In Proverbs chapter 10, King Solomon helps us understand how a genuine worshipper of God may walk on the path of righteousness? What are the benefits of doing so? How will our walking with God be of benefit to others as well? He gives us the answers with the contrast of the righteous and the wicked. As we work our way through Proverbs chapter 10, you will notice Solomon uses the expression righteous one(s) fourteen times.
“I have been young, and now I am old, yet I have not seen the righteous forsaken or his seed begging for bread,” said the psalmist King David in his old age. (Psalm 37:25) Our heavenly Father loves the righteous and sincerely cares for each of them. In his Word, the Bible, he urges his genuine worshipers to, “Seek Jehovah, all you humble of the land, who carry out his judgment; seek righteousness; seek humility; perhaps you may be concealed on the day of the anger of Jehovah.” – Zephaniah 2:3.
Righteousness (Heb. tsedeq) is one who is in a righteous standing before God, who is characterized by righteous actions and morals in accordance with God’s moral standards. In Proverbs chapter 10, we have wise King Solomon under inspiration encouraging the genuine followers to conform to God’s will, as he makes clear the spiritual blessings for doing so. In the first half of chapter 10, verses 1-14, we see that those who are in a righteous standing before God will be blessed with spiritual food, the satisfaction of hard work, and a good relation between God and those obeying his moral standards.
“Tell the righteous that it shall be well with them, for they shall eat the fruit of their deeds,” declared Isaiah the prophet. Isaiah also said: “The path of the righteous is uprightness; O Upright One, make the path of the righteous level.” (Isaiah 3:10; 26:7) Undoubtedly, if our behaviors and actions are to produce good results, we must, therefore, do what is right in the eyes of God.
How is it that a genuine worshipper of God may walk on the path of righteousness? What are the benefits of doing so? How will our walking with God be of benefit to others as well?
In the Bible, the expression “to walk” (Heb. halak) is figurative and illustrative and can mean to follow a certain course of action, as “Noah walked with God.” (Gen. 6:9; 5:22) Those who walk with God follow the life course outlined by God’s Word and will find his favor, that is, be pleasing to him. Pursuing such a life-course makes you different from most of the unbelievers. The Greek New Testament uses the same illustrative expression, contrasting two different courses of action sought by one before and after becoming a servant of God. (Eph. 2:2, 10; 4:17; 5:2) Walking with God is a manner of life that is required by his servants, it affects our conduct and behavior. The way (Heb. orach) is a course of conduct and of righteousness (Heb. tsedaqah) is adhering to the moral standard that God gave us, namely, our conscience and the Word of God. This is what justice and a godly life require.
Make Glad the Heart of Your Father and Bring No Sorrow to Your Mother
Proverbs 10:1 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
The Proverbs of Solomon
10 The proverbs of Solomon.
A wise son makes a glad father,
but a foolish son is a sorrow to his mother.
The proverbs of Solomon: The initial words of Proverbs chapter 10 leave us with no doubt as to who the author of the next section of the book of Proverbs is.
A wise son makes a glad father: The wise, shrewd (Heb. chakam) son is one who has the capacity for understanding and discernment (Prov. 10:8), who has acquired the teachings of wisdom, whom we can trust to guide us. (Prov. 3:35) He has the good judgment to make wise decisions at every stage of his life on a daily basis. This, of course, makes the father happy or joyful.
but a foolish son is a sorrow to his mother: The Hebrew conjunction but is used throughout as a contrasting element. The foolish (Heb. kesil) son hates knowledge as he lacks good judgment. His character is stupidity, rudeness, that is, one who completely lacks understanding, who is rebellious in his ways. (Prov. 1:22) Stupidity, simplemindedness, devoid of wisdom and good sense when it comes to ungodliness, these are his characteristics, being completely unaware of his ignorance. This certainly grieves the heart of his mother.
The parents of a son or daughter who has forsaken the true worship of God suffers tremendous grief. Wise King Solomon focuses his attention on the grief of the mother, possibly suggesting that she grieves more deeply. The decisions of children can impact the happiness of the father and also cause their mother heartache. The wise son or daughter will evidence their wisdom daily and bring joy to both of his parents. Moreover, let all of us make glad the heart of our heavenly Father.
No Amount of Ill-Gotten Gain Is Going to Give You Protection
Proverbs 10:2 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
2 Treasures of wickedness do not profit,
but righteousness delivers from death.
Treasures of wickedness do not profit: The Hebrew (otsar) rendered treasures means an accumulated wealth in the form of jewelry, money or other valuables, such as food or property. Here it is a reference to a material gain of value or benefit such as wealth or goods. This wealth being of wickedness means that it was obtained in some unjust or dishonest manner or some moral or ethical wrong way of making the earnings, namely, it is an ill-gotten gain. The Hebrew (yaal) that is translated profit means to profit, to benefit to get a profit of some value or benefit. In this context do not profit means that it is of no real advantage, or that in the end, it will do you no good. In other words, these ill-gotten gains are of no real advantage to you in the end.
but righteousness delivers from death: Here the Hebrew rendered righteousness (tsedaqah) is when someone adheres to the moral standard set out in God’s Word. (Prov. 2:9) In line one, wickedness referred to every manner of unjust, unfair, or dishonest way of obtaining wealth, so the contrast here is righteousness referring to one who is good, fair, just, or honest in his dealings with others. The other contrast here is that if you are adhering to the moral standard set out in God’s Word, living a good life, being just, fair, and honest as opposed unjust, unfair, or dishonest, ignoring wisdom, your life will be more meaningful, healthier, and potentially longer if there is no unexpected tragedy. Moreover, you will be on the path (way) to eternal life, not death.
One may become wealthy or rich through some dishonest means, but the money has no real advantage. Yes, you may have a big, beautiful home, the best clothes and jewelry, the ability to travel in luxury but the wealth cannot stop sickness, old age, or death. Moreover, it cannot give you eternal life. In the end, at the Great Tribulation and Armageddon, there is no amount of ill-gotten gain that is going to give you protection from facing a condemnatory judgment. You will want to continue to “seek first the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and all these things [the necessities of life] will be added to you.” – Matthew 6:33.
The Righteous and the Wicked
Proverbs 10:3 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
3 Jehovah does not let the soul of the righteous go hungry,
but he thrusts away the craving of the wicked.
Jehovah does not let the soul of the righteous go hungry: The book of Proverbs and the rest of the bible really has a general truth that those who have a righteous standing before God usually tend to be secure and prosperous. Naturally, if you are living by the Bible principles to the best of your ability, the general principle that good things happen to good people (righteous) will be relatively true not an absolute. It will be truer for you than the unbeliever that does not live by the Word of God. However, God’s people also know that there are unexpected events that befall us all, as these are outside of our control. (Eccles. 9:11) The soul of the righteous includes more than your physical welfare but rather applies to your entire person and your needs, which would also include spiritual food. Go hungry refers to a Hebrew word (raeb) that has the sense of to cause to be hungry, to cause to be without food, to be famished, which can range from mild hunger to long periods of hunger, to extreme starving depending on the context. The context here is that God will not allow you to endure such hunger be it physically or spiritually. Again, this is not an absolute but rather, generally speaking, if you do (A) you will get (B).
but he thrusts away the craving of the wicked: The Hebrew word rendered thrust away (hadaph) means to hinder, prevent the evil or selfish efforts, plans or desires, the cravings (Heb. havvah) of the wicked. In other words, God does not, generally speaking, allow righteous people to starve, nor does he allow the wicked to get what their evil hearts desire or crave. While the Hebrew word for righteous (tsaddiq) is in the singular in the first line and the Hebrew term for wicked (rasha) is in the plural in the second line, there is no contrast as to the number.
The righteous serving God does not have to wait until the second coming of Christ to experience the blessing of God. They are freely available to all who truly live by God’s Word. When we think of the spiritual food that is available to the churchgoer today, it truly is a treasure like no other generation before. Only those doing the will of the Father (Matt. 7:21-23; 2 John 2:15-17) are to receive these blessing. Therefore, we now understand why Paul specifically used the emphasize Greek word for accurate knowledge (epignosis) 21 times in his letters. Accurate knowledge of the Word of God is pleasurable to our soul, which is something the wicked does not have.
The Lazy Person is the Foremost Fool
Proverbs 10:4 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
4 A slack hand causes poverty,
but the hand of the diligent makes rich.
A slack hand causes poverty: The Hebrew noun rendered slack (remiyyah) is of one who is laxed and neglectful in their responsibilities. This person is characterized by laziness, indolence, and a lack of ambition. He constantly refuses to work or show any kind of diligence in his life. He is slow and sluggish about anything he has to do, any activity. Hand (Heb. yad) is used figuratively and symbolically throughout the Scriptures. The hand here is used to represent the person himself, as a slack hand is a lazy person. Poverty (Heb. rush) means to have little wealth or to become poor. One does not have enough income to acquire the bare necessities of life. Here poverty does not come about by unforeseen or unexpected evens befalling a person. The poverty here is the direct result of the person being too lazy to do the work required to acquire the minimum needs in life.
but the hand of the diligent makes rich: Here too, the hand is used to represent the person himself, as the hand of the diligent (Heb. charuts) is a hard-working, industrious person. A diligent person is characterized by care and perseverance in carrying out what needs to be done. This person is persistently industrious in carrying out his tasks. The Hebrew verb (ashar) means simply to be or become rich or wealthy. This is relative to the context. Rich here in this context is a contrast of one who has the basic needs of life over one who does not. If you have never lived on both sides of the poverty line, you will have a difficult time visualizing how a person who does not have enough income to acquire the bare necessities of life for their family can see a neighbor who has such basics as being rich. Riches (having basic necessities of life) are the result of hard work and poverty (not having bare necessities) is brought on by laziness. The bare necessities of life are food, clothing, shelter, and health.
The proverb is quite simple really. One who is lazy will find himself and his family in poverty, not having the bare necessities of life. However, with hard work, one can become rich in the bare necessities of life, which are food, clothing, shelter, and health. Diligence leads to wealth just as laziness leads to poverty. One of the main themes in Proverbs is the contrast between the hard worker and the lazy person. (10:4; 12:24; 13:4; 14:23; 15:19; 16:26; 18:9; 20:13; 21:17, 25-26; 28:19) Diligence as the guaranteed way (barring any unforeseen or unexpected occurrences) to gain prosperity and laziness as the quickest way to poverty. The lazy person is the foremost fool who ends up destitute.
Two Kinds of Sons
Proverbs 10:5 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
5 A son who gathers in summer is prudent,
but a son who sleeps in harvest brings shame.
A son who gathers in summer is prudent: He who gathers (Heb. agar) is one who is gathering crops in from the field at harvest time. (Deut. 28:39) The summer (Heb. qayits) is the warmest season of the year and it is the time when the crops become ripe and need to be harvested. The prudent (Heb. sakal) person is one who is wise, intelligent, having insight, always gaining a better understanding, or progressing successfully toward a goal.
but a son who sleeps in harvest brings shame: Here sleep (Heb. radam) in harvest (Heb. qatsir) is contrasted with gather in summer. Shame is the consequence of the foolish, lazy son who chooses to sleep when he should be working. Shame (Heb. bosh) is the dishonor that the foolish, useless son brings on his family. He has failed his family when they needed him most.
King Solomon’s words to families that harvest crops are meaningful to all of humanity regardless of the type of work. The harvest season is no time for laziness. It is a time for hard work and long hours. Truly, it is a time of perseverance and resolve. It is a time of great importance requiring swift action. All family members have responsibilities. longer hours to work and an urgency that lasts until the last of the crops are in the storehouse.
Imagine the shame one can bring on themselves by their laziness during this harvest time in the “last days.” (Matt. 28:19-2; 2 Tim. 3:1) There are those who are asleep during this harvest. (Matt. 7:21-23) Having in mind the harvest, not of crops, but of people, Jesus told his disciples: “The harvest is plentiful, but the workers are few. Therefore, beg the Master of the harvest [the Father] to send out workers into his harvest.” (Matthew 9:35-38) The harvesting of lives is certainly urgent, meaning more hours to gather in disciples for Christ, so we must remain strong to finish it.
The Righteous One and the Wicked One
Proverbs 10:6 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
6 Blessings are on the head of the righteous,
but the mouth of the wicked conceals violence.
Blessings are on the head of the righteous: The Hebrew noun (berakah) rendered blessings is commonly referring to God bringing life and prosperity on someone or some group that he looks favorably upon. This includes the benefit of being one of God’s people. Nevertheless, the verse here does not specifically say that God is the source of the blessings, even though the Septuagint reads, “A blessing from the Lord is upon the head of the righteous,” and the Vulgate has “The blessing of the Lord is upon the head of the righteous.” However, if we look ahead to verse 22 of this chapter ten, we have “The blessing of Jehovah makes rich, and he adds no sorrow to it.” The literal translations (YLT, ASV, RSV, NASB, UASV), essentially literal (ESV) and the optimally literal (CSB) do not go beyond the Hebrew text into the interpretative realm of signaling who the source is. However, some of the interpretive translations state or imply that God is the source of the blessings. (NLT, NLV) Then, again, the source of blessings may very well be the praise that one receives from other people because they are living a righteous life.
Putting the hands on the head reminds us of the time that Jacob blessed his family in Genesis 48:12-22 when he placed his hand upon the heads of the grandchildren. The Hebrew word barak has the meaning “to kneel,” that is bending the knees and kneeling, as well as “to be blessed.” Therefore, it was a common practice that, the person who was receiving the blessing knelt down and bowed themselves before the one who was giving them the blessing. Then, the one giving the blessing would place his hands on the head of the one he was blessing. (Gen. 48:13-14; Mark 10:16) Righteous (Heb. tsaddiq) is referring to one who is characterized by righteous actions and morals, he or she is upright, good, and honorable. The person who is righteous at heart gives an abundant evidence of that. As Jesus said, “out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks.” (Matt. 12:34-35) Yes, a righteous person often speaks things that are kind and caring, and he or she acts accordingly.
but the mouth of the wicked conceals violence: This is not the normal contrasting parallel that we have grown accustomed to here in Proverbs. We might have thoughts this line would cover the curses that are on the head of the wicked. However, instead of what will happen to the wicked, we get what the wicked will do. Some interpreters believe that the second line of this verse is lost and the line from verse 11 somehow replaced it, as it reads exactly the same. However, the contrasts in Proverbs are not always what we expect that they should be, as they can be no contrast at all at times.
How is it that “the mouth of the wicked conceals violence”? The mouth of the wicked may come in the form of insincerely praising someone in order to persuade them to do something, being done with the malicious intent of causing harm. It can also be deceptively saying something that has some truth to it but also contains lies, so as to persuade another that some misinformation is true. Again, this too is done with malicious intent for the purpose of causing harm. Then, again, it could be that the wicked are largely treated with hostility, the unfriendliness they receive from others silences them.
The righteous one gives much evidence of his morally upright behavior and words. His behavior is positive, generous and is to be admired and mimicked, his words are kind, gracious, caring, empathetic, and upbuilding. Other view the righteous one favorably. Such a person receives their appreciation and blessings in that they speak well of the righteous one. A wicked person, on the other hand, is detestable, hateful, and malicious, always seeking to do harm to others. His words are well chosen so as to conceal the violence in his heart, with some occasions when he gives way to physical or verbal attacks. The wicked one merits no blessing from anyone, receiving curses instead of praise.
A Good Name Is a Good Reputation
Proverbs 10:7 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
7 The memory of the righteous is a blessing,
but the name of the wicked will rot.
The memory of the righteous is a blessing: This is not a reference to the memories of righteous reflecting on their lives but rather the memories of others as they reflect back on the life of this righteous one after he has died.
but the name of the wicked will rot: Here we have the contrast between the wicked with the righteous of the previous line. Name is parallel to memory and wicked with righteous. Here both name and memory stand for the beliefs or views that are generally held about someone when they are alive and after they have died, which can be good or bad.
It is for this reason a “good name is to be chosen rather than great riches.” (Prov. 22:1) The righteous one’s name or reputation is remembered favorably by others, and more importantly by God. However, this differs from the name or reputation of the wicked ones, which becomes something disgusting and rotten! Truly, the name or reputation of wicked ones is not a pleasant memory. We need to make a favorable name with God and our fellow man as well.
The Wise of Heart or the One Foolish of Lips
Proverbs 10:8-9 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
The wise of heart will heed commandments: Back in 6:32, the author spoke of being in want of heart. This is one who is inexperienced, lacking good sense and wisdom, lacking good judgment or discernment. Here we have just the opposite person who is wise of heart. The heart (Heb. leb) is used figuratively as the location of a person’s thoughts (mind), decisions, emotions, and knowledge of what is right from wrong. Thus, a person who is wise of heart is one who is sensible, possessing and showing good sense and good judgment in his decision making, as well as his thoughts and actions, which enable him to determine what is right and what is wrong.
The heart is very prominent in the Scriptures, as it is mentioned about a thousand times in one way or another. By far, the great majority of its occurrences in the Scriptures, the word “heart” (Heart, leb) is used figuratively. Servants of God cannot be halfhearted or in want of heart, or even double hearted. (Ps 12:2; Prov. 10:13) As a reader of hearts, God can see any insincere or feigned behavior on our part. He is well aware of our actions and thinking, even when we are alone. He knows our heart condition, what we are trying to do with our lives. If our heart is good, and we love God’s Word, he will know. (Josh. 1:8-9; Ps. 1:1-3; 119:97, 101, 105, and 165) A person who is halfhearted is lukewarmly worshiping God. (Ps 119:113; Rev. 3:16) This young man being tempted by adultery is double hearted (literally, with a heart and a heart), is trying to serve two masters (God and his flesh), or he is deceivingly saying one thing while thinking sinful thoughts to himself. (1 Ch. 12:33; Ps 12:2) Jesus clearly condemned such double hearted hypocrisy. – Matthew 15:7-8.
The wise one’s heeding (Heb. laqach) of commandments means that he will be receptive to the commands, he will pay attention and obey the commands. He does this willingly. The Hebrew word (mitsvah) translated commandments was used in Proverbs 2:1; 3:1; and 4:4, where it was used in reference to the words and teachings of wisdom. My words refer to the Law (thoughts and ideas) that Solomon has embraced in an active faith and obedience, which he is teaching as well. The use of commandments here in this verse is referring simply to the good instruction, advice or counsel that one receives.
but the one foolish of lips will be trampled down: The expression foolish of lips is referring to the person who speaks foolishly or is a foolish talker. His senseless babbling will cause him to be trampled down. The Hebrew word for fool (evil) is referring to a simpleton, one who lacks good judgment. He lacks understanding and stubbornly so, who is both stupid in his actions and his words. The wise of heart is being contrasted with foolish of lips. Instead of being able to have the good judgment to recognize, let alone obey good instruction, advice or counsel that the foolish one receives, his senseless talk causes him to be trampled down, that is he will be brought to ruin. In other words, his foolish words that are spoken without thinking will bring him a lifetime of ruination, trouble, ending up with nothing.
He who walks in integrity walks securely: In the Bible, the expression “to walk” is figurative and illustrative and can mean to follow a certain course of action, as “Noah walked with God.” (Gen. 6:9; 5:22) Those who walk with God follow the life course outlined by God’s Word and will find his favor, that is, be pleasing to him. Pursuing such a life-course makes you different from most of the unbelievers. The Greek New Testament uses the same illustrative expression, contrasting two different courses of action sought by one before and after becoming a servant of God. (Eph. 2:2, 10; 4:17; 5:2) The Hebrew verb walk (halak) is expressing a life course that one will experience as a result of possessing the wisdom of God and the Hebrew noun securely (betach) is telling us that as compared to those ignoring or rejecting the wisdom of God, we will walk … securely. This is not saying that we will absolutely be free from danger or injury but rather, Solomon is saying far more so than those who lack wisdom.
Hebrew terms relating to integrity have the root meaning of that which is “whole” or “complete.” They often suggest moral soundness and uprightness. Those walking in integrity are unbending in devotion to Jehovah. For such blameless ones, he is a protective shield because they display true wisdom and conform to his righteous standards. This does not mean, though, that Jehovah will not allow you to be tested. He did so even with Job. “God is faithful,” the apostle Paul noted to the Corinthians. In full he said, “No temptation has overtaken you but such as is common to man; and God is faithful, who will not allow you to be tempted beyond what you are able, but with the temptation will provide the way of escape also, so that you will be able to endure it.” – 1 Corinthians 10:13.
but he who makes his paths crooked will be known: Paths crooked: (Heb. derākāy meaqqēsh) means their ways are morally crooked, perverse, distorted, dishonest, and evasive when it is compared alongside the just, right and correct ways of the wise ones. The phrase “will be known” can be rendered will be “found out.” The one who perverts his ways (makes his paths crooked) will be found out (known). It is likely referring to being found out by other people as opposed to being found out by God because God would have already foreseen any perverted ways. God could never find out anything.
If you are always talking; there is no opportunity to learn anything. You acquire wisdom by listening to the good instruction, advice or counsel that you receive through others. Because you are sensible, possessing and showing good sense and good judgment in your decision making, you will then accept and obey these commands. However, the simpleton foolish one is only aware of his own ignorance because he is too busy babbling to learn anything. Therefore, he will eventually bring himself to ruin and anyone else in association with him. Therefore, if you may it a practice of walking down crooked paths (perverted ways), you will eventually be found out by others, who will likely never trust you when the time comes when you seriously want and need others to believe and trust you, but they will feel they cannot.
Dishonesty and Deception
Proverbs 10:10 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
He who winks the eye causes trouble: “A worthless man, a wicked man” may not only resort to going “about with crooked speech” but he also may try to hide his intentions with body language, such as ‘winking his eye.’ (Prov. 6:12-13; 16:30; Psa.35:19) Here winks (Heb. qarats) is a gesture where the worthless, wicked person signals insincerity and deceit with a smirk on his face. These signals could very well be for the wicked one’s co-conspirators. This kind of dishonesty and deception can become the source of much troubles for those who fall victim to their schemes.
and the one foolish of lips will be trampled down: Here in line 2 of verse 10, the 1971 Revised Standard Version (RSV) and the 1992 Good News Translation (GNT) have “but he who boldly reproves makes peace,” “but one who openly criticizes works for peace” respectively. The RSV footnote tells us that this is the reading found in the Greek Septuagint. The Lexham English Septuagint reads, “but the one who reproves with confidence makes peace.” However, the Hebrew Old Testament text repeats the second line of verse 8 word for word. The Hebrew is preferred by most modern literal and semi-literal translations (ASV, ESV, NASB, UASV, LEB, CSB), as there is no certainty to the Septuagint reading.
The likely reason behind the RSV and the GNT and their favoring of the Septuagint reading are that they may have felt that the second line of verse 10 does really contrast with the first line. However, as Duane A. Garrett points out, “v. 7 and v. 9 parallel each other (the fate of the righteous versus the fate of the wicked), and v. 8 and v. 10 parallel each other (both contain the line “a chattering fool comes to ruin”). The repetition of two lines in this section, both of which concern the mouth of the wicked, points to the major emphasis of the collection.” So, for the sake of our own repetition, we will repeat the comments from line 2 of verse 8 again here.
The expression foolish of lips is referring to the person who speaks foolishly or is a foolish talker. His senseless babbling will cause him to be trampled down. The Hebrew word for fool (evil) is referring to a simpleton, one who lacks good judgment. He lacks understanding and stubbornly so, who is both stupid in his actions and his words. The wise of heart is being contrasted with foolish of lips. Instead of being able to have the good judgment to recognize, let alone obey good instruction, advice or counsel that the foolish one receives, his senseless talk causes him to be trampled down, that is he will be brought to ruin. In other words, his foolish words that are spoken without thinking will bring him a lifetime of ruination, trouble, ending up with nothing.
Life-Giving Wisdom or Life Destroying Ignorance
Proverbs 10:11 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
11 The mouth of the righteous is a fountain of life,
but the mouth of the wicked conceals violence.
The mouth of the righteous is a fountain of life: Words from the mouth of the righteous (good, honest, upright person) refer to words and thoughts, which can heal. They can refresh, enliven, and inspire a person. They can also lead to eternal life. The fountain of life reminds us of the tree of life back in 3:18.
Wisdom is “a fountain of life to one who has it,” in that wisdom will supply us with that which we require, not only to enjoy our present life but also to obtain eternal life (John 3:16; 17:3), that is, accurate knowledge of God and the insight and good sense to be obedient to his commands. – Proverbs 3:18; 16:22.
but the mouth of the wicked conceals violence: Words from the mouth of the wicked (bad, dishonest, unrighteous, fallen person) can hurt. They can depress, destroy, discourage, damage, and dishearten a person. They can tear him down. They can also lead to eternal destruction, as Paul spoke of in 2 Thessalonians 1:9.
If our words are to contain life-giving wisdom instead of life-destroying ignorance, we must meditate on the knowledge of God. (2:5) We must empty our mind of the old way of thinking, removing the old person, to make room for our new way of thinking, taking on the mind of Christ. Then, we must give time for the new biblical worldview to filter in by our meditation on God’s Word. If we do not keep our thoughts growing in the Word of God, changing our old fleshly worldview, they become stagnant and stale.
If we allow all of the worldly waste and satanic propaganda to fill our mind, we will have no room for godly thinking. Therefore, it is with the mind as it is with the bountiful source of well water: if we are always dipping the water out of the well, it goes dry. However, if we never dip the water out it becomes stale. There is a time for dipping the water out, there is a time for seeping the water in. There is the right time to speak and a perfect time to hold back our words, a time to ponder and a time to share our words, a time to reason and reflect and a time to share the words of what you have been thinking. If we are to share first, we must receive. We must take in life-saving knowledge before we can give out life-saving knowledge. We must fill our minds inspired, inerrant Word before we can unload the treasures of the knowledge of God and we must unload before we can fill again. It is an ongoing process of both getting and giving, not just one or the other. We need to keep the waters of biblical truth running into our minds, meditatively through our mind, and out of our mouths.
Hatred Contrasted with Love
Proverbs 10:12 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
12 Hatred stirs up strife,
but love covers all transgressions.
Hatred stirs up strife: This level of hatred (Heb. sinah) is an emotion of extreme intense dislike or hatred of others, which includes feelings of hostility, that can lead to actions of opposition. The Hebrew verb (teorēr) rendered stirs up means to be agitated, excited, or aroused to action. The Hebrew noun (medānim), which is in the plural refers to bitter conflict, often heated violent dissension between two people.
Hatred produces contentions in human society that are the result of extreme intense dislike or hatred, awakening some to violent actions in the form of a bitter conflict. Actually, provoking another person needlessly is a manifestation of hatred.
but love covers all transgressions: The opposite end of hatred is love (Heb. ahabah), which is a strong relationship, with a harmonious, positive emotion of regard and a strong affection for another. Love covers (Heb. keseh), which is used metaphorically for forgiving, that is removing the guilt of a wrongdoing, as an extension of hiding or concealing the transgression. The Hebrew term rendered transgression (pesha) means wantonness (depravity, debauchery, immorality, shamelessness), crime, wrongdoing, an offense against a law, duty, or moral principle. This is an overstepping, namely, to exceed a moral limit or boundary. Biblically speaking, this would be crossing the line and saying, feeling, thinking or doing something that is contrary to God’s personality, standards, ways, will and purposes, as set out in the Scriptures. It is breaking God’s moral law. However, in the book of Proverbs, at times, it is used for those who have committed personal offenses against another.
Hatred is like a disease in humanity today. We are constantly being told that we are living in an enlightened world that far removed from the savagery of the past. Yet at every level of society we see constant evidence of the sad truth expressed here: “Hatred stirs up strife.” Godly contains empathy and understanding, as it does not expect perfection from imperfect people. This kind of love is willing to put up with a lot. When someone makes a mistake, rather than becoming angry over it and sharing it with others, godly love will cause us to seek to overlook and protect the erring one when there has been no serious wrongdoing. Through mistreatment as a Christian in this fallen world, love “covers all transgressions.” If we possess a deep love for God and a love for neighbor, we will cover over the mistakes and shortcomings of others.
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Follow Him Who Has Understanding and Wisdom or Him Who Lacks Good Sense
Proverbs 10:13 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
13 On the lips of him who has understanding, wisdom is found,
but a rod is for the back of one in want of heart.
On the lips of him who has understanding, wisdom is found: Just as the words from the mouth of the righteous (good, honest, upright person) of verse 11 refer to words and thoughts, so it is true for the lips of the mouth here. Understanding here as in 1:5 refers to the ability to see how the parts or aspects of something are connected to one another. One who possesses understanding can see the big picture (the entire matter) and not just the isolated facts, as he possesses intelligence good sense, and good judgment, so as to comprehend the meaning.
Wisdom: (Heb. chokmah) is sound judgment, based on knowledge and understanding. It is the balanced application of that knowledge to answer difficulties, achieve objectives, sidestep or ward off dangers, not to mention helping others to accomplish the same. The wise person is often contrasted with the foolishness or stupid person. (Deut. 32:6; Prov. 11:29; Eccles. 6:8) Is found (Heb. motsa) means that wisdom is discovered, found on the lips one the one who possesses understanding.
but a rod is for the back of one in want of heart: Here a rod (Heb. shebet) is symbolic for punishment and in the literal sense it is a long, thin cane, which was used beating a prisoner. It is also the same word used in Psalm 23:4 for the staff of a shepherd, which was a wooden stick of various lengths and thicknesses, used as a tool for controlling the flock. For the back is referring to what it sounds like, using the rod to strike the back. Again, here it is a symbol of punishment. In want of heart or lack of heart (chaser leb) is rendered (interpreted) as “lacks sense” in other translations. (ESV, LEB, CSB) Again, this is an inexperienced person, who is lacking good sense and wisdom, lacking good judgment or discernment in that they are newly learning the ways of Wisdom.
The wisdom of the one having understanding will have his steps guided through this life and into the next. He who uses upbuilding words on the lips of his mouth will also help others was in the way of righteousness. He himself nor those who listen to his lips (words) need to be guided on the right path through life by the force of the rod of chastisement.
If wisdom is to be found on our lips, the accurate knowledge of the Scriptures must also get down into our heart, the seat of motivation. Jesus told his hearers: “The good man brings good out of the good treasure of his heart, but a wicked man brings what is wicked out of his wicked treasure; for out of the abundance of the heart his mouth speaks.” (Luke 6:45) Therefore, we must routinely and consistently meditate daily on what we are learning. There is little doubt that study and meditation require time and effort but think of how spiritually elevating and moving such study is! There is no reason for anyone to follow the words of one who lacks good sense.
Knowledge of the Wise Contrasted with the Words of the Fool
Proverbs 10:14 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
14 Wise men store up knowledge,
but the mouth of a fool brings ruin near.
Wise men store up knowledge: Wise men (Heb. chakamim) are ones who are skillful, clever, shrewd, and experienced, with the capacity for understanding and discernment, who are to be trusted to guide and advise. Knowledge (Heb. daath) is possession of information learned by personal experience, observation, or study. The Bible strongly urges us to seek and treasure accurate knowledge, as it is far superior to all else that one could ever acquire. Throughout the book of Proverbs, we are regularly urged to store up knowledge, to gain knowledge, which shows us the importance of knowledge.
but the mouth of a fool brings ruin near: The Hebrew word rendered mouth (peh) has the sense of one who is babbling here, namely the words of a foolish person, which is in stark contrast to the knowledge of wise men. The wise men from line one hold onto their knowledge, storing it up, saving it for when it is very much needed, while the mouth, i.e., words, of the fool is freely given to the point of nausea, which ends in ruin. Fools (Heb. kesil) hate knowledge as they lack good judgment. Their character is stupidity, rudeness, that is, one who completely lacks understanding, who is rebellious in his ways. (Prov. 1:22) Foolishness: (Heb. ivveleth) of the foolish one, who has the trait of acting stupidly or rashly because he is devoid of wisdom or understanding, the Hebrew noun focusing on the evil behaviors which occur in this state. (Prov. 5:23) Ruin (Heb. mechittah) is a state of devastation and destruction to one’s health and peace that is heading toward or in and out of a life of hardship in despair and disgrace, that seems to always be present.
Proverbs 10:14 encourages us to fill our minds with the upbuilding knowledge of God. There is but one source, which the apostle Paul pointed us to when he wrote, “All Scripture is inspired by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness; so that the man of God may be fully competent, equipped for every good work.” (2 Timothy 3:16-17) We must see the knowledge of God for the treasure that it is and dig deeper into the Word of God.
The wise man will do what is right in the eyes of God and his impact on others is felt wherever he is. His example of possessing much spiritual food in the way of a well-chosen Christian library is to be followed. He is a man of great integrity and he feels secure in his walk with God, as he knows that has the approval of God. May we too seek knowledge as though it were a hid treasure, seek righteousness by conforming our lives to the knowledge that we discover, helping us to determine what God’s standards of good and bad are.
The Dangers of Wealth and of Poverty
Proverbs 10:15 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
15 A rich man’s wealth is his strong city;
the poverty of the poor is their ruin.
A rich man’s wealth is his strong city: In ancient times a strong city (Heb. oz qiryah) was one with a wall. The greater the wall the greater the protection and the more secure those inside would feel. The same is true of wealth (Heb. hon) in that it offers the owner a measure of protection. It is not explicitly explained how the wealth offers a protection, but it can be inferred that it is those things that threaten the life of the poor, such as not enough food, medical care, safe living conditions.
the poverty of the poor is their ruin: Those who are in poverty (Heb. resh) are those who have very little or no money and few if any material possessions. However, throughout ancient and modern history, if a people had work and enough money for the basic necessities of life, they did not view themselves as a poor people, and would offer a helping hand to those who had nothing. Ruin (Heb. mechittah) is a state of devastation and destruction to one’s health and peace that is heading toward or in and out of a life of hardship in despair and disgrace, that seems to always be present.
Proverbs 10:15 attests that wealth has its advantages, while poverty has its disadvantages. There is little doubt that money can offer a person some protection from some uncertainties of life. In many cases, it can be a vicious circle in which the poor person creates some of his own burdens because of being financially destitute and unable or incapable of coping with such developments. Ecclesiastes 7:12 says, “For the protection of wisdom is like the protection of money, and the advantage of knowledge is that wisdom preserves the life of him who has it.”
However, we can look at verse 15 in another way as well because a person living in a strong city may have a false sense of security or feel overly secure when it is not really the case. The persons within the city have complete trust in their wall to protect them just as many rich men put their complete trust in their money, seeing it as the only protection he needs. A rich man may tend to put his complete trust in his wealth, believing that his money is “like a high wall in his imagination.” (Prov. 18:11) However, his riches will not buy him a good name or a righteous standing before God or even guarantee his lasting happiness. Then, again, those who are poor tend to mistakenly believe that their life is hopeless in their state of poverty.
In this, we are not going to be blind to the fact that the wealthy have things that the poor do not, which brings them a measure of comfort. The poor live month-to-month in fear of homelessness, in fear of their utilities being shut off, in fear of not having enough food for their children, in fear of a medical emergency for which they have no coverage. Imagine not having enough money for these basics of life: food, shelter, clothes, and healthcare. On the other hand, the wealthy can afford all of these, but they also tend to live an extravagant life many times beyond their wealth. The poor can draw comfort in that they have eternal life to look forward to and these things will be no more, while the rich need to heed a word of caution that their wealth may become a stumbling block in their receiving eternal life. The poor should always look for ways to improve their lives now but also keep their eyes on the prize of eternal life as well.
Perception is Everything
Proverbs 10:16 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
16 The wage of the righteous leads to life,
the gain of the wicked to sin.
The wage of the righteous leads to life: The wage of the righteous is a benefit where one receives gain freely for walking with God, that is, following a life course based on Scripture leaving the person righteous in the eyes of God. Leads to life means a good, long life now and eternal life to come because of having lived an upright life before God. Several times now when the author has talked about this life, this author has spoken of eternal life as well, which is not part of what the author meant. The author only refers to the quality of life now, with eternal life being primarily a New Testament doctrine. However, eternal life is a direct result of being declared righteous in God’s eyes because of living an upright life, which will be applied retroactively to those before Jesus’ ransom sacrifice.
the gain of the wicked to sin: The Hebrew word rendered gain (tebuah) means an income or payment, namely, that which is valuable. This recompense can apply to worthy actions or retribution for wrongdoing. The verb in line one rendered leads to is understood to be carried over here in line two. In other words, “the gain of the wicked [leads] to sin.
Verse 16 is completing the thought we found in verse 14. We notice here that both the righteous person and the wicked person have a wage or gain with one leading to a good life and the other to sin, specifically, not a good life. What is the difference? It is how the person sees, views, perceives monetary gain and thus how they use it. The work that the righteous person performs brings him pleasure, as it gives him a sense of purpose in life. The work that the wicked one performs gives him displeasure, as he has no real purpose in life, for he is hedonic (seeks one’s own pleasure, sensation, immediate gratification) in all his ways. The righteous one uses his financial gain from his labors in an upright manner, giving him a good standing before God. The wicked one uses his financial gain from his labors in such a manner that it interferes with any good standing he could have with God. The righteous man’s efforts and his choices bring him happiness now, and an assurance of an eternal life in his future. The wicked one uses his financial gain usually by squandering it foolishly, so there is no lasting benefit from his labors. He does not appreciate his money, it is not a protection for him, but rather it is used for his life of sin.
Our Choices Matter
Proverbs 10:17 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
17 He who heeds discipline is on the path to life,
but he who rejects reproof goes astray.
He who heeds discipline is on the path to life: Here the Hebrew word (shomer) rendered heeds means to pay attention, listen, or observe, keep, that is, obey discipline (correction). The Hebrew word rendered discipline (musar) is corrective in nature in that it is a very minor punishment for the purpose of teaching which may also include a rebuke, that is, an expression of sharp disapproval or criticism to someone because of their behavior or actions.
On the path of life can be taken in two different ways and both interpretations are possible. First, the person who pays attention, listens to, or observe discipline is on the path to a good, long, happy life. Second, some interpretive translations offer us the alternative interpretation. “Whoever heeds discipline shows [others] the way to life.” New International Version.
but he who rejects reproof goes astray: The Hebrew word (azab) rendered rejects means to forsake, to leave behind abandon. Reproof (tokachath) means giving or receiving correction for wrong thinking or actions. Again, two different interpretations. First, the one rejecting reproof will wander off the path to life. Second, “whoever ignores correction leads others astray.” (NIV)
Taking in both interpretation possibilities, how we responded to the discipline (corrective teachings) within God’s Word will determine whether we remain on the path to life, as well as impact those who see how we observe discipline. However, if we reject reproof corrective counsel), that is, disapproval or criticism because of our behavior or actions, we will eventually wander off the path of life and we may very well lead others astray as well. Regardless of which interpretation one prefers, the point still remains the same, it is vital that we hold fast to discipline (corrective teachings) within God’s Word.
Neither Hate Nor Slander
Proverbs 10:18 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
18 He who conceals hatred has lying lips,
and he who utters slander is a fool.
He who conceals hatred has lying lips: Here (Heb. mekasseh) conceals has the sense of one hiding concealing or covering one’s true feeling about another. This one is concealing, keeping information, knowledge of his true feelings from another, though he knows and understands his true feelings himself. Hatred (Heb. sinah), malice, is an emotion of a very strong intense feeling of dislike, with additional feelings of hostility toward another, and actions of opposition. The lying lips belong to one who deceives another with misleading utterly false information about his true feelings of hatred, which causes the other to arrive at a mistaken belief that all is well. This is a person that could care less about the destruction the lies in the wake of his deception. The distortion of the truth is this one’s means of making the world mold to his perception of things.
and he who utters slander is a fool: Here, the Hebrew word rendered slander (dibbah) is referring to one who uses abusive words that are falsely spoken in order to damage the reputation of another so others will think less of this hated one. The foolishness of the fool (Heb. kesil), who has the trait of acting stupidly or rashly because he is devoid of wisdom or understanding.
Proverbs 10:18 has no contrasting parallelism. As we have seen thus far many of the proverbs have had a contrast from one line to the next so as to make what is right and wise. Proverbs 10:18, on the other hand, has two lines that have a similar message, with the second line merely reinforcing the first. When combined they offer us insight into how God views things and help us along the path of life.
The first line reads, “He who conceals hatred has lying lips.” This is a simple basic truth. If a man who possesses hatred in his heart for another, an emotion of a very strong intense feeling of dislike, yet he conceals, covering his true feeling about his hating the person with flattery, this is really deceit. Just as a person putting on some false front, he has lying lips. – Proverbs 26:24.
Some persons follow the course of the second line of action as opposed to concealing hate, they foolishly “utter slander.” Their very strong intense feeling of dislike or hatred moves them to attempt harm by making false allegations or disparaging comments, which are intended to cause others to think less of the hated one. Yes, foolish, indeed. The slanderous accusations are not going to alter the reality of who this other person really is. On the contrary, it is only going to openly display what the slanderer is. Those who know both persons will merely think less of the one making the false slanderous accusations. Therefore, instead of causing the other person harm, the foolish slanderer only hurts himself in the end.
The right course of action is to reject both of these courses of action and deal with your anger issues. God told the Israelites, “You shall not hate your brother in your heart.” (Lev. 19:17) In addition, Jesus went on to expand on that counsel, “love your enemies and pray for those who persecute you, so that you may be sons of your Father who is in heaven.” (Matt. 5:44-45)
It certainly is not easy to remove hatred that may have been developing over an extended period of time, but that is far wiser than stewing in hate to the point being a hypocrite and lying or foolishly slandering another. Remember, there are six things that God hates, and one of the six is the lying tongue (lying lips). As we remove hatred or malice from our hearts, we move closer to being in the image of God.
Monopolizing the Conversation
Proverbs 10:19 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
19 When words are many, transgression is not lacking,
but he who restrains his lips is prudent.
When words are many, transgression is not lacking: Transgression: (Heb. pesha) is wantonness, crime, wrongdoing. One who violates a law, a duty, or a moral principle. An action or behavior that is contrary to a standard whether it is a human standard or divine, with emphasis on the rebellious nature of the wrong committed. Here we are dealing with one who lacks good sense in his dealings with others, especially offensive because he has no moral restraint when it comes to what he thinks coming out a what he says. Lacking (Heb. chadal) means that he resists the idea of restraining his many words. This line of the verse could mean that one who has caused on offense to another; there is no amount of talking that is going to make things right. However, it is far more likely that it simply means the one who talks too much with no filter will often offend others.
but he who restrains his lips is prudent: As in most cases lips here refers to speech or talk. Prudent: (Heb. sakal) means to be wise, to have insight, get wisdom, gain understanding, to comprehend, be skilled. In other words, the one who is wise enough to filter what he thinks before he says it because he also controls how much he talks.
We have all encountered someone who talks too much, and on some occasions, it might have been us. The odds are the more we talk, the greater the risk that we are going to say something that is foolish, even offensive, or harmful. James is correct, our tongue is like a fire, which can, in our human imperfection, get involved in spreading hurtful gossip and slander. (James 3:5-6) However, when we restrain our lips, speak fewer words, or we filter our words by considering the impact they may have before we say them, we will be wise and discreet, and we will have the respect and confidence of others.
This does not mean that we must go excessively in the opposite direction either by muting ourselves. Nevertheless, give this a try when with a group of people. Hold back in the conversation for a little while. Feel your impulses. Are you noticing that you feel compelled to speak on every subject? When you do speak are you using many words? When you look back on the night, do you feel that you spoke on more subjects than others, and had more to say? If so, you need to ponder Proverbs 10:19, as it will serve as a safeguard for you.
The Words of the Righteous or the Worthless Mind of the Wicked
Proverbs 10:20 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
20 The tongue of the righteous is choice silver;
the heart of the wicked is of little worth.
The tongue of the righteous is choice silver: Just as lips were used in verses 18-19 to refer to words and speech, so it is with the tongue (Heb. lashon) here in verse 20. Therefore, the tongue of the righteous is referring to good speech or words of the person who has a good standing before God. Choice (Heb. bachar) means that it is a superior grade. It is the best and highly desired. The tongue [words] of the righteous is far superior to choice silver.
the heart of the wicked is of little worth: The Hebrew term (lev) rendered heart here means the sense or understanding of the wicked. The heart is often used figuratively to stand for the place of the person’s thoughts (mind). The contrast that we have is the tongue [words] of the righteous with the mind [sense or understanding] of the wicked, as well as choice silver [greatest value] with little worth [no real value].
The words of the righteous person are pure like choice, refined silver, free of dross (scum formed on the surface of molten metal), that is, free of what is worthless. This is indeed true of genuine Christians who share life-saving accurate knowledge of God’s Word with others. God himself through the inspired Word has educated these ones giving them the tongue of the righteous, which means that ‘God has given them the tongue of those who are taught, that they may know how to sustain with a word him who is weary.’ (Isaiah 30:20; 50:4) Certainly, the tongue of these righteous ones is choice silver as it shares Bible truth with those who are rightly disposed for eternal life. How substantially more valuable are the words of the righteous to the honest-hearted ones who are receptive to the truth than are the worthless minds that lack sense or understanding of the wicked ones!
The Righteous One Is a Guide to Life While the Foolish One Cannot Save His Own Life
Proverbs 10:21 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
21 The lips of the righteous feed many,
but fools die for want of heart.
The lips of the righteous feed many: Just as lips were used in verses 18-19 to refer to words and speech, so it is with verses 21 here but leaning more specifically toward words of counsel, advice, or instruction. The Hebrew verb (yiru) that is rendered feed means to give food to, to provide food for a flock, or to care for any need for a flock such a grazing pasture, to be a shepherd that has authority over his flock. In this case, the metaphor is basically saying that a righteous person who is in a position of leadership (e.g., a king), who offers words of counsel, advice, or instruction will be of benefit (feed) to those people who hear (obey) them.
but fools die for want of heart: Fools: (Heb. kesîl) hate knowledge as they lack good judgment. Their character is stupidity, rudeness, that is, one who completely lacks understanding, who is rebellious in his ways. Foolishness: (Heb. ivveleth) The foolishness of the foolish one, who has the trait of acting stupidly or rashly because he is devoid of wisdom or understanding, the Hebrew noun focusing on the evil behaviors which occur in this state. The fool is incapable of taking care of himself or others because he has want (lack) of heart, that is, he lacks good sense and understanding, so he dies, as does anyone who would be so stupid to listen to him.
The righteous one is a blessing to those who heed his words of counsel, advice, or instruction. How does the righteous one feed (guide) many? The Hebrew verb (yiru) that is used here conveys the idea of shepherding. It has the thought of guiding as well as nourishing, just as the shepherd of ancient times took care of his sheep. (1 Samuel 16:11; Psalm 23:1-3; Song of Solomon 1:7) This metaphor perfectly represents how a righteous person with his words of counsel, advice, or instruction can guide others to the path of righteousness as well. His speech nourishes (feeds) those who listen to (obey) him. This results in many people hearing his voice and so leading happier, more satisfying lives. Later inspired words of the Son of God and New Testament authors speak of these righteous ones receiving eternal life.
What, though, of the foolish one? Because he is in want of heart, meaning he lacks good sense, judgment, and understanding, which results in his having no good motive or concern about the consequences of his decisions that impact his life. He simply does whatever he wants, unaware or uncaring about the consequences of his decisions until they are upon him; then, he says, “why me.” Hence, he himself is a revolving door of selfish, self-centered bad decisions, which cause him to suffer the penalties of his actions. While the righteous one is busy guiding others to life with his words of counsel, advice, or instruction, the foolish one being in want of heart, he is not even able to keep himself alive.
Enough Is Enough
Proverbs 10:22 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
22 The blessing of Jehovah, it makes rich,
and he adds no sorrow to it.
The blessing of Jehovah makes rich: When we talk about the blessing of God, it is referring to the goodness and the kindness that he bestows upon his people. The emphasis here is on the good things that happen and come to those who heed the words of the Wise One. The Hebrew third-person pronoun (hi), which is rendered it was added by the author here for emphasis, referring back to where all the good things (blessings) come from, namely, Jehovah.
The Hebrew verb (ashar) means simply to be or become rich or wealthy. This is relative to the context. Rich here in this context is a contrast of one who has the basic needs of life over one who does not. If you have never lived on both sides of the poverty line, you will have a difficult time visualizing how a person who does not have enough income to acquire the bare necessities of life for their family can see a neighbor who has such basics as being rich. Riches (having basic necessities of life) are the result of hard work and poverty (not having bare necessities) is brought on by laziness. The bare necessities of life are food, clothing, shelter, and health.
and he adds no sorrow to it: If and when we ever gain a measure of wealth or riches because we have truly lived by the rules, principles, and moral values, ethics found in God’s Word, it will be a blessing to us and others, as there will be no love of money involved. Many times, the wealthy unbelievers have sorrows over their riches because they have gained it or tries to maintain it unscrupulously, through dishonesty, or deceit. If this is not the case, the sorrows come from being fraught with tax problems, legal issues, and, of course, everyone now wants to be their friend. This is largely not the case with one who is living a just life and applying the words of the Wise One.
God blesses those who have a righteous standing before him (an approved condition) by protecting them, prospering their biblically based decisions, guiding them in the way that they should go, giving them success in the things they attempt, and supplying them with the basic needs, with a beneficial outcome for them.
Shun Shameful Conduct
Proverbs 10:23 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
23 Doing wickedness is like a sport to a fool,
but wisdom is pleasure to a man of understanding.
Doing wickedness is like a sport to a fool: The Hebrew word rendered wickedness (zimmah) is referring to shameful behavior or conduct that is lewd and of a sexual nature. Sport renders the Hebrew word (sechoq), which can mean laughter. If so here, it is brought about by the pleasure, that is, enjoyment and fondness in carrying out wicked acts that are shameful, lewd and are of a sexual nature. For the ones who view shameful conduct like a sport, they are blind to the level of depravity of their course and ignore God as the one who will sit in judgment of this shameful, lewd behavior. (Romans 14:12) Such foolish ones become twisted in their thinking to the point where they do not believe in a God or if they do, they conclude that God cannot see nor really care about their conduct. They are, in effect, saying, ‘there is no God.’ (Psalm 14:1-3; Isaiah 29:15-16) Because they are not guided by the wisdom of God, they lack discernment and, therefore, are incapable of judging matters correctly. – Proverbs 28:5.
but wisdom is pleasure to a man of understanding: Here there is the contrast in that the fool takes pleasure in his wrongdoing, while the righteous one finds pleasure in understanding, seeing how the parts or aspects of life are connected to one another, giving us the big picture. The man of understanding realizes that shameful, lewd behavior of a sexual nature is no sport at all. He knows from Scripture that it displeases God and that it will ruin his relationship with God. The foolishness of such conduct is in the fact that it robs one of their self-respect, destroys marriages, and brings harm to both the mind and the body, as well as ruining spirituality. Therefore, we need to acquire understanding and wisdom and avoid the shameful, lewd, immoral conduct of the world. – Proverbs 5:1-23.
The book of Provers alone can help us acquire understanding and wisdom and use discernment to avoid shameful behavior. If we look at what a person likes and dislikes, we discover his true personality. The man who sees shameful, lewd, immoral conduct as a sport or a game, feeding his fleshly nature for pleasure, immediate gratification. These ones are not capable of seeing the big picture. In other words, sexual misconduct might be fun, pleasurable in the moment, but all wickedness has a price eventually that will have to be paid. How foolish!
The Dread of the Wicked Versus The Desire of the Righteous
Proverbs 10:24 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
24 What the wicked dreads will come upon him,
but the desire of the righteous will be granted.
What the wicked dreads will come upon him: What is being contrasted here is the outcome of knowing what kind of life you have been living. Dreads (Heb. megorah) here is the dread, fear, horror, the terror of living one’s life in expectation what he knows is coming. For example, a thief knows that he can only commit so many crimes and that he will eventually be caught. Therefore, his focus and anxiety, his dreadful fear is on the future when he knows he will have to pay for his wicked behavior, which could mean physical harm, even death, or a very long prison sentence. The wicked one can never live in peace, feeling secure, finding happiness or joy because his life of wrongdoing can only end badly. Yes, at times he has made gains in life but he is always in fear of losing them and much more.
but the desire of the righteous will be granted: In the case of the righteous one, desires (Heb. taavah) is a good thing. He wishes for, wants, longs for something based on the good life that he has been living. The present and the future of the righteous one is filled with happiness and joy because he knows he has been on the path of righteousness taking in the knowledge of God. He knows that, in the end, his hope will be fulfilled, his desires will be granted (Heb. yitten), even if this life has some difficult times along the way.
Solomon points to the value of living a good, righteous, just life. The life of the wicked one brings much difficulty to the righteous one but in his life, there will be a constant dread, fear, horror, terror of living his life in expectation what he knows is coming upon him. The wicked one has no foundational of righteous principles, which makes him like an unstable building that is just waiting to crumble. The righteous one, on the other hand, is like the man mentioned in Jesus’ parable at Matthew 7:24-25. “‘Everyone then who hears these words of mine and does them will be like a wise man who built his house on the rock. And the rain fell, and the floods came, and the winds blew and beat on that house, but it did not fall, because it had been founded on the rock.’” The righteous one lives a stable life even among the chaos of Satan’s world, as his thinking and his actions are grounded in God’s Word. The wicked one is like the man of Matthew 7:26-27. “‘And everyone who hears these words of mine and does not do them will be like a foolish man who built his house on the sand. And the rain fell, and the floods came, and the winds blew and beat against that house, and it fell, and great was its fall.’” The wicked one lives an unhinged life and enjoys the immediate gratification of Satan’s world, as his thinking and his actions are grounded in his fleshly desires. However, deep down inside, he knows this is short-lived, temporary pleasures.
Surviving the Storm
Proverbs 10:25 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
25 When the whirlwind passes, the wicked is no more,
but the righteous are a foundation forever.
When the whirlwind passes, the wicked is no more: The Hebrew word (suphah) rendered whirlwind means a storm wind, a tempest that can be blowing straight or whirling around itself as it moves over the surface of the ground. Exactly when the whirlwind passes is ambiguous in that it could mean when the storm is passing over or when it has already passed by, so some dynamic equivalents follow the unwise pattern of making the choice for the reader, as in Good News Translation (GNT) “Storms come.…” While it is true that the meaning is when the storm is happening not after it has passed over, this interpretative choice belongs to the reader and he should not be cut off from it by translators thinking they know best. The meaning of the wicked is no more (Heb. ayin) is straightforward in that they are destroyed, or they disappear, namely, they are no more.
but the righteous are a foundation forever: Here foundation (Heb. yesod) is a figurative reference to a building, meaning that it is enduring or persevering. In other words, the wicked are destroyed by the storm while the righteous are like a solid foundation, which can endure any storm.
The righteous ones live by the righteous principles found in God’s Word, so they are able to endure or persevere and wind storm from their imperfection or Satan’s world. The wicked, on the other hand, have no foundation in righteous principles making them an unstable building that is unable to withstand the storms of difficult times, leaving them to collapse in violent storms. Therefore, God’s servants need to keep their thinking grounded in godly principles. Just like a structure that has a strong, solid foundation, God’s people do not cave in when pressure mounts. – Matthew 7:24-27.
The Life of the Sluggard
Proverbs 10:26 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
26 Like vinegar to the teeth and smoke to the eyes,
so is the sluggard to those who send him.
Like vinegar to the teeth and smoke to the eyes: This verse is not a contrast between line one and line two. Rather, line one is describing what the sluggard (lazy person) is like by describing him as vinegar on the teeth and smoke to the eyes. Vinegar (Heb. chomets) is a source of discomfort to the teeth. It is a sour tasting liquid by fermentation of dilute alcoholic liquids produced from wine and other sources, which was used as a flavorer or preservative. If one were to drink this acidic like drink, it would irritate the mouth. The acetic acid contained in it causes a sour taste in the mouth and can cause one’s teeth to feel sensitive. In Psalm 69:21, it is used alongside poison, “They gave me poison for food, and for my thirst they gave me sour wine to drink.” Smoke (Heb. ashan) is also is an irritant in that it stings the eyes.
so is the sluggard to those who send him: The sluggard (Heb. atsel) is a reference to a lazy person, who is unwilling to exert himself. He is always lazy and slothful. He is a moral failure with no discipline or initiative.
If you have ever hired a lazy person then you know what a complete disappointment it can be, as it will cause you much vexation and you will suffer loss. This is true because you spend much of your life at work. It can bring you happiness and satisfaction if you do good work and show initiative. However, when you are paired with a lazy person, one who will expect you to do everything for him while he is late, takes extended break, and calls off work constantly, your life will not know satisfaction, as this one will be a constant irritant to you just like ‘smoke in one’s eyes.’
Seek, search for and Acquire Wisdom, Insight, Understanding, and the Knowledge of God
Proverbs 10:27 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
27 The fear of Jehovah prolongs days,
but the years of the wicked will be short.
The fear of Jehovah prolongs days: Throughout the entire book of Proverbs, the fear of Jehovah is the repeated theme of wisdom found in the book of Proverbs. One who fears Jehovah, he has the qualities of humility (15:33; 22:4), wisdom (1:7), possessing faithfulness and Godly love (16:6), and a concern for his relationship with God (2:5; 9:10). In the book of Proverbs, fear of Jehovah is related to faith in God that is constantly seeking understanding. Prolongs (Heb. yasaph) is exactly as it sounds, it means to add onto, to increase, make an addition to, and this too is mentioned throughout Proverbs. If you heed the Father’s teachings ‘the length of days and years of life will be added to you.’ (3:2) You should listen to Wisdom as long life is in her right hand,’ (3:16) for ‘by her your days will be multiplied, and years will be added to your life.’ (9:11) Days means life, the fear of Jehovah prolongs life.
but the years of the wicked will be short: Here the years of the wicked means how long the wicked will live, the length of their life. In Proverbs 13:9 we are told, “the lamp of the wicked will be put out.” In 20:20 it says, “He who curses his father or his mother, his lamp will be put out in utter darkness.” The wisdom, insight, understanding, knowledge of God is what gives the righteous one long life, while the lack of such, gives the foolish wicked one a short life.
The righteous one’s life is guided by referential fear of trying to please Jehovah by his thoughts, words, and actions, which is motivated by pure love. The father cares for him and it is the wisdom, insight, understanding, knowledge of God that helps this righteous one to have his righteous hopes fulfilled. However, the wicked one lives a godless life. The foolish, evil lifestyle of the wicked will cause his life to be cut short. Yes, the wicked one may seem to have his hopes fulfilled but this is momentarily at best, for his life is often short because of his violence, or his immoral lifestyle. When he dies any hope of a prolonged life is lost forever. – Proverbs 11:7.
False Foundations Will Crumble In the End
Proverbs 10:28 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
28 The hope of the righteous is gladness,
but the expectation of the wicked comes to nothing.
The hope of the righteous is gladness: The “b” portion of line one can also be rendered brings joy. Hope (tocheleth) is rendered by a Hebrew verb that means to faithfully wait with the expectation that God will deliver. It is the grounds for feeling hopeful about the future. The righteous have a positive future prospect. The gladness (simchah), joy, happiness is the result of the faithful waiting with a hopeful heart and a positive mind of the righteous one.
but the expectation of the wicked comes to nothing: The expectation here is another Hebrew word (tiqvah) for hope but it is not being contrasted with the hope (faithfully waiting with expectation) of line one but rather the wicked one has hope or expectation in that he is looking forward to his evil ends. However, they will come to nothing, in that they will die or perish (Heb. abad).
Without God, a person’s hopes or expectations are of no value; really, they are futile in the long run. The Bible expresses that the people of the world, in general, have no real hope or expectations, solidly based on a foundation that can be trusted because humanism leads to futility in the end; mankind is heading for destruction in death, and without knowledge of a provision from a God there is no hope in what lies ahead. Those living in the world without God before they come to a knowledge of God, they were alienated from God and his people, having no real expectations or hope for the future. The worldly hope in themselves, seeking to fill their fleshly desires, some sensual, some materialistic. Therefore, selfish hopes, and those that are based on a false foundation of selfish materialism, on lies, on wrong dealings with others, or on the power humans or the promises of men, are sure to be unsatisfied and unfulfilled.
How God Deals with Us
Proverbs 10:29 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
29 The way of Jehovah is a stronghold to the blameless,
but destruction to evildoers.
The way of Jehovah is a stronghold to the blameless: Here the way (Heb. derek) of Jehovah is how God deals with mankind and not to the course of life that we should follow. God’s dealings with humans means safety and protection, a place of refuge for the blameless. The Hebrew word rendered stronghold (maoz) refers to a strongly fortified defensive military structure that offers safety and protection, a place of refuge. Blameless: (Heb. tam, tamim) means, “perfect, blameless, sincerity, entire, whole, complete, and full.” Of course, Noah, Jacob, and Job were not literally perfect. When used of imperfect humans, the terms are relative, not absolute. However, if we are fully committed to following, a life course based on God’s will and purposes, fully living by his laws, repent when we fall short, he will credit us righteousness.
but destruction to evildoers: The contrasting parallel here is between stronghold and destruction and between blameless and evildoers. The way of Jehovah is a destruction to evildoers. The way of Jehovah’s dealings with humans, in this case, evildoers, is destruction. The evildoers refuse to live a way of life that aligns them with the Word of God and with God’s personality, standards, ways, which is rebellion, the rejection of God’s sovereignty.
Hope and No Hope
Proverbs 10:30 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
30 The righteous will never be removed,
but the wicked will not dwell in the land.
The righteous will never be removed: Here removed (Heb. mot) means that the righteous will be secure and will never be caused to be shaken, overthrown, or dislodged, which is in contrast to the wicked who will lose the Promised Land.
but the wicked will not dwell in the land: The language of in the land here has a particular reference to that of the Promised Land to Israel, yet it is a reference to the individual not the nation of Israel. Therefore, metaphorically, it could refer to the entire earth, which means not dwell in the land metaphorically, it can have the sense here of will be annihilated. Therefore, the New English Bible renders it, “shall not remain on earth.”
While the above can only be inferred or extrapolated from the context of God’s Word as a whole in relation to 10:30, we can say that the righteous have security and refuge within the land, in contrast to the wicked who have no hope of dwelling in the land. This promise to the righteous suggest a long life, and a sense of wellbeing.
We Need to Guard Our Speech
Proverbs 10:31 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
31 The mouth of the righteous brings forth wisdom,
but the perverse tongue will be cut off.
The mouth of the righteous brings forth wisdom: Here again, as was true in verses 11, 13, 18, 20, and 21, we have a part of the body (tongue, mouth, lips) being used with reference to speech. Words from the mouth of the righteous (good, honest, upright person) refer to speech, words and thoughts, which can bring forth wisdom. To bring forth means to prosper, bear fruit, thrive, plants that are fruitful, a figurative expression that implies vitality and life. The words or speech of the righteous can refresh, enliven, and inspire a person. They can also lead to eternal life. Wisdom here is referring to words of wisdom.
but the perverse tongue will be cut off: The perverse tongue is, of course, figurative, which is referring to a deliberate and determined desire to speak in a way that is unreasonable or unacceptable, as the words are false, untrue, confounding and twisting sound moral judgment, often in spite of the consequences. We are not to take the tongue being cut off here literally, it is being used metaphorically. There is no such punishment in the Old Testament. Rather, the one bearing a false witness against another was to be punished with whatever the wicked one had intended for him. (Deut. 19:15-21) The metaphor of the tongue being cut off is a figure of speech in which either it refers to the community rejecting the one with the perverse tongue or it refers to divine punishment that will eventually be meted out to him.
As servants of God, it is very important that we guard our speech, as words have great power. Proverbs 15:4 says: “A healing tongue is a tree of life, but perverseness in it breaks the spirit.” Just as water will heal a thirsting tree, so it is true of the soothing, calm speech or words that can refresh the spirit of the person hearing them. On the other hand, the twisted words of a perverse tongue can crush the spirit of others. It is so true that our words have the power to heal or the power to injure. – Proverbs 18:21.
Proverbs 10:32 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
32 The lips of the righteous know what is acceptable,
but the mouth of the wicked, what is perverse.
The lips of the righteous know what is acceptable: Once more, as was true in verses 11, 13, 18, 20, 21, and in 31 above, we have a part of the body (tongue, mouth, lips) being used with reference to the speech of good people. It is the person who knows what is acceptable not the lips of the righteous. What is acceptable are the speech, words, and thoughts from the mouth of the righteous (10:31), which can bring forth wisdom.
but the mouth of the wicked, what is perverse: Here perverse for the wicked is the same as 10:31 with the wicked one’s speech, words, and thoughts being unreasonable or unacceptable, as they are false, untrue, confounding and twisting sound moral judgment.
We, then, want to always do our very best to be in harmony with godly principles. Let us always keep our lips under control and use our tongue to encourage and develop others with the life-saving truth of God’s Word, as we guide them to the way of righteousness. It should be our desire to be pure and clean in the words that we utter and the thoughts that pass through our mind, to be considered with like the great men and women of faith of old: Abel, Enoch, Noah, Abraham, Moses, Elijah, Sarah, Hannah, Ruth, Abigail, Esther, and Mary.
BIBLE DIFFICULTIES Chapter 10
10:6 How does ‘the mouth of the wicked conceals violence’? The mouth of the wicked may come in the form of insincerely praising someone in order to persuade them to do something, being done with the malicious intent of causing harm. It can also be deceptively saying something that has some truth to it but also contains lies, so as to persuade another that some misinformation is true. Again, this too is done with malicious intent for the purpose of causing harm. Then, again, it could be that the wicked are largely treated with hostility, the unfriendliness they receive from others silences them.
10:10 How is that he “who winks the eye causes trouble”? “A worthless man, a wicked man” may not only resort to going “about with crooked speech” but he also may try to hide his intentions with body language, such as ‘winking his eye.’ (Prov. 6:12-13; 16:30; Psa.35:19) Here winks (Heb. qarats) is a gesture where the worthless, wicked person signals insincerity and deceit with a smirk on his face. These signals could very well be for the wicked one’s co-conspirators. This kind of dishonesty and deception can become the source of much troubles for those who fall victim to their schemes.
10:29 What is “the way of Jehovah”? Here the way (Heb. derek) of Jehovah is how God deals with mankind and not to the course of life that we should follow. God’s dealings with humans means safety and protection, a place of refuge for the blameless.
- (10:1) Who wrote Proverbs chapter 10 and why can we be so certain? What does the Hebrew chakam tell us about the wise son? What does the Hebrew kesil tell us about the foolish son? Wise King Solomon focuses his attention on the grief of the mother, possibly suggesting what?
- (10:2) What does treasures of wickedness mean? In this context what does do not profit mean? What are the two contrasts in line two? Why is ill-gotten gains of no value in the end?
- (10:3) How is hand often used in the Scriptures? What is the general truth of the book of Proverbs? What does “the soul of the righteous” include? How are we to understand thrust away and cravings? Who is going to experience the blessing of God?
- (10:4) What is the full character of a “slack” person? How is the Hebrew noun (yad) rendered hand used here in 10:4? How would you describe the diligent person? How is the Hebrew verb (ashar) for rich used in this context?
- (10:5) What two different kinds of sons do we have here in this verse? How are we to understand the contrast of sleep (Heb. radam) in harvest (Heb. qatsir) with gather in summer? Explain the Hebrew term rendered prudent and shame. What kind of harvest have we been in during these last days and how can 10:5 help us appreciate the time that is left? What did Jesus say about this harvest to his disciples?
- (10:6) How are blessing on the head of the righteous? How is it that “the mouth of the wicked conceals violence”?
- (10:7) “The memory of the righteous is a blessing” is a reference to whose memories? Why is your name (reputation) very important?
- (10:8-9) How is the Hebrew term rendered heart in the Bible often used? What does the expression wise of heart mean? The wise one’s heeding (Heb. laqach) of commandments means what? The use of commandments here in this verse is referring to what? The expression foolish of lips is referring to what? The Hebrew word for fool (evil) is referring to what kind of person? What does it mean that the foolish one will be trampled down? How is walk being used here? Those walking in integrity are? How are we to understand the one who perverts his ways (makes his paths crooked) will be found out (known)?
- (10:10) How is it the one “who winks the eye causes trouble”? What translation issues are there in the second line of verse 10?
- (10:11) Words from the mouth of the righteous can do what? Words from the mouth of the wicked can do what?
- (10:12) Explain the Hebrew terms rendered hatred and love and how much of a contrast there is between the two. Just how powerful is Godly love?
- (10:13) The lips of the mouth mean what? Understanding here as in 1:5 refers to the ability to what? He who has wisdom has what? How is the Hebrew term for rod used here and what does it mean to be in want of heart?
- (10:14) Wise are ones who are …? Knowledge is …? The Hebrew word rendered mouth has the sense of …? Just how pitiful is the foolish person?
- Review Questions (10:15) In ancient times a strong city (Heb. oz qiryah) was …? How is that an analogy for one’s wealth? Those who are in poverty (Heb. resh) are …? Ruin (Heb. mechittah) is …? What is another way that we can look at verse 15? Being frank, what is the real truth about wealth over being poor?
- (10:16) The wage of the righteous is …? Leads to life means …? The Hebrew word rendered gain (tebuah) means …? In line two, the verb in line one rendered leads to is understood to …? What is the difference between the righteous one and the wicked one in the way that they perceive a wage or gain for their labor?
- (10:17) The Hebrew word (shomer) rendered heeds means …? The Hebrew word rendered discipline (musar) is …? The Hebrew word (azab) rendered rejects means to …? Proverbs 10:17can be understood in two ways, what are they?
- (10:18) Conceals (Heb. mekasseh) has the sense of …? Hatred (Heb. sinah), malice, is an emotion of …? The lying lips belong to one who …? Here, the Hebrew word rendered slander (dibbah) is referring to one who …? Explain the two different courses of action and what is the best course of action.
- (10:19) Transgression: (Heb. pesha) is …? Lacking (Heb. chadal) means …? What is the simple point of line one? Prudent: (Heb. sakal) means …? What point is being made in line two? What impact do we have on others and ourselves if we monopolize the conversation by speaking excessively on every topic?
- (10:20) The tongue of the righteous is referring to what? Choice (Heb. bachar) means …? The Hebrew term (lev) rendered heart here means …? What is the contrast that we have here?
- (10:21) What do the lips refer to more specifically here in verse 21? The Hebrew verb (yiru) that is rendered feed means …? What type of person is the foolish one? How does the righteous one feed many? What, though, of the foolish one?
- (10:22) When we talk about riches within Proverbs for the servant of God what is the basic meaning? Why did the author add the third-person pronoun it? If and when we ever gain a measure of wealth or riches, it will be because of what, and why will there be no sorrows for us? Who does God bless and how?
- (10:23) The Hebrew word rendered wickedness (zimmah) is referring to …? For the ones who view shameful conduct like a sport, they are blind to …? What is the contrast of 10:23? The man of understanding realizes what? The book of Provers alone can help us acquire what?
- (10:24) What is being contrasted here in 10:24? Dreads (Heb. megorah) here is …? In the case of the righteous one, desires (Heb. taavah) is a good thing. Why? Solomon points to the value of …? How does Jesus’ parable at Matthew 7:24-27 help us better understand Proverbs 10:24?
- (10:25) The Hebrew word (suphah) rendered whirlwind means …? How is the whirlwind passing ambiguous and what is the better translation choice? The meaning of the wicked is no more (Heb. ayin) is …? Here foundation (Heb. yesod) is a …? What is the contrast between the righteous ones and the wicked ones?
- (10:26) This verse is not contrasting one line with the other, what is the author trying to accomplish. Vinegar (Heb. chomets) is …? Smoke (Heb. ashan) is …? The sluggard (Heb. atsel) is a reference to …? How are we to understand 10:26?
- (10:27) What theme is repeated throughout the book of Proverbs? Prolongs (Heb. yasaph) means to …? How is long life mentioned in Proverbs as well? The years of the wicked means …? What is it that gives the righteous one long life? What causes the wicked one’s life to be cut short?
- (10:28) Hope (tocheleth) is rendered by a Hebrew verb that means …? The gladness (simchah), joy, happiness is the result of …? The expectation in line two is another Hebrew word (tiqvah) for hope but …? Why and how do the expectations of the wicked come to nothing? On what foundation must our hopes be built?
- (10:29) What is “the way of Jehovah”?
- (10:30) How can we metaphorically understand 10:30. What is the basic sense of the verse though?
- (10:31) Just how powerful are our words?
- (10:32) What is acceptable? What is perverse?
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Andrews has written The Biblical Guide to Avoid the Pitfalls of Sexual Immorality. This tool is for both man and woman, husband and wife, all Christians who will marry one day and those who have been married for some time. The fallen world that we live in is fertile ground for immorality. The grass always seems greener somewhere away from one’s own spouse. Adultery is something everyone should avoid. It destroys more than just marriages, it destroys a person’s life, family and most importantly their relationship with God. Such is the danger of adultery that the Bible strongly warns every man and woman against it. The world that we currently live in is very vile, and sexual morality is no longer a quality that is valued. What can Christians do to stay safe in such an influential world that caters to the fallen flesh? What can help the husband and wife relationship to flourish as they cultivate a love that will survive the immoral world that surrounds them? We might have thought that a book, like God’s Word that is 2,000-3,500 years old would be out of date on such modern issues, but the Bible is ever applicable. The Biblical Guide to Avoid the Pitfalls of Sexual Immorality will give us the biblical answers that we need.
WHAT IS A MIRACLE? It is an event that goes beyond all known human and natural powers and is generally attributed to some supernatural power. Why should YOU be interested in miracles?
“Miracles, by definition, violate the principles of science.”—RICHARD DAWKINS.
“Belief in miracles is entirely rational. Far from being an embarrassment to religious faith, they are signs of God’s love for, and continuing involvement in, creation.”—ROBERT A. LARMER, PROFESSOR OF PHILOSOPHY.
SHOULD YOU believe in miracles? As we can see from the above quotations, opinions vary considerably. But how could you convincingly answer that question?
Some of YOU may immediately answer, “Yes, I believe.” Others might say, “No, I don’t believe.” Then, there are some who may say, “I don’t know, and I really don’t care! Miracles don’t happen in my life!” Really, why should YOU be interested in miracles? The Bible promises its readers that in the future some miracles far beyond all ever recorded or experienced is going to occur and will affect every living person on earth. Therefore, would it not be worth some of your time and energy to find out whether those promises are reliable? What does God’s Word really teach about miracles of Bible times, after that, our day, and the future?
Andrews, an author of over 100 books, has chosen the 40 most beneficial Proverbs, to give the readers an abundance of wise, inspired counsel to help them acquire understanding and safeguard their heart, “for out of it are the sources of life.” (4:23) GODLY WISDOM SPEAKS sets things straight by turning the readers to Almighty God. Each Proverb is dealt with individually, giving the readers easy to understand access to what the original language really means. This gives the readers what the inspired author meant by the words that he used. After this, the reader is given practical guidance on how those words can be applied for maneuvering through life today. GODLY WISDOM with its instruction and counsel never go out of date.
Yes, God will be pleased to give you strength. He even gives “extraordinary power” to those who are serving him. (2 Cor. 4:7) Do you not feel drawn to this powerful Almighty God, who uses his power in such kind and principled ways? God is certainly a “shield for all those who take refuge in him.” (Psalm 18:30) You understand that he does not use his power to protect you from all tragedy now. He does, however, always use his protective power to ensure the outworking of his will and purpose. In the long run, his doing so is in your best interests. Andrews shares a profound truth of how you too can have a share in the power of God. With THE POWER OF GOD as your guide, you will discover your strengths and abilities that will make you steadfast in your walk with God. You can choose to rise to a new level and invite God’s power by focusing on The Word That Will Change Your Life Today.
Herein Andrews will answer the “why.” He will address whether God is responsible for the suffering we see. He will also delve into whether God’s foreknowledge is compatible with our having free will. He will consider how we can objectively view Bible evidence, as he answers why an almighty, loving and just God would allow bad things to happen to good people. Will there ever be an end to the suffering? He will explain why life is so unfair and does God step in and solve our every problem because we are faithful? He will also discuss how the work of the Holy Spirit and the indwelling of the Holy Spirit should be understood in the light of wickedness. Lastly, Andrews will also offer biblical counsel on how we can cope when any tragedy strikes, …
GOD knows best. Nobody surpasses him in thought, word, or action. As our Creator, he is aware of our needs and supplies them abundantly. He certainly knows how to instruct us. And if we apply divine teaching, we benefit ourselves and enjoy true happiness. Centuries ago, the psalmist David petitioned God: “Make me to know your ways, O Lord; teach me your paths. Lead me in your truth and teach me” (Psalm 25:4-5) God did this for David, and surely He can answer such a prayer for His present-day servants.
Whom do we lean upon when facing distressing situations, making important decisions, or resisting temptations? With good reason, the Bible admonishes us: “Trust in the Lord with all your heart and do not lean on your own understanding. In all your ways know him, and he will make straight your paths.” (Prov. 3:5-6) Note the expression “do not lean upon your own understanding.” It is followed by “In all your ways know him.” God is the One with a truly sound mind. Thus, it follows that whenever we are faced with a decision, we need to turn to the Bible to see what God’s view is. This is how we acquire the mind of Christ.
Yes, God will be pleased to give you strength. He even gives “extraordinary power” to those who are serving him. (2 Cor. 4:7) Do you not feel drawn to this powerful Almighty God, who uses his power in such kind and principled ways? God is certainly a “shield for all those who take refuge in him.” (Psalm 18:30) You understand that he does not use his power to protect you from all tragedy now. He does, however, always use his protective power to ensure the outworking of his will and purpose. In the long run, his doing so is in your best interests. Andrews shares a profound truth …
All of us will go through difficult times that we may not fully understand. The apostle Paul wrote, “in the last days difficult times will come.” (2 Tim. 3:1) Those difficulties are part of the human imperfection (Rom. 5:12) and living in a fallen world that is ruled by Satan (2 Cor. 4:3-4). But when we find ourselves in such a place, it’s crucial that we realize God has given us a way out. (1 Cor. 10:13) Edward Andrews writes that if we remain steadfast in our faith and apply God’s Word correctly when we go through difficult times, we will not only grow spiritually, but we will …
Why should you be interested in the prophecy recorded by Daniel in chapter 11 of the book that bears his name? The King of the North and the King of the South of Daniel are locked in an all-out conflict for domination as a world power. As the centuries pass, turning into millenniums, first one, then the other, gains domination over the other. At times, one king rules as a world power while the other suffers destruction, and there are stretches of time where there is no conflict. But then another battle abruptly erupts, and the conflict begins anew. Who is the current King of the North and the King of the South? Who are the seven kings or kingdoms of Bible history in Revelation chapter 17? We are living in the last days that the apostle Paul spoke of, when he said, “difficult times will come.” (2 Tim. 3:1-7) How close we are to the end of these last days, wherein we will enter into the Great Tribulation that Jesus Christ spoke of (Matt. 24:21), no one can know for a certainty. However, Jesus and the New Testament authors have helped to understand the signs of the times and …
The theme of Andrews’ new book is “YOU CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE.” As a Christian, you touch the lives of other people, wherein you can make a positive difference. Men and women of ancient times such as David, Nehemiah, Deborah, Esther, and the apostle Paul had a positive influence on others by caring deeply for them, maintaining courageous faith, and displaying a mild, spiritual attitude. Christians are a special people. They are also very strong and courageous for taking on such an amazingly great responsibility. But if you can make a difference, be it with ten others or just one, you will have done what Jesus asked of you, and there is no more beautiful feeling. YOU CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE with joy.
Many have successfully conquered bad habits and addictions by applying suggestions found in the Bible and by seeking help from God through prayer. You simply cannot develop good habits and kick all your bad ones overnight. See how to establish priorities. Make sure that your new habits work for you instead of your old bad habits against you. It is one thing to strip off the old habits, yet quite another to keep them off. How can we succeed in doing both, no matter how deeply we may have been involved in bad habitual practices?
It may seem to almost all of us that we are either entering into a difficult time, living in one, or just getting over one and that we face one problem after another. This difficulty may be the loss of a loved one in death or a severe marriage issue, a grave illness, the lack of a job, or simply the stress of daily life. As Christians, we need to understand that God’s Word will carry us through these times, as we maintain our integrity whether in the face of tremendous trials or the tension of everyday life. We are far better facing these hurdles of life with the help of God, who can make the worst circumstances much better and more bearable.
The world that you live in today has many real reasons to be fearful. Many are addicted to drugs, alcohol, bringing violence into even the safest communities. Terrorism has plagued the world for more than a decade now. Bullying in schools has caused many teen suicides. The divorce rate even in Christian households is on the rise. Lack of economic opportunity and unemployment is prevalent everywhere. Our safety, security, and well-being are in danger at all times. We now live in a prison of fear to even come outside the protection of our locked doors at home. Imagine living where all these things existed, but you could go about your daily life untouched by fear and anxiety. What if you could be courageous and strong through your faith in these last days? What if you could live by faith not fear? What if insight into God’s Word could remove your fear, anxiety, and dread? Imagine a life of calmness, peace, unconcern, confidence, comfort, hope, and faith. Are you able to picture a life without fear? It is possible.
John 3:16 is one of the most widely quoted verses from the Christian Bible. It has also been called the “Gospel in a nutshell,” because it is considered a summary of the central theme of traditional Christianity. Martin Luther called John 3:16 “The heart of the Bible, the Gospel in miniature.” The Father had sent his Son to earth to be born as a human baby. Doing this meant that for over three decades, his Son was susceptible to the same pains and suffering as the rest of humankind, ending in the most gruesome torture and execution imaginable. The Father watched the divine human child Jesus grow into a perfect man. He watched as John the Baptist baptized the Son, where the Father said from heaven, “This is my Son, the beloved, in whom I am well pleased.” (Matt. 3:17) The Father watched on as the Son faithfully carried out his will, fulfilling all of the prophecies, which certainly pleased the Father.–John 5:36; 17:4. …
This commentary volume is part of a series by Christian Publishing House (CPH) that covers all of the sixty-six books of the Bible. These volumes are a study tool for the pastor, small group biblical studies leader, or the churchgoer. The primary purpose of studying the Bible is to learn about God and his personal revelation, allowing it to change our lives by drawing closer to God. The Book of James volume is written in a style that is easy to understand. The Bible can be difficult and complex at times. Our effort herein is to make it easier to read and understand, while also accurately communicating truth. CPH New Testament Commentary will convey the meaning of the verses in the book of Philippians. In addition, we will also cover the Bible background, the custom and culture of the times, as well as Bible difficulties. …
SECTION 1 Surviving Sexual Desires and Love will cover such subjects as What Is Wrong with Flirting, The Pornography Deception, Peer Pressure to Have Sexual Relations, Coping With Constant Sexual Thoughts, Fully Understanding Sexting, Is Oral Sex Really Sex, …SECTION 2 Surviving My Friends will cover such subjects as Dealing with Loneliness, Where Do I Fit In, Why I Struggle with Having Friends, …SECTION 3 Surviving the Family will cover such subjects as Appreciating the House Rules, Getting Along with My Brothers and Sisters, How Do I Find Privacy, … SECTION 4 Surviving School will cover such subjects as How Do I Deal With Bullies, How Can I Cope With School When I Hate It, … SECTION 5 Surviving Who I Am will cover such subjects as Why Do I Procrastinate, … SECTION 6 Surviving Recreation will cover such subjects as … SECTION 7 Surviving My Health will cover such subjects as How Can I Overcome My Depression, …
Who should read THIRTEEN REASONS WHY YOU SHOULD KEEP LIVING? Anyone who is struggling in their walk as a young person. Anyone who has a friend who is having difficulty handling or coping with their young life, so you can offer them the help they need. Any parent who has young ones. And grade school, junior high or high school that wants to provide an, in touch, anti-suicide message to their students. … Many youths say that they would never dream of killing themselves. Still, they all have the deep feeling that there are no reasons for going on with their lives. Some have even hoped that some sort of accident would take their pain away for them. They view death as a release, a way out, a friend, not their enemy. …
The purpose of Waging War is to guide the youth of this program from start to finish in their therapeutic efforts to gain insight into their patterns of thinking and beliefs that have led to the current outcomes in their life thus far and enable them to change the path which they are on. Waging War is a guide to start the youth with the most basic information and work pages to the culmination of all of the facts, scripture, and their newly gained insight to offer a more clear picture of where they are and how to change their lives for the better. Every chapter will have work pages that Freeman has used and had found to be useful in therapy, but most importantly, this workbook will teach the Word to a population that does not hear it in its’ most correct form. What is the significance of controlling ones’ thoughts and how does that apply to you? Doubts, fears, and insecurities come from somewhere, especially when they are pervasive. Understanding this idea will help one to fight those thoughts and free them from the shackles their mind puts around their hearts, preventing them from achieving their dreams and the plans God had intended for them when they were created.
There are many reasons the Christian view of humanity is very important. The Christian view of humanity believes that humans were created in the image of God. We will look at the biblical view of humanity. We are going to look at the nature of man, the freedom of man, the personality of man, the fall of man, the nature of sin and death, as well as why God has allowed sin to enter into the world, as well as all of the wickedness and suffering that came with it. Andrews will answer the following questions and far more. How does the Bible explain and describe the creation of man and woman? Why is it imperative that we understand our fallen condition? What does it mean to be made in the image of God? …
In FOR AS I THINK IN MY HEART – SO I AM, Edward D. Andrews offers practical and biblical insights on a host of Christian spiritual growth struggles, from the challenge of forgiveness to eating disorders, anger, alcoholism, depression, anxiety, pornography, masturbation, same-sex attraction, and many others. Based on Proverbs 23:7 (NKJV): “For as he thinks in his heart, so is he,” Andrews’ text works from the position that if we can change the way that we think, we can alter the way we feel, which will modify the way we behave. FOR AS I THINK IN MY HEART – SO I AM offers far more than self-help to dozens of spiritual struggles, personal difficulties, and mental disorders. It will benefit Christian and non-Christian alike. The Scriptural advice and counsel coupled with cognitive behavioral therapy will be helpful even if every chapter is not one of your struggles. For As I Think in My Heart enables readers to examine the lies and half-truths …
THERE IS A GENUINE HAPPINESS, contentment, and joy, which come from reading, studying and applying God’s Word. This is true because the Scriptures offer us guidance and direction that aids us in living a life that coincides with our existence as a creation of Almighty God. For example, we have a moral law that was written on our heart. (Rom. 2:14-15) However, at the same time, we have a warring against the law of our mind and taking us captive in the law of sin, which is in our members. (Rom. 7:21-25) When we live by the moral law, it brings us joy, when we live by the law of sin; it brings about distress, anxiety, regrets to both mind and heart, creating a conflict between our two natures. In our study of the Bible, we can interact with a living God who wants a personal relationship with us. And in APPLYING GOD’S WORD MORE FULLY, we will learn how to engage His words like never before. Andrews helps his readers …
THERE IS ONE MAJOR DIFFERENCE between Christian living books by Andrews and those by others. Generally speaking, his books are filled with Scripture and offer its readers what the Bible authors meant by what they penned. In this publication, it is really God’s Word offering the counsel, which is “profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, for training in righteousness.” (2 Tim. 3:16-17) From the moment that Adam and Eve were expelled from the Garden of Eden, humans have been brought forth in sin, having become more and more mentally bent toward evil, having developed a heart (i.e., inner person) that is treacherous, and unknowable to them, with sin’s law dwelling within them. Sadly, many of us within the church have not been fully informed …
A clean conscience brings us inner peace, calmness, and profound joy that is seldom found in this world under the imperfection of fallen flesh that is catered to by Satan, the god of the world. Many who were formerly living in sin and have now turned their life over to God, they now know this amazing relief and are able today to hold a good and clean conscience as they carry out the will of the Father. WALK HUMBLY WITH YOUR GOD, has been written to help its readers to find that same joy, to have and maintain a good, clean conscience in their lives. Of course, it is incapable of covering every detail that one would need to consider and apply in their lives …
This book is primarily for WIVES, but husbands will greatly benefit from it as well. WIVES will learn to use God’s Word to construct a solid and happy marriage. The Creator of the family gives the very best advice. Many have been so eager to read this new publication: WIVES BE SUBJECT TO YOUR HUSBANDS. It offers wives the best insights into a happy marriage, by way of using God’s Word as the foundational guide, along with Andrews’ insights. WIVES learn that marriage is a gift from God. WIVEStake in information that will help them survive the first year of marriage. WIVES will be able to make Christian marriage a success. WIVES will maintain an honorable marriage. WIVES will see how to submit correctly to Christ’s headship. WIVES will learn how to strengthen their marriage through good communication. …
This book is primarily for HUSBANDS, but wives will greatly benefit from it as well. HUSBANDS will learn to use God’s Word to construct a solid and happy marriage. The Creator of the family gives the very best advice. Many have been so eager to read this new publication: HUSBANDS LOVE YOUR WIVES. It offers husbands the best insights into a happy marriage, by way of using God’s Word as the foundational guide, along with Andrews’ insights. HUSBANDS learn that marriage is a gift from God. HUSBANDS take in information that will help them survive the first year of marriage. HUSBANDS will be able to make Christian marriage a success. HUSBANDS will maintain an honorable marriage. …
Technological and societal change is all around us. What does the future hold? Trying to predict the future is difficult, but we can get a clue from the social and technological trends in our society. The chapters in this book provide a framework as Christians explore the uncharted territory in our world of technology and social change. Some of the questions that Anderson will answer are: What are the technological challenges of the 21st century? How should we think about the new philosophies like transhumanism? Should we be concerned about big data? What about our privacy in a world where government and corporations have some much information about us? How should we think about a world experiencing exponential growth in data and knowledge? What social trends are affecting baby boomers, baby busters, and millennials?
Government affects our daily lives, and Christians need to think about how to apply biblical principles to politics and government. This book provides an overview of the biblical principles relating to what the apostle Paul calls “governing authorities” (i.e., government) with specific chapters dealing with the founding principles of the American government. This includes an examination of the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, the Bill of Rights, and the Federalist Papers. The thirteen chapters in this book not only look at the broad founding principles but also provide an in-depth look at other important political and governmental issues. One section explains the history and application of church and state issues. Another section describes aspects of political debate and discourse. A final section provides a brief overview of the Christian heritage of this nation that was important in the founding of this country and the framing of our founding documents.
Economics affects our daily lives, and Christians need to think about how to apply biblical principles to money, investment, borrowing, and spending. They also need to understand the free enterprise system and know how to defend capitalism. Chapters in this book not only look at broad economic principles, but a section of the book is devoted to the challenges we face in the 21st century from globalization and tough economic times. A section of the book also provides an in-depth look at other important social and economic issues (gambling, welfare) that we face every day …
Do you desire to follow Jesus Christ and transform the culture around you? Are you sure you know what it means to be a disciple and follow a dangerous revolutionary who often comforts the afflicted and afflicts the comfortable? Jesus Christ is not the mild status quo rabbi you may have been taught in your local church. He is dangerous and anyone who follows him is on a dangerous journey. The demands he places upon you and the challenges you will encounter are necessary on the journey. The journey with Jesus Christ is not for the fainthearted. If you are really serious about joining Jesus Christ in the transformation of the culture around you, here is a raw outlook on what to expect on this DANGEROUS JOURNEY.
Each of the twenty-five chapters in the POWER THROUGH PRAYER provides helpful methods and suggestions for growing and improving your prayer life with God through the power of prayer. So, what can we expect if we make prayer a part of our life? Prayer can give you a peace of mind. Prayer can comfort and strength when facing trials. Prayer can help us make better life choices. The Bible says: “If any of you lacks wisdom [especially in dealing with trials], let him ask God, who gives generously to all without reproach, and it will be given him.” (James 1:5) Prayer can help to avoid temptation. Prayer is the path yo forgiveness of sins. Your prayers can help others. You will receive encouragement when your prayers are answered.
DOZENS OF QUESTIONS WILL BE ANSWERED: Why is prayer necessary? What must we do to be heard by God? How does God answer our prayers? Does God listen to all prayers? Does God hear everyone’s prayers? What may we pray about? Does the Father truly grant everything we ask for? What kind of prayers would the Father reject? How long should our prayers be? How often should we pray? Why should we say “Amen” at the end of a prayer? Must we assume a special position or posture when praying? There are far more than this asked and answered.
What forms of prayer do you personally need to offer more often? Who benefits when you pray for others? Why is it important to pray regularly? Why should true Christians pray continually? To whom should we pray, and how? What are the proper subjects for prayer? When should you pray? Does God listen to all prayers? Whose prayers is God willing to hear? What could make a person’s prayers unacceptable to God? When Jesus says, “whatever you ask in prayer, you will receive if you have faith,” an absolute guarantee that we will receive it? HOW TO PRAY by Torrey and Andrews is a spiritual gem that will answer all of these questions and far more. HOW TO PRAY is a practical guidebook covers the how, when, and most importantly, the way of praying. An excellent devotional resource for any Christian library.
Christian Apologetics and Evangelism
The role of women within the church has been a heated, ongoing debate. There are two views. We have the equal ministry opportunity for both men and women (egalitarian view) and the ministry roles distinguished by gender (complementarian view). This biblically grounded introduction will acquaint the reader with the biblical view: what does the Bible say about the woman’s role in the church? Both views mention the teachings of the apostle Paul in 1 Timothy 2:12 in order to support their viewpoint. Andrews will furnish the reader with a clear and thorough presentation of the biblical evidence for the woman’s role in the church so we can better understand the biblical viewpoint.
Some of the questions asked and answered in THE YOUNG CHRISTIAN’S SURVIVAL GUIDE are “You claim the Bible is inspired because it says it is, right (2 Tim. 3:16)? Isn’t that circular reasoning?” “You claim the Bible was inspired, but there was no inspired list of which books that is true of. So how can we know which ones to trust?” “With so many different copies of manuscripts that have 400,000+ variants (errors), how can we even know what the Bible says?” “Why can’t the people who wrote the four Gospels get their story straight?” These questions and many more will be asked and answered with reasonable, rational, Scriptural answers.
Was the Gospel of Mark Written First? Were the Gospel Writers Plagiarists? What is the Q Document? What about Document Q? Critical Bible scholars have assumed that Matthew and Luke used the book of Mark to compile their Gospels and that they consulted a supplementary source, a document the scholars call Q from the German Quelle, or source. From the close of the first century A.D. to the 18th century, the reliability of the Gospels was never really brought into question. However, once we enter the so-called period of enlightenment, especially from the 19th century onward, some critical Bible scholars viewed the Gospels not as the inspired, inerrant Word of God but rather as the word of man, and a jumbled word at that. In addition, they determined that the Gospels were not written by Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, saying the Gospels were written after the apostles, denying that the writers of the Gospels had any firsthand knowledge of Jesus; therefore, for these Bible critics such men were unable to offer a record of reliable history. Moreover, these critical Bible scholars came to the conclusion that the similarities in structure and content in the synoptic (similar view) Gospels (Matthew, Mark, and Luke), suggests that the evangelists copied extensively from one other. Further, the critical Bible scholars have rejected that the miracles of Jesus and his resurrection ever occurred as recorded in the Gospels. Lastly, some have even gone so far as to reject the historicity of Jesus himself.
Inside of some Christians unbeknownst to their family, friends or the church, they are screaming, “I doubt, I doubt, I have very grave doubts!” Ours is an age of doubt. Skepticism has become fashionable. We are urged to question everything: especially the existence of God and the truthfulness of his Word, the Bible. A SUBSTANTIAL PORTION of REASONABLE FAITH is on healing for the elements of emotional doubt. However, much attention is given to more evidenced-based chapters in our pursuit of overcoming any fears or doubts that we may have or that may creep up on us in the future.
How can you improve your effectiveness as teachers? Essentially, it is by imitating JESUS CHRIST The Great Teacher You may wonder, ‘But how can we imitate Jesus?’ ‘He was the perfect, divine, Son of God.’ Admittedly, you cannot be a perfect teacher. Nevertheless, regardless of your abilities, you can do your best to imitate the way Jesus taught. JESUS CHRIST The Great Teacher will discuss how you can employ all of his teaching methods. What a privilege it is to be a teacher of God’s Word and to share spiritual values that can have long-lasting benefits!
How can you improve your effectiveness as teachers? Essentially, it is by imitating THE APOSTLE PAUL: The Preacher, Teacher, Apologist. You may wonder, ‘But how can we imitate Paul?’ ‘He was an inspired author, who served as an apostle, given miraculous powers.’ Admittedly, Paul likely accomplished more than any other imperfect human. Nevertheless, regardless of your abilities, you can do your best to imitate the way Paul taught. THE APOSTLE PAUL: The Preacher, Teacher, Apologist will discuss how you can employ all of his teaching methods. When it comes to teaching, genuine Christians have a special responsibility. We are commanded to “make disciples of all nations . . . , teaching them.” (Matt. 24:14; 28:19-20; Ac 1:8)
How true is the Old Testament? For over two centuries Biblical scholars have held to the so-called documentary hypothesis, namely, that Genesis – Deuteronomy was not authored by Moses, but rather by several writers, some of whom lived centuries after Moses’ time. How have many scholars questioned the writership of Isaiah, and are they correct? When did skepticism regarding the writership of Isaiah begin, and how did it spread? What dissecting of the book of Isaiah has taken place? When did criticism of the book of Daniel begin, and what fueled similar criticism in more recent centuries? What charges are sometimes made regarding the history in Daniel? Why is the question of the authenticity of the books of Moses, the Book of Isaiah and the Book of Daniel an important one? What evidence is there to show that the books of Moses, the Book of Isaiah and the Book of Daniel is authentic and true? Do these critics have grounds for challenging these Bible author’s authenticity and historical truthfulness? Why is it important to discuss whether Old Testament Aurhoriship is authentic and true or not?
Who wrote the first five books of the Bible? Was it Moses or was it others centuries later? If Moses wrote the first five books of the Bible, then how was his own death and burial written in Deuteronomy Chapter 34? Many mainstream Bible scholars argue that Moses could not have written the Pentateuch since he likely existed many centuries earlier than the development of the Hebrew language. When was the origin of the Hebrew language? Popular scholarship says that if Moses had written the Pentateuch, he would have written in the Egyptian language, not the Hebrew. Moreover, most of the Israelites and other people of the sixteenth century B.C.E. were illiteral, so who could have written the Torah, and for whom would it be written because the people of that period did not read?
Finally, analysis of the first five books demonstrates multiple authors, not just one, which explains the many discrepancies. Multiple authors also explain the many cases of telling of the same story twice, making the same events appear to happen more than once. The modern mainstream scholarship would argue that within the Pentateuch we see such things as preferences for certain words, differences in vocabulary, reoccurring expressions in Deuteronomy that are not found in Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, and Numbers, all evidence for their case for multiple authors.
What does the evidence say? What does archaeology, linguistic analysis, historical studies, textual analysis, and insights from Egyptologists tell us? Again, who wrote the first five books of the Bible? Was it Moses or was it others centuries later? Andrews offers his readers an objective view of the evidence.
Agabus is a mysterious prophetic figure that appears only twice in the book of Acts. Though his role is minor, he is a significant figure in a great debate between cessationists and continualists. On one side are those who believe that the gift of prophecy is on par with the inspired Scriptures, infallible, and has ceased. On the other side are those who define it as fallible and non-revelatory speech that continues today in the life of the church. Proponents of both camps attempt to claim Agabus as an illustration of their convictions. This study defends the position that Agabus’ prophecies are true in every detail. Beginning with a survey of major figures in the debate, the author conducts an exegetical analysis of passages where Agabus appears in defense of the infallible view.
Islam is making a significant mark on our world. It is perhaps the fastest-growing religion in the world. It has become a major obstacle to Christian missions. And Muslim terrorists threaten the West and modern democracies. What is the history of Islam? What do Muslims believe? Do Christians and Muslims worship the same God? Why do we have this clash of civilizations? Is sharia law a threat to modern democratic values? How can we fight terrorists in the 21st century? These are significant questions that deserve thoughtful answers. This book provides practical, biblical answers so Christians can understand Islam, witness to their Muslim friends, and support efforts by the government to protect all of us from terrorism.
IS THE QURAN THE WORD OF GOD? Is Islam the One True Faith? This book covers the worldview, practices, and history of Islam and the Quran. This book is designed as an apologetic evangelistic tool for Christians, as they come across Muslims in their daily lives, as well as to inform them, as a protection again the misleading media. The non-Muslims need to hear these truths about Islam and the Quran so they can have an accurate understanding of the Muslim mindset that leads to their actions. Islam is the second largest religion in the world. Radical Islam has taken the world by storm, and the “fake media” has genuinely misled their audience for the sake of political correctness. This book is not a dogmatic attack on Islam and the Quran but rather an uncovering of the lies and describing of the truths. The reader will be introduced to the most helpful way of viewing the evidence objectively. We will answer the question of whether the Quran is a literary miracle, as well as is there evidence that the Quran is inspired by God, along with is the Quran harmonious and consistent, and is the Quran from God or man? We will also examine Islamic teachings, discuss the need to search for the truth, as well as identify the book of truth. We will look at how Islam views the Bible. Finally, we will take up the subjects of Shariah Law, the rise of radical Islam, Islamic eschatology, and how to effectively witness to Muslims.
The average Christian knows somewhat how dangerous radical Islam is because of the regular media coverage of beheadings of Christians, Jews, and even young little children, not to mention Muslims with which they disagree. However, the average Christian does not know their true beliefs, just how many there are, to the extent they will go to carry out these beliefs. Daily we find Islamic commentators on the TV and radio, offering up misleading information, quoting certain portions of the Quran while leaving other parts out. When considering Islamic beliefs, other Islamic writings must be considered, like the Hadith or Sunnah, and the Shariah, or canon law. While Islam, in general, does not support radical Islam, the vast majority do support radical beliefs. For example, beheadings, stoning for adultery or homosexuality, suicide bombings, turning the world into an Islamic state, and far too many other heinous things. THE GUIDE TO ISLAM provides Christians with an overview of Islamic terminology. The reader will learn about Muhammad’s calling, the history of the Quran, how Islam expanded, the death of Muhammad and the splinter groups that followed. In addition, the three sources of their teaching, six pillars of belief, five pillars of Islam, the twelfth Imam, and much more will be discussed. All of this from the mind of radical Islam. While there are several books on Islam and radical Islam, this will be the first that will prepare its readers to communicate effectively with Muslims in an effort toward sharing biblical truths. …
If you have the desire to become better equipped to reach others for the lost or to strengthen your faith, Judy Salisbury’s guide—written specifically to meet the needs of Christian women today—offers you a safe, practical, and approachable place to start. In her lively, … If you have the desire to become better equipped to reach others for the lost or to strengthen your faith, Judy Salisbury’s guide—written specifically to meet the needs of Christian women today—offers you a safe, practical, and approachable place to start. In her lively, straightforward style, Salisbury covers such issues as: Does God exist? Can I trust the Bible? Does Christianity oppress women? Can we know truth? Why would God allow evil and suffering? Was Jesus God and did He really rise from the dead? How does or should my faith guide my life?
A Time to Speak: Practical Training for the Christian Presenteris a complete guide for effective communication and presentation skills. Discuss any subject with credibility and confidence, from Christian apologetics to the sensitive moral issues of our day, when sharing a testimony, addressing a school board, a community meeting, or conference. This exceptional training is the perfect resource for Christians with any level of public speaking ability. With its easy, systematic format, A Time to Speak is also an excellent resource for home-schooled and college students. The reader, in addition to specific skills and techniques, will also learn how to construct their presentation content, diffuse hostility, guidance for a successful Q&A, effective ways to turn apathy into action, and tips on gaining their speaking invitation.
Historical Criticism of the Bible got started in earnest, known then as Higher Criticism, during the 18th and 19th centuries, it is also known as the Historical-Critical Method of biblical interpretation. Are there any weakness to the Historical-Critical Method of biblical interpretation (Historical Criticism), and why is historical criticism so popular among Bible scholars today? Its popularity is because biblical criticism is subjective, that is, based on or influenced by personal feelings or opinions and is dependent on the Bible scholar’s perception. In other words, biblical criticism allows the Bible scholar, teacher, or pastor the freedom to interpret the Scriptures, so that God’s Word it tells them things that they want to hear. Why is this book so critical for all Christians? Farnell and Andrews will inform the reader about Biblical criticism (historical criticism) and its weaknesses, helping you to defend God’s Word far better.
Biblical criticism is an umbrella term covering various techniques for applying literary historical-critical methods in analyzing and studying the Bible and its textual content. Biblical criticism is also known as higher criticism, literary criticism, and historical criticism. Biblical criticism has done nothing more than weaken and demoralize people’s assurance in the Bible as being the inspired and fully inerrant Word of God and is destructive in its very nature. Historical criticism is made up of many forms of biblical criticism that are harmful to the authoritative Word of God: historical criticism, source criticism, form criticism, redaction criticism, social-science criticism, canonical criticism, rhetorical criticism, structural criticism, narrative criticism, reader-response criticism, and feminist criticism. Not just liberal scholarship, but many moderate, even some “conservative” scholars have …
FEMINIST CRITICISM will offer the reader explicitly what the Bible says. Feminist criticism is a form of literary criticism that is based on feminist theories. The worldview of feminism uses feminist principles to interpret the word of God. Biblical feminists argue that they are merely focused on creating equal opportunities to serve. They say that they want the freedom to follow Jesus Christ as he has called them. They assert that they merely want to use the gifts that he has given them in God’s service. Biblical feminists maintain that Scripture clearly states the worth and value of men and women equally when it comes to serving God. Biblical feminists also say that they want to partner with the men when it comes to taking the lead in the church and parenting in the home. They seek mutual submission and subjection in the church leadership and the home headship, not what they perceive to be a male hierarchy. FEMINIST CRITICISM will gently and respectfully address these issues with Scripture.
APOLOGETICS: Reaching Hearts with the Art of Persuasion by Edward D. Andrews, author of over seventy books, covers information that proves that the Bible is accurate, trustworthy, fully inerrant, and inspired by God for the benefit of humankind. The reader will be introduced to Christan apologetics and evangelism. They will learn what Christian apologetics is. They will be given a biblical answer to the most demanding Bible question: Problem of Evil. The reader will learn how to reach hearts with are the art of persuasion. They will use persuasion to help others accept Christ. They will learn to teach with insight and persuasiveness. They will learn to use persuasion to reach the heart of those who listen to them.
REVIEWING 2013 New World Translation of Jehovah’s Witnesses is going to challenge your objectivity. Being objective means that personal feelings or opinions do not influence you in considering and representing facts. Being subjective means that your understanding is based on or influenced by personal feelings, tastes, or ideas. If the reader finds these insights offense, it might be a little mind control at work from years of being told the same misinformation repeatedly, so ponder things objectively. We can also have preconceived ideas that have been a part of our thinking for so long; we do not question them. Preconceived is an idea or opinion that is formed before having the evidence for its truth. If we are to be effective, we must season our words, so that they are received well. Then there is the term preconception, which means a preconceived idea or prejudice. Seasoned words, honesty, and accuracy are distinctive features of effective apologetic evangelism.
Use of REASONING FROM THE SCRIPTURES should help you to cultivate the ability to reason from the Scriptures and to use them effectively in assisting others to learn about “the mighty works of God.” – Acts 2:11. If Christians are going to be capable, powerful, efficient teachers of God’s Word, we must not only pay attention to what we tell those who are interested but also how we tell them. Yes, we must focus our attention on the message of God’s Word that we share but also the method in which we do so. Our message, the Gospel (i.e., the good news of the Kingdom), this does not change, but we do adjust our methods. Why? We are seeking to reach as many receptive people as possible. “You will be my witnesses … to the End of the Earth.” – ACTS 1:8.
Why should we be interested in the religion of others? The world has become a melting pot of people, cultures, and values, as well as many different religions. Religion has the most significant impact on the lives of mankind today. There are only a few of the major religions that make up billions of people throughout the earth. According to some estimates, there are roughly 4,200 religions in the world. God’s will is that “all sorts of men should be saved and come to an accurate knowledge of truth.” (1 Tim. 2:4) God has assigned all Christians the task of proclaiming the Word of God, teaching, to make disciples. (Matt. 24:15; 28:19-20: Ac 1;8) That includes men and women who profess a non-Christian religion, such as Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam to mention just a few. If there are Hindus, Buddhist or Muslims are in your community, why not initiate a conversation with them? Christians who take the Great Commission seriously cannot afford to ignore these religions. …
Evangelism is the work of a Christian evangelist, of which all true Christians are obligated to partake to some extent, which seeks to persuade other people to become Christian, especially by sharing the basics of the Gospel, but also the deeper message of biblical truths. Today the Gospel is almost an unknown, so what does the Christian evangelist do? Preevangelism is laying a foundation for those who have no knowledge of the Gospel, giving them background information, so that they can grasp what they are hearing. The Christian evangelist is preparing their mind and heart so that they will be receptive to the biblical truths. In many ways, this is known as apologetics. Christian apologetics [Greek: apologia, “verbal defense, speech in defense”] is a field of Christian theology which endeavors to offer a reasonable and sensible basis for the Christian faith, defending the faith against objections. It is reasoning from the Scriptures, explaining and proving, as one instructs in sound doctrine, many times having to overturn false reasoning before he can plant the seeds of truth. …
MOST Christian apologetic books help the reader know WHAT to say; THE CHRISTIAN APOLOGIST is HOW to communicate it effectively. The Christian apologist’s words should always be seasoned with salt as he or she shares the unadulterated truths of Scripture with gentleness and respect. Our example in helping the unbeliever to understand the Bible has been provided by Jesus Christ and his apostles. Whether dealing with Bible critics or answering questions from those genuinely interested, Jesus referred to the Scriptures and at times used appropriate illustrations, helping those with a receptive heart to accept the Word of God. The apostle Paul “reasoned with them from the Scriptures, explaining and proving” what was biblically true. (Ac 17:2-3) The material in THE CHRISTIAN APOLOGIST can enable us to do the same. Apologist Normal L. Geisler informs us that “evangelism is planting seeds of the Gospel” and “pre-evangelism is tilling the soil of people’s minds and hearts to help them be more willing to listen to the truth (1 Cor. 3: 6).”
THE EVANGELISM HANDBOOK is a practical guide (for real-life application) in aiding all Christians in sharing biblical beliefs, the Good News of the Kingdom, how to deal with Bible critics, overturning false beliefs, so as to make disciples, as commanded by Christ. (Matthew 24:14; 28:19-20; Ac 1:8) Why do Christians desire to talk about their beliefs? Jesus said, “And this gospel of the kingdom will be proclaimed in the whole inhabited earth for a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come.” (Matt 24:14) This is the assignment, which all Christians are obligated to assist in carrying out. Jesus also said, “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.” (Matt. 22:39) Jesus commanded that we “go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them” and “teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you.” (Matt. 28:19-20) If one failed to be obedient to the great commission of Matthew 28:19-20, he or she could hardly claim that they have genuine faith. All true Christians have a determination to imitate God, which moves us to persist in reflecting his glory through our sharing Bible beliefs with others.
“Absorbing, instructional, insightful. Judy Salisbury’s book Divine Appointments embodies examples of truly speaking the truth in love. The stories she weaves together provide perfect examples of how to relate to others through conversational evangelism… Divine Appointments is an apt companion to any apologetics book, showing how to put principles into practice. It’s an apologetics manual wrapped in a warm blanket. Snuggle up with it.”— Julie Loos, Director, Ratio Christi Boosters
The reader will receive eight small introductory books in this one publication. Andrews’ intention is to offer his reader several chapters on eight of the most critical subject areas of understanding and defending the Word of God. This will enable the reader to lay a solid foundation for which he can build throughout his Christian life. These eight sections with multiple chapters in each cover biblical interpretation, Bible translation philosophies, textual criticism, Bible difficulties, the Holy Spirit, Christian Apologetics, Christian Evangelism, and Christian Living.
“‘Deep’ study is no guarantee that mature faith will result, but shallow study guarantees that immaturity continues.”(p. xiii)—Dr. Lee M. Fields.
The Culture War. How the West lost its greatness and was weakened from within outlines how the West lost its values, causing its current decline. It is a forceful attack on the extreme liberal, anti-religious ideology which since the 1960’s has permeated the Western culture and weakened its very core. The West is now characterized by strict elitist media censorship, hedonism, a culture of drug abuse, abortion, ethnic clashes and racial divide, a destructive feminism and the dramatic breakdown of the family. An ultra-rich elite pushes our nations into a new, authoritarian globalist structure, with no respect for Western historical values. Yet, even in the darkest hour, there is hope. This manifesto outlines the remedy for the current malaise and describes the greatness of our traditional and religious values that once made our civilization prosper. It shows how we can restore these values to bring back justice, mercy, faith, honesty, fidelity, kindness and respect for one another. Virtues that will motivate individuals to love one another, the core of what will make us great again.
EARLY CHRISTIANITY IN THE FIRST CENTURY will give its readers a thrilling account of first-century Christianity. When and how did they come to be called Christians? Who are all obligated to be Christian evangelists? In what way did Jesus set the example for our evangelism? What is the Kingdom of God? What was their worship like and why were they called the Truth and the Way? How did 120 disciples at Pentecost grow to over one million within 70-80-years? What was meant by their witness to the ends of the earth? How did Christianity in its infancy function to accomplish all it did? How was it structured? How were the early Christians, not of the world? How were they affected by persecution? How were they not to love the world, in what sense? What divisions were there in the second and third centuries? Who were the Gnostics? These questions will be answered, as well as a short overview of the division that grew out of the second and third centuries, pre-reformation, the reformation, and a summary of Catholicism and Protestantism. After a lengthy introduction to First-Century Christianity, there is a chapter on the Holy Spirit in the First Century and Today, followed by sixteen chapters that cover the most prominent Christians from the second to fourth centuries, as well as a chapter on Constantine the Great.
The intention of this book is to investigate the biblical chronology behind Jehovah’s Witnesses most controversial doctrinal position that Jesus began to rule invisibly from heaven in October 1914. This biblical chronology of the Witnesses hinges upon their belief that the destruction of Jerusalem by the Babylonians, which they say occurred in 607 B.C.E. The Witnesses conclude that Chapter 4 of the book of Daniel prophesied a 2,520 year period that began in 607 B.C.E. and ended in 1914 C.E. They state, “Clearly, the ‘seven times’ and ‘the appointed times of the nations’ refer to the same time period.” (Lu 21:24) It is their position that When the Babylonians conquered Jerusalem, the Davidic line of kings was interrupted, God’s throne was “trampled on by the nations” until 1914, at which time Jesus began to rule invisibly from heaven. …
In order to overcome and church problems, we must first talk about the different problems of the church. Many of the church problems today stem from the isms: liberalism, humanism, modernism, Christian progressivism, theological liberalism, feminism, higher criticism, and biblical criticism. Moreover, many are simply not a biblically grounded church regardless of how much they claim to be so. The marks of a true Christian church would be like the different lines that make up a church’s fingerprint, a print that cannot belong to any other church. The true Christian church contains their own unique grouping of marks, forming a positive “fingerprint” that cannot belong to any other church. William Lange Craig wrote, “Remember that our faith is not based on emotions, but on the truth, and therefore you must hold on to it.” What truth? Jesus said to the Father in prayer, “Sanctify them in the truth; your word is truth.” (John 17:17) Are you doing the will of the Father? Is your church doing the will of the Father? – Matthew 7:21-23; 1 John 2:15-17.
Evangelist Norman Robertson claims that “Tithing is God’s way of financing His kingdom on the earth.” He asserts that “It is His system of economics which enables the Gospel to be preached.” Not bashful about telling his followers of their duty to give, he flatly states: ‘Tithing isn’t something you do because you can afford it. It is an act of obedience. Not tithing is a clear violation of God’s commandments. It is embezzlement.’ Most likely you accept that giving should be part of Christian worship. However, do you find continuous demanding appeals for money disturbing, perhaps even offensive? FLEECING THE FLOCK by Anthony Wade is an exhaustive examination of all of the popular tithing arguments made from the pulpit today. …
DECEPTION IN THE CHURCH by Fred DeRuvo asks Does It Matter How You Worship? There are 41,000 different denominations that call themselves “Christian” and all would claim that they are the truth. Can just any Christian denomination please God? Can all be true or genuine Christianity if they all have different views on the same Bible doctrines? DeRuvo will answer. He will focus on the largest part of Christianity that has many different denominations, the charismatic, ecstatic Signs and Wonders Movements. These ecstatic worshipers claim … DeRuvo will answer all these questions and more according to the truth of God’s Word.—John 8:31-32; 17:17.
Plunkett exposes the errors corrupting the Christian church through the Word of Faith, New Apostolic Reformation, and extreme charismatic movements. LEARN TO DISCERN, by author Daniel Plunkett highlights how an encounter with a rising star in the Word of Faith / “Signs and Wonders” movement was used by God to open his eyes to the deceptions, false teachings, and spiritual abuses running rampant in the charismatic movement today. These doctrines are thoroughly explored as taught by some of today’s most prominent speakers and evangelists and contrasted with the clear teachings of Scripture. LEARN TO DISCERN is an invaluable resource …
Translation and Textual Criticism
The King James Bible was originally published in 1611. Some have estimated that the number of copies of the King James Version that have been produced in print worldwide is over one billion! There is little doubt that the King James Version is a literary masterpiece, which this author has and will appreciate and value for its unparalleled beauty of expression. This book is in no way trying to take away from what the King James Version has accomplished. The King James Version is a book to be commended for all that it has accomplished. For four centuries, when English-speaking people spoke of “the Bible,” they meant the King James Version. The question that begs to be asked of those who favor the King James Bible is, Do You Know the King James Version? What do most users of the King James Bible not know about their translation? Whether you are one who favors the King James Version or one who prefers a modern translation, Andrews will answer the questions that have long been asked for centuries about the King James Bible and far more.
THE COMPLETE GUIDE TO BIBLE TRANSLATION (CGBT) is for all individuals interested in how the Bible came down to us, as well as having an insight into the Bible translation process. CGBT is also for those who are interested in which translation(s) would be the most beneficial to use. The translation of God’s Word from the original languages of Hebrew, Aramaic, and Greek is a task unlike any other and should never be taken lightly because it carries with it the heaviest responsibility: the translator renders God’s thoughts into a modern language. It is CGBT’s desire to take challenging and complex subjects and make them easy to understand. CGBT will communicate as clearly and powerfully as possible to all of its readers while also accurately communicating information about the Bible. …
We have come a long, long way from the time that the KJV was The Bible in English and the many translations available today. Finding the right Bible for the right person can be daunting, with almost too many choices available. However, it is still possible to divide the options into two broad categories: literal translations and dynamic equivalents. What is the difference, and why should you care? Bible publishers used to say that literal translations are good for study purposes, and dynamic equivalents are better for reading. So literal translations were advertised with terms like “accurate,” “reliable,” and, of course, “literal.” For dynamic equivalent translations, terms like “contemporary,” “easy to read,” and “written in today’s English” were used. Naturally, publishers do not advertise the negatives, so they did not point out that the literal translations might be a little harder to read, or that the dynamic equivalents might not be entirely faithful to the original languages of the Bible. However, more recently, some scholars have been taking this analysis in a new direction, assessing literal translations as less desirable than dynamic equivalents even for accuracy and reliability.
There are more than 150 different Bible translations in the English language alone. Some are what we call literal translations, which seeks to give the reader the exact English equivalent of what was written in the original language text, thus allowing the reader access to the actual Word of God. Then, there are dynamic equivalents, where the translator determines what the author meant by the original language text, and this is what they give the reader. There is also a paraphrase translation, which is an extremely interpretive translation. Exactly what are these differences? Are some translations better than others? What standards and principles can we use to determine what makes a good translation? Andrews introduces the readers to the central issues in this debate and presents several reasons why literal translations are superior to dynamic equivalent and paraphrase translations. We do not need to be a Bible scholar to understand these issues, as well as the importance of having the most accurate and faithful translation that is reflective of the original text. …
THE TEXT OF THE NEW TESTAMENT (TTNT) is an introduction, intermediate and advanced level coverage of the text of the New Testament. Andrews introduces the new and relatively new reader to this subject in the first few chapters of the TTNT. Andrews deepens his handling of the material, while still making it easy to understand in the next few chapters of the TTNT, all the while being very informative in both sections. All of this prepares the reader for Wilkins’ advanced chapters. THE TEXT OF THE NEW TESTAMENT was copied and recopied by hand for 1,500 years. Regardless of those scribes who had worked very hard to be faithful in their copying, errors crept into the text. How can we be confident that what we have today is the Word of God? Wilkins and Andrews offer the reader an account of the copying by hand and transmission of the Greek New Testament. They present a comprehensive survey of the manuscript history from the penning of the 27 New Testament books to the current critical texts. What did the ancient books look like and how were documents written? How were the New Testament books published? Who would use secretaries? Why was it so hard to be a secretary in the first century? How was such work done? What do we know about the early Christian copyists? What were the scribal habits and tendencies? Is it possible to establish the original text of the NewTestament? …
INTRODUCTION TO THE TEXT OF THE NEW TESTAMENT is a shortened 321 pages of Andrews and Wilkins 602 page TEXT OF THE NEW TESTAMENT without losing the value of content. The foremost thing the reader is going to learn is that the Greek New Testament that our modern translations are based on is a mirror-like reflection of the original and can be fully trusted. The reader will learn how the New Testament authors made and published their books, the secretaries in antiquity and their materials like Teritus who helped Paul pen the epistle to the Romans, and the book writing process of the New Testament authors and early copyists. The reader will also discover the reading culture of early Christianity and their view of the integrity of the Greek New Testament. The reader will also learn how textual scholars known as paleography determine the age of the manuscripts.
The reader will learn all about the different sources that go into our restoring the Greek New Testament to its original form. Then, Andrews will cover the ancient version, the era of the printed text, and the arrival of the critical text. After that, the reader will be given a lengthy chapter on examples of how the textual scholar determines the correct reading by his looking at the internal and external evidence. Finally, and most importantly, the reader will find out the truth about the supposed 400,000 textual errors within the Greek New Testament manuscripts. The last chapter will be faith-building and enable you to defend the Word of God as inerrant.
THE READING CULTURE OF EARLY CHRISTIANITY provides the reader with the production process of the New Testament books, the publication process, how they were circulated, and to what extent they were used in the early Christian church. It examines the making of the New Testament books, the New Testament secretaries and the material they used, how the early Christians viewed the New Testament books, and the literacy level of the Christians in the first three centuries. It also explores how the gospels went from an oral message to a written record, the accusation that the apostles were uneducated, the inspiration and inerrancy in the writing process of the New Testament books, the trustworthiness of the early Christian copyists, and the claim that the early scribes were predominantly amateurs. Andrews also looks into the early Christian’s use of the codex [book form], how did the spread of early Christianity affect the text of the New Testament, and how was the text impacted by the Roman Empire’s persecution of the early Christians?
The Bible has been under attack since Moses penned the first five books. However, the New Testament has faced criticism like no other time over the 50-70-years. Both friend and foe have challenged the reliability of our New Testament. Self-proclaimed Agnostic textual scholar Dr. Bart D. Ehrman has claimed that there are 400,000+ scribal errors in our Greek New Testament manuscripts. A leading textual scholar, Greek grammarian, and Christian apologist Dr. Daniel B. Wallace has stipulated that this is true. This is of particular interest among all Christians, who have been charged with defending the Word of God. – 1 Peter 3:15.
In this volume, textual scholar Edward D. Andrews offers the churchgoer and textual student a defense against this specific attack on the New Testament. Andrews offers the reader a careful analysis of the relevant evidence, giving his readers logical, reasonable, rational assurances that the New Testament can be trusted more than ever before. He will explain the differences between the older Bible translations and the newer ones. Andrews will explain why we do not need the original manuscripts to have the original Word of God. He will reveal how reliable our manuscripts are, how they survived the elements and the persecution of early Christianity, as well as withstanding careless and even deceitful scribes. Finally, Andrews will deal with the 400,000+ scribal errors in the Greek New Testament manuscripts extensively. The author takes a complicated subject and offers his readers an easy to understand argument for why they can have confidence in the Bible despite various challenges to the trustworthiness of Scripture, offering an insightful, informed, defense of God’s Word.
Edward D. Andrews boldly answers the challenges Bart D. Ehrman alleges against the fully inerrant, Spirit-inspired, authoritative Word of God. By glimpsing into the life of Bart D. Ehrman and following along his course of academic studies, Andrews helps the reader to understand the biases, assumptions, and shortcomings supporting Ehrman’s arguments. Using sound reason, scholarly exegesis, and the Historical-Grammatical method of interpretation, as well as New Testament textual criticism, Andrews helps both churchgoer/Bible students, as well as scholars, overcome the teachings of biblical errancy that Ehrman propagates.—Easy to read and understand. …
CALVINISM VS. ARMINIANISM goes back to the early seventeenth century with a Christian theological debate between the followers of John Calvin and Jacobus Arminius, and continues today among some Protestants, particularly evangelicals. The debate is centered around soteriology, that is, the study of salvation, and includes disputes about total depravity, predestination, and atonement. While the debate has developed its Calvinist–Arminian form in the 17th century, the issues that are fundamental to the debate have been discussed in Christianity in some fashion since the days of Augustine of Hippo’s disputes with the Pelagians in the fifth century. CALVINISM VS. ARMINIANISM is taking a different approach in that the issues will be discussed as The Bible Answers being that it is the centerpiece.
A comprehensive book on HOW TO STUDY YOUR BIBLE by observing, interpreting, and applying, which will focus on the most basic Bible study tools, principles, and processes for moving from an in-depth reading of the Scriptures to application. What, though, if you have long felt that you are not studiously inclined? Realize that the primary difference between a serious Bible student and a less serious Bible student is usually diligence and effort, not being a gifted student. Being a gifted Bible student alone is not enough. Efficient methods of Bible study are worth learning, for those seeking to become serious Bible students. The joy missing from many Bible students is because they do not know how to study their Bible, which means they do not do it well. Perhaps you dislike Bible study because you have not developed your study skills sufficiently to make your Bible study enjoyable. Maybe you have neglected your Bible study simply because you would rather be doing something else you enjoy.
How can we find more enjoyment in studying the Bible? How can we make our study periods more productive? What circumstances contribute to effective personal study? How can we derive real benefit and pleasure from our Bible reading? From what activities can time be bought out for reading and studying the Bible? Why should we watch our spiritual feeding habits? What benefits come from reading and studying the Scriptures? There is a great and constantly growing interest in the study of the English Bible in these days. However, very much of the so-called study of the English Bible is unintelligent and not fitted to produce the most satisfactory results. The authors of this book already have a book entitled “HOW TO STUDY: Study the Bible for the Greatest Profit,” but that book is intended for those who are willing to buy out the time to put into thorough Bible study.
Why is personal and family Bible study so important in our life now? How can we apply the Word of God in our lives? How can we use the Bible to help others? How can we effectively use the Scriptures when teaching others? How can we make decisions God’s way? How can Bible principles help us to decide wisely? Why should we have faith in God and his word? The Psalmist tells us, God’s Word “is a lamp to my foot, and a light for my path.” (Psalm 119:105) Since the Bible is a gift from God, the time and effort that we put into our personal Bible Study is a reflection of how much we appreciate that gift. What do our personal Bible study habits reveal about the depth of our appreciation of God’s Word? Certainly, the Bible is a deep and complex book, and reading and studying are not easy at times. However, with time and effort, we can develop a spiritual appetite for personal Bible study. (1 Peter 2:2)
Correctly interpreting the Bible is paramount to understanding the Word of God. As Christians, we do not want to read our 21st-century worldview INTO the Scriptures, but rather to takeOUT OF the Scriptures what the author meant by the words that he used. The guaranteed way of arriving a correct understanding of God’s Words is to have an accurate knowledge of the historical setting, cultural background, and of the people, governments, and religious leaders, as well as the place and time of the New Testament writings. Only with the background, setting, and context can you grasp the author’s intended meaning to his original readers and …
The life of Christ is an exhaustless theme. It reveals a character of greater massiveness than the hills, of a more serene beauty than the stars, of sweeter fragrance than the flowers, higher than the heavens in sublimity and deeper than the seas in mystery. As good Jean Paul has eloquently said, “It concerns Him who, being the holiest among the mighty, and the mightiest among the holy, lifted with His pierced hands empires off their hinges, turned the stream of centuries out of its channels, and still governs the ages.” …
Stalker’s Life of St. Paul became one of the most widely read and respected biographies of the Apostle to the Gentiles. As an insightful compendium on the life of Paul, this work is of particular interest to pastors and teachers who desire to add realism and vividness to their account of one of the greatest Christians who ever lived. Stalker’s work includes a section at the back entitled “Hints for Teachers and Questions for Pupils.” This supplement contains notes and “further reading” suggestions for those teaching on the life of St. Paul, along with a number of questions over each chapter for students to discuss. In addition, seventeen extra chapters have been added that will help the reader better understand who the Apostle Paul was and what first-century Christianity was like. For example, a chapter on the conversion of Saul/Paul, Gamaliel Taught Saul of Tarsus, the Rights, and Privileges of Citizenship, the “Unknown God,” Areopagus, the Observance of Law as to Vows, and much more.
With solid scholarship and exceptional clarity, beginning in Gethsemane, Stalker and Andrews examine Jesus’ trial and crucifixion. Their work is relevant, beneficial and enjoyable because they cover this historical period of Jesus’ life in an easy to understand format. Stalker’s expressive and persuasive style provides a great resource to any Bible study of the events leading to the death of Jesus Christ. THE TRIAL AND DEATH OF JESUS CHRIST is an academicish book written with a novelish style.
Delving into the basics of biblical interpretation, Edward D. Andrews has provided a complete hands-on guide to understanding what the author meant by the words that he used from the conservative grammatical-historical perspective. He teaches how to study the Bible on a deep, scholarly level, yet making it understandable to all. He has sought to provide the very best tool for interpreting the Word of God. This includes clarification of technical terms, answers to every facet of biblical interpretation, and defense of the inerrancy and divine inspiration of Scripture. Andrews realizes that the importance of digging deeper in our understanding of the Bible, for defending our faith from modern-day misguided scholarship. Andrews gives the reader easy and memorable principles and methods to follow for producing an accurate explanation that comes out of, not what many read into the biblical text. The principal procedure within is to define, explain, offer many examples, and give illustrations, to help the reader fully grasp the grammatical-historical approach. …
Anybody who wants to study the Bible, either at a personal level or a more scholarly level needs to understand that there are certain principles that guide and govern the process. The technical word used to refer to the principles of biblical interpretation is hermeneutics, which is of immense importance in Biblical Studies and Theology. How to Interpret the Bible takes into consideration the cultural context, historical background and geographical location in which the text was originally set. This enables us to obtain clarity about the original author’s intended meaning. Linguistic and literary factors are analyzed so that the various genres of Scripture are examined for their true meaning. The importance of having sound principles of interpretation cannot be overstated as …
Once upon a time, Postmodernism was a buzzword. It pronounced Modernism dead or at least in the throes of death. It was a wave that swept over Christendom, promising to wash away sterile, dogmatic and outmoded forms of church. But whatever happened to postmodernism? It was regarded as the start of a major historical transition to something new and promising and hailed as a major paradigm shift. Is it a philosophy that has passed its “sell-by” date? No! The radical fringe has become the dominant view and has been integrated into all aspects of life, including the Christian church. With the emergence of multicultural societies comes interaction with different belief systems and religions. Values like tolerance and a dislike of dogmatism have become key operating concepts, which reflect a change in worldview. …
In an age obsessed with physical and psychological health the author emphasizes the importance of spiritual well-being as an essential element of holistic health for the individual Christian and for Christian communities. This work constitutes a template for a spiritual audit of the local church. It offers an appointment with the Great Physician that no Christian can afford to ignore. Developing Healthy Churches: A Case-Study in Revelation begins with a well-researched outline of the origins and development of the church health movement. With that background in mind the author, aware that throughout the history of the church there have been a number of diverse views about how Revelation ought to be interpreted, presents the reader with four distinct interpretive models. These are the idealist, preterist, historicist, and futurist. Beville explains these interpretive approaches simply and critiques them fairly.e …
This is a comprehensive study of euthanasia and assisted suicide. It traces the historical debate, examines the legal status of such activity in different countries and explores the political, medical and moral matters surrounding these emotive and controversial subjects in various cultural contexts. The key advocates and pioneers of this agenda-driven movement (such as the late Jack Kevorkian, popularly known as “Dr. Death” and Philip Nitschke, founder of Exit International) are profiled. Not only are the elderly and disabled becoming increasingly vulnerable but children, psychiatric patients, the depressed and those who are simply tired of life are now on a slippery slope into a dystopian nightmare. The spotlight is brought to bear on the Netherlands, in particular, where palliative care and the hospice movement are greatly underdeveloped as a result of legalization. These dubious “services” are now offered as part of “normal” medical care in Holland where it is deemed more cost-effective to be given a lethal injection. The vital role of physicians as healers in society must be preserved and the important but neglected spiritual dimension of death must be explored. Thus a biblical view of human life is presented. …
Journey with Jesus through the Message of Mark is an insightful and engaging survey of Mark’s Gospel, exploring each major section of the text along with key themes. It is a work that can be enjoyed by laypersons as well as pastors and teachers. Pastors will find the abundant use of illustrations to be helpful in preparing their own messages and as such, it will find a welcome place in the preacher’s library. Simply, powerfully, with great precision, and exegetical accuracy, Kieran Beville masterfully brings us on a life-transforming journey. Readers will be both inspired and challenged as they hear the words of Jesus speaking afresh from the page of Scripture and experience the ministry of Jesus in a spiritually captivating way. The author has a pastor’s heart, a theologian’s mind, and a writer’s gift. His style is gripping, as he beautifully explains and illustrates Mark’s Gospel. Kieran Beville has done a great service to the church, and especially to true believers, who desire to grow in grace, increase in their knowledge of truth, and experience the intimacy, joy, and underserved and unspeakable privilege of walking, as disciples, with Jesus. This book is ideal as a study companion for Mark’s Gospel. One can read a section from the gospel and then read the corresponding section to receive a fresh viewpoint and a practical application. …
What are angels & demons? Can angels help us? What does the Bible say about angels? What is the truth about angels? Can Angels affect your life? Who were the “sons of God” in Genesis 6:2? Who were the Nephilim in Genesis 6:2? Who is Michael the archangel? Can Satan the Devil control humans? How can we win our struggle against dark spiritual forces? How can you resist the demons? Do evil spirits exercise power over humankind? Is Satan really the god of this world and just what does that mean? What did Jesus mean when he said, “the whole world lies in the power of the evil one [i.e., Satan]”? Andrews using the Bible will answer all of these questions and far more. …
Donald T. Williams learned a lot about the Christian worldview from Francis Schaeffer and C. S. Lewis, but it was actually Tolkien who first showed him that such a thing exists and is an essential component of maturing faith. Not only do explicitly Christian themes underlie the plot structure of The Lord of the Rings, but in essays such as “On Fairie Stories” Tolkien shows us that he not only believed the Gospel on Sunday but treated it as true the rest of the week and used his commitment to that truth as the key to further insights in his work as a student of literature. “You can do that?” Williams thought as a young man not yet exposed to any Christian who was a serious thinker. “I want to do that!” His hope is that his readers will catch that same vision from this book. An Encouraging Thought elucidates the ways in which Tolkien’s The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings are informed by and communicate a biblical worldview. This book will help readers appreciate the ways in which a biblical worldview informs Tolkien’s work, to the end that their own faith may be confirmed in strength, focused in understanding, deepened in joy, and honed in its ability to communicate the Gospel.
The Bible describes the events that will occur before and after the destruction of Gog of Magog. Who is Gog of Magog mentioned in the book of Ezekiel? Why should we be interested in the prophecy recorded in Daniel chapter 11? Find out in a verse-by-verse explanation of Daniel Chapter 11, as you discover who the kings of the North and the South are from before Jesus’ day throughout the last days. You will benefit from paying attention to Daniel’s prophecy about the battle between the two kings? Taken together, the Bible books of Daniel and Revelation not only identify eight kings but also show the sequence in which they would appear. We can explain those prophecies.
People grow old, get sick, and die. Even some children die. Should you be afraid of death or of anybody who has died? Do you know what happens if we die? Will you ever see your dead loved ones again? “If a man dies, shall he live again?” asked the man Job long ago. (Job 14:14) Did God originally intend for humans to die? Why do you grow old and die? What is the Bible’s viewpoint of death? What is the condition of the dead? Are the dead aware of what is happening around them? What hope is there for the dead?
Herein Andrews will give the reader exactly what the Bible offers on exposing who the Antichrist and the Man of Lawlessness are. If we look at the texts that refer to the antichrist and the man of lawlessness, we will have lines of evidence that will enable us to identify them. Why is it important that we know who the antichrist and the man of lawlessness are? The antichrist and the man of lawlessness have had a greater impact on humanity and Christianity over the past centuries than many know. Moreover, the influence on the true worshipers of Christianity today has been even more significant and will only go from bad to worse as we come closer to the second coming of Christ. …
Throughout the Scriptures, God is identified as the Creator. He is the One “who created the heavens (He is the God who formed the earth and made it, He established it.” (Isa 45:18) He is the One “who forms mountains and creates the wind” (Am 4:13) and is the One “who made the heaven and the earth and the sea, and all that is in them.” (Ac 4:24; 14:15; 17:24) “God . . . created all things.” (Eph. 3:9) Jesus Christ tells us that it is the Father who “created them [humans] from the beginning made them male and female.” (Matt. 19:4; Mark 10:6) Hence, the Father is fittingly and uniquely called “the Creator.” (Isa 40:28) It is because of God’s will that we exist, for He has ‘created all things, and because of his will they existed and were created.’―Revelations 4:11 …
Eschatology is the teaching of what is commonly called the “Last Things.” That is the subject of Andrews’ book, which will cover, Explaining Prophecy, Explaining Clean and Pure Worship, The New Testament Writers Use of the Old Testament, Explaining the Antichrist, Explaining the Man of Lawlessness, Explaining the Mark of the Beast, Explaining Signs of the End of the Age, Explaining the Rapture, Explaining the Great Tribulation, Explaining Armageddon, Explaining the Resurrection Hope, Explaining the Millennium, Explaining the Final Judgment, Explaining the Unevangelized, Explaining Hell
The information herein is based on the disciples coming to Jesus privately, saying, “Tell us, (1) when will these things be, and (2) what will be the sign of your coming, and (3) of the end of the age?” (Matthew 24:3) What will end? When will the end come? What comes after the end? Who will survive the end? These questions and far more will be answered as Andrews delves into The SECOND COMING of CHRIST. In chapters 1 and 2, we must address why Jesus is saying there would be an end to the Jewish age. In chapter 3, we will take a deep look at the signs that establish the great tribulation is closing in, and when is it time to flee. In chapter 4, we will go over the signs of the end of the Jewish age. In chapter 5, we will walk through the events leading up to the end of the Jewish age from 66 – 70 C.E., and how it applies to our Great Tribulation in these last days. In chapter 6, we will cover the second coming of Jesus where the reader will get the answers as to whether verses 3-28 of Matthew Chapter 24 apply to Christ’s second coming. We will close out with chapter 7, and how we should understand the signs, and how we do not want to be led astray, just as Jesus warned even some of the chosen ones would be misled. We will also address what comes after the end.
What Really Is Hell? What Kind of Place is Hell? What Really Happens at Death? What Did Jesus Teach About Hell? How Does Learning the Truth About Hell Affect You? Who Goes to Hell? What Is Hell? Is It a Place of Eternal Torment? Does God Punish People in Hellfire? Do the Wicked Suffer in Hell? What Is the Lake of Fire? Is It the Same as Hell or Gehenna? Where Do We Go When We Die? What Does the Bible Say About Hell? Andrews Shares the Truth on WHAT IS HELL From God’s Word.
Miracles were certainly a part of certain periods in Bible times. What about today? Are miracles still taking place? There are some very important subjects that surround this area of discussion that is often misunderstood. Andrews will answer such questions as does God step in and solve every problem if we are faithful? Does the Bible provide absolutes or guarantees in this age of imperfect humanity? Are miracles still happening today? Is faith healing Scriptural? Is speaking in tongues evidence of true Christianity? Is snake handling biblical? How are we to understand the indwelling of the Holy Spirit? The work of the Holy Spirit. Andrews offers his readers very straightforward, biblically accurate explanations for these difficult questions. If any have discussed such questions, without a doubt, they will be very interested in the Bible’s answers in this easy to read publication.
Today there are many questions about homosexuality as it relates to the Bible and Christians. What does the Bible say about homosexuality? Does genetics, environment, or traumatic life experiences justify homosexuality? What is God’s will for people with same-sex attractions? Does the Bible discriminate against people with same-sex attractions? Is it possible to abstain from homosexual acts? Should not Christians respect all people, regardless of their sexual orientation? Did not Jesus preach tolerance? If so, should not Christians take a permissive view of homosexuality? Does God approve of same-sex marriage? Does God disapprove of homosexuality? If so, how could God tell someone who is attracted to people of the same sex to shun homosexuality, is that not cruel? If one has same-sex attraction, is it possible to avoid homosexuality? How can I as a Christian explain the Bible’s view of homosexuality? IT IS CRUCIAL that Christians always be prepared to reason from the Scriptures, explaining and proving what the Bible does and does not say about homosexuality, yet doing it with gentleness and respect. Andrews will answer these questions and far more.
If you’ve struggled in the world of difficulties that surround you, you’re not alone. Maybe you have looked for help, and you have been given conflicting answers. 40 DAYS DEVOTIONAL FOR YOUTHS: Coming-of-Age In Christ, can help you. Its advice is based on answers that actually work, which are found in the Bible. God’s Word has helped billions over thousands of years to face life’s challenges successfully. Find out how it can help you! 40 DAYS DEVOTIONAL FOR YOUTHS includes seven sections, with several chapters in each. It includes the following sections: Sexual Desires and Love, your friends, your family, school, recreation, your health. You need advice you can trust! 40 DAYS DEVOTIONAL FOR YOUTHS will give you that. This author has worked with thousands of youths from around the world. The Bible-based sound advice helped them. Now you can discover how it can help you.
Young ones and teens, you are exposed to complex problems that your parents may not understand. Young Christians, you are bombarded with multiple options for solving everyday problems through social media. Where do you turn to find answers? Where can you look to find guidance from Scripture? In order to provide a Christian perspective to problem-solving, the author of this devotional book decided to take a different approach. Terry Overton was determined to find out what problems middle school children and teens were worried about the most. While visiting her grandchildren one weekend, she asked her granddaughter to send topics to her so that she could write a devotional about the topic. In a matter of weeks, not only did her granddaughter send her topics, but the other grandchildren and their friends sent topics of concern. Once the author wrote a devotional for a topic, it was sent to the teen requesting the devotional. Soon, these requests were happening in real time. Students sent text requests about problems happening in school and asked what the student should do? How should this be handled?
This devotional book follows the author’s own faith journey back to God. Significant life events can shake our world and distort our faith. Following life’s tragedies, a common reaction is to become angry with God or to reject Him altogether. Examples of tragedies or traumas include life-changing events such as physical or sexual assault, destruction of one’s home, the tragic death of a loved one, diagnoses of terminal diseases, divorce, miscarriages, or being a victim of a crime. Tragedies or traumas can cause feelings of anxiety, depression, shame, and guilt.
Throughout the book, common themes emerge to support caregivers. The reader will find interesting Bible Scriptures, offering a Christian perspective, for handling issues that may arise. These inspiring passages will assist the caregiver in finding peace and faith as they travel their journey as a caregiver. Although caregivers may not know how long they will play this role, they take on the responsibility without any question. Taking care of others is often mentioned in the Bible and, as noted in this devotional, this self-sacrificing, highly valued, and often challenging service will ultimately be rewarded.
Humans must breathe in the air of our atmosphere to survive. Many cities because of pollution face a dangerous level of contamination in their air. However, an even more deadly air affects both Christians and nonChristians. Ordinary methods or devices cannot detect this poisonous air. The apostle Paul, in his letter to the Ephesians, spoke of the “air,” when he said that Satan was “the ruler of the authority of the air.” (Eph. 2:2) In that, very same verse Paul said the “air” is “the spirit now working in the sons of disobedience.” If we breathe in this “air,” we will begin to adopt their attitude, thoughts, speech, and conduct.
BREAD OF HEAVEN helps the reader to have a greater understanding of the timeless truths of Scripture and a deeper appreciation of the grandeur of God. It offers meditations on selected Scriptures which will draw the reader’s attention upwards to the Savior. Kieran Beville’s daily devotional combines down-to-earth, unstuffy humanity in today’s world with a biblical and God-centered approach, and draws on rich theology in a thoroughly accessible way. He addresses not just the intellect and the will but gets to the heart, our motivational center, through the mind. If your Christian life could benefit from a short, well-written daily blast of Christ’s comfort and challenge, get this book and use it! These short Bible-based meditations are fresh and contemporary. Beville gives to the twenty-first-century reader what earlier authors have given to theirs. Here is practical wisdom that is a helpful guide to stimulate worship and set you thinking as you begin each day with God.
The Conversation: An Intimate Journal of the Emmaus Encounter is a unique and riveting reconstruction from the unnamed disciple’s account found in Luke 24 regarding his journey with Cleopas on the road to Emmaus after witnessing Jesus’s crucifixion and burial, along with hearing claims of His empty tomb. Suddenly, a Stranger begins walking with them. With their eyes “prevented” from recognizing Him as the risen Lord Jesus Christ—Yeshua the Messiah, their new, wise Traveling Companion correlates the Old Covenant Scriptures, by way of Moses and the prophets, with what they witnessed.
This “journal” is your opportunity to eavesdrop and learn what that conversation might have been like, as pertinent prophecies unfold revealing evidence that the Messiah’s suffering, death, burial, and resurrection were, in fact, specifically foretold.
Unique and life-changing, More Than Devotion, through a melding of accounts from both the Old Covenant and New, proves that our trustworthy God truly is the same yesterday, today, and forever. All fifty convicting devotions draw from a rich scriptural context, concluding with a practical, achievable call to action, plus journaling space for personal reflection. New believers and veteran followers of our Lord can grow in the innermost areas of their lives and enjoy a more intimate walk with the Savior.
Stella Mae Clark thought she had a wonderful life. She idolized her father, a military man who raised her to love Christ with all of her heart. She had a mother who loved her father and their example of true love gave her the sparkle in her eyes. That is until the unimaginable happens and her life is completely shattered. One decision at the age of sixteen would again turn her world completely upside down. Stella Mae makes the decision to leave her life and her family behind to seek refuge from her painful past. She desperately seeks solace, answers, and for something to fill the aching void within her heart. Just as she thinks she has settled into a new life with Christ, tragedy once again strikes and shatters any hope she had for a normal life. She abandons Christ and turns to a life of sin before it ultimately consumes her and breaks her down. Will it take nearly losing her life to find her way back to God or will her shame and regret keep holding her back? Join Stella Mae on her journey to find meaning and purpose in the midst of all her tragedy as she seeks to find the One her heart has been missing. The story of her past is one of loss, shame, heartbreak, and fear. With the help of those who see her for more than her past, she is able to become the person she always wanted to be and a new creature.
AN APOCALYPTIC NOVEL: As you are no doubt are aware, Jerry B. Jenkins and Tim LaHaye in 1995 wrote a novel entitled “Left Behind.” Jerry and Tim had some prior success with a major publisher and were able to get their novel published. The Left Behind novel was published by Tyndale House beginning in 1995 within a multiple volumes Left Behind series resulting in sales exceeding 60 million books. In 1992 Don Alexander wrote the storyline embedded in Left Behind. He copyrighted the novel in 1992 under the title “Oren Natas” [who is the Anti-Christ in his storyline]. The entire novel is contained in a single volume. It is a novel written depicting a colorful and witty cast of characters who live through all the “end time” Bible prophecies.
A routine classified telepathic interrogation of a potential terrorist, followed by an assignment that doesn’t go as planned thrusts Tabatha – the world’s only telepathic human – into the public eye. The exposure leads an evil neuro-scientist requesting a meeting with her in hopes of luring her to his cause as well as unveiling a deadly creative work that has spanned three decades of research and development.
ONLINE REVIEW: “Very fun read. Fast paced and honest. Tons of evolution occurs during the process thru the story. Wonderful girl trying to become an adult Christian in a world that also pits her superpowers against terrorists with the help of her own special forces team. Buy this book and just enjoy!”
In June 1985, an excavation project was undertaken by The British Antiquities Volunteers (BAV) at a plot of rocky land where the Kidron and Hinnom Valleys meet near the eastern side of Old Jerusalem. That year many hundreds of (mostly redundant) ‘small finds’ were recovered in the Judean desert but none of such significance as a handful of scrolls retrieved from a buried Roman satchel (presumed stolen) at this site. The discovery has since come to be known as ‘The Diary of Judas Iscariot.’ In The Diary of Judas Iscariot Owen Batstone relates the observations and feelings of Judas, a disgruntled disciple, as he accompanies Jesus of Nazareth during His ministry, and uses this fable and allegory to explore some of the ways a person might resist becoming a Christian.
Kevin Trill struggles with the notion that he may have missed the Rapture. With nothing but the clothes on his back and a solid gold pocket watch, he sets off towards Garbor, a safe haven for those who haven’t yet taken the mark of the beast. While on his way to Garbor, he meets up with an unlikely trio who befriends him. Together, they set out towards Garbor. Unfortunately, however, they are soon faced with their first major catastrophe, which sparks debate among them as to whether or not they really are in the Great Tribulation. On their journey, the group meets up with many people, some of them good and some of them evil. …
There grew an element in the valley that did not want to be ruled by the Light of the Word. Over time, they convinced the people to reject it. As they started to reject this Light, the valley grew dim and the fog rolled in. The people craved the darkness rather than the Light because they were evil. They did not want to embrace the Light because it exposed their wickedness. They rejected the Light of the Word and ruled themselves. Those few who had embraced the Light and hated the darkness were killed. Since that time anyone who embraced the Light of the Word, pursued or talked about it were arrested. Those arrested were sentenced to death by stoning. The last prophet gave a prophecy before he was martyred. “The whisperer will come and empower three witnesses that will make manifest the works of darkness and destroy it, and deliver my people from the grip of darkness to the freedom found in the light.” All the Children of the Light were killed off or went into hiding living among the Children of Darkness in secret, not mentioning the Light for fear of death. Generations grew up being ignorant of the Light of the Word and never knowing the difference. No one ever mentioned the Light or dared to even talk about the Light. …
 Rick Brannan et al., eds., The Lexham English Septuagint (Bellingham, WA: Lexham Press, 2012), Pr 10:6.
 W. E. Vine, Merrill F. Unger, and William White Jr., Vine’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old and New Testament Words (Nashville, TN: T. Nelson, 1996), 18.
 I.e. the one speaking foolishly
 I.e. will come to ruin, or will be destroyed
 Or perverts his ways
 Or will be found out
 I.e. the one speaking foolishly
 I.e. will come to ruin, or will be destroyed
 Septuagint, abbreviation LXX, the earliest extant Greek translation of the Old Testament from the original Hebrew. The Septuagint was presumably made for the Jewish community in Egypt when Greek was the common language throughout the region. –
 Duane A. Garrett, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, vol. 14, The New American Commentary (Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1993), 118.
 Or sense; one who lacks intelligence or right thinking
 Or sense; understanding
 I.e. shameful behavior that is lewd and of a sexual nature
 Leo G. Perdue, Wisdom & Creation: The Theology of Wisdom Literature (Nashville: Abingdon, 1994), p. 79.
 Dave Bland, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes & Song of Songs, The College Press NIV Commentary (Joplin, MO: College Press Pub. Co., 2002).