THE GREAT TEACHER Jesus Christ King James Bible Book of Proverbs
Edward D. Andrews
EDWARD D. ANDREWS (AS in Criminal Justice, BS in Religion, MA in Biblical Studies, and MDiv in Theology) is CEO and President of Christian Publishing House. He has authored ninety-two books. Andrews is the Chief Translator of the Updated American Standard Version (UASV).

King Solomon, son of the renowned King David, was not only very wise, but constructed some buildings that are wonders of the ancient world, wrote poetry, penned thousands of proverbs, built a kingdom up that was truly a foretaste of what peace on earth would look like, and brought in over 200 million dollars a year. “When the queen of Sheba observed all the wisdom of Solomon and the house which he had built, the food of his table, the seat of his servants, the manner of his servants and their clothing, his cupbearers, and his burnt offerings which he offered in the house of [Jehovah], she was breathless.”

Then she said to the king,

1 Kings 10:6-9 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)

Then she said to the king, “The report which I heard in my own land of your words and of your wisdom. But I did not believe the reports until I came and my own eyes had seen it. And look, the half was not told me. You have added wisdom and prosperity to[1] the report that I heard. Happy are your men and happy are these your servants who stand before you continually hearing your wisdom. Blessed be Jehovah your God, who has delighted in you and set you on the throne of Israel, because Jehovah loved Israel forever, he has made you king, that you may execute justice and righteousness.”

Proverbs 3:13-15 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)

13 Happy is a man who finds wisdom,
and the one who gains understanding,
14 for the gain from her is better than gain from silver
and her profit better than gold.
15 She is more precious than corals,[2]
and nothing you desire can compare with her.

The question that begs to be asked from verse 13 of chapter 3 is, ‘where can true wisdom be found? Where do we obtain understanding? Finally, why is it more priceless than gold itself? Well, look no further, because Solomon will answer these questions for us, right here in Proverbs chapter 8. It may seem unusual though, as we find wisdom being personified, as though it were a real person.

The Blessings of Wisdom

Proverbs 8:1 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)

Does not wisdom call?
Does not understanding give forth[3] her voice?

Does not wisdom call: What is written regarding the Word in the Hebrew and Greek Scriptures is remarkably in agreement or harmony with the description given at Proverbs 8:22-31. There wisdom is personified, characterized as though able to speak and act. (Prov. 8:1) Here, wisdom is being used figuratively to represent the Son of God, as many Christian Bible scholars have right understood it. The fact that “wisdom” is always in the feminine gender, as Hebrew assigns gender to its nouns (as is true of many other languages), this does not negate that wisdom is being used figuratively to represent the Son of God. The Greek word for “love” (agapē) in 1 John 4:8 in the expression “God is love” is also in the feminine gender, yet that does not make God feminine.

Wisdom: (Heb. ḥāḵ·mā(h)) is sound judgment, based on knowledge and understanding. It is the balanced application of that knowledge to answer difficulties, achieve objectives, sidestep or ward off dangers, not to mention helping others to accomplish the same. The wise person is often contrasted with the foolishness or stupid person. (Deut. 32:6; Prov. 11:29; Eccles. 6:8) Wisdom is vital, especially in this time of human imperfection. Without it we would make one foolish mistake after another. Today, the wisdom of God is freely available to virtually all.

Does not understanding give forth her voice: Here understanding (Heb. tebunah) is the ability to see how the parts or aspects of something are connected to one another. One who possesses understanding can see the big picture (the entire matter) and not just the isolated facts. (Prov. 2:5; 9:10; 18:15) Give forth her voice can be rendered “understanding raise her voice.” The strong and bold voice of wisdom and understanding are heard loud and clear throughout the entire inhabited earth.

Solomon introduces wisdom to the reader as a gracious woman. In other chapters, Solomon gives the counsel to the reader himself, but here he uses lady wisdom, as a personified character, to counsel us throughout chapter 8. She makes herself available in places where most people can be found, to get out her message.

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Reaching the People

Proverbs 8:2-3 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)

On the heights beside the way,
at the place of the paths[4] she takes her stand;
beside the gates in front of the city,
at the entrance of doors she cries aloud:

On the heights beside the way: Here the heights (Heb. marom) are an elevated area of land, which is often connected with the meaning of an advantaged, a desirable area. It is also associated with the heights of heaven as well, the highest area, which would be the perfect place to be seen and heard by the people on the streets below. Beside the way (Heb. derek) is alongside the road, a thoroughfare for travelers, with many people passing by, which is yet another great place to be seen and heard by many.

At the place of the paths she takes her stand: The place of the paths (Heb. nethibah) is a crossroad, a place where one road crosses with another. Takes her stand (Heb. natsab) means that she takes here place there or stands there in one place in anticipation of meeting others, which is yet another great place to be seen and be heard.

Beside the gates in front of the city: Here lady wisdom stands as the entrance of the city/town where many people are coming and going, so she can call out to the people.

At the entrance of doors she cries aloud: This is the entrance of the city that can be closed off if the doors are closed. This suggests that it is the one place where no one can escape seeing or hearing the cries of lady wisdom.

Wisdom has already made one appeal to us back in chapter 1, verses 20-33. In the Ancient Near East (ANE), you will reach a greater number of people, “atop the heights beside the road, at the crossroads, beside the gates of the city, just before town, [where] she cries out.” She is seeking to get her all-important message to as many people as possible. She is making her voice heard in the most public places. You are not just going to find her in the places of worship or some academic setting; she is making herself and her message available to all.  This is not some mysterious secret wisdom, only available to a few. Woman Wisdom is nothing like the immoral woman, who is in the street, as well as the square, and at every corner lying in wait, looking to seductively mislead the young one(s). – Proverbs 7:12.

Lady wisdom has placed herself at the one public place in the city, the gate, a public thoroughfare where the roads meet, and everyone must pass by sooner or later, where she conveys here all-important message to all. God’s Word has reached untold billions from the highest mountains, to the busiest thoroughfares, at the entrance of every society, where it has conveyed its lifesaving message to all who are willing to listen. The Bible is the one book that can lead others to the path of eternal life, and it is able to take the vilest person, and make him or her into a man or woman of God.

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Lady Wisdom Calls Out

Proverbs 8:4-5 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)

“To you, O men, I call,
and my cry is to the sons of men.
O simple ones, learn shrewdness;
O fools, an understanding heart.[5]

To you, O men, I call: Men (Heb. ishim) in the plural form in the Hebrew Old Testament is quite rare; it is a reference to all people.

And my cry is to the sons of men: Here cry (Heb. qoli) is being addressed to everyone as was stated above, men is a reference to all people.

O simple ones, learn shrewdness: The rendering of the masculine plural adjective simple ones (petayim) is a reference to those who are immature and lack intelligence, experience, and understanding (1:4; 1:22), who are easily deceived or persuaded. However, as the second half of this line makes clear they have the ability to learn (binu), namely, hear, understand or perceive information, so as to change this condition. Here Shrewdness; prudence; discernment: (Heb. ormah) This is one who has or shows good powers of judgment. This one is cautious as he is careful to avoid potential problems or dangers, as he desires to avoid potential problems.

O fools, an understanding heart: An understanding heart is speaking of paying attention. The simple ones, the fools should pay attention to lady wisdom so as to acquire shrewdness and an understanding heart. The Hebrew word for fool (kesilim) is one who chooses his own path as opposed to following God’s path but is not a rebellion at this point, for we can see the plea for the fools to learn shrewdness, to acquire an understanding heart.

The call of wisdom is for all people, male and female alike. The call is to the simpleminded and fools, to be shrewd and acquire an understanding heart (pay attention). God’s Word is accessible to all, and Christianity has made intelligence, the experience of others and understanding accessible to all, by way of study tools that help the Bible student dig deeper into the Word of God.

Listen and Observe

Proverbs 8:6 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)

Listen, for I will speak noble things,
and from the opening of my lips right things,

Listen, for I will speak noble things: The Hebrew word (shama) rendered listen means to listen, to hear, to perceive, to pay close attention, and respond, heed, or obey on the basis of having heard. (Ex. 4:1; Eccl. 9:16-17; Prov. 5:12) Nobel things (Heb. neged) has the sense of noble words in that they are worthy of being heard and heeded because they are valuable, proper, and true.

And from the opening of my lips will upright things: The opening of my lips is a figurative expression of “I will speak” from the first line. What is right (Heb. mêšārîm) means upright, that is, a moral standard, what is fair, just, or reasonable.

How can we learn shrewdness, prudence, discernment, and acquire an understanding heart that was just spoken of in 7:5? This is done by our listening to, observing, and paying close attention to the noble (worthy) words of Wisdom. Her words are of moral excellence. She only speaks what is right, upright, honest, straightforward, direct, frank, and truthful.

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Truth That Can Be Trusted

Proverbs 8:7-9 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)

for my mouth will utter truth;
wickedness is an abomination to my lips.
All the words of my mouth are righteous;
there is nothing twisted or crooked in them.
They are all straight to him who understands,
and right to those who find knowledge.

For my mouth will utter truth: Here the Hebrew word (chek) rendered mouth is vital for speech, with half of the occurrences being in Job in the context of taste or speech. It is linked to both true and false statements. Job states that “I have not let my mouth sin,” (31:30) and here wisdom declares that “my mouth will utter truth.” Utter (Heb. hagah) means to speak. It also conveys, ‘a lion that growls over his prey (Isa. 31:4), and “the moan like a dove.” (Isa. 38:14). Also, “the heart of the righteous ponders (hagah) how to answer” and then “the mouth of the righteous utters (hagah) [talk about] wisdom,” or the righteousness of God. (Ps 35:28; 71:24) Proverbs 24:1-2 conveys the idea of mental exercise, planning, which is accompanied by low talking, “Be not envious of evil men, nor desire to be with them, for their hearts devise (hagah) violence, and their lips talk of trouble.” Yes, wisdom’s utterances (speech) will always be filled with truth (Heb. emeth) in the sense of only the truth, nothing but the truth.

Wickedness is an abomination to my lips: Here wickedness (Heb. resha) is be contrasted with truth. Therefore, it is referring to false speech. Abomination (Heb. toebah) is a detestable thing that is repulsive, which causes horror and disgust in the heart and minds of the righteous.

All the words of my mouth are righteous: Here righteous (Heb. tsedeq) has the sense of what is morally right or honest.

There is nothing twisted or crooked in them: This line is simply repeating the first line but in the negative sense. Twisted (pathal) meaning to bend or curl something, distorting the shape is being used figuratively here in that wisdom’s utterances, speech, words are never false, distorted, or misleading. Crooked (Heb. iqqesh) is saying that wisdom’s words will never be dishonest, false, evasive, or misleading.

They are all straight to him who understands: Of course, they refer to wisdom’s words, which are straight (Heb. nakoach) the opposite of twisted. The sense is of words that are straightforward, never being evasive or deceptive. Him who understands is a person who possesses insight and good sense. This is one who has the ability to see into a situation. One who possesses insight acts with wisdom, caution, and discretion. Insight is closely related to understanding, with the distinction that insight is using one’s common sense to distinguish between something while understanding relates to an intelligent knowledge of something.

And right to those who find knowledge: right (Heb. yashar) means what is upright, that is, a moral standard, what is fair, just, or reasonable, what conforms with justice, law, morality. Knowledge (Heb. daath) is possession of information learned by personal experience, observation, or study.

We can be grateful that what wisdom teaches is ‘noble and upright, nothing but the truth, as well as righteous.’ In other words, there is nothing about her teaching, which is twisted or crooked. She is not cunning or scheming in her teaching. Her teaching is completely trustworthy. Once we have been on the path of righteousness long enough, listening to wisdom’s utterances, heeding her words, so that we have insight and can discern with our good common sense between things, we will have come to see the benefits of her counsel.

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Wisdom Is More Precious Than All Else

Proverbs 8:10-11 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)

10 Take my instruction instead of silver,
and knowledge rather than choice gold,
11 for wisdom is better than jewels,
and all that you may desire cannot compare with her.

Take my instruction instead of silver: Here the Hebrew verb take (laqach) expresses a command that has the sense of grasping or taking hold of, namely, willingly accepting, receiving, or choosing what is offered. Thus, we are to grasp or take hold of, willingly choose wisdom’s instruction. My instruction is the instruction coming from wisdom. Instructions: (Heb. piqquim) This Hebrew noun means instructions, precepts, directions, procedures, regulation, i.e., a principle or rule concerning the personal conduct that is to be obeyed within a community.

And knowledge rather than choice gold: Knowledge (Heb. daath) is possession of information learned by personal experience, observation, or study. The Bible strongly urges us to seek and treasure accurate knowledge, as it is far superior to choice gold, which is gold of the highest purity.

For wisdom is better than jewels: The conjunction for is introducing the reasons as to why we should take wisdom’s instruction and knowledge. The adjective better is of a greater value. Wisdom: (Heb. chokmah) is sound judgment, based on knowledge and understanding. It is the balanced application of that knowledge to answer difficulties, achieve objectives, sidestep or ward off dangers, not to mention helping others to accomplish the same. The wise person is often contrasted with the foolishness or stupid person.

And all that you may desire cannot compare with her: Here all that you may desire means all of the things that you may desire.

Correctly, the truth is that wisdom is far more valuable than silver or choice gold. World events have demonstrated repeatedly, at any given time, the economy can crash, and money becomes worthless, with survival being found in the choices of the wise one. Wisdom’s teachings are priceless, because they lead to life everlasting, something no amount of money can buy, as it is an undeserved gift from God. Even now, wisdom can deliver true happiness and offer protection to the one who is wise.

Live a Restrained, Watchful and Cautious Life

Proverbs 8:12 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)

12 “I, wisdom, dwell with shrewdness,
and I find knowledge and thinking ability.

I, wisdom, dwell with shrewdness: Here dwell (Heb. shakan) is referring to wisdom being at home with shrewdness, to inhabit or live with. Shrewdness or prudence (Heb. ormah) is having good sense in dealing with practical matters, carefully considering consequences, using good judgment to consider likely consequences and act accordingly, and careful in managing resources so as to provide for the future.

And I find knowledge and thinking ability: Knowledge (Heb. daath) is possession of information learned by personal experience, observation, or study. The Bible strongly urges us to seek and treasure accurate knowledge, as it is far superior to gold. (Prov. 8:10; 20:15) Thinking Ability: (Heb. mezimmah) In the evil sense, this can mean wicked plans, evil ideas, schemes, and devices. In the favorable sense, it can mean shrewdness, perceptiveness, discretion, and prudence. In the favorable sense, it is the ability to judge wisely and objectively. Mezimmah, therefore, the human mind and thoughts can be used for an admirable and upright end, or for evil purposes. – Ps 10:2; Pro. 1:4; 2:10-12; 5:1-2.

Wisdom gives shrewdness or prudence, knowledge and discretion to its owner. Wisdom teaches us how to live a restrained, watchful and cautious life as opposed to an irresponsible, thoughtless and uncontrolled one. One who possesses shrewdness and or prudence has good sense in dealing with the world of mankind that is alienated from God, their own imperfections, and a world that is run by Satan the Devil. These ones can use good judgment to consider likely consequences and act accordingly. The one possessing wisdom’s discretion realized his or her freedom or authority to evaluate the information, enabling a wise decision about it.

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Turn Away from Morally Objectionable Behavior

Proverbs 8:13 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)

13 The fear of Jehovah is hatred of evil.
Pride and arrogance and the way of evil
and the perverted mouth I hate.

The fear of Jehovah is hatred of evil: Again, the fear of Jehovah is mentioned, meaning that we possess a reverential awe of our Creator, hating what he hates. “Fear of [Jehovah] Wisdom does not stand alone. It is closely connected with fearing God and involves a proper attitude of respect and obedience.”[6] The Hebrew word (sane) rendered hatred appears about 145 times in the Bible and can range from a weak dislike, shun, not love, a lacking love, and compassion, to an intense hatred. Here in this context (sane) hatred is to abhor, detest, loathe, to dislike intensely, to feel hostility or an aversion towards evil. Evil (Heb. ra) is anything that is morally objectionable behavior based on the moral standards found in God’s Word. Those practicing what is evil, not morally pure, sever their relationship with God.

Pride and arrogance and the way of evil: The Hebrew noun (geah) rendered pride is the quality of one who has an attitude of superiority, believing that he is superior to others. The one has an unreasonable and unwarranted or undue and an excessive self-esteem of himself. He is haughty and arrogant. The Hebrew noun (gaon) rendered arrogance has a very similar meaning. He is full of himself, having or revealing an exaggerated sense of his own importance or abilities. He is conceited, that is, he has an unwarranted and undue high status of himself, which is a moral failure on his part. The way of evil means one’s wicked ways, his following evil paths that lead to bad or wicked behavior or conduct.

And the perverted mouth I hate: The Hebrew noun (tahpukot) that is rendered perverted is one who willfully deviates from what is good and in this case with his mouth (peh), that is, speech, what he says. In the Scriptures perversity usually applies to one’s words, what is said that is morally crooked (distorted, dishonest, unscrupulous, unprincipled, untrustworthy, corrupt) from the moral standard set out in the Word of God.

Pride, arrogance, immoral behavior, and mouth of perversity should be no part of a Christian life. If we hate what is evil, it will protect us against the deceptive desires of this world. Therefore, it is paramount that we all seek wisdom. Those who live irresponsible lives, regardless of their intelligence, are stupid ones. Really, these ones lack wisdom. Wisdom gives its owner the right path to life and strength to deal with adversities. Choices that are made by ones who lack prudence and discretion are more than likely end badly.

Wisdom for Just and Righteous Leadership

Proverbs 8:14-16 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)

14 I have counsel and sound wisdom;[7]
I have insight; I have strength.[8]
15 By me kings reign,
and rulers decree what is just;
16 by me princes rule,
and nobles, all who govern justly.[9]

I have counsel and sound wisdom: The Hebrew rendered counsel (etsah) is referring to someone (wisdom) who provides advice, guidance, or planning as to a decision or a course of action. This is wisdom telling us what we should do based on her insights. Sound Wisdom; Judgment: (Heb. tushiyyah) is a particular kind of wisdom that has an emphasis on being complete and thorough or efficient, possessing awareness and perception that gives one the ability to understand fully.

I have insight; I have strength: The Hebrew rendered insight (binah) is the ability to see into a situation. One who possesses insight acts with wisdom, caution, and discretion. Insight is closely related to understanding, but there is a fine distinction between the two terms. Says the Theological Wordbook of the Old Testament: “While bin [understanding] indicates ‘distinguishing between,’ [sa·khal] relates to an intelligent knowledge of the reason. There is the process of thinking through a complex arrangement of thoughts resulting in a wise dealing and use of good practical common sense. Another end result is the emphasis upon being successful.” – Psa. 14:12; (Edited by R. L. Harris, 1980, Vol. 2, p. 877) Here strength (Heb. geburah) is being mentally strong. Geburah has the primary meaning of power, strength, might, which is in comparison to others, with emphasis on the deep respect for the one who holds the power.

By me kings reign: Here by me means “by means of me.” In other words, it is through or by wisdom that kings are able or allowed to reign.

And rulers decree what is just: The Hebrew rendered rulers (razan) is a general reference to leaders of all sorts, with a focus on their primacy of authority. Decree (Heb. chaqaq) is an official decision given that is backed by the authority of the ruler.

By me princes rule: This line is a restatement of the first line of verse 15. Generally, the Hebrew word (sar) rendered princes mean a male member of the royal family, especially the sons. However, here, it is a general reference to rulers, leaders, officials, or authorities.

And nobles, all who govern justly: Nobles (nadib) is a reference to a class of people who possessed some measure of authority. Of course, regardless of their level of nobility, in their sphere of influence, they have primacy of authority. It can be rendered leader, ruler, official, or prince depending on the context. The same word (nadib) is used in Job 12:21 but it is rendered prince there by the ASV, RSV, and ESV, while the NASB has noble, and the LEB has nobleman.

Wisdom gives its owner sound judgment, understanding, and strength, qualities that one would need to head a family, or a Christian congregation. Wisdom is essential to those who take the lead, be it in the home, or the Christian congregation, because they will undoubtedly have to counsel others in their role of leadership. Wisdom is able to provide us with direction because she has sound wisdom or judgment. Because of her insight and strength, she can provide us with the strength to deal with the difficulties of life. Regardless of the leadership one may have (kings, princes, nobles, rulers, fathers, mothers, husbands, pastors, employers, and so on), there will be no just and righteous rulership if there is no wisdom. Remember too, the beginning of wisdom is that we have a reverential fear of displeasing God.

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Diligently Seeking Wisdom

Proverbs 8:17 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)

17 I love those who love me,
and those who seek me diligently find me.

I love those who love me: The marginal note in the Masoretic text, the Aramaic Targums, the Septuagint, the Syriac Peshitta and the Latin Vulgate have “those who love me,” but the main text of the Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia (BHS) has “those who love her.” Almost all English translations follow the marginal note of the Masoretic text, “those who love me.” (e.g., ESV, NASB, UASV, LEB, CSB) While wisdom is offered to all people (8:5), it is not received by all, only those who love wisdom enough to seek her.

And those who seek me diligently find me: The intensified form of the Hebrew verb (meshacha) to seek is qualified with the adverb diligently. We need to earnestly seek wisdom; only then will we receive it. – James 1:5; See Proverbs 2:1-4.

Again, this wisdom is accessible to everyone, yet many turn aside when it is offered. Wisdom is accessible to those with a heart that is rightly disposed to seek it out. We must have love if we are to commit ourselves to the pursuit of wisdom. It is our heart, which is the seat of motivation, which moves us to seek wisdom.

Lasting Values

Proverbs 8:18 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)

18 Riches and honor are with me,
enduring wealth and righteousness.

Riches and honor are with me: While there is no verb in the Hebrew of this verse the context of with me suggests that wisdom is saying that she has financial security and honor, which she can bestow upon those who seek her and listen to her.

Enduring wealth and righteousness: Here wealth that endures is a hereditary wealth or values (Wealth and Poverty in the Book of Proverbs by R. N. Whybray). When God chose to give mankind the Word of God, it certainly contained a wealth of true values. These values have been passed on as a legacy to thousands of future generations from Moses, who penned the first five books (1500 B.C.E.), to the apostle John, who penned the last five books (96-98 C.E.),[10] to the present generation. The advice that Moses gave Israel after telling them to obey the Law is still applicable today in reference to the entire sixty-six books of the Bible. “Take to heart all the words by which I am warning you today, that you may command them to your sons, that they may be careful to do all the words of this law. For it is no empty [valueless] word for you, but your very life, and by this word you shall live long in the land that you are going over the Jordan to possess.” – Deuteronomy 32:46-47.

Some eight centuries later Proverbs is referring to the words, Word of God as enduring wealth or lasting values. Yes, it is true that verse 18 is literally talking about enduring wealth, in the sense of lasting financial security, but at the same time, Solomon’s words ring true as a principle of life as well. “My son, if you receive my words and treasure up my commandments with you, making your ear attentive to wisdom and inclining your heart to discernment; For if you cry for discernment and raise your voice for understanding, if you keep seeking her like silver and searching for her as for hidden treasures, then you will understand the fear of Jehovah and find the knowledge of God.” – Proverbs 2:1-5.

There are certainly material benefits to wisdom. Wisdom can and does deliver wealth by a righteous means to those that love her. Some may take this to mean spiritual prosperity. Which is somewhat true, because not all wealth is speaking of financial prosperity? However, it should be understood literally as well. Wise persons do ascertain wealth or prosperity because they make wise decisions when it comes to their finances.

Enduringrighteousness is the literal rendering of (Heb. tsedaqah), which some have rendered as prosperity. (NIV, RSV, NRSV, GNT, REB) This has brought about two main different interpretations. The dynamic equivalent (interpretive) translations see it as success in life or favorable outcomes. In other words, being righteous will result in prosperity. The literal translations (ASV, NASB, and UASV) and semi-literal translations (ESV, CSB) hold with the literal rendering of righteousness. William McKane argues “What wisdom gives essentially is a way of life which possesses ethical fitness and equity.”[11]

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Wisdom is Superior

 Proverbs 8:19 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)

19 My fruit is better than gold, even refined gold,[12]
and my yield than choice silver.

My fruit is better than gold, even refined gold: Here the Hebrew word (peri) rendered fruit has the sense of an outcome, figuratively the outcome of some effort. It is the product or result of some action. Gold is the first and most often mentioned metal in the Bible. Gold (Heb. charuts), especially refined gold, namely, a purer form of gold has great value. However, like any other form of riches, it cannot give those who possess it life. (Ps 49:6-8; Matt. 16:26). In addition, there is no amount of gold that can by true wisdom.

And my yield than choice silver: Solomon goes on with his use of figurative language. Yield (Heb. tebuah) refers to the produce (financial gain, income, what is valuable) from a crop. Choice (Heb. bachar) mean it is a superior grade. It is the best and highly desired.

Wisdom is far superior to refined gold or choice silver. Wisdom rewards its seekers far more than and precious metal, regardless of the amount. Wisdom will bring you financial security, as even God’s people can gain wealth by a righteous means, and not lose any spirituality along the way. You can gain satisfaction from the things that are acquired through wisdom, leaving you with a peace of mind and a clean conscience toward God. Yes, happy is the one who has acquired wisdom. The fruitage of wisdom is certainly better than refined gold and choice silver.

Let Us Never Neglect God’s Provisions

Proverbs 8:20 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)

20 I walk in the way of righteousness,
in the midst of paths of justice,

I walk in the way of righteousness: In the Bible, the expression “to walk” (Heb. halak) is figurative and illustrative and can mean to follow a certain course of action, as “Noah walked with God.” (Gen. 6:9; 5:22) Those who walk with God follow the life course outlined by God’s Word and will find his favor, that is, be pleasing to him. Pursuing such a life-course makes you different from most of the unbelievers. The Greek New Testament uses the same illustrative expression, contrasting two different courses of action sought by one before and after becoming a servant of God. (Eph. 2:2, 10; 4:17; 5:2) Walking with God is a manner of life that is required by his servants, it affects our conduct and behavior. The way (Heb. orach) is a course of conduct and of righteousness (Heb. tsedaqah) is adhering to the moral standard that God gave us, namely, our conscience and the Word of God. This is what justice and a godly life require.

In the midst of paths of justice: Here in the midst of (Heb. tawek) means to be within, not necessarily in the middle of per se. This is simply repeating the first line of verse 20 by submitting paths with the way. Justice (Heb. mishpat) is when you are free from partiality, selfishness, bias, as well as deception, where you make decisions that reflect God’s sense of what is just. It is a case of fairness in your dealings with others. Our course of conduct (paths) needs to be centered within (midst) what is morally right, and fair based on a correct understanding of God’s Word and a biblically trained conscience.

Rather than getting off the paths of justice and the way of righteousness onto a completely different line of thought or action based on the world of mankind, who is alienated from God, with their own personal ideas and theories, we need to be centered within (midst) by staying clearly within the limits of Scriptural counsel. Humble prayer to God should be the continuous practice of the one seeking wisdom. Let us never set aside the very gifts from God that have given us wisdom: The Word of God itself, our Christian meetings, and our personal study of the Bible and all of the study tools (Bible dictionaries, commentaries encyclopedias, word study, and so on), simply for the sake of gaining riches.

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Maintain a Good Standing with God

Proverbs 8:21 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)

21 endowing those who love me with wealth,
and their treasuries I will fill.

Endowing those who love me with wealth: This does literally mean that wisdom can cause those who love (obey) her to inherit wealth (financial security). Here in the Hebrew Old Testament, wealth (Heb. yesh), as a noun, means an abundance of material possessions and resources. This is not a text to be used to support the false teaching of prosperity theology (sometimes referred to as the prosperity gospel), as is the case with the false teachers within the televangelism industry.

Unlike the patriarchs and the nation of Israel, those who are followers of Jesus Christ, they have the commission to “make disciples of people of all the nations.” (Matthew 24:14; 28:19-20; Acts 1:8) Carrying out that commission demands time and effort that may otherwise be properly used more fully in secular pursuits. Therefore, a person who continues to obsess over his wealth rather than lightening himself enough to be able to use his time and resources to carry out the great commission is really no disciple of Jesus, with the prospect of gaining eternal life.

And their treasuries I will fill: Here the plural Hebrew noun rendered treasures (otsar) is referring to a storehouse where wealth and precious objects can be kept safely. Throughout the Scriptures, the importance is placed, not on the accumulation of material riches, but rather on a good standing with God, a standing that is kept strong by a person continuing to listen and to obey wisdom by faith in God.

The message here in verses 18-21 is that wisdom results in one growing in righteousness, spiritually, and even financial security, but not through any unrighteous activities of the world. In other words, this one is not getting himself and his family involved in “get rich schemes,” cheating on taxes, making dishonest business transactions, obsessing with his career, or the like. Alternatively, he is living a life is on the path of justice, walking in the way of righteousness. Financial security and honor come from one’s righteous conduct and wisdom can bring one material wealth but not if their heart is in the pursuit of riches. If we are pursuing and chasing wealth, we have not heard or understood one word that wisdom has uttered. Any material wealth that one may gain is the result of heeding wisdom in all things, wisdom is not in and of itself a guide to wealth, the wealth comes incidentally because we are properly using godly wisdom.

Wisdom at Creation

Proverbs 8:22 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)

22 “Jehovah created me at the beginning of his way,
the first of his acts of old.

Jehovah created me at the beginning of his way: Here almost all translations replace God the Father’s personal name with the title “Lord” in all capital letters, “LORD.” The personal name of the Father Jehovah: (Heb. יְהֹוָה) the Tetragrammaton, יְהֹוָה (JHVH/YHWH), is found in the Hebrew Old Testament 6,828 times. The Hebrew term rendered create (qanah) means to bring forth with the figurative extension of giving birth here. Qanah has cause many debates as to how it should be rendered here. Like any word, it has different meanings with the context being the determining factor of what the author meant.

In Proverbs alone, qanah is used in the sense of getting or acquiring guidance, insight, or wisdom. (1:5; 4:5, 7) It is also used in Proverbs 20:14 in reference to a buyer who buys something (qoneh). In Genesis 4:1 Eve says of her giving birth to Cain, “I have gotten [qaniti, given birth to] a man with the help of Jehovah,” which is a wordplay on Cain’s name, ‘something produced.’ Elsewhere in Deut. 32:6 and Psalm 139:13, qanah it means to create. Here in Proverbs 8:22, the Septuagint and a few other ancient versions as well as the RSV, the TEV and the NRSV say create, while the ESV, LEB, NASB say “possessed,” and the CSB says “acquired.”

We must remember that we are dealing with poetical language here, which is highly figurative. In other words, this does not mean that Jehovah literally gave birth to Wisdom, or that the Father acquired, obtained, or produced Wisdom, who was already in existence before the creation of everything else and was actually the master workman (8:30) in the creation of everything. Nevertheless, the literal translation created is preferable, leaving the interpretation to the reader to ascertain what the author meant here by his use of qanah. It should be noted that many commentators believe verses 22-31 is referring to Jesus Christ. More on this after verse 26.

The beginning of his way is the literal rendering. What is meant by way (Heb. derek)? It has the sense of the acts, the workings of God, what he is doing. When interpreting the beginning, we can take note what the author does not say in order to understand what he does say. He does not say at the beginning or in the beginning. The Hebrew (reshith) beginning is tied to me, Wisdom, as it is explaining me as the beginning or first of his works, that is, before the creation of everything. Before the creation of the heavens, the earth, and man, Wisdom was already there.

The first of his acts of old: Here again we gave first (Heb. qedem), which is also tied to me, Wisdom, in the first line and has the same sense as beginning. The Hebrew word rendered acts (miphal) is equivalent to way (Heb. derek) and it too has the sense of the acts, the workings of God, what he is doing. Of old (Heb. meaz) is referring to a time before the oldest of God’s works.

Verse 22 is the beginning of five verses that will stress that Wisdom was there from a time before the creation of everything. She was the first or earliest of his works, in existence for time itself. Again, Wisdom never was “produced.” It never began to exist because God the Father has always existed, and Wisdom has always been with him. We return to the words of Proverbs 3:31, “Happy is a man who finds wisdom.”

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Wisdom is Timeless

Proverbs 8:23 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)

23 Ages ago I was set up,
at the first, before the beginning of the earth.

Ages ago I was set up: The Hebrew noun rendered ages ago (olam) is another past time expression that has the sense of the distant past. The term is pertaining to an unlimited amount of time. Olam is another expression that emphasizes the most distant past of Wisdom. The Hebrew verb rendered set up (nasak) is much disputed. It can mean to be established, be appointed, chosen, installed in a position.

At the first, before the beginning of the earth: The Hebrew term rendered at the first (rosh) has twenty different meanings. Here it means the first part of something, at the beginning, in that case, the creation of the heavens, the earth, and humans. Verse 22 says “Jehovah created me … verse 23 at the first.” Here beginning of the earth means before the creation of the earth.

Wisdom belongs to one who has the ability to put God-given knowledge to its proper use. And how remarkably and abundantly the Bible makes wisdom available to us! Yes, it contains words of wisdom, such as those found in the books of Proverbs and Ecclesiastes, and all of us need to pay close attention to these words. We also find throughout the Bible many examples that show the advantages of applying godly principles and the traps of ignoring them. – Romans 15:4; 1 Corinthians 10:11.

Wisdom and Human Needs

Proverbs 8:24 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)

24 When there were no depths I was brought forth,
when there were no springs abounding with water.

When there were no depths I was brought forth: Here the Hebrew word translated depths (tehom) is likely referring to the waters that existed in Genesis 1:2, as opposed to the oceans or bodies of water (seas) of Solomon’s day. Genesis 1:2 says in part, “Now the earth was without form and empty; and darkness was upon the face of the watery deep,” namely, the depths, i.e., a deep, dark, inaccessible, inexhaustible, and mysterious place below the surface of the water, controlled by objects of tremendous power.

When there were no springs abounding with water: Here springs or fountains (Heb. mayanah) is referring to the flow and rise of ground waters that bubble up from beneath the earth. This is to be distinguished from water that is stored or collected in such places as cisterns. Like fresh water, wisdom is also a source of life. – Psalm 87:7; Isaiah 12:3.

Indeed, perfect wisdom springs forth from a trustworthy source, our heavenly Father. It is so far superior to our own wisdom. In his Word, God informs us of the best way to live our lives. As our Creator, he knows what we need more so than we ever could. Even our basic human needs, which would include the desire to be loved, to find genuine happiness, and to have successful relationships, the wisdom from the Scriptures has never changed, as the needs will always be the same.

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The Timelessness of Wisdom

Proverbs 8:25 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)

25 Before the mountains had been shaped,
before the hills, I was brought forth,

Before the mountains had been shaped: The Hebrew term here rendered shaped (taba) has the sense of being deeply embedded in something. This same term is used in Job 38:6, where it speaks of God sinking or setting the earth on its bases, supporting its foundation, the question is asked, ‘What holds up the pillars that support the earth?’ This according to Job 9:6, are the foundations on which the pillars that support the earth are resting.

Before the hills, I was brought forth: Wisdom was brought forth has the sense of being created or conceived. It is yet another case of figurative language that highlights the timelessness of wisdom.

Do you think that the Bible’s words of wisdom can work for you living in the 21st century? Yes, the Bible’s wisdom is timeless and will never be outdated. But why look to the Bible instead of to other sources of wisdom? Because, among other many reasons, the principles found in the Bible have time-tested value for thousands of years. God has given humans another kind of basic wisdom as well, instinctive wisdom. Yes, God has endowed humans with the faculty of free will. But he has also implanted some basic instinctive abilities as well. Instinctive wisdom did not come about by chance. Instinctive wisdom is done without conscious thought, without thinking. ‘In this quite abnormal character, instinctive wisdom appears only to hinder conscious knowledge at certain points.’ Intuitive sense is based on what one feels to be true even without conscious reasoning.

Some basic instinctive wisdom that we all possess. (1) Something feels wrong in your body. Listening to your body’s subtle signals is important. (2) You are in danger. Your brain can detect subtle irregularities in your environment and other people’s behavior. (3) Giving other people help. Our instinctive desire is to identify with others, to empathize with them. (4) Knowing this is it. Your intuition signals that you’ve found something truly special. These and others are commonly called gut instincts and there are times when we should use them to make decisions.

The Creation of Humanity

Proverbs 8:26 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)

26 before he had made the earth with its fields,
or the first of the dust of the world.

Before he had made the earth with its fields: The Hebrew term rendered fields (chutsot) is in the plural and is referring to the open fields. This, again, is another expression toward the timelessness of wisdom.

Or the first of the dust of the world: The first of the dust is literally ‘the head (rosh) the of the dust,’ the sense being the very first bit back in the creation days. Dust is also in the plural form (Heb. apharot) like fields and is referring to “soil.” The Hebrew word rendered world (tebel) means the entire expanse of the earth.

Looking at verses 22-26, we again, make the point that Wisdom is a personification, a literary technique to draw out qualities and characteristics. It is also quite probable that it is being used symbolically in reference to the Son of God, Jesus Christ, prior to his coming to earth, speaking of him being in existence prior to the creation of everything. The apostle John wrote, “In the beginning was the Word.”

There is little doubt that verse 22 commences with a reference to the creation account of Genesis 1 by its use of the word “beginning.” In saying that God “made” or “created” wisdom at the beginning of his creation, wisdom is emphasizing its age, as compared to the creation of the universe, including earth.

Wisdom is an indispensable part of the way the world works. If we want to enjoy this world as our maker intends, we must live by the same wisdom with which he made it. When Jesus comes, he will be seen as this wisdom in person:

He is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation. For by him all things were created: things in heaven and on earth, visible and invisible, whether thrones or powers or rulers or authorities; all things were created by him and for him. He is before all things, and in him all things hold together (Colossians 1:15–17).

Jesus Christ is none other than the wisdom of God (1 Corinthians 1:24).[13]

Verse 26 refers to Wisdom being here before “the first dust of the world.” This is likely a reference to the creation account as well, referring to Genesis 2:7 specifically, “when Jehovah God formed the man of dust from the ground.”

The Hebrew of v. 26 literally reads, “Before he made … the head of the dusts of the world.” In Gen 1–2 “dust” is associated only with the creation of humanity; there is no account of the creation of dust itself. The “dusts of the world” is humanity, formed of the dust; and its head is Adam.[14]

In a very real sense, then, it could be said that the Father himself in wisdom founded the earth, for he used the Son as a “master worker” beside him in doing so. This is in full agreement with what the apostle John later tells us about how all creation came into existence. (John 1:1-3) “He was in the beginning with God. All things came into being through him, and apart from him not one thing came into being that has come into being.” Solomon has had much to say about knowledge and especially wisdom, understanding or discernment, which we should be acquiring.

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God Used Wisdom to Create the World

Proverbs 8:27-29 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)

27 When he established the heavens, I was there;
when he drew a circle on the face of the deep,
28 when he made firm the skies above,
when he made strong[15] the fountains of the deep,
29 when he assigned to the sea its limit,
so that the waters might not transgress his command,[16]
when he marked out the foundations of the earth,

When he established the heavens, I was there: Here the Hebrew word rendered established (kun) has the meaning of being set in place, to fix firmly in place.

When he drew a circle on the face of the deep: The Hebrew word rendered drew (chaqaq) means to cut, engrave, or write as a lasting record. The word translated circle (Heb. chug) is where the horizon and the land meet to form what looks like to be the upper part of a circle. Here it is the horizon meeting the surface of the ocean. Here the Hebrew word translated deep (tehom) is the same as the word translated depths in verse 24 and, again, is likely referring to the waters that existed in Genesis 1:2, as opposed to the oceans or bodies of water (seas) of Solomon’s day.

When he made firm the skies above: the Hebrew word (amets), which is rendered made firm means to be fixed firmly (strong or resistant) in a given place. The word rendered skies (Heb. shachaq) is referring to the region above the earth where the birds fly to the point of entering outer space.

When he made strong the fountains of the deep: The Hebrew word (azaz) literally rendered made strong is also rendered “established” (ESV), “founded” (LEB), “fixed” (NASB). It has the sense of being or becoming strong, powerful, and great, implying confidence and security. The Septuagint (LXX) says, “made secure.” Here fountains (Heb. mayanah) or springs is referring to the flow and rise of ground waters that bubble up from beneath the earth.

When he assigned to the sea its limit: The sense here is when God in creation fixed the boundaries of the ocean. In other words, the limit would be where the waves of the sea cash on the shoreline of the beaches around the earth and no more.

So that the waters might not transgress his command: Here the literal rendering would be “and the waters do not exceed his mouth.” It is true that no language exactly mirrors the vocabulary and grammar of Biblical Hebrew and Greek, so a word-for-word translation of the Bible would be unclear or might even convey the wrong meaning, but it is in maybe 1000th of 1 percent.

When he marked out the foundations of the earth: The foundations of the earth is a common expression to describe the basis on which the earth rests.

We see from verse 27 that wisdom was not only present at the creation of the heavens, but actively involved. We already discovered that John said, “In the beginning was the Word.” (1:1) However, he went on to say in verse 1:3, “All things came into being through him, and apart from him not one thing came into being that has come into being.” The Apostle Paul informs us that, “[Jesus] is the image of the invisible God, the firstborn over all creation, because all things in the heavens and on the earth were created by him.” (col. 1:15-16) In Revelation 3:14 (NASB), we read, “To the angel of the church in Laodicea write: The Amen, the faithful and true Witness, the Beginning of the creation of God.” Wisdom was at the beginning of the creation as a master worker, carrying out the creation of the heavens and earth, as well as the greatest creation, man. Notice that wisdom’s delight was in the creation of mankind.

The first title, ho Amen (“the Amen”), is used only here as a personal name for Christ. Usually functioning as an adverb, the word has an article preceding it. This makes it a substantive and uses it to represent a quality par excellence.7 It thus becomes a descriptive title for the Lord,8 and pictures Him as the one in whom verity is personified (Beckwith) … Paul uses very similar terminology in Col. 1:15 where he calls Christ “the first begotten of all creation” and in Col. 1:18 where he calls Him “the beginning ([arche]).” (Apparently both Col. 1:18 and Rev. 3:14 rest upon the use of arche in Prov. 8:22.)[17]

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The Master Workman

Proverbs 8:30-31 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)

30 then I was beside him, like a master workman,
and I was daily his delight,
rejoicing before him always,
31 rejoicing in his inhabited world[18]
and my delight was with the sons of men.

Then I was beside him, like a master workman: Personified wisdom is called the master workman. While it is true that we are dealing with a literary device that helps the reader appreciate the characteristics of wisdom; this personification also figuratively refers to Jesus Christ, before he came to earth, as we saw from our commentary above. As a master workman, “all things were created through him and for him.” (Col. 1:16) Truly, “He was in the beginning with God. All things were created through Him, and apart from Him not one thing was created that has been created.” John 1:2-3.

And I was daily his delight: Here the Hebrew word rendered daily (yom) means every day or all the time. Delight (Heb. shaashuim) is something or someone that provides a source of happiness, pleasure, or joy. In Psalm 119:24, the same word is used, “Your instructions give me pleasure.”

Rejoicing before him always: Here rejoicing renders a Hebrew verb (sechoq) meaning to express great joy or to act joyfully or to celebrate

Rejoicing in his inhabited world: The term rendered inhabited (Heb. tebel) world (Heb. erets) is literally “in the world of his earth” and simply means the entirety of “his world” where humans and animals live.

And my delight was with the sons of men: The phrase sons of men is a reference to mankind, humanity. It is true that the expression sons of men or the sons of mankind are frequently used in an unfavorable sense, but this is not always the case. – Compare Psalm 4:2; 57:4; Prov 8:22, 30-31; Jeremiah 32:18, 19; Daniel 10:16.

Wisdom was not simply observing the creation of the angels, the physical universes and our galaxy, as well as human and animal life but was very much actively involves, being the master workman working alongside the father. Seeing that the Father chose Wisdom for such work, certainly, we as imperfect humans need wisdom to deal with our human imperfection and the imperfect, fallen world of Satan and his henchmen. Wisdom is deeply ingrained in every fabric of creation and only a fool would ignore the principles of Wisdom. Wisdom was at God’s side, sharing in the task of creation, a work that brought much delight, much rejoicing, much pleasure, and happiness as the creation of human life came to earth. We too can rejoice and find much delight as are become co-workers of such persons as the Son of God, Jesus Christ, the apostle Paul, Peter, John and all of the others who was a human workman in growing Christianity.

Benefits of Following Wisdom Daily

Proverbs 8:32-34 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)

32 “And now, O sons, listen to me:
happy are those who keep my ways.
33 Hear instruction and be wise,
and do not neglect it.
34 Happy is the man who listens to me,
watching daily at my gates,
waiting beside my doors.

And now, O sons, listen to me: Wisdom, using a term of endearment, O sons, before giving his final commands, pleading for the sons to listen (Heb. shama), that is pay attention and obey, never departing from his words.

Happy are those who keep my ways: Happy, blessed: (Heb. asre; Gr. makarios) Asre occurs 11 times in the Hebrew Old Testament and makarios 50 times in the Greek New Testament. Happiness and being highly favored by God characterize this joy. It is speaking of a person who is content, full of joy. This is not to be confused with the Hebrew word barak which means, “to bless,” as in a divine blessing. The Hebrew barak and the Greek eulogeo is the act of being blessed, while the Hebrew asre and Greek makarios is the state or condition of the person who is being blessed, who is a highly favored one. Keep my ways is the same as “keep my words” as in 7:1. Solomon uses the imperative verb keep (Shomer), which is an exhortation or a command for the son to conform their actions to the wise words of Wisdom. In essence, “do what I say,” “obey my instructions,” or “follow in my ways.”

Hear instruction and be wise: Hear: The Hebrew verb (shama) for hear means more than simply taking in information through our ears; it also involves listening and paying attention, wherein we take notice of and act on (ready to obey) the teaching and thoughts of Wisdom; responding to the advice and guidance that the proverbs contain. The Hebrew noun rendered instruction (musar) means instructions, precepts, directions, procedures, regulation, i.e., a principle or rule concerning the personal conduct that is to be obeyed. The phrase hear instruction basically means to “obey my instructions” or “listen to my instructions.”

And do not neglect it: The Hebrew verb (para) translated neglect means to ignore, disregard Wisdom’s instruction, ways, that is, “pay no attention to” or “give no serious thought to” or “consideration to” the teachings of wisdom. – Prov. 1:25; 8:33; 13:18; 15:32.

Happy is the man who listens to me: For a better understanding of happy and listen see line 1 and line 2 of 8:32 above. While the Hebrew says happy is the man (Heb. adam), it is a reference to mankind, which includes both males and females.

Watching daily at my gates: The Hebrew verb rendered watching (shaqad) means to be very vigilant, be wakeful, be on the lookout for or be careful, keep watching. Daily in the Hebrew is literal “day day,” meaning day to day, a sense of vigilance as well. Gates could be referring to a house, a room in the house or the gates to a town. However, since the figurative language of 9:1, “Wisdom has built her house,” it is best that we take gates as a reference to the door to her house.

Waiting beside my doors: The Hebrew verb (Shomer) rendered waiting has the same sense as watching in line 1 of this verse. It means to guard, to keep watch over, with an added element of eager expectation. Those watching, and waiting are eagerly expecting something from Wisdom. The Hebrew rendered doors is literally “doorposts of my doors” and is simply, again, referring to the door to Wisdom’s house.

Proverbs 8:22-31―In this passage God’s “works of old” (i.e., His work during the creation week) are cited as the author demonstrates wisdom’s place of privilege in the universe. God’s wisdom is personified as His possession from eternity past and is said to have been with Him before He created the heavens and the earth. Wisdom preceded the first day of creation when “there were no watery depths” and “no springs filled with water” (v. 24). It was with Him before the third day when the “mountains and hills were established” (v. 25). Wisdom was present with Him when He created the heavens and on the second day when He separated the sky from the sea (v. 27). It was also there on the third day when He set a boundary for the sea and established the firm foundation of the continents (v. 29). All of nature testifies to the wisdom of God, proving Him to be a “skilled craftsman” (v. 30). For those who look with the eyes of faith, nature is a cause for delight and rejoicing in the power and goodness of God. God set the boundary for the sea and established the firm foundation of the continents.[19]

Certainly, by now in our reading of chapter 8, we should listen to the voice of wisdom, with the eagerness of sons. Let us be wise and pay attention to her teachings. True happiness belongs to the ones who do not neglect wisdom but listen meditative, intently, and prayerfully at her voice.

The children of the world find time for vain amusements, without neglecting what they deem to be needful. Does it not show contempt of Wisdom’s instructions, when people professing godliness, seek excuses for neglecting the means of grace? Christ is Wisdom, and he is Life to all believers; nor can we obtain God’s favor, unless we find Christ, and are found in him. Those who offend Christ deceive themselves. Sin is anything not in accord with that is contrary to, God’s personality, standards, ways, and will; anything damaging one’s relationship with God. It can be in word, deed, or failing to do what one ought to have done.

Finding Life

Proverbs 8:35-36 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)

35 For whoever finds me finds life
and obtains favor from Jehovah,
36 But he who misses me injures his own soul;
all those who hate me love death.”

For whoever finds me finds life: Do you want to find a long life? Then you need to find wisdom. Finding (Heb. motsa) here is not used in the sense of discovering something that is lost but rather in that you are finding a long life or acquiring a long life. (Prov. 3:2)

And obtains favor from Jehovah: Here obtaining favor (Heb. ratson) means that one is found favorable, acceptable in the eyes of Jehovah

But he who misses me injures his own soul: The Hebrew term rendered misses (chata) means to sin, missing the mark or the way, to go astray. It can be rendered, “he who sins against me.” Injure (Heb. chamas) here means that the person is bringing about physical or moral violence against himself.

All those who hate me love death: Here hated (Heb. sane) has an emotion ranging from disliking intensely, abhor, detest, loathe, open hostility, antipathy or aversion towards a person or thing, but in other places it can have the weaker sense of being “set against,” also being toward a person or thing. Love death is offering more detail on injure in line one, as those who sin against wisdom unrepentantly will end up facing eternal death.

Does it not show disrespect of wisdom’s counsel, when servants of God acknowledging that they are his servants, yet they seek a means of begging off from listening to the voice of wisdom? It is likely that Christ is really personified as Wisdom from verses 22-26, and he is the one that offered himself as a ransom for us, so that we may have life. We need to listen to the voice of wisdom!

We certainly have many things in this age to captivate our attention, and we could seek out entertainment endlessly. However, if we allow the bells and whistles [non-essential features] of this wicked fallen world to distract us from pursuing God with our whole heart, mind, soul, and strength, we will eventually stumble out of the faith. How does God’s Word help us in this matter? What is the balance that we need to look for and apply? First, we need to remember that eternal life is our future; where there will be an eternity to consider entertainment, i.e., pleasure. We need to understand that for now, pleasure is but momentary. Some people have a job that they love, so it is as though they never have to work, because it is such a joy, and it is a career. However, we have been given a far greater work, in that we are to preach the gospel. Jesus said, “this gospel of the kingdom will be proclaimed in the whole inhabited earth for a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come.” (Matt. 24:14) How is the end to come, if the work we have been assigned is shelved, because we are more focused on ourselves? Jesus commanded that we “go and make disciples of all the nations … teaching them to observe everything I have commanded you.” – Matthew 28:19-20.

Here is how we should use entertainment in this fallen world, or until the return of Christ. We as humans were created to enjoy pleasurable things, and having a good time is truly required, as we need to be happy, and find joy in life. However, we need to use it as a means of refreshing ourselves for the work we have been commanded to accomplish. Thus, our ministry should be our primary work, which is a heavy responsibility that can wear us down at times. Therefore, we need to be recuperated, so that we can continue our work. Thus, we use entertainment, as a means to refresh ourselves for the true work.

We are being used by God, to find those, whose hearts are disposed toward life, and help them to discover the path of salvation. As Paul said to Timothy, we are to ‘fix your attention on ourselves and on our teaching. Continuing in them, for by doing this we will save both ourselves and those who hear us.’ (1 Tim. 4:16) ‘For we are God’s fellow workers; we are God’s field, God’s building.’ (1 Cor. 3:9) Listen to Paul, “I have shown you with respect to all things that by working hard in this way it is necessary to help those who are in need, and to remember the words of the Lord Jesus that he himself said, ‘It is more blessed to give than to receive.’” (Acts 20:35) Our work in the ministry gives our lives true meaning, and it ‘makes God’s heart glad, and gives him an answer for those who reproach him.’ Satan has slandered God, raised issues that are being settled, and he has besmirched his great name. (Prov. 27:11) If we are devoted workers to the work we have been assigned, using entertainment, to refresh us for that work, when Jesus returns we are truly going to know what happiness is, for “godliness is profitable for everything, because it holds promise for the present life and for the life to come.” – 1 Timothy 4:8.

BIBLE DIFFICULTIES Proverbs Chapter 8

Proverbs 8:30 Who is the “master workman”?

Personified wisdom is called the master workman. While it is true that we are dealing with a literary device that help the reader appreciate the characteristics of wisdom; this personification also figuratively refers to Jesus Christ, before he came to earth, as we saw from our commentary above. As a master workman, “all things were created through him and for him.” (Col. 1:16) Truly, “He was in the beginning with God. All things were created through Him, and apart from Him not one thing was created that has been created.” John 1:2-3.

REVIEW QUESTIONS

(8:1-3) Who is lady wisdom, where do we find her, and why? What are some major issues facing the Christian congregation today?

(8:4-5) What is gender-inclusive translations? Who is Wisdom’s call to, and for what purpose?

(8:6-9) How should we view the teachings of lady wisdom?

(8:10-11) Why is wisdom more valuable than silver and refined gold?

(8:12-13) What does wisdom give to its owner? What is prudence? What does prudence protect the servant of God against? What is meant when we are told, ‘the beginning of wisdom is the fear of God’?

(8:14-16) Wisdom gives its owner what qualities, and in what roles are these qualities most beneficial?

(8:17) What must have in order to gain access to wisdom? (8:17)

What benefits come from possessing wisdom? (8:18-21)

(8:22-26) Who is personified by wisdom in these verses, and what is the main point?

(8:27-31) How much was wisdom [Christ] involved in the creation of Genesis chapter 1, and how did he feel about the creation of man?

(8:32-33) True happiness belongs to whom? How is it that one can show contempt for wisdom?

(8:34-36) What is the respectful and balanced view of obeying wisdom?

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In order to overcome and church problems, we must first talk about the different problems of the church. Many of the church problems today stem from the isms: liberalism, humanism, modernism, Christian progressivism, theological liberalism, feminism, higher criticism, and biblical criticism. Moreover, many are simply not a biblically grounded church regardless of how much they claim to be so. The marks of a true Christian church would be like the different lines that make up a church’s fingerprint, a print that cannot belong to any other church. The true Christian church contains their own unique grouping of marks, forming a positive “fingerprint” that cannot belong to any other church. William Lange Craig wrote, “Remember that our faith is not based on emotions, but on the truth, and therefore you must hold on to it.” What truth? Jesus said to the Father in prayer, “Sanctify them in the truth; your word is truth.” (John 17:17) Are you doing the will of the Father? Is your church doing the will of the Father? – Matthew 7:21-23; 1 John 2:15-17.

FLEECING THE FLOCK_03FLEECING THE FLOCK: Setting the People of God Free From the Lies of Tithing

Evangelist Norman Robertson claims that “Tithing is God’s way of financing His kingdom on the earth.” He asserts that “It is His system of economics which enables the Gospel to be preached.” Not bashful about telling his followers of their duty to give, he flatly states: ‘Tithing isn’t something you do because you can afford it. It is an act of obedience. Not tithing is a clear violation of God’s commandments. It is embezzlement.’ Most likely you accept that giving should be part of Christian worship. However, …

Deception In the ChurchDECEPTION IN THE CHURCH: Does It Matter How You Worship?

DECEPTION IN THE CHURCH by Fred DeRuvo asks Does It Matter How You Worship? There are 41,000 different denominations that call themselves “Christian” and all would claim that they are the truth. Can just any Christian denomination please God? Can all be true or genuine Christianity if they all have different views on the same Bible doctrines? DeRuvo will answer. He will focus on the largest part of Christianity that has many different denominations, the charismatic, ecstatic Signs and Wonders Movements. These ecstatic worshipers claim … DeRuvo will answer all these questions and more according to the truth of God’s Word.—John 8:31-32; 17:17.

Translation and Textual Criticism

THE COMPLETE GUIDE to BIBLE TRANSLATION: Bible Translation Choices and Translation Principles [Second Edition]THE COMPLETE GUIDE TO BIBLE TRANSLATION: Bible Translation Choices and Translation Principles [Second Edition] 

THE COMPLETE GUIDE TO BIBLE TRANSLATION (CGBT) is for all individuals interested in how the Bible came down to us, as well as having an insight into the Bible translation process. CGBT is also for those who are interested in which translation(s) would be the most beneficial to use.

CHOOSING YOUR BIBLE: Bible Translation DifferencesCHOOSING YOUR BIBLE: Bible Translation Differences

There are more than 150 different Bible translations in the English language alone. Some are what we call literal translations, which seeks to give the reader the exact English equivalent of what was written in the original language text, thus allowing the reader access to the actual Word …

THE TEXT OF THE NEW TESTAMENT The Science and Art of Textual CriticismTHE TEXT OF THE NEW TESTAMENT: The Science and Art of Textual Criticism

THE TEXT OF THE NEW TESTAMENT was copied and recopied by hand for 1,500 years. Regardless of those scribes who had worked very hard to be faithful in their copying, errors crept into the text. How can we be confident that what we have today is the Word of God? Wilkins and Andrews …

MISREPRESENTING JESUS: Debunking Bart D. Ehrman's MISREPRESENTING JESUS: Debunking Bart D. Ehrman’s “Misquoting Jesus” [Third Edition]

Edward D. Andrews boldly answers the challenges Bart D. Ehrman alleges against the fully inerrant, Spirit-inspired, authoritative Word of God. By glimpsing into the life of Bart D. Ehrman and following along his course of academic studies, Andrews helps the reader to understand the …

Biblical Studies

HOW TO STUDY YOUR BIBLE: Rightly Handling the Word of GodHOW TO STUDY YOUR BIBLE: Rightly Handling the Word of God

A comprehensive book on HOW TO STUDY YOUR BIBLE by observing, interpreting, and applying, which will focus on the most basic Bible study tools, principles, and processes for moving from an in-depth reading of the Scriptures to application. What, though, if you have long felt that you are not studiously inclined? Realize that the primary difference between a serious Bible student and a less serious Bible student is usually diligence and effort, not being a gifted student. Being a gifted Bible student alone is not enough.

THE NEW TESTAMENT: Its Background, Setting & Content

THE NEW TESTAMENT: Its Background, Setting & Content

Correctly interpreting the Bible is paramount to understanding the Word of God. As Christians, we do not want to read our 21st-century worldview INTO the Scriptures, but rather to takeOUT OF the Scriptures what the author meant by the words that he used. The guaranteed way of arriving a correct understanding of God’s Words is to have an accurate knowledge of the historical setting, cultural background, and of the people, governments, and religious leaders, as well as the place and time of the New Testament writings. Only with the background, setting, and context can you grasp the author’s intended meaning to his original readers and …

THE LIFE OF JESUS CHRIST: What Do You Know About Jesus? [Updated and Expanded]THE LIFE OF JESUS CHRIST: What Do You Know About Jesus? [Updated and Expanded] 

The life of Christ is an exhaustless theme. It reveals a character of greater massiveness than the hills, of a more serene beauty than the stars, of sweeter fragrance than the flowers, higher than the heavens in sublimity and deeper than the seas in mystery. As good Jean Paul has eloquently said, “It concerns Him who, being the holiest among the mighty, and the mightiest among the holy, lifted with His pierced hands empires off their hinges, turned the stream of centuries out of its channels, and still governs the ages.” …

THE LIFE OF THE APOSTLE PAUL: The Apostle to the Nations [Updated and Expanded]THE LIFE OF THE APOSTLE PAUL: The Apostle to the Nations [Updated and Expanded] 

Stalker’s Life of St. Paul became one of the most widely read and respected biographies of the Apostle to the Gentiles. As an insightful compendium on the life of Paul, this work is of particular interest to pastors and teachers who desire to add realism and vividness to their account of one of the greatest Christians who ever lived. …

INTERPRETING THE BIBLE: Introduction to Biblical HermeneuticsINTERPRETING THE BIBLE: Introduction to Biblical Hermeneutics

Delving into the basics of biblical interpretation, Edward D. Andrews has provided a complete hands-on guide to understanding what the author meant by the words that he used from the conservative grammatical-historical perspective. He teaches how to study the Bible on a deep, scholarly …

HOW TO INTERPRET THE BIBLE: An Introduction to HermeneuticsHOW TO INTERPRET THE BIBLE: An Introduction to Hermeneutics

…Linguistic and literary factors are analyzed so that the various genres of Scripture are examined for their true meaning. The importance of having sound principles of interpretation cannot be overstated as to ignore them will result in all manner of erroneous assumptions. Beville presents …

THE CHURCH COMMUNITY IN CONTEMPORARY CULTURE: Evangelism and Engagement with Postmodern PeopleTHE CHURCH COMMUNITY IN CONTEMPORARY CULTURE: Evangelism and Engagement with Postmodern People

Once upon a time, Postmodernism was a buzz word. It pronounced Modernism dead or at least in the throes of death. It was a wave that swept over Christendom, promising to wash away sterile, dogmatic and outmoded forms of church. But whatever happened to postmodernism? It was regarded …

DEVELOPING HEALTHY CHURCHES: A Case-Study in RevelationDEVELOPING HEALTHY CHURCHES: A Case-Study in Revelation

church. It offers an appointment with the Great Physician that no Christian can afford to ignore. Developing Healthy ChurchesA Case-Study in Revelationbegins with a well-researched outline of the origins and development of the church health movement. With that background in mind the …

DYING TO KILL: A Christian Perspective on Euthanasia and Assisted SuicideDYING TO KILL: A Christian Perspective on Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide

…liberties in a multi-cultural society that is becoming increasingly secular. This work provides an ethical framework in which euthanasia and assisted suicide can be evaluated. These issues are on the radar indicating a collision course with Christian values. It is time for Christians to be …

JOURNEY WITH JESUS THROUGH THE MESSAGE OF MARK: Experience the Ministry of Jesus in a Spiritually Captivating WayJOURNEY WITH JESUS THROUGH THE MESSAGE OF MARK

Journey with Jesus through the Message of Mark is an insightful and engaging survey of Mark‘s Gospel, exploring each major section of the text along with key themes. It is a work that can be enjoyed by laypersons as well as pastors and teachers. Pastors will find the abundant use …

ANGELS & DEMONS: The Bible AnswersANGELS & DEMONS The Bible Answers

What are angels & demons? Can angels help us? What does the Bible say about angels? What is the truth about angels? Can Angels affect your life? Who were the “sons of God” in Genesis 6:2? Who were the Nephilim in Genesis 6:2? Who is Michael the archangel? Can Satan the Devil control …

AN ENCOURAGING THOUGHT The Christian Worldview

An Encouraging Thought elucidates the ways in which Tolkien’s The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings are informed by and communicate a biblical worldview. This book will help readers appreciate the ways in which a biblical worldview informs Tolkien’s work, to the end that their own faith may be confirmed in strength, focused in understanding, deepened in joy, and honed in its ability to communicate the Gospel.

Bible Doctrines

CALVINISM VS. ARMINIANISMCALVINISM VS. ARMINIANISM: The Bible Answers

CALVINISM VS. ARMINIANISM goes back to the early seventeenth century with a Christian theological debate between the followers of John Calvin and Jacobus Arminius, and continues today among some Protestants, particularly evangelicals. The debate is centered around soteriology, that is, the study of salvation, and includes disputes about total depravity, predestination, and atonement. While the debate has developed its Calvinist–Arminian form in the 17th century, the issues that are fundamental to the debate have been discussed in Christianity in some fashion since the days of Augustine of Hippo’s disputes with the Pelagians in the fifth century. CALVINISM VS. ARMINIANISM is taking a different approach in that the issues will be discussed as The Bible Answers being that it is the centerpiece.

WHERE ARE THE DEAD? Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian FaithWHERE ARE THE DEAD? Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian Faith

What is the Bible’s viewpoint? Without delving into an endless stream of what man has said, Andrews looks at what the Bible says about death and the like. Why do we grow old and die? What happens at death? Is there life after death, or is this all there is? Do we have an immortal soul? …

IDENTIFYING THE ANTICHRIST: The Man of Lawlessness and the Mark of the Beast RevealedIDENTIFYING THE ANTICHRIST: The Man of Lawlessness and the Mark of the Beast Revealed

Herein Andrews will give the reader exactly what the Bible offers on exposing who the Antichrist and the Man of Lawlessness are. If we look at the texts that refer to the antichrist and the man of lawlessness, we will have lines of evidence that will enable us to identify them. Why is it …

UNDERSTANDING THE CREATION ACCOUNT: Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian FaithUNDERSTANDING THE CREATION ACCOUNT: Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian Faith

Throughout the Scriptures, God is identified as the Creator. He is the One “who created the heavens (He is the God who formed the earth and made it, He established it.” [Isa 45:18] He is the One “who forms mountains and creates the wind” (Am 4:13) and is the One “who made the heaven and …

The SECOND COMING of CHRIST: Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian FaithThe SECOND COMING of CHRIST: Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian Faith

The information herein is based on the disciples coming to Jesus privately, saying, “Tell us, (1) when will these things be, and (2) what will be the sign of your coming, and (3) of the end of the age?” (Matthew 24:3) What will end? When will the end come? What comes after the end? Who …

WHAT IS HELL? Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian FaithWHAT IS HELL? Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian Faith

What Really Is Hell? What Kind of Place is Hell? What Really Happens at Death? What Did Jesus Teach About Hell? How Does Learning the Truth About Hell Affect You? Who Goes to Hell? What Is Hell? Is It a Place of Eternal Torment? Does God Punish People in Hellfire? Do the Wicked Suffer in …

Miracles? - Do They Still Happen Today?: God Miraculously Saving People’s Lives, Apparitions, Speaking In Tongues, Faith HealingMIRACLES – DO THEY STILL HAPPEN TODAY? God Miraculously Saving People’s Lives, Apparitions, Speaking In Tongues, Faith Healing 

Miracles were certainly a part of certain periods in Bible times. What about today? Are miracles still taking place. There are some very important subjects that surround this area of discussion that are often misunderstood. Andrews will answer such questions as does God step in and solve …

HOMOSEXUALITY - The BIBLE and the CHRISTIAN: Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian FaithHOMOSEXUALITY – The BIBLE and the CHRISTIAN: Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian Faith

Today there are many questions about homosexuality as it relates to the Bible and Christians. What does the Bible say about homosexuality? Does genetics, environment, or traumatic life experiences justify homosexuality? What is God’s will for people with same-sex attractions? Does the …

Daily Devotionals

40 day devotional (1)40 DAYS DEVOTIONAL FOR YOUTHS Coming-of-Age In Christ

If you’ve struggled in the world of difficulties that surround you, you’re not alone. Maybe you have looked for help, and you have been given conflicting answers. 40 DAYS DEVOTIONAL FOR YOUTHS: Coming-of-Age In Christ, can help you. Its advice is based on answers that actually work, which are found in the Bible. God’s Word has helped billions over thousands of years to face life’s challenges successfully. Find out how it can help you! 40 DAYS DEVOTIONAL FOR YOUTHS includes seven sections, with several chapters in each. It includes the following sections: Sexual Desires and Love, your friends, your family, school, recreation, your health. You need advice you can trust! 40 DAYS DEVOTIONAL FOR YOUTHS will give you that. This author has worked with thousands of youths from around the world. The Bible-based sound advice helped them. Now you can discover how it can help you.

DEVOTIONAL FOR YOUTHS: Growing Up In Christ

Young ones and teens, you are exposed to complex problems that your parents may not understand. Young Christians, you are bombarded with multiple options for solving everyday problems through social media. Where do you turn to find answers? Where can you look to find guidance from Scripture? In order to provide a Christian perspective to problem-solving, the author of this devotional book decided to take a different approach.

DEVOTIONAL FOR TRAGEDYDEVOTIONAL FOR THOSE COPING WITH TRAGEDY: A Journey Back to God

This devotional book follows the author’s own faith journey back to God. Significant life events can shake our world and distort our faith. Following life’s tragedies, a common reaction is to become angry with God or to reject Him altogether. Examples of tragedies or traumas include life-changing events such as physical or sexual assault, destruction of one’s home, the tragic death of a loved one, diagnoses of terminal diseases, divorce, miscarriages, or being a victim of a crime. Tragedies or traumas can cause feelings of anxiety, depression, shame, and guilt.

DEVOTIONAL FOR CAREGIVERSDEVOTIONAL FOR CAREGIVERS: Finding Strength Through Faith 

Throughout the book, common themes emerge to support caregivers. The reader will find interesting Bible Scriptures, offering a Christian perspective, for handling issues that may arise. These inspiring passages will assist the caregiver in finding peace and faith as they travel their journey as a caregiver. Although caregivers may not know how long they will play this role, they take on the responsibility without any question. Taking care of others is often mentioned in the Bible and, as noted in this devotional, this self-sacrificing, highly valued, and often challenging service will ultimately be rewarded.

DAILY DEVOTIONAL Daily Musings From the Old Testament

Humans must breathe in the air of our atmosphere to survive. Many cities because of pollution face a dangerous level of contamination in their air. However, an even more deadly air affects both Christians and nonChristians. Ordinary methods or devices cannot detect this poisonous air.

DAILY DEVOTIONAL: Daily Musing From the New Testament

Paul counseled, “Set your mind on the things above, not on the things that are on earth.” (Col. 3:2) It is, for this reason, Marshall has penned the DAILY DEVOTIONAL: Daily Musings From the New Testament, which can help us be protected against Satan’s efforts at controlling our mind and heart.  For each day of the year, DAILY DEVOTIONAL provides a Daily Bible Reading and comments for consideration.

BREAD OF HEAVEN: Daily Meditations on Scripture

BREAD OF HEAVEN helps the reader to have a greater understanding of the timeless truths of Scripture and a deeper appreciation of the grandeur of God. It offers meditations on selected Scriptures which will draw the reader’s attention upwards to the Savior.

Christian Fiction

Sentient-FrontTHE SENTIENT a Novel

A routine classified telepathic interrogation of a potential terrorist, followed by an assignment that doesn’t go as planned thrusts Tabatha – the world’s only telepathic human – into the public eye. The exposure leads an evil neuro-scientist requesting a meeting with her in hopes of luring her to his cause as well as unveiling a deadly creative work that has spanned three decades of research and development.

THE DIARY OF JUDAS ISCARIOT: How to Keep Jesus at Arm's LengthTHE DIARY OF JUDAS ISCARIOT: How to Keep Jesus at Arm’s Length

…desert but none of such significance as a handful of scrolls retrieved from a buried Roman satchel (presumed stolen) at this site. The discovery has since come to be known as ‘The Diary of Judas Iscariot.’ In The Diary of JudasIscariot Owen Batstone relates the observations and feelings …

THE RAPTURE: God’s Unwelcomed WrathTHE RAPTURE: God’s Unwelcomed Wrath

Kevin Trill struggles with the notion that he may have missed the Rapture. With nothing but the clothes on his back and a solid gold pocket watch, he sets off towards Garbor, a safe haven for those who haven’t yet taken the mark of thebeast. While on his way to Garbor, he meets up …

SEEKERS AND DECEIVERS: Which One are You? It Is Time to Join the Fight!

There grew an element in the valley that did not want to be ruled by the Light of the Word. Over time, they convinced the people to reject it. As they started to reject this Light, the valley grew dim and the fog rolled in. The people craved the darkness rather than the Light because they were evil. They did not want to  …

The Shadow Flames of Uluru: Book ONE in the CHAOS DOWN UNDER 

When an ancestor saddles them with the responsibility to purge Australia of a demon threatening to wipe our humanity with black flames, fraternal siblings Amber and Michael Hauksby lay their lives on the line. As the world crumbles around them into chaos, and ancient marsupials wreak havoc in their hometown, they must journey into …

WRITE PLACE, RIGHT TIME: The Pre-Apocalyptic Misadventure of a Freelance Journalist 

“Write Place, Right Time” follows the pre-apocalyptic misadventures of freelance journalist Don Lamplighter. While on what he expects to be a routine Monday night trip to a village board meeting, Lamplighter’s good nature compels him to help a stranded vehicle. Little does he know that by saving one of the car’s occupants, he sets forth a chain of what to him seem to be unrelated events where he must use his physical and social skills to save himself and others from precarious situations.

[1] Or Your wisdom and prosperity surpass

[2] Or jewels

[3] Or raise

[4] I.e. at the crossroads

[5] I.e. pay attention

[6] John D. Barry, Michael R. Grigoni, Michael S. Heiser et al., Faithlife Study Bible (Bellingham, WA: Logos Bible Software, 2012), Pr 8:13.

[7] Or judgment

[8] Lit I insight to me and strength

[9] Most Hebrew manuscripts read govern justly; some Hebrew manuscripts and the Septuagint read govern the earth.

[10] B.C.E. means “before the Common Era,” which is more accurate than B.C. (“before Christ”). C.E. denotes “Common Era,” often called A.D., for anno Domini, meaning “in the year of our Lord.”

[11] William McKane, Old Testament Library: Proverbs, (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1970), 350.

[12] Or pure gold

[13] Andrew Knowles, The Bible Guide, 1st Augsburg books ed. (Minneapolis, MN: Augsburg, 2001), 253.

[14] Duane A. Garrett, vol. 14, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song of Songs, The New American Commentary (Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1993), 109.

[15] Or established or founded; has the sense of being or becoming strong, powerful, and great, implying confidence and security

[16] Lit and the waters do not exceed his mouth

[17] Robert L. Thomas, Revelation 1-7: An Exegetical Commentary (Chicago: Moody Publishers, 1992), 300, 303.

[18] Lit in the world of his earth

[19] Whorton, Mark (2008-10-01). Holman QuickSource Guide to Understanding Creation (Kindle Locations 698-706). B&H Publishing Group. Kindle Edition.

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