day ὁδὸνway καὶand ἀνεζήτουνwere seeking up αὐτὸνhim ἐνin τοῖςthe συγγενεῦσινrelatives καὶand τοῖςthe γνωστοῖς,acquaintances, 45 καὶand μὴnot εὑρόντεςhaving found ὑπέστρεψανthey returned εἰςinto ἸερουσαλὴμJerusalem ἀναζητοῦντεςseeking up αὐτόν.him. 46 καὶAnd ἐγένετοit occurred μετὰafter ἡμέραςdays τρεῖςthree εὗρονthey found αὐτὸνhim ἐνin τῷthe ἱερῷtemple καθεζόμενονsitting ἐνin μέσῳmidst τῶνof the διδασκάλωνteachers καὶand ἀκούονταhearing αὐτῶνthem καὶand ἐπερωτῶνταinquiring upon αὐτούς·them; 47 ἐξίσταντοwere being amazed δὲbut πάντεςall οἱthe (ones) ἀκούοντεςhearing αὐτοῦhim ἐπὶupon τῇthe συνέσειunderstanding καὶand ταῖςthe ἀποκρίσεσινanswers αὐτοῦ.of him.48 καὶAnd ἰδόντεςhaving seen αὐτὸνhim ἐξεπλάγησαν,they were astounded, καὶand εἶπενsaid πρὸςtoward αὐτὸνhim the μήτηρmother αὐτοῦof him Τέκνον,Child, τίwhy ἐποίησαςdid you do ἡμῖνto us οὕτως;thus? ἰδοὺLook! The πατήρfather σουof you καὶand ἐγὼI ὀδυνώμενοιbeing pained ζητοῦμένwe are seeking σε.you. 49 καὶAnd εἶπενhe said πρὸςtoward αὐτούςthem ΤίWhy ὅτιthat ἐζητεῖτέyou were seeking με;me? οὐκNot ᾔδειτεhad you known ὅτιthat ἐνin τοῖςthe (things) τοῦof the πατρόςFather μουof me δεῖit is necessary εἶναίto be με;me? 50 καὶAnd αὐτοὶthey οὐnot συνῆκανcomprehened τὸthe ῥῆμαsaying which ἐλάλησενhe spoke αὐτοῖς.to them.

51 καὶAnd κατέβηhe went down μετ’with αὐτῶνthem καὶand ἦλθενcame εἰςinto Ναζαρέτ,Nazareth, καὶand ἦνhe was ὑποτασσόμενος(one) subjecting himself αὐτοῖς.to them. καὶAnd the μήτηρmother αὐτοῦof him διετήρειwas thoroughly keeping πάνταall τὰtheῥήματαsayings ἐνin τῇthe καρδίᾳheart αὐτῆς.of her. 52 ΚαὶAnd ἸησοῦςJesus προέκοπτενwas cutting before τῇto the σοφίᾳwisdom καὶand ἡλικίᾳto physical growth καὶand χάριτιto favor παρὰbeside θεῷGod καὶand ἀνθρώποις.men.

CHAPTER 3

1 ᾿ΕνIn ἔτειyear δὲbut πεντεκαιδεκάτῳfive and tenth τῆςof the ἡγεμονίαςgovernorship Τιβερίουof Tiberius Καίσαρος,Caesar, ἡγεμονεύοντοςbeing governor Ποντίουof Pontius ΠειλάτουPilate τῆςof the Ἰουδαίας,Judea, καὶand τετρααρχοῦντοςbeing tetrarch τῆςof the ΓαλιλαίαςGalilee Ἡρῴδου,of Herod, Φιλίππουof Philip δὲbut τοῦthe ἀδελφοῦbrother αὐτοῦof him τετρααρχοῦντοςbeing tetrarch τῆςof the ἸτουραίαςIturaea καὶand Τραχωνίτιδοςof Trachonitis χώρας,of country, καὶand Λυσανίουof Lysanias τῆςof the ᾿ΑβειληνῆςAbilene τετρααρχοῦντος,being tetrarch, 2 ἐπὶupon ἀρχιερέωςchief priest ἍνναAnnas καὶand Καιάφα,Caiaphas, ἐγένετοcame to be ῥῆμαsaying θεοῦof God ἐπὶupon ἸωάνηνJohn τὸνthe Ζαχαρίουof Zechariah υἱὸνson ἐνin τῇthe ἐρήμῳ.desolate [place].

3 καὶAnd ἦλθενhe came εἰςinto πᾶσανall περίχωρονcountry around τοῦof the ἸορδάνουJordan κηρύσσωνpreaching βάπτισμαbaptism μετανοίαςof repentance εἰςinto ἄφεσινletting go off ἁμαρτιῶν,of sins, 4 ὡςas γέγραπταιit has been written ἐνin βίβλῳbook λόγωνof words Ἠσαίουof Isaiah τοῦthe προφήτουprophet ΦωνὴVoice βοῶντοςof (one) calling out ἐνin τῇthe ἐρήμῳdesolate [place] ἙτοιμάσατεMake you ready τὴνthe ὁδὸνway Κυρίου,of Lord, εὐθείαςstraight ποιεῖτεbe you making τὰςthe τρίβουςroads αὐτοῦ.of him. 5 πᾶσαEvery φάραγξgully πληρωθήσεταιwill be filled καὶand πᾶνevery ὄροςmountain καὶand βουνὸςhill ταπεινωθήσεται,will be made low, καὶand ἔσταιwill be τὰthe σκολιὰcrooked (things) εἰςinto εὐθείαςstraight (ones) καὶand αἱthe τραχεῖαιrough (ones) εἰςinto ὁδοὺςways λείας·smooth; 6 καὶand ὄψεταιwill see πᾶσαall σὰρξflesh τὸthe σωτήριονsaving means τοῦof the θεοῦ.God.

7 ἜλεγενHe was saying οὖνtherefore τοῖςto the ἐκπορευομένοιςgoing their way out ὄχλοιςcrowds βαπτισθῆναιto be baptized ὑπ’by αὐτοῦhimΓεννήματαGenerations/offspring ἐχιδνῶν,of vipers, τίςwho ὑπέδειξενshowed ὑμῖνto you φυγεῖνto flee ἀπὸfrom τῆςthe μελλούσηςabout to be ὀργῆς;wrath? 8 ποιήσατεMake you οὖνtherefore καρποὺςfruits ἀξίουςworthy τῆςof the μετανοίας·repentance; καὶand μὴnot ἄρξησθεstart you λέγεινto be saying ἐνin ἑαυτοῖςselves ΠατέραFather ἔχομενwe are having τὸνthe ᾿Αβραάμ,Abraham, λέγωI am saying γὰρfor ὑμῖνto you ὅτιthat δύναταιis able the θεὸςGod ἐκout of τῶνthe λίθωνstones τούτωνthese ἐγεῖραιto raise up τέκναchildren τῷto the ᾿Αβραάμ.Abraham. 9 ἤδηAlready δὲbut καὶalso the ἀξίνηax πρὸςtoward τὴνthe ῥίζανroot τῶνof the δένδρωνtrees κεῖται·is lying; πᾶνevery οὖνtherefore δένδρονtree μὴnot ποιοῦνmaking καρπὸνfruit καλὸνfine ἐκκόπτεταιis being cut out καὶand εἰςinto πῦρfire βάλλεται.is being thrown.

10 καὶAnd ἐπηρώτωνwere inquiring upon αὐτὸνhim οἱthe ὄχλοιcrowds λέγοντεςsaying ΤίWhat οὖνtherefore ποιήσωμεν;should we do? 11 ἀποκριθεὶςHaving answered δὲbut ἔλεγενhe was saying αὐτοῖςto them The (one) ἔχωνhaving δύοtwo χιτῶναςundergarments μεταδότωlet him share with τῷthe (one) μὴnot ἔχοντι,having, καὶand the (one) ἔχωνhaving βρώματαthings to eat ὁμοίωςlikewise ποιείτω.let him be doing. 12 ἦλθονCame δὲbut καὶalso τελῶναιtax collectors βαπτισθῆναιto be baptized καὶand εἶπανthey said πρὸςtoward αὐτόνhim Διδάσκαλε,Teacher, τίwhat ποιήσωμεν;should we do? 13 The (one) δὲbut εἶπενsaid πρὸςtoward αὐτούςthem ΜηδὲνNothing πλέονmore παρὰbeside τὸthe (thing) διατεταγμένονhaving been prorated ὑμῖνto you πράσσετε.be you performing. 14 ἐπηρώτωνWere inquiring upon δὲbut αὐτὸνhim καὶalso στρατευόμενοι[men] serving in the army λέγοντεςsaying ΤίWhat ποιήσωμενshould doκαὶalso ἡμεῖς;we? καὶAnd εἶπενhe said αὐτοῖςto them ΜηδέναNo one διασείσητεyou should harass μηδὲnor συκοφαντήσητε,should you take by fig-showing, καὶand ἀρκεῖσθεbe you satisfied τοῖςto the ὀψωνίοιςprovisions ὑμῶν.of you.

15 ΠροσδοκῶντοςExpecting δὲbut τοῦof the λαοῦpeople καὶand διαλογιζομένωνreasoning πάντωνof all (ones) ἐνin ταῖςthe καρδίαιςhearts αὐτῶνof them περὶabout τοῦthe Ἰωάνου,John, μήnot ποτεat sometime αὐτὸςhe εἴηmight be the χριστός,Christ, 16ἀπεκρίνατοhe answered λέγωνsaying πᾶσινto all the ἸωάνηςJohn ᾿ΕγὼI μὲνindeed ὕδατιto water βαπτίζωam baptizing ὑμᾶς·you; ἔρχεταιis coming δὲbut the (one) ἰσχυρότερόςstronger μου,of me, οὗwhose οὐκnot εἰμὶI am ἱκανὸςsufficient λῦσαιto loosen τὸνthe ἱμάνταlace τῶνof the ὑποδημάτωνsandals αὐτοῦ·of him; αὐτὸςhe ὑμᾶςyou βαπτίσειwill baptize ἐνin πνεύματιspirit ἀγίῳholy καὶand πυρί·fire; 17 οὗwhose τὸthe πτύονwinnowing shovel ἐνin τῇthe χειρὶhand αὐτοῦof him διακαθᾶραιto clean thoroughly τὴνthe ἅλωναthreshing floor αὐτοῦof him καὶand συναγαγεῖνto lead together τὸνthe σῖτονwheat εἰςinto τὴνthe ἀποθήκηνstorehouse αὐτοῦ,of him, τὸthe δὲbutἄχυρονchaff κατακαύσειhe will burn down πυρὶto fire ἀσβέστῳ.inextinguishable.

18 ΠολλὰMany [things] μὲνindeed οὖνtherefore καὶand ἕτεραdifferent παρακαλῶνexhorting εὐηγγελίζετοhe was declaring good news to τὸνthe λαόν·people; 19 the δὲbut ἩρῴδηςHerod the τετραάρχης,tetrarch, ἐλεγχόμενοςbeing reproved ὑπ’by αὐτοῦhim περὶabout ἩρῳδιάδοςHerodias τῆςthe γυναικὸςwoman τοῦof the ἀδελφοῦbrother αὐτοῦof him καὶand περὶabout πάντωνall ὧνof which ἐποίησενdid πονηρῶνof wicked (things) the Ἡρῴδης,Herod, 20 προσέθηκενadded καὶalso τοῦτοthis ἐπὶupon πᾶσιν,all [deeds], κατέκλεισενhe locked down τὸνthe ἸωάνηνJohn ἐνin φυλακῇ.prison.

21 ᾿ΕγένετοIt occurred δὲbut ἐνin τῷthe βαπτισθῆναιto be baptized ἅπανταall τὸνthe λαὸνpeople καὶalso Ἰησοῦof Jesus βαπτισθέντοςhaving been baptized καὶand προσευχομένουpraying ἀνεῳχθῆναιto be opened τὸνthe οὐρανὸνheaven 22 καὶand καταβῆναιto come down τὸthe πνεῦμαspirit τὸthe ἅγιονholy σωματικῷto bodily εἴδειshape ὡςas περιστερὰνdove ἐπ’upon αὐτόν,him, καὶand φωνὴνvoice ἐξout of οὐρανοῦheaven γενέσθαιto come to be ΣὺYou εἶare the υἱόςSon μουof me the ἀγαπητός,loved, ἐνin σοὶyouεὐδόκησα.I thought well.

23 ΚαὶAnd αὐτὸςhe ἦνwas ἸησοῦςJesus ἀρχόμενοςcommencing ὡσεὶas if ἐτῶνof years τριάκοντα,thirty, ὢνbeing υἱός,son, ὡςas ἐνομίζετο,it was being opined, Ἰωσήφof Joseph τοῦof the ἩλείHeli 24 τοῦof the ΜατθάτMatthat τοῦof the ΛευείLevi τοῦof the ΜελχείMelchi τοῦof the ἸανναίJannai τοῦof the ἸωσήφJoseph 25 τοῦof the ΜατταθίουMattathias τοῦof the ᾿ΑμώςAmos τοῦof the ΝαούμNahum τοῦof the ᾿ΕσλείEsli τοῦof the ΝαγγαίNaggai 26 τοῦof the ΜαάθMaath τοῦof the ΜατταθίουMattahias τοῦof the ΣεμεείνSemein τοῦof the ἸωσήχJosech τοῦof the ἸωδάJoda 27 τοῦof the ἸωανάνJoanan τοῦof the ῬησάRhesa τοῦof the ΖοροβάβελZerubbabel τοῦof the ΣαλαθιήλShealtiel τοῦof theΝηρείNeri 28 τοῦof the ΜελχείMelchi τοῦof the ᾿ΑδδείAddi τοῦof the ΚωσάμCosam τοῦof the ᾿ΕλμαδάμElmadam τοῦof the ἬρEr 29τοῦof the ἸησοῦJesus τοῦof the ᾿ΕλιέζερEliezer τοῦof the ἸωρείμJorim τοῦof the ΜαθθάτMatthat τοῦof the ΛευείLevi 30 τοῦof the ΣυμεώνSymeon τοῦof the ἸούδαJudas τοῦof the ἸωσήφJoseph τοῦof the ἸωνάμJonam τοῦof the ᾿ΕλιακείμEliakim 31 τοῦof the ΜελεάMelea τοῦof the ΜεννάMenna τοῦof the ΜατταθάMattatha τοῦof the ΝαθάμNathan τοῦof the ΔαυείδDavid 32 τοῦof the ἸεσσαίJesse τοῦof the ἸωβήλObed τοῦof the ΒοόςBoaz τοῦof the ΣαλάSalmon τοῦof the ΝαασσώνNahshon 33 τοῦof the ᾿ΑδμείνAmminadab τοῦof the ᾿ΑρνείArniτοῦof the ἙσρώνHezron τοῦof the ΦαρέςPerez τοῦof the ἸούδαJudah 34 τοῦof the ἸακώβJacob τοῦof the ἸσαάκIsaac τοῦof the ᾿ΑβραάμAbraham τοῦof the ΘαράTerah τοῦof the ΝαχώρNahor 35 τοῦof the ΣερούχSerug τοῦof the ῬαγαύReu τοῦof the ΦάλεκPeleg τοῦof the ἜβερEber τοῦof the ΣαλάShelah 36 τοῦof the ΚαινάμCainan τοῦof the ᾿ΑρφαξάδArphaxad τοῦof the ΣήμShem τοῦof the ΝῶεNoah τοῦof the ΛάμεχLamech 37 τοῦof the ΜαθουσαλάMethuselah τοῦof the ἙνώχEnoch τοῦof the ἸάρετJared τοῦof the ΜαλελεήλMahalaleel τοῦof the ΚαινάμCainan 38 τοῦof the ᾿ΕνώςEnos τοῦof the ΣήθSeth τοῦof the ᾿ΑδάμAdam τοῦof the θεοῦ.God.

CHAPTER 4

1 ἸησοῦςJesus δὲbut πλήρηςfull πνεύματοςof spirit ἁγίουholy ὑπέστρεψενturned under ἀπὸfrom τοῦthe Ἰορδάνου,Jordan, καὶand ἤγετοwas being led ἐνin τῷthe πνεύματιspirit ἐνin τῇthe ἐρήμῳdesolate [place] 2 ἡμέραςdays τεσσεράκονταforty πειραζόμενοςbeing tempted ὑπὸby τοῦthe διαβόλου.Devil.ΚαὶAnd οὐκnot ἔφαγενhe ate οὐδὲνnothing ἐνin ταῖςthe ἡμέραιςdays ἐκείναις,those, καὶand συντελεσθεισῶνhaving been concluded αὐτῶνof them ἐπείνασεν.he got hungry. 3 εἶπενSaid δὲbut αὐτῷto him the διάβολοςDevil ΕἰIf υἱὸςson εἶyou are τοῦof the θεοῦ,God, εἰπὲsay τῷto the λίθῳstone τούτῳthis ἵναin order that γένηταιit may become ἄρτος.loaf [of bread]. 4 καὶAnd ἀπεκρίθηanswered πρὸςtoward αὐτὸνhim the ἸησοῦςJesus ΓέγραπταιIt has been written ὅτιthat ΟὐκNot ἐπ’upon ἄρτῳbread μόνῳalone ζήσεταιwill live the ἄνθρωπος.man.

5 ΚαὶAnd ἀναγαγὼνhaving led up αὐτὸνhim ἔδειξενhe showed αὐτῷto him πάσαςall τὰςthe βασιλείαςkingdoms τῆςof the οἰκουμένηςinhabited [earth] ἐνin στιγμῇpuncture χρόνου·of time; 6 καὶand εἶπενsaid αὐτῷto him the διάβολοςDevil ΣοὶTo you δώσωI shall give τὴνthe ἐξουσίανauthority ταύτηνthis ἅπασανall καὶand τὴνthe δόξανglory αὐτῶν,of them, ὅτιbecause ἐμοὶto me παραδέδοταιit has been given καὶand to whom ἂνlikely θέλωI am willing δίδωμιI am giving αὐτήν·it; 7 σὺyou οὖνtherefore ἐὰνif ever προσκυνήσῃςyou should worship ἐνώπιονin sight ἐμοῦ,of me, ἔσταιwill be σοῦof you πᾶσα.all. 8 καὶAnd ἀποκριθεὶςhaving answered the ἸησοῦςJesus εἶπενsaid αὐτῷto him ΓέγραπταιIt has been written ΚύριονLord τὸνthe θεόνGod σουof you προσκυνήσειςyou shall worship καὶand αὐτῷto him μόνῳalone λατρεύσεις.you shall render sacred service.

9 ἬγαγενHe led δὲbut αὐτὸνhim εἰςinto ἸερουσαλὴμJerusalem καὶand ἔστησενstationed ἐπὶupon τὸthe πτερύγιονwing τοῦof the ἱεροῦ,temple, καὶand εἶπενsaid αὐτῷto him ΕἰIf υἱὸςson εἶyou are τοῦof the θεοῦ,God, βάλεhurl σεαυτὸνyourself ἐντεῦθενfrom here κάτω·down; 10 γέγραπταιit has been written γὰρfor ὅτιthat τοῖςto the ἀγγέλοιςangels αὐτοῦof him ἐντελεῖταιhe will give charge περὶabout σοῦyou τοῦof the διαφυλάξαιto guard σε,you, 11 καὶand ὅτιthat ἐπὶupon χειρῶνhands ἀροῦσίνthey will lift σεyou μήnot ποτεat any time προσκόψῃςyou should strike πρὸςtoward λίθονstone τὸνthe πόδαfoot σου.of you. 12 καὶAnd ἀποκριθεὶςhaving answered εἶπενsaid αὐτῷto him the ἸησοῦςJesus ὅτιthat ΕἴρηταιIt has been said ΟὐκNot ἐκπειράσειςyou shall test out ΚύριονLord τὸνthe θεόνGod σου.of you. 13 ΚαὶAnd συντελέσαςhaving concluded πάνταall πειρασμὸνtemptation the διάβολοςDevil ἀπέστηstood off ἀπ’from αὐτοῦhim ἄχριuntil καιροῦ.appointed time.

14 ΚαὶAnd ὑπέστρεψενturned under the ἸησοῦςJesus ἐνin τῇthe δυνάμειpower τοῦof the πνεύματοςspirit εἰςinto τὴνthe Γαλιλαίαν.Galilee. καὶAnd φήμη[good] talk ἐξῆλθενwent out καθ’down through ὅληςwhole τῆςthe περιχώρουsurrounding country περὶabout αὐτοῦ.him. 15 καὶAnd αὐτὸςhe ἐδίδασκενwas teaching ἐνin ταῖςthe συναγωγαῖςsynagogues αὐτῶν,of them, δοξαζόμενοςbeing glorified ὑπὸby πάντων.all.

16 ΚαὶAnd ἦλθενhe came εἰςinto Ναζαρά,Nazareth, οὗwhere ἦνhe was τεθραμμένος,having been reared, καὶand εἰσῆλθενhe went in κατὰaccording to τὸthe εἰωθὸςcustom αὐτῷto him ἐνin τῇthe ἡμέρᾳday τῶνof the σαββάτωνsabbaths εἰςinto τὴνthe συναγωγήν,synagogue, καὶand ἀνέστηhe stood up ἀναγνῶναι.to read. 17 καὶAnd ἐπεδόθηwas given upon [hand] αὐτῷto him βιβλίονscroll τοῦof the προφήτουprophet Ἠσαίου,Isaiah, καὶand ἀνοίξαςhaving opened τὸthe βιβλίονscroll εὗρενhe found τὸνthe τόπονplace οὗwhere ἦνit was γεγραμμένονhaving been written 18 ΠνεῦμαSpirit Κυρίουof Lord ἐπ’upon ἐμέ,me, οὗof whichεἵνεκενon account ἔχρισένhe anointed μεme εὐαγγελίσασθαιto declare good news πτωχοῖς,to poor (ones), ἀπέσταλκένhe has sent off μεme κηρύξαιto preach αἰχμαλώτοιςto captives ἄφεσινletting go off καὶand τυφλοῖςto blind (ones) ἀνάβλεψιν,looking again, ἀποστεῖλαιto send off τεθραυσμένους(ones) having been crushed ἐνin ἀφέσει,release, 19 κηρύξαιto preach ἐνιαυτὸνyear Κυρίουof Lord δεκτόν.acceptable. 20 καὶAnd πτύξαςhaving rolled up τὸthe βιβλίονscroll ἀποδοὺςhaving given back τῷto the ὑπηρέτῃsubordinate ἐκάθισεν·he sat down; καὶand πάντωνof all οἱthe ὀφθαλμοὶeyes ἐνin τῇthe συναγωγῇsynagogue ἦσανwere ἀτενίζοντεςlooking intently αὐτῷ.to him. 21 ἤρξατοHe started δὲbut λέγεινto be saying πρὸςtoward αὐτοὺςthem ὅτιthat ΣήμερονToday πεπλήρωταιhas been fulfilled the γραφὴscripture αὕτηthis ἐνin τοῖςthe ὠσὶνears ὑμῶν.of you.

22 καὶAnd πάντεςall ἐμαρτύρουνwere witnessing αὐτῷto him καὶand ἐθαύμαζονwere wondering ἐπὶupon τοῖςthe λόγοιςwords τῆςof the χάριτοςgraciousness τοῖςto the (ones) ἐκπορευομένοιςproceeding forth ἐκout of τοῦthe στόματοςmouth αὐτοῦ,of him, καὶand ἔλεγονwere saying ΟὐχὶNot υἱόςson ἐστινis Ἰωσὴφof Joseph οὗτος;this (one)? 23 καὶAnd εἶπενhe said πρὸςtoward αὐτούςthem ΠάντωςAt all events ἐρεῖτέyou will say μοιto me τὴνthe παραβολὴνparable ταύτηνthis Ἰατρέ,Healer, θεράπευσονcure σεαυτόν·yourself; ὅσαas many (things) as ἠκούσαμενwe heard γενόμεναhaving happened εἰςinto τὴνthe ΚαφαρναοὺμCapernaum ποίησονdo you καὶalso ὧδεhere ἐνin τῇthe πατρίδιfather [place] σου.of you. 24 εἶπενHe said δέbut ᾿ΑμὴνAmen λέγωI am saying ὑμῖνto youὅτιthat οὐδεὶςno one προφήτηςprophet δεκτόςacceptable ἐστινis ἐνin τῇthe πατρίδιfather [place] αὐτοῦ.of him. 25 ἐπ’Upon ἀληθείαςtruth δὲbut λέγωI am saying ὑμῖν,to you, πολλαὶmany χῆραιwidows ἦσανwere ἐνin ταῖςthe ἡμέραιςdays Ἠλείουof Elijah ἐνin τῷthe Ἰσραήλ,Israel, ὅτεwhen ἐκλείσθηwas shut up the οὐρανὸςheaven ἔτηyears τρίαthree καὶand μῆναςmonths ἕξ,six, ὡςas ἐγένετοoccurred λιμὸςfamine μέγαςgreat ἐπὶupon πᾶσανall τὴνthe γῆν,earth, 26 καὶand πρὸςtoward οὐδεμίανnot one αὐτῶνof them ἐπέμφθηwas sent ἨλείαςElijah εἰif μὴnot εἰςinto ΣάρεπταZarephath τῆςof the ΣιδωνίαςSidon πρὸςtoward γυναῖκαwoman χήραν.widow. 27 καὶAnd πολλοὶmany λεπροὶlepers ἦσανwere ἐνin τῷthe ἸσραὴλIsrael ἐπὶupon ᾿ΕλισαίουElisha τοῦthe προφήτου,prophet, καὶand οὐδεὶςno one αὐτῶνof them ἐκαθαρίσθη,was cleansed, εἰif μὴnot ΝαιμὰνNaaman the Σύρος.Syrian. 28 καὶAnd ἐπλήσθησανwere filled πάντεςall θυμοῦof anger ἐνin τῇthe συναγωγῇsynagogue ἀκούοντεςhearing ταῦτα,these (things), 29 καὶand ἀναστάντεςhaving stood up ἐξέβαλονthey threw out αὐτὸνhim ἔξωoutside τῆςthe πόλεως,city, καὶand ἤγαγονthey led αὐτὸνhim ἕωςuntil ὀφρύοςbrow τοῦof the ὄρουςmountain ἐφ’upon οὗwhich the πόλιςcity ᾠκοδόμητοhad been built αὐτῶν,of them, ὥστεas-and κατακρημνίσαιto throw down headlong αὐτόν·him; 30 αὐτὸςhe δὲbut διελθὼνhaving gone through διὰthrough μέσουmidst αὐτῶνof them ἐπορεύετο.he was going his way.

31 ΚαὶAnd κατῆλθενhe went down εἰςinto ΚαφαρναοὺμCapernaum πόλινcity τῆςof the Γαλιλαίας.Galilee. ΚαὶAnd ἦνhe was διδάσκωνteaching αὐτοὺςthemἐνin τοῖςthe σάββασιν·sabbaths; 32 καὶand ἐξεπλήσσοντοwere being astounded ἐπὶupon τῇthe διδαχῇteaching αὐτοῦ,of him, ὅτιbecause ἐνin ἐξουσίᾳauthority ἦνwas the λόγοςword αὐτοῦ.of him. 33 καὶAnd ἐνin τῇthe συναγωγῇsynagogue ἦνwas ἄνθρωποςman ἔχωνhaving πνεῦμαspirit δαιμονίουof demon ἀκαθάρτου,unclean, καὶand ἀνέκραξενhe shouted φωνῇto voice μεγάλῃgreat 34 Ἔα,Ah! τίWhat ἡμῖνto us καὶand σοί,to you, ἸησοῦJesus Ναζαρηνέ;Nazarene? ἦλθεςCame you ἀπολέσαιto destroy ἡμᾶς;us? οἶδάI have known σεyou τίςwho εἶ,you are, the ἅγιοςHoly (One) τοῦof the θεοῦ.God. 35 καὶAnd ἐπετίμησενgave rebuke αὐτῷto it the ἸησοῦςJesus λέγωνsaying ΦιμώθητιBe muzzled καὶand ἔξελθεcome out ἀπ’from αὐτοῦ.him. καὶAnd ῥίψανhaving thrown αὐτὸνhimτὸthe δαιμόνιονdemon εἰςinto τὸthe μέσονmidst ἐξῆλθενcame out ἀπ’from αὐτοῦhim μηδὲνnothing βλάψανhaving hurt αὐτόν.him. 36 καὶAnd ἐγένετοcame to be θάμβοςastonishment ἐπὶupon πάντας,all, καὶand συνελάλουνthey were conversing πρὸςtoward ἀλλήλουςone another λέγοντεςsaying ΤίςWhat the λόγοςword οὗτοςthis ὅτιbecause ἐνin ἐξουσίᾳauthority καὶand δυνάμειpower ἐπιτάσσειhe gives orders τοῖςto the ἀκαθάρτοιςunclean πνεύμασιν,spirits, καὶand ἐξέρχονται;they come out? 37 ΚαὶAnd ἐξεπορεύετοwas going its way out ἦχοςresound περὶabout αὐτοῦhim εἰςinto πάνταevery τόπονplace τῆςof the περιχώρου.surrounding country. 38 ᾿ΑναστὰςHaving stood up δὲbut ἀπὸfrom τῆςthe συναγωγῆςsynagogue εἰσῆλθενhe entered εἰςinto τὴνthe οἰκίανhouse Σίμωνος.of Simon. πενθερὰMother-in-law δὲbut τοῦof the ΣίμωνοςSimon ἦνwas συνεχομένηbeing held together πυρετῷto fever μεγάλῳ,great, καὶand ἠρώτησανthey requested αὐτὸνhim περὶabout αὐτῆς.her. 39 καὶAnd ἐπιστὰςhaving stood upon ἐπάνωon top αὐτῆςof her ἐπετίμησενhe gave rebuke τῷto the πυρετῷ,fever, καὶand ἀφῆκενit let go off αὐτήν·her; παραχρῆμαinstantly δὲbut ἀναστᾶσαhaving stood up διηκόνειshe was serving αὐτοῖς.to them.

40 ΔύνοντοςSetting δὲbut τοῦof the ἡλίουsun ἅπαντεςall ὅσοιas many as εἶχονwere having ἀσθενοῦντας(ones) being sick νόσοιςto diseases ποικίλαιςvarious ἤγαγονled αὐτοὺςthem πρὸςtoward αὐτόν·him; the (one) δὲbut ἑνὶto one ἑκάστῳeach αὐτῶνof them τὰςthe χεῖραςhands ἐπιτιθεὶςputting upon ἐθεράπευενwas curing αὐτούς.them. 41 ἐξήρχετοWere coming out δὲbut καὶalso δαιμόνιαdemons ἀπὸfrom πολλῶν,many, κράζονταcrying out καὶand λέγονταsaying ὅτιthat ΣὺYou εἶare the υἱὸςSon τοῦof the θεοῦ·God; καὶand ἐπιτιμῶνrebuking οὐκnot εἴαhe was permitting αὐτὰthem λαλεῖν,to be speaking, ὅτιbecause ᾔδεισανthey had known τὸνthe χριστὸνChrist αὐτὸνhim εἶναι.to be.

42 ΓενομένηςHaving become δὲbut ἡμέραςof day ἐξελθὼνhaving gone out ἐπορεύθηhe went his way εἰςinto ἔρημονlonely τόπον·place; καὶand οἱthe ὄχλοιcrowds ἐπεζήτουνwere seeking upon αὐτόν,him, καὶand ἦλθονthey came ἕωςuntil αὐτοῦ,him, καὶand κατεῖχονwere detaining αὐτὸνhim τοῦof the μὴnot πορεύεσθαιto be going his way ἀπ’from αὐτῶν.them. 43 The (one) δὲbut εἶπενsaid πρὸςtoward αὐτοὺςthem ὅτιthat ΚαὶAlso ταῖςto the ἑτέραιςdifferent πόλεσινcities εὐαγγελίσασθαίto declare the good news μεme δεῖit is necessary τὴνthe βασιλείανkingdom τοῦof the θεοῦ,God, ὅτιbecause ἐπὶupon τοῦτοthis (thing) ἀπεστάλην.I was sent off. 44 ΚαὶAnd ἦνhe was κηρύσσωνpreaching εἰςinto τὰςthe συναγωγὰςsynagogues τῆςof the Ἰουδαίας.Judea.

CHAPTER 5

1 ᾿ΕγένετοIt occurred δὲbut ἐνin τῷthe [time] τὸνthe ὄχλονcrowd ἐπικεῖσθαιto be lying upon αὐτῷhim καὶand ἀκούεινto be hearing τὸνthe λόγονword τοῦof the θεοῦGod καὶand αὐτὸςhe ἦνwas ἑστὼςhaving stood παρὰbeside τὴνthe λίμνηνlake Γεννησαρέτ,Gennesaret, 2 καὶand εἶδενhe saw πλοῖαboats δύοtwo ἑστῶταhaving stood παρὰbeside τὴνthe λίμνην,lake, οἱthe δὲbut ἁλεεῖςfishermen ἀπ’from αὐτῶνthem ἀποβάντεςhaving stepped off ἔπλυνονwere washing off τὰthe δίκτυα.nets. 3 ἐμβὰςHaving stepped in δὲbut εἰςinto ἓνone τῶνof the πλοίων,boats, which ἦνwas Σίμωνος,of Simon, ἠρώτησενhe requested αὐτὸνhim ἀπὸfromτῆςthe γῆςearth ἐπαναγαγεῖνto lead upward upon ὀλίγον,little, καθίσαςhaving sat down δὲbut ἐκout of τοῦthe πλοίουboat ἐδίδασκενhe was teaching τοὺςthe ὄχλους.crowds. 4 ὡςAs δὲbut ἐπαύσατοhe ceased λαλῶν,speaking, εἶπενhe said πρὸςtoward τὸνthe ΣίμωναSimon ᾿ΕπανάγαγεLead upward upon εἰςinto τὸthe βάθοςdeep καὶand χαλάσατεlower τὰthe δίκτυαnets ὑμῶνof you εἰςinto ἄγραν.catch. 5 καὶAnd ἀποκριθεὶςhaving answered ΣίμωνSimon εἶπενsaid ᾿Επιστάτα,Instructor, δι’through ὅληςwhole νυκτὸςnight κοπιάσαντεςhaving toiled οὐδὲνnothing ἐλάβομεν,we took, ἐπὶupon δὲbut τῷthe ῥήματίsaying σουof you χαλάσωI shall lower τὰthe δίκτυα.nets. 6 καὶAnd τοῦτοthis ποιήσαντεςhaving done συνέκλεισανthey enclosed πλῆθοςmultitude ἰχθύωνof fishes πολύ,much, διερήσσετοwere being broken through δὲbut τὰthe δίκτυαnets αὐτῶν.of them. 7 καὶAnd κατένευσανthey motioned τοῖςto the μετόχοιςpartners ἐνin τῷthe ἑτέρῳdifferentπλοίῳboat τοῦof the ἐλθόντας(ones) having come συλλαβέσθαιto give assistance αὐτοῖς·to them; καὶand ἦλθαν,they came, καὶand ἔπλησανthey filled ἀμφότεραboth τὰthe πλοῖαboats ὥστεas-and βυθίζεσθαιto be sinking αὐτά.them. 8 ἰδὼνHaving seen δὲbut ΣίμωνSimon ΠέτροςPeter προσέπεσενfell down toward τοῖςthe γόνασινknees Ἰησοῦof Jesus λέγωνsaying ἜξελθεGo out ἀπ’from ἐμοῦ,me, ὅτιbecause ἀνὴρmale person ἁμαρτωλόςsinful εἰμι,I am, κύριε·Lord; 9 θάμβοςastonishment γὰρfor περιέσχενoverwhelmed αὐτὸνhim καὶand πάνταςall τοὺςthe (ones) σὺνtogether with αὐτῷhim ἐπὶupon τῇthe ἄγρᾳcatch τῶνof the ἰχθύωνfishes ὧνof which συνέλαβον,they took together, 10 ὁμοίωςlikewise δὲbut καὶalso ἸάκωβονJames καὶand ἸωάνηνJohn υἱοὺςsons Ζεβεδαίου,of Zebedee, οἳwho ἦσανwereκοινωνοὶsharers τῷto the Σίμωνι.Simon. καὶAnd εἶπενsaid πρὸςtoward τὸνthe ΣίμωναSimon ἸησοῦςJesus ΜὴNot φοβοῦ·be fearing; ἀπὸfrom τοῦthe νῦνnow ἀνθρώπουςmen ἔσῃyou will be ζωγρῶν.catching alive. 11 καὶAnd καταγαγόντεςhaving led down τὰthe πλοῖαboats ἐπὶupon τὴνthe γῆνearth ἀφέντεςhaving let go off πάνταall (things) ἠκολούθησανthey followed αὐτῷ.to him.

12 ΚαὶAnd ἐγένετοit occurred ἐνin τῷthe εἶναιto be αὐτὸνhim ἐνin μιᾷone τῶνof the πόλεωνcities καὶand ἰδοὺlook! ἀνὴρmale person πλήρηςfull λέπρας·of leprosy; ἰδὼνhaving seen δὲbut τὸνthe ἸησοῦνJesus πεσὼνhaving fallen ἐπὶupon πρόσωπονface ἐδεήθηhe begged αὐτοῦof him λέγωνsaying Κύριε,Lord,ἐὰνif ever θέλῃςyou may will δύνασαίyou are able μεme καθαρίσαι.to make clean. 13 καὶAnd ἐκτείναςhaving stretched out τὴνthe χεῖραhand ἥψατοhe touched αὐτοῦhim λέγωνsaying Θέλω,I am willing, καθαρίσθητι·be you made clean; καὶand εὐθέωςimmediately the λέπραleprosy ἀπῆλθενwent off ἀπ’from αὐτοῦ.him. 14 καὶAnd αὐτὸςhe παρήγγειλενgave orders αὐτῷto him μηδενὶto no one εἰπεῖν,to say, ἀλλὰbut ἀπελθὼνhaving gone off δεῖξονshow σεαυτὸνyourself τῷto the ἱερεῖ,priest, καὶand προσένεγκεoffer περὶabout τοῦthe καθαρισμοῦcleansing σουof you καθὼςaccording as προσέταξενdirected ΜωυσῆςMoses εἰςinto μαρτύριονwitness αὐτοῖς.to them. 15 διήρχετοWas coming through δὲbut μᾶλλονrather the λόγοςword περὶabout αὐτοῦ,him, καὶand συνήρχοντοwere coming together ὄχλοιcrowds πολλοὶmany ἀκούεινto be hearing καὶand θεραπεύεσθαιto be cured ἀπὸfrom τῶνthe ἀσθενειῶνsicknesses αὐτῶν·of them; 16 αὐτὸςhe δὲbut ἦνwas ὑποχωρῶν(one) retiring ἐνin ταῖςthe ἐρήμοιςdesolate [places] καὶand προσευχόμενος.praying.

17 ΚαὶAnd ἐγένετοit occurred ἐνin μιᾷone τῶνof the ἡμερῶνdays καὶand αὐτὸςhe ἦνwas διδάσκων,(one) teaching, καὶand ἦσανwere καθήμενοι(ones) sitting ΦαρισαῖοιPharisees καὶand νομοδιδάσκαλοιlaw teachers οἳwho ἦσανwere ἐληλυθότες(ones) having come ἐκout of πάσηςevery κώμηςvillage τῆςof the ΓαλιλαίαςGalilee καὶand ἸουδαίαςJudea καὶand Ἰερουσαλήμ·Jerusalem; καὶand δύναμιςpower Κυρίουof Lord ἦνwas εἰςinto τὸthe ἰᾶσθαιto be healing αὐτόν.him. 18 καὶAnd ἰδοὺlook! ἄνδρεςmale persons φέροντεςbearing ἐπὶupon κλίνηςbed ἄνθρωπονman ὃςwho ἦνwas παραλελυμένος,(one) having been paralyzed, καὶand ἐζήτουνthey were seeking αὐτὸνhim εἰσενεγκεῖνto bring in καὶand θεῖναιto put αὐτὸνhim ἐνώπιονin sight αὐτοῦ.of him. 19 καὶAnd μὴnot εὑρόντεςhaving found ποίαςof what sort of [way] εἰσενέγκωσινthey might bring in αὐτὸνhim διὰthrough τὸνthe ὄχλονcrowd ἀναβάντεςhaving stepped up ἐπὶupon τὸthe δῶμαroof διὰthrough τῶνthe κεράμωνtiles καθῆκανthey let go down αὐτὸνhim σὺνtogether with τῷthe κλινιδίῳlittle bed εἰςinto τὸthe μέσονmidst ἔμπροσθενin front τοῦof the Ἰησοῦ.Jesus. 20 καὶAnd ἰδὼνhaving seen τὴνthe πίστινfaith αὐτῶνof them εἶπενhe said Ἄνθρωπε,Man, ἀφέωνταίhave been let go off σοιto you αἱthe ἁμαρτίαιsins σου.of you. 21 καὶAnd ἤρξαντοstarted διαλογίζεσθαιto be reasoning οἱthe γραμματεῖςscribes καὶand οἱthe ΦαρισαῖοιPharisees λέγοντεςsaying ΤίςWho ἐστινis οὗτοςthis ὃςwho λαλεῖis speaking βλασφημίας;blasphemies? τίςWho δύναταιis able ἁμαρτίαςsins ἀφεῖναιto be letting go off εἰif μὴnot μόνοςalone the θεός;God? 22 ἐπιγνοὺςHaving recognized δὲbut the ἸησοῦςJesus τοὺςthe διαλογισμοὺςreasonings αὐτῶνof them ἀποκριθεὶςhaving answered εἶπενsaid πρὸςtoward αὐτούςthem ΤίWhat διαλογίζεσθεare you reasoning ἐνin ταῖςthe καρδίαιςhearts ὑμῶν;of you? 23 τίWhich (thing) ἐστινis εὐκοπώτερον,easier, εἰπεῖνto say ᾿ΑφέωνταίHave been let go off σοιto you αἱthe ἁμαρτίαιsins σου,of you, or εἰπεῖνto say ἜγειρεBe getting up καὶand περιπάτει;be walking about? 24 ἵναIn order that δὲbut εἰδῆτεyou might know ὅτιthat the υἱὸςSon τοῦof the ἀνθρώπουman ἐξουσίανauthority ἔχειis having ἐπὶupon τῆςthe γῆςearth ἀφιέναιto be letting go off ἁμαρτίας—sins— εἶπενhe said τῷto the παραλελυμένῳ(one) having been paralyzed ΣοὶTo you λέγω,I am saying, ἔγειρεBe getting up καὶand ἄραςhaving lifted up τὸthe κλινίδιόνlittle bed σουof you πορεύουbe going your way εἰςinto τὸνthe οἶκόνhouse σου.of you. 25 καὶAnd παραχρῆμαinstantly ἀναστὰςhaving stood up ἐνώπιονin sight αὐτῶν,of them, ἄραςhaving lifted up ἐφ’upon which κατέκειτο,he was lying down, ἀπῆλθενhe went off εἰςinto τὸνthe οἶκονhouse αὐτοῦof him δοξάζωνglorifying τὸνthe θεόν.God. 26 ΚαὶAnd ἔκστασιςecstasy ἔλαβενtook ἅπανταςall (them) καὶand ἐδόξαζονthey were glorifying τὸνthe θεόν,God, καὶand ἐπλήσθησανbecame filled φόβουof fear λέγοντεςsaying ὅτιthat ΕἴδαμενWe saw παράδοξαstrange (things) σήμερον.today.

27 ΚαὶAnd μετὰafter ταῦταthese (things) ἐξῆλθενhe went out καὶand ἐθεάσατοbeheld τελώνηνtax collector ὀνόματιto name ΛευεὶνLevi καθήμενονsitting ἐπὶupon τὸthe τελώνιον,tax office, καὶand εἶπενhe said αὐτῷto him ᾿ΑκολούθειBe following μοι.to me. 28 καὶAnd καταλιπὼνhaving left behind πάνταall (things) ἀναστὰςhaving stood up ἠκολούθειhe was following αὐτῷ.to him. 29 ΚαὶAnd ἐποίησενmade δοχὴνreception feast μεγάληνgreat ΛευεὶςLevi αὐτῷto him ἐνin τῇthe οἰκίᾳhouse αὐτοῦ·of him; καὶand ἦνwas ὄχλοςcrowd πολὺςmuch τελωνῶνof tax collectors καὶand ἄλλωνof others οἳwho ἦσανwere μετ’with αὐτῶνthem κατακείμενοι.lying down. 30 καὶAnd ἐγόγγυζονwere murmuring οἱthe ΦαρισαῖοιPharisees καὶand οἱthe γραμματεῖςscribes αὐτῶνof them πρὸςtoward τοὺςthe μαθητὰςdisciples αὐτοῦof him λέγοντεςsaying ΔιὰThrough τίwhat μετὰwith τῶνthe τελωνῶνtax collectors καὶand ἁμαρτωλῶνsinners ἐσθίετεare you eating καὶand πίνετε;are you drinking? 31 καὶAnd ἀποκριθεὶςhaving answered the ἸησοῦςJesus εἶπενsaid πρὸςtoward αὐτούςthem ΟὐNot χρείανneed ἔχουσινare having οἱtheὑγιαίνοντες(ones) being healthy ἰατροῦof healer ἀλλὰbut οἱthe (ones) κακῶςbadly ἔχοντες·having; 32 οὐκnot ἐλήλυθαI have come καλέσαιto call δικαίουςrighteous (ones) ἀλλὰbut ἁμαρτωλοὺςsinners εἰςinto μετάνοιαν.repentance.

33 ΟἱThe (ones) δὲbut εἶπανsaid πρὸςtoward αὐτόνhim ΟἱThe μαθηταὶdisciples Ἰωάνουof John νηστεύουσινare fasting πυκνὰfrequently καὶand δεήσειςsupplications ποιοῦνται,are making, ὁμοίωςlikewise καὶalso οἱthe (ones) τῶνof the Φαρισαίων,Pharisees, οἱthe (ones) δὲbut σοὶto you ἐσθίουσινare eating καὶand πίνουσιν.are drinking. 34 The δὲbut ἸησοῦςJesus εἶπενsaid πρὸςtoward αὐτούςthem ΜὴNot δύνασθεyou are able τοὺςthe υἱοὺςsons τοῦof the νυμφῶνοςbridechamber ἐνin which [time] the νυμφίοςbridegroom μετ’with αὐτῶνthem ἐστὶνis ποιῆσαιto make νηστεῦσαι;to fast? 35 ἐλεύσονταιWill comeδὲbut ἡμέραι,days, καὶand ὅτανwhenever ἀπαρθῇmay have been removed ἀπ’from αὐτῶνthem the νυμφίοςbridegroom τότεthen νηστεύσουσινthey will fast ἐνin ἐκείναιςthose ταῖςthe ἡμέραις.days.

36 ἜλεγενHe was saying δὲbut καὶalso παραβολὴνparable πρὸςtoward αὐτοὺςthem ὅτιthat ΟὐδεὶςNo one ἐπίβλημαcast-upon (piece) ἀπὸfrom ἱματίουouter garment καινοῦnew σχίσαςhaving torn ἐπιβάλλειhe casts on ἐπὶupon ἱμάτιονouter garment παλαιόν·old; εἰif δὲbut μήγε,not at least, καὶalso τὸthe καινὸνnew σχίσειwill tear away καὶand τῷto the παλαιῷold οὐnot συμφωνήσειwill sound with τὸthe ἐπίβλημαcast-upon (piece) τὸthe ἀπὸfrom τοῦthe καινοῦ.new. 37 καὶAnd οὐδεὶςno one βάλλειthrows οἶνονwine νέονnew εἰςinto ἀσκοὺςskin bags παλαιούς·old; εἰif δὲbut μήγε,not at least, ῥήξειwill burst the οἶνοςwine the νέοςnew τοὺςthe ἀσκούς,skin bags, καὶand αὐτὸςit ἐκχυθήσεταιwill be spilled out καὶand οἱthe ἀσκοὶskin bags ἀπολοῦνται·will be destroyed; 38 ἀλλὰbut οἶνονwine νέονnew εἰςinto ἀσκοὺςskin bags καινοὺςnew (ones) βλητέον.to be thrown. 39 ΟὐδεὶςNo one πιὼνhaving drunk παλαιὸνold θέλειis willing νέον·new; λέγειhe is saying γάρfor The παλαιὸςold χρηστόςnice ἐστιν.is

CHAPTER 6

 

CHAPTER 7

 

CHAPTER 8

 

CHAPTER 9

 

CHAPTER 10

 

CHAPTER 11

1 ΚαὶAnd ἐγένετοit happened ἐνin τῷthe εἶναιto be αὐτὸνhim ἐνin τόπῳplace τινὶsome προσευχόμενον,praying, ὡςas ἐπαύσατο,he ceased, εἶπένsaid τιςsomeone τῶνof the μαθητῶνdisciples αὐτοῦof him πρὸςtoward αὐτόνhim Κύριε,Lord, δίδαξονteach ἡμᾶςus προσεύχεσθαι,to be praying, καθὼςaccording as καὶalso ἸωάνηςJohn ἐδίδαξενtaught τοὺςthe μαθητὰςdisciples αὐτοῦ.of him.

2 εἶπενHe said δὲbut αὐτοῖςto them ὍτανWhenever προσεύχησθε,you may be praying, λέγετεbe you saying Πάτερ,Father, ἁγιασθήτωlet be sanctified τὸthe ὄνομάname σου·of you; ἐλθάτωlet come the βασιλείαkingdom σου·of you; 3 τὸνthe ἄρτονbread ἡμῶνof us τὸνthe ἐπιούσιονupon [day] being δίδουbe giving ἡμῖνto us τὸthe καθ’according to ἡμέραν·day; 4 καὶand ἄφεςlet go off ἡμῖνto us τὰςthe ἁμαρτίαςsins ἡμῶν,of us, καὶalso γὰρfor αὐτοὶvery (ones)   ἀφίομενwe are letting go off   παντὶto everyone ὀφείλοντιowing ἡμῖν·to us; καὶand μὴnot εἰσενέγκῃςshould you bring in ἡμᾶςus εἰςinto πειρασμόν.temptation.

CHAPTER 12

 

CHAPTER 13

 

CHAPTER 14

 

CHAPTER 15

 

CHAPTER 16

 

CHAPTER 17

 

CHAPTER 18

 

CHAPTER 19

 

CHAPTER 20

 

CHAPTER 21

 

CHAPTER 22

 

CHAPTER 23

 

CHAPTER 24

 

CPH BOOK RECOMMENDATIONS

Translation and Textual Criticism

King James BibleTHE KING JAMES BIBLE: Do You Know the King James Version?

The King James Bible was originally published in 1611. Some have estimated that the number of copies of the King James Version that have been produced in print worldwide is over one billion! There is little doubt that the King James Version is a literary masterpiece, which this author has and will appreciate and value for its unparalleled beauty of expression. This book is in no way trying to take away from what the King James Version has accomplished. The King James Version is a book to be commended for all that it has accomplished. For four centuries, when English-speaking people spoke of “the Bible,” they meant the King James Version. The question that begs to be asked of those who favor the King James Bible is, Do You Know the King James Version? What do most users of the King James Bible not know about their translation? Whether you are one who favors the King James Version or one who prefers a modern translation, Andrews will answer the questions that have long been asked for centuries about the King James Bible and far more.

The Complete Guide to Bible Translation-2THE COMPLETE GUIDE TO BIBLE TRANSLATION: Bible Translation Choices and Translation Principles [Second Edition]

THE COMPLETE GUIDE TO BIBLE TRANSLATION (CGBT) is for all individuals interested in how the Bible came down to us, as well as having an insight into the Bible translation process. CGBT is also for those who are interested in which translation(s) would be the most beneficial to use. The translation of God’s Word from the original languages of Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek is a task unlike any other and should never be taken lightly because it carries with it the heaviest responsibility: the translator renders God’s thoughts into a modern language. It is CGBT’s desire to take challenging and complex subjects and make them easy to understand. CGBT will communicate as clearly and powerfully as possible to all of its readers while also accurately communicating information about the Bible. …

DO WE STILL NEEDA LITERAL BIBLE_DO WE STILL NEED A LITERAL BIBLE?: Discover the Truth about Literal Translations

We have come a long, long way from the time that the KJV was The Bible in English and the many translations available today. Finding the right Bible for the right person can be daunting, with almost too many choices available. However, it is still possible to divide the options into two broad categories: literal translations and dynamic equivalents. What is the difference, and why should you care? Bible publishers used to say that literal translations are good for study purposes, and dynamic equivalents are better for reading. So literal translations were advertised with terms like “accurate,” “reliable,” and, of course, “literal.” For dynamic equivalent translations, terms like “contemporary,” “easy to read,” and “written in today’s English” were used. Naturally, publishers do not advertise the negatives, so they did not point out that the literal translations might be a little harder to read, or that the dynamic equivalents might not be entirely faithful to the original languages of the Bible. However, more recently, some scholars have been taking this analysis in a new direction, assessing literal translations as less desirable than dynamic equivalents even for accuracy and reliability.

KING JAMES BIBLE IITHE KING JAMES BIBLE Why Have Modern Bible Translations Removed Many Verses That Are In the King James Version?

Many have asked Edward D. Andrews as a Chief Translator, “In studying the modern Bible translations, I have come across some verses that are left out but that are in my King James Version or even my New King James Version, such as Matthew 18:11; 23:14; Luke 17:36. I have gotten conflicting opinions on social media. Can you please clear this up for me?”

Have you experienced this? The book of Revelation warns: “if anyone takes away from the words of the book of this prophecy, God will take away his share in the tree of life and in the holy city, which are described in this book.” Yes, removing a true part of the Bible would be a serious matter. (Rev. 22:19) But had this happened? Do you know why these verses are omitted from modern translations? You might wonder, ‘Is my modern Bible translation lacking something that the King James Version has?’ The reader of the King James Version may feel that they have something that the modern Bibles do not. Andrews will help the reader find the answers to whether verses are being omitted and far more when it comes to the differences between the King James Bible and the Modern Bible translations.

English Bible VersionsHISTORY OF ENGLISH VERSIONS OF THE BIBLE

The fascinating story of how we got the English Bible in its present form starts 1,120 years ago. HISTORY OF ENGLISH VERSIONS OF THE BIBLE covers the fascinating journey of the Bible from the 9th century AD to the beginning of the 20th-century. The chief translator of the Updated American Standard Version Edward D. Andrews invites readers to explore the process of from the early manuscripts to contemporary translations today.

And so, it was that translators like William Tyndale were martyred for the honor of giving the people a Bible that could easily be understood. What a price they had paid, however; it was a priceless gift! Tyndale and others before and after him had worked with the shadow of death towering over their heads. However, by delivering the Bible to many people in their native tongue, they opened up before them the possibility, not of death, but life eternal. As Jesus Christ said in the Tyndale Bible, “This is lyfe eternall that they myght knowe the that only very God and whom thou hast sent Iesus Christ.” (John 17:3) May we, therefore, know the value of what we can now hold in our hands, and may we diligently study God’s Word.

Choosing Your BibleCHOOSING YOUR BIBLE: Bible Translation Differences

There are more than 150 different Bible translations in the English language alone. Some are what we call literal translations, which seeks to give the reader the exact English equivalent of what was written in the original language text, thus allowing the reader access to the actual Word of God. Then, there are dynamic equivalents, where the translator determines what the author meant by the original language text, and this is what they give the reader. There is also a paraphrase translation, which is an extremely interpretive translation. Exactly what are these differences? Are some translations better than others? What standards and principles can we use to determine what makes a good translation? Andrews introduces the readers to the central issues in this debate and presents several reasons why literal translations are superior to dynamic equivalent and paraphrase translations. We do not need to be a Bible scholar to understand these issues, as well as the importance of having the most accurate and faithful translation that is reflective of the original text. …

THE TEXT OF THE NEW TESTAMENTTHE TEXT OF THE NEW TESTAMENT: The Science and Art of Textual Criticism

THE TEXT OF THE NEW TESTAMENT (TTNT) is an introduction, intermediate and advanced level coverage of the text of the New Testament. Andrews introduces the new and relatively new reader to this subject in the first few chapters of the TTNT. Andrews deepens his handling of the material, while still making it easy to understand in the next few chapters of the TTNT, all the while being very informative in both sections. All of this prepares the reader for Wilkins’ advanced chapters. THE TEXT OF THE NEW TESTAMENT was copied and recopied by hand for 1,500 years. Regardless of those scribes who had worked very hard to be faithful in their copying, errors crept into the text. How can we be confident that what we have today is the Word of God? Wilkins and Andrews offer the reader an account of the copying by hand and transmission of the Greek New Testament. They present a comprehensive survey of the manuscript history from the penning of the 27 New Testament books to the current critical texts. What did the ancient books look like and how were documents written? How were the New Testament books published? Who would use secretaries? Why was it so hard to be a secretary in the first century? How was such work done? What do we know about the early Christian copyists? What were the scribal habits and tendencies? Is it possible to establish the original text of the NewTestament? …

Introduction to New Testament Textual CriticismINTRODUCTION TO THE TEXT OF THE NEW TESTAMENT: From The Authors and Scribe to the Modern Critical Text

INTRODUCTION TO THE TEXT OF THE NEW TESTAMENT is a shortened 321 pages of Andrews and Wilkins 602 page TEXT OF THE NEW TESTAMENT without losing the value of content. The foremost thing the reader is going to learn is that the Greek New Testament that our modern translations are based on is a mirror-like reflection of the original and can be fully trusted. The reader will learn how the New Testament authors made and published their books, the secretaries in antiquity and their materials like Teritus who helped Paul pen the epistle to the Romans, and the book writing process of the New Testament authors and early copyists. The reader will also discover the reading culture of early Christianity and their view of the integrity of the Greek New Testament. The reader will also learn how textual scholars known as paleography determine the age of the manuscripts.

The reader will learn all about the different sources that go into our restoring the Greek New Testament to its original form. Then, Andrews will cover the ancient version, the era of the printed text, and the arrival of the critical text. After that, the reader will be given a lengthy chapter on examples of how the textual scholar determines the correct reading by his looking at the internal and external evidence. Finally, and most importantly, the reader will find out the truth about the supposed 400,000 textual errors within the Greek New Testament manuscripts. The last chapter will be faith-building and enable you to defend the Word of God as inerrant.

The Reading Culture of Early ChristianityTHE READING CULTURE OF EARLY CHRISTIANITY: The Production, Publication, Circulation, and Use of Books in the Early Christian Church

THE READING CULTURE OF EARLY CHRISTIANITY provides the reader with the production process of the New Testament books, the publication process, how they were circulated, and to what extent they were used in the early Christian church. It examines the making of the New Testament books, the New Testament secretaries and the material they used, how the early Christians viewed the New Testament books, and the literacy level of the Christians in the first three centuries. It also explores how the gospels went from an oral message to a written record, the accusation that the apostles were uneducated, the inspiration and inerrancy in the writing process of the New Testament books, the trustworthiness of the early Christian copyists, and the claim that the early scribes were predominantly amateurs. Andrews also looks into the early Christian’s use of the codex [book form], how did the spread of early Christianity affect the text of the New Testament, and how was the text impacted by the Roman Empire’s persecution of the early Christians?

400,000 Textual Variants 02400,000+ SCRIBAL ERRORS IN THE GREEK NEW TESTAMENT MANUSCRIPTS: What Assurance Do We Have that We Can Trust the Bible?

The Bible has been under attack since Moses penned the first five books. However, the New Testament has faced criticism like no other time over the 50-70-years. Both friend and foe have challenged the reliability of our New Testament. Self-proclaimed Agnostic textual scholar Dr. Bart D. Ehrman has claimed that there are 400,000+ scribal errors in our Greek New Testament manuscripts. A leading textual scholar, Greek grammarian, and Christian apologist Dr. Daniel B. Wallace has stipulated that this is true. This is of particular interest among all Christians, who have been charged with defending the Word of God. – 1 Peter 3:15.

In this volume, textual scholar Edward D. Andrews offers the churchgoer and textual student a defense against this specific attack on the New Testament. Andrews offers the reader a careful analysis of the relevant evidence, giving his readers logical, reasonable, rational assurances that the New Testament can be trusted more than ever before. He will explain the differences between the older Bible translations and the newer ones. Andrews will explain why we do not need the original manuscripts to have the original Word of God. He will reveal how reliable our manuscripts are, how they survived the elements and the persecution of early Christianity, as well as withstanding careless and even deceitful scribes. Finally, Andrews will deal with the 400,000+ scribal errors in the Greek New Testament manuscripts extensively. The author takes a complicated subject and offers his readers an easy to understand argument for why they can have confidence in the Bible despite various challenges to the trustworthiness of Scripture, offering an insightful, informed, defense of God’s Word.

4th ed. MISREPRESENTING JESUSMISREPRESENTING JESUS: Debunking Bart D. Ehrman’s “Misquoting Jesus” [Fourth Edition]

This fourth edition will be dealing with the Greek text of our New Testament, through the Eyes of Dr. Bart D. Ehrman, in his New York Times bestseller: Misquoting Jesus: The Story Behind Who Changed the Bible and Why (2005). First, in the introduction, we will look into Bart D. Ehrman’s early life and spiritual decline as he moved from being an evangelical conservative Christian to becoming an agnostic skeptic. Second, we will open with chapter one covering the book writing process of the New Testament authors and early Christian scribes. Then, we will spend three lengthy chapters covering the reading culture of early Christianity because of Ehrman’s claim of just how low the literacy rates were in early Christianity. After that, we will take one chapter to investigate the early Christian copyists because of Ehrman’s claim that most of the scribal errors come from the first three centuries. Following this will be one of the most critical chapters examining Ehrman’s claim of 400,000 textual variants [errors] and what impact they have on the integrity of the Greek New Testament. We will then investigate Bible Difficulties and what they mean for the trustworthiness of God’s Word. After that, we will give the reader the fundamentals of some of Ehrman’s complaints, debunking them as we investigate each one throughout seven chapters.

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