Holy Bible

By Kieran Beville


Song of Songs

This book, also known as The Song of Solomon, it extols the beauty of romantic and sexual love. Some parts of the Bible are much better known than others. One of the more neglected parts of the Bible is the Song of Songs. It is rarely read and hardly ever used in preaching and as a consequence, it is not very well known. Such neglect is not good. This book was revealed for a purpose, and so it should not be neglected. It is beautifully poetic, but it also contains some very important lessons that God wants to communicate.[1]

The Song of Songs is poetical in form. Like all Hebrew poetry, it uses parallelism (see earlier section dealing with poetry). For example:

Song of Solomon 2:8

Listen! My beloved!
Behold, he is coming,
Climbing on the mountains,
Leaping on the hills!

This kind of structure is quite unique in ancient literature. It survives translation into almost any language without much loss, unlike poetry based on rhyme or meter, which is challenging to translate and usually suffers a loss when translated from its native language. This is evident in some modern translations of the Qur’an where poetical structure, rhyme, and meter have often been lost in translation from the original Arabic.

How to Interpret the Bible-1Primarily the Song of Songs is a song of praise celebrating the gift of love between a man and a woman. This is central to human life and experience. It is significant that God chose to deal with this topic through a poem. God did not present a long list of rules, regulations, and advice on this issue. Sexual love is a beautiful thing, which cannot be easily reduced to words on a page. Thus, the poetic form is suited to the content.

Down through the ages, both Jews and Christians alike have applied different interpretations to the book. For example, both Jews and Christians have suggested that the Song of Songs is an allegory. It has been said that it is a picture of God’s love for his people Israel. It has been said that it is a picture of Christ’s love for the Church. Elsewhere in the Bible, the church is described as his “bride.” Some have suggested that the Song of Solomon was originally written as a series of songs and that these were designed to be sung during a Jewish wedding feast.

It is important to understand that primarily the book is a dramatic poem. It has two or three characters (voices). First, there is the bride and her bridegroom (King Solomon). Second, there is the girl, her shepherd lover, and King Solomon (this is the more common understanding). Perhaps the most important question to ask when reading and trying to understand any part of the Bible is ~ what type of writing is this? What are the messages or themes that run through this poem?

The primary message of the book is that sexual love is a gift from God. In Western secular culture, sex is frequently cheapened and disengaged from love. It is often used as a marketing tool to sell products. The other extreme occurs in many Eastern cultures where women are hidden away behind closed doors.

THE NEW TESTAMENTThe Song of Songs celebrates the joy of sexual love (within the context of a marriage relationship). The poem commends the shepherd and the maiden for their devoted love to one another. The maiden is praised for guarding her virtue and her virginity against all the advances of Solomon. She is saving herself for the one she loves and wants to marry. Yet sexual love is also commended in the poem as a gift from God to be celebrated. The Song of Songs celebrates true love:

Set me as a seal upon your heart, as a seal upon your arm, for love is strong as death, jealousy is fierce as the grave. Its flashes are flashes of fire, the very flame of the LORD. Many waters cannot quench love, neither can floods drown it. If a man offered for love all the wealth of his house, he would be utterly despised.―Song of Songs 8:6-7.

We learn in the poem that by this time, Solomon had 140 wives and concubines. By the end of his reign, he had almost one thousand. But Scripture had specified laws concerning Israel’s king, “And he shall not acquire many wives for himself, lest his heart turn away, nor shall he acquire for himself excessive silver and gold.”―Deuteronomy 17:17.


The psalms are a great comfort in times of discouragement. They were not written in a vacuum. They came out of the crucible of the real-life experiences of the people of God. As such, they have an appealing authenticity. They are not the detached, theoretical reflections of religious philosophers. They are the prayers of real believers in the midst of real problems. They are the praises wrung out of real situations. They are quarried from the real experience of God, often shaped and tempered in the furnace of affliction and hammered out on the anvil of life. They have much to offer by way of comfort in times of discouragement. They are a deep reservoir that will refresh the weary. There are many different types of psalms.

Classification of Psalms

  • Lament Psalms~ These express struggles, sufferings, disappointments.
  • Imprecatory Psalms~ These call down harm or curses (parts of 12, 35, 58, 59, 69, 70, 83, 109, 137, 140). On pastoral visits, I omit these sections! These express feelings directed to God, helping to channel anger. They help us to feel our anger, give it to God, and not act on it.
  • Thanksgiving Psalms~ These simply give thanks to God for the many blessings he bestows.
  • Hymns of Praise ~ These praise God for what he has done and for who he is. These may contain a call to worship, with a response by the people (Ps. 118).
  • Salvation-History Psalms~ These review the history of Israel and how God has acted. For example, Psalm 136 contains brief references to events in Israelite history. Verses 5-9 are references to the biblical creation story. (Gen. 1:1-2:4a) Verse 11 begins a summary of the Exodus from Egypt and the conquest of Canaan. Verse 23 refers to the Babylonian Exile ~ “our low estate.” Then verse 24 refers to the return from exile.

Psalms in the life of Israel

  • Royal psalms (2, 18, 20, 21, 45, 72, 101, 110, 144).
  • Enthronement Psalms (24, 29, 47, 93, 95-99).
  • Liturgical Psalms ~ The liturgical Psalms were used in special festivals or services of worship in the life of ancient Israel. For example, the Royal Psalms (listed above) likely had their original setting in the coronation of Israel’s king. They were preserved and adapted to other uses long after the monarchy came to an end. The remnants of their original purpose are often obvious. This helps us understand some of the features in the Psalms.
  • Covenant Psalms (40, 81). These are covenant renewal liturgies which may have had their original setting in an annual covenant renewal ceremony.
  • Songs of Zion (46, 48, 76, 84, 87, 122). The Songs of Zion and the temple liturgies could be used for any of several festivals celebrated in Jerusalem. On the occasion of the triumphal entry of Christ into Jerusalem the action of the crowd was completely spontaneous. They proclaim “Hosanna” as a customary greeting or blessing to welcome pilgrims during the Passover festivities. It is taken from Psalm 118:26 which is a liturgical psalm.
  • Wisdom Psalms (36, 37, 49, 73, 112, 127, 128, 133)
  • Songs of Trust ~ These focus on the fact that God can be trusted (11, 16, 23, 27, 2, 63, 91, 121, 125, 131).

As Christians, we use the psalms to inform and guide our worship. They are very helpful in terms of showing us how to relate honestly to God. They draw us in to meditate and reflect on God and his Word.

Wisdom Books

how-to-study-your-bible1The wisdom books are Job (in narrative form), Ecclesiastes, Proverbs (in poetic form, pithy sayings, and examples of parallelism, etc.) and Song of Songs (in poetic form). What is the nature of wisdom literature? Essentially wisdom literature is concerned with godly living and as such it is practical. They are focused on how to make godly choices in life.

Wisdom literature directs us to know God: obey him and commit to him. These books are sometimes used inappropriately. There is a tendency to read only bits and pieces, rather than extended passages. People tend to do this because of the diversity of topics, even within a short section. But this leads to wrenching things out of context.

It is important to understand the proper use of terms such as “fool,” which does not mean a stupid person. Rather it means one who does not believe in God and is therefore deemed to be morally deficient.

Wisdom literature often gives lines of thinking that are incorrect from God’s point of view. Ecclesiastes and Job are good examples. Wisdom literature does not cover all aspects of life. Wisdom was taught both in society and in the home. Its goal was obedience to God’s teaching. By describing how to live, it encouraged proper living. By making statements about the consequences of wrong living, it discouraged wrong living. Proverbs is about practical attitudes toward godly living. It contrasts choosing a life of wisdom and a life of folly.


The book of Ecclesiastes is dripping with cynicism. This book views life from the vantage point of this earthly life. The author repeatedly asserts that life is meaningless, but he cannot live with this conclusion. Hints that show the true meaning of life is found in chapter eight.

INTERPRETING THE BIBLEWhen I applied my heart to know wisdom, and to see the business that is done on earth, how neither day nor night do one’s eyes see sleep, then I saw all the work of God, that man cannot find out the work that is done under the sun. However, much man may toil in seeking, he will not find it out. Even though a wise man claims to know, he cannot find it out.―Ecclesiastes 8:16-17.

Wisdom is not discovered, it is disclosed. It is not by means of man’s speculation but by means of God’s revelation that wisdom is obtained. People who live apart from God’s Word cannot discover the meaning of life. The true meaning of life must go beyond what we can see and observe.

Solomon states that he diligently engaged in the search for wisdom (Eccles. 1:13). The Book of Ecclesiastes is the result of the author’s studies conducted by human wisdom. In his investigations and explorations, Solomon encounters much that is “meaningless.” It seems that every path the author takes is futile.

However, in the end, Solomon does reach a path that leads to meaningfulness. Thus he states, “The end of the matter; all has been heard. Fear God and keep his commandments, for this is the whole duty of man. For God will bring every deed into judgment, with every secret thing, whether good or evil.” (Eccl. 12:13-14). One author has said of Ecclesiastes, “The scope of Ecclesiastes is to contrast the vanity of all mere human pursuits, when made the chief end, as contrasted with the real blessedness of true wisdom.”[2] Charles Bridges says:

 BIBLICAL CRITICISM - Beyond the Basics“…to bring out into clear view the chief good ~ the true happiness of man, in what it does not consist ~ not in the wisdom, pleasures, honours, and riches of this world ~ in what it does consist ~ the enjoyment and service of God…Solomon’s [sic] is not to allure men to the pleasures of the world, but rather to deter them from such pleasures, and exhort them with a Divine eloquence to despise the world. After having disputed through the whole book against those who desire to satisfy themselves with such good, he at the close teaches them that happiness consisteth not in things of this kind, but in true piety ~ and thus concludes, Fear God, and keep His commandments; for this is the whole of man.”[3]

To understand that the Book of Ecclesiastes is written from a human point of view is crucial to the understanding of the book. If this is not understood properly, there are many passages in the book which truly sound strange and out of place for inclusion in an inspired book of the Bible. For example, the author writes, “Be not overly righteous, and do not make yourself too wise.” (Eccl. 7:16). In addition, “Bread is made for laughter, and wine gladdens life, and money answers everything.”―Ecclesiastes 10:19.

For the most part, Solomon is not so much telling us how things should be, but how things are. He recounted what he has seen and experienced as he pursued earthly wisdom (“under the sun”). Invariably, as Solomon follows worldly pursuits ~ worldly wisdom, worldly pleasures and the like, he finds it all ultimately meaningless. Yet, there is a purpose to all this apparent negativity. As Derek Kidner points out, “He is demolishing to build.”[4] In order to truly appreciate the wisdom of God, we must realize the futility of human wisdom, without God. Solomon’s discourse strikes a chord. Kidner says, “The searching questions he has asked are those that life itself puts to us.”[5]

Much of the perspective presented in Ecclesiastes is from a worldly point of view. It raises universal and transcendent questions about the meaning and purpose of life. It is a book that stimulates spiritual reflection and makes the reader ponder these things and wonder at the perceived meaninglessness of life. Since these issues resonate in the lives of believers and non-believers, this book can be valuable as a tool for exploring the meaning of life. Many are seeking an answer to the questions that Solomon raises.

The book of Ecclesiastes reveals that God knows and understands the things people ponder about life. God knows and understands the hearts of people. He knows what they feel and think. The end result of pursuing godless “wisdom” is to encounter meaninglessness and despair. The book of Ecclesiastes reveals that God understands the human condition.

Much of the perspective in Ecclesiastes is cynical, but ultimately it presents truth. At the end of Ecclesiastes, the author states, “The Preacher sought to find words of delight, and uprightly he wrote words of truth.” (Eccl. 12:10) Ecclesiastes eloquently expresses the existential questions that we face here on earth. The book presents the reader with the meaninglessness of life from a secular and temporal point of view in order to attract the reader to the meaningfulness of life from a transcendent and truly spiritual perspective.


The book of Job contains bad advice and incorrect conclusions about God and the way he works. It depends on who is speaking in the book. Job himself has a godly perspective, but his three comforters do not and neither does his wife. This book teaches that “bad” things happen to good and godly people. Life is not “fair.” God’s ways are beyond our ways. The book portrays the sovereignty of God, the problem of pain and the beauty of faith.

Job is one of the most difficult books to understand in the Bible and is almost entirely poetry, making interpretation even more challenging. Of the seven voices (Narrator, Job, Eliphaz, Bildad, Zophar, Elihu, and the LORD), all save the Narrator are presented as somewhat lengthy discourses or speeches. At first glance, Job’s discourses appear to contradict the teaching of other parts of the Bible (e.g., see chapter 24, where Job describes the widespread injustice on the earth, asking why the Almighty doesn’t appear to be doing anything about it) and the discourses of his friends appear to draw support from other parts of the Bible (e.g., see Bildad’s response in chapter 25, upholding the righteousness and power of God), yet at the end of the book, the LORD says that Job has spoken correctly and his friends have not. Here are some points to bear in mind when reading the book of Job.

Job and his three “counsellors” had an oversimplified, and therefore incorrect view of the Lord’s justice and mercy. Job’s focus was on the Lord’s mercy, whereas the focus of his “friends” was on the LORD’s justice. Both views were partially incorrect. Job equated obedience as the requirement to receive the Lord’s mercy, which in practical terms for Job was his wealth and abundance of blessings. Job’s friends distorted the cause and effect. They saw that misfortune befell Job and reasoned that it must have resulted from Job’s sin ~ which they had not witnessed.

Job’s discourses are mainly remonstrations (expressing earnest opposition or protest), which people who are suffering may experience as they process what is happening to them. His friend’s responses, though well intended, are actually inaccurate and unhelpful. Their perspective is more harmful than helpful to Job. Although Job remonstrated with God, he never repudiated his faith in the Lord. The misunderstandings of Job’s friends are blasphemous because they make the LORD the author of suffering.

The greatest challenge in reading Job is discerning which passages are the “incorrect” views and which are the correct, for all five of the human voices (Job, Eliphaz, Bildad, Zophar and Elihu) contain errors about the LORD’s mercy and justice.


The Bible contains more narrative than any other kind of material. That does not mean that they are fiction. We use the word “narrative” to refer to a story with a set of characters and plot. The purpose of the Bible’s narrative is to show God’s work in history. It is important to know what narratives are and what they are not. They are not just stories about people. They are stories about God’s actions to and through those people. So, a story in which Abraham features is not so much about Abraham as it is about the God of Abraham. It is not always easy to understand why God worked the way he did.

Narratives are limited in scope. We should not read more into the stories than the stories warrant. Narratives do not teach directly in a didactic sense, but they do illustrate truth. By combining narrative with explicit teaching, we get a better understanding of what God wants us to know.

There are different levels of narrative. Each level is part of the level above it, and should be examined as to how it helps to advance the upper level. At the top level, there is the story of the entire Bible ~ redemptive history. The middle level deals mostly with Israel, then Jesus and the church. At the bottom level, there are individual narratives.

There are accounts or reports of battles, and there are dreams, epiphanies, historical stories, and memoirs. In terms of understanding biblical narratives, an epiphany is a sudden leap of understanding, especially through an ordinary but striking occurrence. So, in the Biblical sense, an epiphany is sometimes caused by an angel (or a “manifestation of God”) appearing and imparting some information. In the New Testament, the classic epiphany is Paul on the road to Damascus. In the Old Testament, it might be the burning bush that Moses encountered.

The Bible contains heroic narrative centered around the lives of characters such as Moses, Joseph, Daniel, and David ~ to mention just a few. The epic narratives are the historical narratives of a virtuous hero or of the origins of a group (Israel), or of the world (the Flood). The prophet stories describe the lives of the prophets and what may be emulated (Elijah, Daniel) or avoided (Jonah). Sometimes narratives trace how the tragedy turns to triumph. This is evidenced in the life of the Old Testament character, Joseph. In narrative character, development (or decline) is also important. We must interrogate the narrative to get at the core issues. What role does God play? Direct, indirect? What are the main themes, and what applications can be drawn? In terms of preaching, narratives are engaging inasmuch as people can relate to the trials and difficulties in the lives of the biblical characters. The apostle Paul, in issuing warnings about idolatry says, “Now these things happened to them as an example, but they were written down for our instruction…” This refers to narratives as well as the law.


Law usually refers to the first five books of the Old Testament or to the commands that are found in Exodus through to Deuteronomy, particularly the Ten Commandments. What is the Christian relationship with the Law? That’s the crucial question. The Old Testament Law is God’s covenant ~ an agreement with Israel and it has three distinct dimensions: moral (absolute and universal), ceremonial (superseded by Christ) and judicial (temporal punishments relating to specific breaches of the law, which could be legitimately imposed by the ruling authorities in Israel at that time).

Obedience to the Law demonstrated loyalty to God. Parts of the Old Covenant are renewed or repeated in the New. The Old Testament is the Word of God. Many Christians tend to neglect it in their devotional lives, and many preachers avoid it. What can we learn from it? We learn the sorts of things that God wants from his people and indeed all people. We learn that God favors justice that is fair and not partial. God wants his people to be separate from sin and pagan practices and to have a dynamic relationship with him.


We all know the word gospel means “good news.” We all know the Gospels were not written by Jesus, they were written about him. Why four, especially since three of them are so similar? They were written for specific audiences with particular needs. The Gospels are not exactly biographies in the modern sense. They are similar to Hellenistic biographies. These focused on specific events, deeds, and sayings of a person’s life, to teach certain lessons. The death of a person was a particular focus. They are theological biographies.

Are they trustworthy? The Gospels quote freely and give abbreviations of speeches. They arrange material topically or geographically rather than chronologically. The material is selected to fulfill the authors’ purposes. We should always compare parallel passages and examine how each author deals with the material. This is more important when reading the synoptic gospels.[6] Material should be interpreted within the structure and themes of its own gospel. The Gospels should be read in paragraphs or periscopes (sections).

Necessary Background

Some study of the Second Temple (inter-testament) period is necessary to understand Palestine and the Judaism of the day as well as Greco-Roman backgrounds and geography. A key question is ~ to whom were the Gospels originally addressed? Mark was probably addressed to a Gentile audience that needed encouragement because of persecution. John downplays the role of John the Baptist, perhaps because some were exalting him. There are key theological issues in the Gospels ~ such as the Kingdom of God: its arrival, its nature, its citizens, how to enter it.[7]

Stories In the Gospels

Are we to understand the miracle stories literally? Or should we demythologize these stories and seek the theological truth behind the story by stripping away myths (as some would suggest) that surround the truths? Was the feeding of the five thousand (Mk. 6:30-44) just a moral lesson about a boy sharing his picnic? The miracle stories demonstrated who Jesus was. They verify that God was in fact acting in history. The miracles were performed so that Jesus and his claims would challenge people.

In the gospels, there are different kinds of stories. For example, there are pronouncement stories (Mk. 2:13-17 ~ the calling of Levi) which contain a story that ends with Jesus’ statement about why he came, “Those who are well have no need of a physician, but those who are sick. I came not to call the righteous, but sinners.” (Mk. 2:17).

Other forms may be categorized as follows:

  • Beatitudes
  • Woes
  • Farewell Discourses
  • Various Figures of Speech
  • Narrative


We have already had an extensive discussion about what is and what is not normative in the book of Acts and for that reason, I will keep my comments here brief. The book of Acts, like any other book of Scripture, needs to be handled with due care and attention. We should carefully examine what is consistent with teaching in other biblical passages. Is there a specific directive elsewhere? What is said consistently about certain things? What patterns are present? The fact that something did happen is no authority for believing that it should happen again. We must decide what is central to the narrative and what is incidental in detail. Incidental in detail does not mean irrelevant or insignificant.

The book of Acts is similar in many ways to Luke. It is history, but it is also a “Gospel” of sorts. We should treat Luke and Acts as a unit. Acts is best understood as theological history (similar to the books of Kings and Chronicles). We need to be sensitive to Luke’s theological emphases. He traces the history of Christianity and outlines Paul’s ministry from Jerusalem to Rome. This is one of the major themes of Acts. Luke is interested in how the Christian movement became predominantly Gentile. Luke appears to be historically accurate.


The epistles may not be as straightforward as they seem in terms of application today. Consider 1 Corinthians 5 and the issues surrounding the excommunication of someone when they can easily go to another nearby church. The epistles are more than personal correspondence. They contain a significant amount of didactic (teaching) material. They may deal with a subject systematically and extensively, but they are not theology textbooks. There is “occasional” material which must be interpreted in light of the occasions that gave rise to them. So they contain first-century occasional material directed at specific issues. The theology present in the Epistles is not exhaustive. It is primarily directed to the task at hand (countering a heresy, correcting an error…). To properly understand them we must, as much as possible, understand what gave rise to the letter. We know the answer, but we must figure out what the question or problem was.[8]

Literary Forms In the Epistles

Most letters began with a salutation. Is there any significance in the order “Grace and peace” in these salutations? One could argue that the latter issues from the former. When a New Testament letter differs from the norm, it is important to take note. There are various types of letters. Some are diatribes which attempt to answer hypothetical objections from opponents. There are letters to individuals and letters to churches. Then there are epistles that are not like letters, such as Hebrews, which does not have a salutation, but there is a benediction and final greetings. The first epistle of John does not have a greeting and neither does it have the kind of closure one might expect from an epistle. However, it does contain the statement: “I write these things to you who believe in the name of the Son of God that you may know that you have eternal life” (1 Jn. 5:13). These may have been homilies or meditations.

Within an epistle, there may be domestic codes that describe what people within families or the church should or should not do. These are addressed to those in authority as well as subordinates.―Ephesians 5:22-6:9.

There are sometimes slogans in the epistles, which are not always easy to recognize. There are a number of these in 1 Corinthians (e.g. 6:12) and in other epistles (e.g. Rom. 14:20).

There are vice and virtue lists that describe proper and improper behavior (see the vice list in 1 Timothy 1:8 ff. and Galatians 5:19 ff. and the virtue list in Galatians 5:22 ff.).

There are significant theological issues in the Pauline epistles. The center of Pauline theology is justification by faith. This challenged the Jews of his day with their nationalistic pride and exclusivity.

Interpreting Epistles

When it comes to interpreting the epistles, it is important to understand the historical context and, therefore, advisable, to use a Bible dictionary, encyclopedia, and commentaries. Read the entire Epistle at one sitting. Do this several times, taking brief notes as you go. Read it in different translations. Begin to make an outline of the letter, dividing it into big chunks first. The sub-headings are usually helpful. In terms of literary context think paragraphs rather than verses. As you read, summarize each paragraph in a sentence or two. What is being said, and why? The letter cannot mean what it did not mean for the original readers or author. When the situation is different, then we must try to derive a principle (which is consistent with the original principle) that may be applied.

[1] Song of Songs may also be classified as Wisdom literature.

[2] Jamieson, Fausset, and Brown’s Commentary On the Whole Bible, Vol. IV, (Zondervan, 1999), xvi.

[3] Charles Bridges, A Commentary on Ecclesiastes, (Geneva Series, Banner of Truth, 1960), xii, xiii-xiv.

[4] Derek Kidner, The Message of Ecclesiastes, (IVP Academic, reprint edition, 1984), 19.

[5] Ibid.

[6] The gospels of Matthew, Mark, and Luke are referred to as the Synoptic Gospels because they include many of the same stories, often in a similar sequence and in similar wording. They stand in contrast to John, whose content is comparatively distinct.

[7] Gordon D. Fee and Douglas Stuart, How to Read the Bible for All It’s Worth: A Guide to Understanding the Bible, (Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1982), 131, 133.

[8] Gordon D. Fee and Douglas Stuart, How to Read the Bible for All It’s Worth, 48.






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There is a genuine happiness, contentment, and joy, which come from reading, studying and applying God’s Word. This is true because the Scriptures offer us guidance and direction that aids us in living a life that coincides with our existence as a creation of Almighty God. For example, we …

PUT OFF THE OLD PERSON: Put On the New Person [Second Edition]PUT OFF THE OLD PERSON: Put On the New Person [Second Edition]

THERE IS ONE MAJOR DIFFERENCE between Christian living books by Andrews and those by others. Generally speaking, his books are filled with Scripture and offer its readers what the Bible authors meant by what they penned. In this publication, it is really God’s Word offering the counsel, …

Walking With Your God_Second EditionWALK HUMBLY WITH YOUR GOD: Putting God’s Purpose First in Your Life [Second Edition]

A clean conscience brings us inner peace, calmness, and a profound joy that is seldom found in this world under the imperfection of fallen flesh that is catered to by Satan, the god of the world. Many who were formerly living in sin and have now turned their life over to God, they now know this amazing relief and are able today to hold a good and clean conscience as they carry out the will of the Father. WALK HUMBLY WITH YOUR GOD, has been written to help its readers to find that same joy, to have and maintain a good, clean conscience in their lives. Of course, it is incapable of covering every detail that one would need to consider and apply in their lives …

WIVES BE SUBJECT TO YOUR HUSBANDS: How Should Wives Treat Their Husbands?WIVES BE SUBJECT TO YOUR HUSBANDS How Should Wives Treat Their Husbands?

This book is primarily for WIVES, but wives will greatly benefit from it as well. WIVES will learn to use God’s Word to construct a solid and happy marriage. The Creator of the family gives the very best advice. Many have been so eager to read this new publication: WIVES BE SUBJECT TO …

HUSBANDS LOVE YOUR WIVES: How Should Husbands Treat Their Wives?HUSBANDS LOVE YOUR WIVES: How Should Husbands Treat Their Wives?

This book is primarily for HUSBANDS, but wives will greatly benefit from it as well. HUSBANDS will learn to use God’s Word to construct a solid and happy marriage. The Creator of the family gives the very best advice. Many have been so eager to read this new publication: HUSBANDS LOVE …

Christian Apologetics


How true is the Old Testament? For over two centuries Biblical scholars have held to the so-called documentary hypothesis, namely, that Genesis-Deuteronomy was not authored by Moses, but rather by several writers, some of whom lived centuries after Moses’ time. How have many scholars …


Islam is making a significant mark in our world. It is perhaps the fastest-growing religion in the world. It has become a major obstacle to Christian missions. And Muslim terrorists threaten the West and modern democracies. What is the history of Islam? What do Muslims believe? Do Christians and Muslims worship the same God? Why do we have this clash of civilizations? Is sharia law a threat to modern democratic values? How can we fight terrorists in the 21st century? These are significant questions that deserve thoughtful answers …

IS THE QURAN The WORD OF GOD?: Is Islam the One True Faith?IS THE QURAN THE WORD OF GOD?: Is Islam the One True Faith?

IS THE QURAN THE WORD OF GODIs Islam the One True Faith? This book covers the worldview, practices, and history of Islam and the Quran. This book is designed as an apologetic evangelistic tool for Christians, as they come across Muslims in their daily lives, as well as to inform …

REASONS FOR FAITH: The First Apologetic Guide For Christian Women on Matters of The Heart, Soul, and MindREASONS FOR FAITH: The First Apologetic Guide For Christian Women on Matters of The Heart, Soul, and Mind

If you have the desire to become better equipped to reach others for the lost or to strengthen your faith, Judy Salisbury’s guide—written specifically to meet the needs of Christian women today—offers you a safe, practical, and approachable place to start. In her lively, …

BIBLICAL CRITICISM: What are Some Outstanding Weaknesses of Modern Historical Criticism?BIBLICAL CRITICISM: What are Some Outstanding Weaknesses of Modern Historical Criticism

Historical Criticism of the Bible got started in earnest, known then as Higher Criticism, during the 18th and 19th centuries, it is also known as the Historical-Critical Method of biblical interpretation. Are there any weakness to the Historical-Critical Method of biblical interpretation …


Biblical criticism is an umbrella term covering various techniques for applying literary historical-critical methods in analyzing and studying the Bible and its textual content. Biblical criticism is also known as higher criticism, literary criticism, and historical criticism. Biblical …

CHRISTIAN APOLOGETIC EVANGELISM: Reaching Hearts with the Art of PersuasionCHRISTIAN APOLOGETIC EVANGELISM: Reaching Hearts with the Art of Persuasion

APOLOGETICS: Reaching Hearts with the Art of Persuasion by Edward D. Andrews, author of seventy-two books, covers information that proves that the Bible is accurate, trustworthy, fully inerrant, and inspired by God for the benefit of humankind. The reader will be introduced to Christan …

REVIEWING 2013 New World TranslationREVIEWING 2013 New World Translation of Jehovah’s Witnesses: Examining the History of the Watchtower Translation and the Latest Revision

REVIEWING 2013 New World Translation of Jehovah’s Witnesses is going to challenge your objectivity. Being objective means that personal feelings or opinions do not influence you in considering and representing facts. Being subjective means that your understanding is based on or influenced by personal feelings, tastes, or ideas. If the reader finds these insights offense, it might be a little mind control at work from years of being told the same misinformation repeatedly, so ponder things objectively …

CONVERSATIONAL EVANGELISM: Defending the Faith, Reasoning from the Scriptures, Explaining and Proving, Instructing in Sound Doctrine, and Overturning False Reasoning, [Second Edition]CONVERSATIONAL EVANGELISM, [Second Edition]

Evangelism is the work of a Christian evangelist, of which all true Christians are obligated to partake to some extent, which seeks to persuade other people to become Christian, especially by sharing the basics of the Gospel, but also the deeper message of biblical truths. Today the …

THE CHRISTIAN APOLOGIST: Always Being Prepared to Make a Defense [Second Edition]THE CHRISTIAN APOLOGIST: Always Being Prepared to Make a Defense [Second Edition]

MOST Christian apologetic books help the reader know WHAT to say; THE CHRISTIAN APOLOGIST is HOW to communicate it effectively. The Christian apologist words should always be seasoned with salt as we share the unadulterated truths of Scripture with gentleness and respect. Our example …

THE EVANGELISM HANDBOOK: How All Christians Can Effectively Share God's Word in Their Community, [SECOND EDITION]THE EVANGELISM HANDBOOK: How All Christians Can Effectively Share God’s Word in Their Community, [SECOND EDITION]

THE EVANGELISM HANDBOOK is a practical guide (for real-life application) in aiding all Christians in sharing biblical beliefs, the Good News of the kingdom, how to deal with Bible critics, overturning false beliefs, so as to make disciples, as commanded by Christ. Matthew 24:14; …

YOUR GUIDE FOR DEFENDING THE BIBLE: Self-Education of the Bible Made Easy [Third Edition]YOUR GUIDE FOR DEFENDING THE BIBLE: Self-Education of the Bible Made Easy [Third Edition]

The reader will receive eight small introductory books in this one publication. Andrews’ intention is to offer his reader several chapters on eight of the most critical subject areas of understanding and defending the Word of God. This will enable the reader to lay a solid foundation for …

THE CULTURE WAR: How the West Lost Its Greatness & Was Weakened From WithinTHE CULTURE WAR: How the West Lost Its Greatness & Was Weakened From Within 

The Culture War. How the West lost its greatness and was weakened from within outlines how the West lost its values, causing its current decline. It is a forceful attack on the extreme liberal, anti-religious ideology which since the1960’s has permeated the Western culture and …

EARLY CHRISTIANITY IN THE FIRST CENTURY Jesus' Witnesses to the Ends of the EarthEARLY CHRISTIANITY IN THE FIRST CENTURY Jesus’ Witnesses to the Ends of the Earth

EARLY CHRISTIANITY IN THE FIRST CENTURY will give its readers a thrilling account of first-century Christianity. When and how did they come to be called Christians? Who are all obligated to be Christian evangelists? In what way did Jesus set the example for our evangelism? What is the …

CRISIS OF FAITH: Saving Those Who DoubtCRISIS OF FAITH Saving Those Who Doubt 

Inside of some Christians unbeknownst to their family, friends or congregation, they are screaming, “I doubt, I doubt, I have very grave doubts!” OURS is an age of doubt. Skepticism has become fashionable. We are urged to question everything: especially the existence of God and the …

Investigating Jehovah's Witnesses: Why 1914 Is Important to Jehovah?s WitnessesINVESTIGATING JEHOVAH?S WITNESSES: Why 1914 Is Important to Jehovah?s Witnesses

The intention of this book is to investigate the biblical chronology behind Jehovah’s Witnesses most controversial doctrinal position that Jesus began to rule invisibly from heaven in October 1914. This biblical chronology of the Witnesses hinges upon their belief that the destruction of …

Translation and Textual Criticism

THE COMPLETE GUIDE to BIBLE TRANSLATION: Bible Translation Choices and Translation Principles [Second Edition]THE COMPLETE GUIDE TO BIBLE TRANSLATION: Bible Translation Choices and Translation Principles [Second Edition] 

THE COMPLETE GUIDE TO BIBLE TRANSLATION (CGBT) is for all individuals interested in how the Bible came down to us, as well as having an insight into the Bible translation process. CGBT is also for those who are interested in which translation(s) would be the most beneficial to use.

CHOOSING YOUR BIBLE: Bible Translation DifferencesCHOOSING YOUR BIBLE: Bible Translation Differences

There are more than 150 different Bible translations in the English language alone. Some are what we call literal translations, which seeks to give the reader the exact English equivalent of what was written in the original language text, thus allowing the reader access to the actual Word …

THE TEXT OF THE NEW TESTAMENT The Science and Art of Textual CriticismTHE TEXT OF THE NEW TESTAMENT: The Science and Art of Textual Criticism

THE TEXT OF THE NEW TESTAMENT was copied and recopied by hand for 1,500 years. Regardless of those scribes who had worked very hard to be faithful in their copying, errors crept into the text. How can we be confident that what we have today is the Word of God? Wilkins and Andrews …

MISREPRESENTING JESUS: Debunking Bart D. Ehrman's "Misquoting Jesus" [Third Edition]MISREPRESENTING JESUS: Debunking Bart D. Ehrman’s “Misquoting Jesus” [Third Edition]

Edward D. Andrews boldly answers the challenges Bart D. Ehrman alleges against the fully inerrant, Spirit-inspired, authoritative Word of God. By glimpsing into the life of Bart D. Ehrman and following along his course of academic studies, Andrews helps the reader to understand the …

Biblical Studies

HOW TO STUDY YOUR BIBLE: Rightly Handling the Word of GodHOW TO STUDY YOUR BIBLE: Rightly Handling the Word of God

A comprehensive book on HOW TO STUDY YOUR BIBLE by observing, interpreting, and applying, which will focus on the most basic Bible study tools, principles, and processes for moving from an in-depth reading of the Scriptures to application. What, though, if you have long felt that you are …

THE NEW TESTAMENT: Its Background, Setting & ContentTHE NEW TESTAMENT: Its Background, Setting & Content

…the author’s intended meaning to his original readers and how that meaning can then apply to us. Marshall gives you what you need for deeper and richer Bible study. Dr. Lee M. Fields writes, “‘Deep’ study is no guarantee that mature faith will result, but shallow study guarantees …

THE LIFE OF JESUS CHRIST: What Do You Know About Jesus? [Updated and Expanded]THE LIFE OF JESUS CHRIST: What Do You Know About Jesus? [Updated and Expanded] 

The life of Christ is an exhaustless theme. It reveals a character of greater massiveness than the hills, of a more serene beauty than the stars, of sweeter fragrance than the flowers, higher than the heavens in sublimity and deeper than the seas in mystery. As good Jean Paul has …

THE LIFE OF THE APOSTLE PAUL: The Apostle to the Nations [Updated and Expanded]THE LIFE OF THE APOSTLE PAUL: The Apostle to the Nations [Updated and Expanded] 

Stalker’s Life of St. Paul became one of the most widely read and respected biographies of the Apostle to the Gentiles. As an insightful compendium on the life of Paul, this work is of particular interest to pastors and teachers who desire to add realism and vividness to their account of …

INTERPRETING THE BIBLE: Introduction to Biblical HermeneuticsINTERPRETING THE BIBLE: Introduction to Biblical Hermeneutics

Delving into the basics of biblical interpretation, Edward D. Andrews has provided a complete hands-on guide to understanding what the author meant by the words that he used from the conservative grammatical-historical perspective. He teaches how to study the Bible on a deep, scholarly …

HOW TO INTERPRET THE BIBLE: An Introduction to HermeneuticsHOW TO INTERPRET THE BIBLE: An Introduction to Hermeneutics

…Linguistic and literary factors are analyzed so that the various genres of Scripture are examined for their true meaning. The importance of having sound principles of interpretation cannot be overstated as to ignore them will result in all manner of erroneous assumptions. Beville presents …

THE CHURCH COMMUNITY IN CONTEMPORARY CULTURE: Evangelism and Engagement with Postmodern PeopleTHE CHURCH COMMUNITY IN CONTEMPORARY CULTURE: Evangelism and Engagement with Postmodern People

Once upon a time, Postmodernism was a buzz word. It pronounced Modernism dead or at least in the throes of death. It was a wave that swept over Christendom, promising to wash away sterile, dogmatic and outmoded forms of church. But whatever happened to postmodernism? It was regarded …


church. It offers an appointment with the Great Physician that no Christian can afford to ignore. Developing Healthy ChurchesA Case-Study in Revelationbegins with a well-researched outline of the origins and development of the church health movement. With that background in mind the …

DYING TO KILL: A Christian Perspective on Euthanasia and Assisted SuicideDYING TO KILL: A Christian Perspective on Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide

…liberties in a multi-cultural society that is becoming increasingly secular. This work provides an ethical framework in which euthanasia and assisted suicide can be evaluated. These issues are on the radar indicating a collision course with Christian values. It is time for Christians to be …


Journey with Jesus through the Message of Mark is an insightful and engaging survey of Mark‘s Gospel, exploring each major section of the text along with key themes. It is a work that can be enjoyed by laypersons as well as pastors and teachers. Pastors will find the abundant use …

ANGELS & DEMONS: The Bible AnswersANGELS & DEMONS The Bible Answers

What are angels & demons? Can angels help us? What does the Bible say about angels? What is the truth about angels? Can Angels affect your life? Who were the “sons of God” in Genesis 6:2? Who were the Nephilim in Genesis 6:2? Who is Michael the archangel? Can Satan the Devil control …

Bible Doctrines

WHERE ARE THE DEAD? Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian FaithWHERE ARE THE DEAD? Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian Faith

What is the Bible’s viewpoint? Without delving into an endless stream of what man has said, Andrews looks at what the Bible says about death and the like. Why do we grow old and die? What happens at death? Is there life after death, or is this all there is? Do we have an immortal soul? …

IDENTIFYING THE ANTICHRIST: The Man of Lawlessness and the Mark of the Beast RevealedIDENTIFYING THE ANTICHRIST: The Man of Lawlessness and the Mark of the Beast Revealed

Herein Andrews will give the reader exactly what the Bible offers on exposing who the Antichrist and the Man of Lawlessness are. If we look at the texts that refer to the antichrist and the man of lawlessness, we will have lines of evidence that will enable us to identify them. Why is it …

UNDERSTANDING THE CREATION ACCOUNT: Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian FaithUNDERSTANDING THE CREATION ACCOUNT: Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian Faith

Throughout the Scriptures, God is identified as the Creator. He is the One “who created the heavens (He is the God who formed the earth and made it, He established it.” [Isa 45:18] He is the One “who forms mountains and creates the wind” (Am 4:13) and is the One “who made the heaven and …

The SECOND COMING of CHRIST: Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian FaithThe SECOND COMING of CHRIST: Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian Faith

The information herein is based on the disciples coming to Jesus privately, saying, “Tell us, (1) when will these things be, and (2) what will be the sign of your coming, and (3) of the end of the age?” (Matthew 24:3) What will end? When will the end come? What comes after the end? Who …

WHAT IS HELL? Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian FaithWHAT IS HELL? Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian Faith

What Really Is Hell? What Kind of Place is Hell? What Really Happens at Death? What Did Jesus Teach About Hell? How Does Learning the Truth About Hell Affect You? Who Goes to Hell? What Is Hell? Is It a Place of Eternal Torment? Does God Punish People in Hellfire? Do the Wicked Suffer in …

Miracles? - Do They Still Happen Today?: God Miraculously Saving People’s Lives, Apparitions, Speaking In Tongues, Faith HealingMIRACLES – DO THEY STILL HAPPEN TODAY? God Miraculously Saving People’s Lives, Apparitions, Speaking In Tongues, Faith Healing 

Miracles were certainly a part of certain periods in Bible times. What about today? Are miracles still taking place. There are some very important subjects that surround this area of discussion that are often misunderstood. Andrews will answer such questions as does God step in and solve …

HOMOSEXUALITY - The BIBLE and the CHRISTIAN: Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian FaithHOMOSEXUALITY – The BIBLE and the CHRISTIAN: Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian Faith

Today there are many questions about homosexuality as it relates to the Bible and Christians. What does the Bible say about homosexuality? Does genetics, environment, or traumatic life experiences justify homosexuality? What is God’s will for people with same-sex attractions? Does the …

Christian Fiction

THE DIARY OF JUDAS ISCARIOT: How to Keep Jesus at Arm's LengthTHE DIARY OF JUDAS ISCARIOT: How to Keep Jesus at Arm’s Length

…desert but none of such significance as a handful of scrolls retrieved from a buried Roman satchel (presumed stolen) at this site. The discovery has since come to be known as ‘The Diary of Judas Iscariot.’ In The Diary of JudasIscariot Owen Batstone relates the observations and feelings …

THE RAPTURE: God’s Unwelcomed WrathTHE RAPTURE: God’s Unwelcomed Wrath

Kevin Trill struggles with the notion that he may have missed the Rapture. With nothing but the clothes on his back and a solid gold pocket watch, he sets off towards Garbor, a safe haven for those who haven’t yet taken the mark of thebeast. While on his way to Garbor, he meets up …

SEEKERS AND DECEIVERS: Which One are You? It Is Time to Join the Fight!

There grew an element in the valley that did not want to be ruled by the Light of the Word. Over time, they convinced the people to reject it. As they started to reject this Light, the valley grew dim and the fog rolled in. The people craved the darkness rather than the Light because they were evil. They did not want to  …

The Shadow Flames of Uluru: Book ONE in the CHAOS DOWN UNDER 

When an ancestor saddles them with the responsibility to purge Australia of a demon threatening to wipe our humanity with black flames, fraternal siblings Amber and Michael Hauksby lay their lives on the line. As the world crumbles around them into chaos, and ancient marsupials wreak havoc in their hometown, they must journey into …

WRITE PLACE, RIGHT TIME: The Pre-Apocalyptic Misadventure of a Freelance Journalist 

“Write Place, Right Time” follows the pre-apocalyptic misadventures of freelance journalist Don Lamplighter. While on what he expects to be a routine Monday night trip to a village board meeting, Lamplighter’s good nature compels him to help a stranded vehicle. Little does he know that by saving one of the car’s occupants, he sets forth a chain of what to him seem to be unrelated events where he must use his physical and social skills to save himself and others from precarious situations.