Word of the day

Concise Bible Dictionary

THE CONCISE DICTIONARY OF BIBLE TERMS A Companion Study Tool to the Updated American Standard Version

Each day we will add a new Bible term until we have hundreds of entries from A to Z, which are written to equip the reader for a greater ability in understanding and interpreting the Scriptures, i.e., what the Bible authors meant by the words that they used.

B.C.E. means “before the Common Era,” which is more accurate than B.C. (“before Christ”). C.E. denotes “Common Era,” often called A.D., for anno Domini, meaning “in the year of our Lord.”

Single brackets serve a two-fold purpose herein on this site. First, a word or phrase may be added into the Bible text or the quotation of a source, which does not appear in the Bible text or in the source. In this first instance we will make the brackets brick red [], to set it apart from the other. Second, in relation to textual issues, single brackets [], are used to indicates that the translator(s) had difficulty in deciding which variant to place in the text. Double brackets [[ ]], are used to indicate a spurious passage that has been added to the text. However, because of its early history, it has been included within double brackets.

GLOSSARY OF BIBLE TERMS

A

Abba: (Gr. Abba) A Greek transliteration of an Aramaic word that means “O Father!” It is similar to our English words “daddy” or “papa.” It has the additional implied meaning of familiarity and intimacy. “Father” is a title used in communication with God. – Mark 14:36; Rom. 8:15-16; Gal. 4:6.

Abomination: (Heb. shiqquts) It means abhorrence, an object to abhor, horror, monster, filth. The sense of shiqquts is a detestable thing, also implying that it can make a person unclean. – 2 Ki 23:13; Ez. 5:11; 11:21; Dan. 9:27; 11:31; Hos. 9:10.

Abomination of Desolation: (Gr. bdelugma eremoseos) An expression by Jesus recorded in Mathew 24:15 and Mark 13:14 referring to Daniel 11:31 and 12:11. Bdelugma refers to something that is an abomination, unclean, which horrifies clean persons, leaving them disgusted. Eremoseos has the sense of an extensive desolating act or destruction, which caused total ruin, leaving no place for shelter.

Abusive Words: (Gr. blasphēmia) This is referring to reviling, malicious talk, abusive words, slander (Matt. 15:19); blasphemy, the content of defamation or slander (Lu 5:21). This is abusive words that are spoken in anger, which could be intentionally or unintentionally hurting another, as well as damaging their reputation.

Abyss: (Gr. abussos) It is a very deep place, which is rendered “the bottomless pit” in some versions (KJV). This is found in the NT and refers to a place or condition, where Satan and his demons will be confined for a thousand years. (Rev. 20:1-3) Abaddon rules over the abyss (Rev. 9:11) The beast is of Satan’s design and will rise from the abyss in the last days. (Rev. 11:7) The beast will go off into destruction. (Rev 17:8) It is used at times to refer to the grave as well. – Lu 8:31; Rom. 10:7; Rev. 20:3.

Accurate Knowledge: (Gr. epignosis) A strengthened or intensified form of gnosis (epi, meaning “additional”), meaning, “true,” “real,” “full,” “complete” or “accurate,” depending upon the context. Paul and Peter alone use epignosis. – Rom. 1:28; Eph. 1:17; Phil. 1:9; Col. 1:9-10; 1 Tim 2:4.

Adoption: (Gr. huiothesia) The Greek noun is a legal term that literally means “adoption as son,” which means to take or accept a son or daughter who is not naturally such by relationship, including complete inheritance rights. The apostle Paul mentions adoption several times in reference to those with a new status as called and chosen by God. These ones were born as offspring of the imperfect Adam, were formerly in slavery to sin. Through purchase by means of Jesus’ life as a ransom, many have received the adoption as sons and daughters becoming heirs with the only-begotten Son of God, Jesus Christ. – Rom. 8:15, 23; 9:4; Gal. 4:5; Eph. 1:5.

Adversaries: (Heb. tsarim) An enemy, foe, adversary, opponent or oppressor, i.e., a personal enemy, who is in a state of open hostility or conflict. – Gen. 14:20; Num. 10:9; Ezra 4:1; Ps 44:5, 7.

Affliction; Afflicted: (Heb. ʿanah) The Hebrew word means to do or be evil or bad, to treat badly, to harm, and to do wrong. The sense is to afflict distress or to cause serious harm, or to be in the state of being afflicted, distressed, disturbed, or miserable. – Ruth 1:21; 1 Ki 8:35; Ps. 119:67, 71; Isa. 53:7; Lam. 3:3.

Allegorize: (Gr. allēgoreō) to express something in the form of an allegory, to be taken figuratively and symbolically. It is often referred to as an extended metaphor. The persons and events are to be understood as representing other things and symbolically expressing a deeper, often spiritual or moral meaning, often found in narrative text. – Gal. 4:24.

Alpha and Omega: (Gr. Alpha kai Ōmega) These are the names of the first and last letters of the Greek alphabet. The phrase is used three times in the book of Revelation, where it is explained as “the beginning and the end” (21:6) and “first and the last.” (22:13) It is a title for the Father, which is used to emphasize his sovereignty, power, and supremacy. – Rev. 1:8; 21:6; 22:13.

Angel: (Heb. mǎlāḵ; Gr. angelos) A supernatural spirit person who attends upon or serves as a messenger or worker for the Father and the Son. These spirit persons are far wiser and more powerful than humans, but their power and knowledge is absolutely nothing in comparison to their Creator. (Ps. 103:20; Matt. 24:36; 1 Pet. 1:1-12) Angels have the power to be able to material in human form. (Gen. 18:1-2, 8, 20-22; 19:1-11; Josh. 5:13-15) Some of these angels became rebels, as they rejected the sovereignty, power, and supremacy of their Creator. Jude tells us “the angels who did not keep to their own domain but deserted their proper dwelling place [heaven]” (1:6), to take on human form, and have relations that were contrary to nature with the “the daughters of man.” (Gen 6:1-4; Dan. 7:9-10) The Bible intimates that these rebel angels were stripped of their power to take on human form, as you never hear of it taking place again after the Flood, only spirit possession thereafter. These disobedient angels are now “spirits in prison,” who have been thrown into “eternal chains under gloomy darkness [Tartarus],” which is more of a condition of limited powers (1 Pet. 3:19; 2 Pet. 2:4; Jude 6), not so much a place, like a maximum-security prison. – Matt. 28:2; Rev. 22:8.

Anoint: (Heb. māšǎḥ Gr. chriō) In the Hebrew OT, the word meant to anoint, smear, rub an object or person (a prophet, priest, or king) with a liquid, which symbolized a dedication or consecration for a special service. In the Greek NT, the word meant to anoint with oil, to assign one to a duty, role, or office. It is also used of the pouring out of the Holy Spirit on those who are anointed in Christ. – Ex 28:41; 1 Sam 16:13; 2 Cor. 1:21.

Antichrist: (Gr. antichristos) The term “Antichrist,” occurs in the NT five times. From those five times, we gather this entity is “against” (i.e. denies Christ) or “instead of” (i.e., false Christs) Jesus Christ. There are many antichrists that began back in the apostle John’s day and will continue up unto Jesus’ second coming. (1 John 2:18) The antichrist is referred to as a number of individuals taken together, i.e., collectively. (2 John 1;7) Persons who deny Jesus Christ are the antichrist. (1 John 2:22) All who deny the divinity of Jesus Christ as the One and Only Son of God is the antichrist. (1 John 2:22; John 10:36; Lu 9:35) Some antichrists are apostates, one who left the faith and are now in opposition to the truth. (1 John 2:18-19) Those who oppose the true followers of Jesus are the antichrist. (John 15:20-21) Individuals or nations that oppose Jesus or try to supplant his kingly authority are antichrists. – Ps. 2:2; Matt. 24:24; Rev. 17:3, 12-14; 19:11-21.

Apologetics: (Gr. apologia) The term literally means “to defend” and is used in the biblical sense to refer to ones who defend the Christian faith, the Bible, and God in speech or in written form. The Christian apologist attempts to prove that the Christian faith, the Bible, and God are reasonable, logical, necessary and right. – Ac 25:16; 2 Cor. 7:11; Phil. 1:7, 16; 2 Tim. 4:16; 1 Pet. 3:15.

Apostasy: (Gr. apostasia) The term literally means “to stand away from” and is used to refer to ones who ‘stand away from the truth.’ It is abandonment, a rebellion, an apostasy, a refusal to accept or acknowledge true worship. In Scripture, this is used primarily concerning the one who rises up in defiance of the only true God and his people, working in opposition to the truth. – Ac 21:21; 2 Thess. 2:3.

Apostle: (Gr. apostolos) The basic sense of the word is a “messenger, representative,” or “sent one.” This was a special messenger or envoy of Jesus Christ. In the Greek NT, “apostolos” is used primarily with regard to those who were taught directly by Jesus and who were given the authority to speak in his place, especially the twelve disciples that Jesus personally selected. Matthias was chosen to replace Judas Iscariot. The term is also used of Paul, who was a direct choice of the resurrected and ascended Jesus Christ. – Matt 10:2; Mark 3:14; Ac 2:37; 14:14; Rom. 1:1; Heb. 3:1.

Appearing: (Gr. epiphaneia) It literally means “a shining forth,” which was used to refer to a divine being becoming visible to humans. Epiphaneia is used in the NT to refer to Jesus first coming to the earth and his second coming as well. – 2 Thess. 2:8; 1 Tim. 6:14; 2 Tim. 1:10; 4:1, 8.

Aram; Aramaeans: (Heb. arǎmmî) These were the descendants of Shem’s son Aram, who mainly lived in various regions N of Israel, running from the Lebanon Mountains across to Mesopotamia and from the Taurus Mountains in the north down to Damascus. The Aramaeans hardly ever formed any kind of nation-state; rather they lived as self-governing, autonomous towns and tribes settled by nomads before 1000 B.C.E. However, if they were threatened, they were quick to form alliances with neighboring towns of Aramaeans and even other countries. However, once the threat was over, they went back to their independence, fighting amongst themselves. The area known as Aram in Hebrew would later be referred to as Syria, and its people as the Syrians. – Gen. 25:20; Deut. 26:5; Hos 12:12.

Aramaic: (Heb. arāmî) It is a Semitic language similar to Phoenician and Hebrew, using the same alphabet. It was the language of the Arameans, who were present in northwestern Mesopotamia, with their kingdoms being mentioned in the Bible account at the same time as the development of the nation of Israel. Aramaic would become the international language of trade and communication in the Assyrian and Babylonian empires, as well as the official administrative language of the Persian Empire. (Ezra 4:7) Parts of the OT were written in Aramaic: Ezra 4:8-6:18; 7:12-26; Dan. 2:4b-7:28; Jer. 10:11.

Archangel: (Gr. archangelos) Michael is the only spirit named as an archangel in the Bible. Nevertheless, some Bible scholars believe that ‘it is possible that there are other’ archangels. However, the prefix “arch,” meaning “chief” or “principal,” indicates that there is only one archangel, the chief angel. Yes, Gabriel is very powerful, but no Scripture ever refers to him as an archangel. If there were multiple archangels, how could they even be described as an arch (chief or principal) angel? In the Scriptures, “archangel” is never found in the plural. Clearly, Michael is the only archangel and as the highest-ranking angel, like the highest-ranking general in the army, Michael stands directly under the authority of God, as he commands the other angels, including Gabriel, according to the Father’s will and purposes. Michael, the Archangel, whose name means, “Who is like God?”); he disputed with Satan over Moses body. (Jude 9) Michael with Gabriel stood guard over the sons of Israel and fought for Israel against demons. (Dan. 10:13, 21) He cast Satan and the demons out of heaven. (Rev. 12:7-9) He will defeat the kings of the earth and their armies at Armageddon, and he will be the one given the privilege of abyssing Satan, the archenemy of God. – Rev. 18:1-2; 19:11-21.

Areopagus: (Gr. Areios Pagos) It literally means ‘hill of mars.’ It is the location of an Athens court, where the apostle Paul explained his beliefs to the Epicurean and Stoic philosophers of Athens, which is traditionally associated with a rocky hill not far below the Acropolis, overlooked the Agora (i.e., marketplace) in Athens, Greece. – Ac 17:19, 22.

Ark of the Covenant: (Heb. aron berit; Gr. kibōtos diathēkē) The original chest made of acacia wood and overlaid with gold, the cover being of solid gold with two cherubs facing each other, which the Israelites kept in the Most Holy of the tabernacle and later in the Most Holy of the temple that Solomon built. It contained the Ten Commandments and was associated with God’s presence. –  Deut. 31:26; 1 Ki 6:19; Heb. 9:4.

Armageddon: (Gr. Harmagedōn) It is from the Hebrew Har-Magedon, which means “Mountain of Megiddo.” The Greek term is used in reference “to the kings of the whole inhabited earth, to gather them together for the war of the great day of God, the Almighty,” gathering them “together to the place which in Hebrew is called Har-Magedon.” – Rev. 16:14, 16; 19:11-21.

Armor: (Heb. keli; Gr. panoplia) The weapons and armor worn by soldiers used in fighting, which makes up the whole of his offensive and defensive equipment. This would include a helmet to protect the head, the girdle, and a leather belt worn around the waist or hips to protect the loins, the breastplate to protect vital organs, especially the heart. It also included a coat of mail, i.e., scale body armor for protection during battle, greaves, namely shin guards, and the shield, usually carried on the left arm or in the left hand. – 1 Sam. 7:5-6; 31:9; Eph. 6:13-17.

Assarion: (assarion; Roman and provincial, copper or bronze) It was four quadrantes, which was one-sixteenth of a denarius (days wages). The denarius was equivalent to a day’s wages for a common laborer (12 hours). – Matt. 10:29; Lu 12:6.

Ascend, go up, rise up, sprout or grow: (Gr. anabainō) This Greek word anabaino has several different meanings, which are determined based on the context. It can mean to go up to Jerusalem. (Matt. 20:17-18) It can mean to rise up out of the water. (Matt. 3:16) It can refer to seeds sprouting or to growing. (Matt. 4:7) It can refer to plants or trees growing taller. (Matt. 13:7; Mark 4:32) It can also refer to Jesus’ ascension to heaven forty days after his resurrection. – Eph. 4:8-10.

Ashtoreth: (Heb. ǎštōrěṯ) This was the Canaanite goddess of war and fertility, the wife of Baal. – Jdg. 2:13; 10:6; 1 Sam. 7:3-4; 12:10; 31:10; 1 Ki 11:5, 33; 2 Ki 23:13.

Asia: (Gr. Asia) In the Greek New Testament, this is the Roman province of Asia that includes primarily the western part of present-day Turkey, as well as some coastal islands, such as Samos and Patmos. Ephesus was the capital. – Ac 2:9; 6:9; 16:6; 20:16; 21:27; 24:19; Rom. 16:5; 1 Cor. 16:19; 2 Cor. 1:8; 2 Tim. 1;15; 1 Pet. 1:1; Rev. 1:4.

Assembly: (Heb. aṣārā[h]) This is an assembly, a gathering of people, a congregation, namely, a crowd or group of persons that meet together. In the Hebrew Scriptures, this often refers to the gathering of the Israelites at their religious festivals, or for any event that was of great national significance. – Lev. 23:36; Num. 29:35; Deut. 16:8; 2 Ki 10:20; 2 Ch. 7:9; Neh. 8:18; Isa 1:13; Jer. 9:1; Joel 1:14; 2:15; Am 5:21.

Astonished: (Gr. thambeō; derivative of thambos) This is one who is experiencing astonishment, to be astounded, or amazed as a result of some sudden and unusual event, which can be in a positive or negative sense. – Mark 1:27; 10:32; Lu 4:36; 5:9; Acts 3:10.

Astounded: (Gr. ekplēssō) This is one who is extremely astounded or amazed, so much so that they lose their mental self-control, as they are overwhelmed emotionally. – Matt. 7:28; Mark 1:22; 7:37; Lu 2:48; 4:32; 9:43; Ac 13:12.

Astrologer, Magician, Soothsayer, Sorcerer, Wise man or Priest: (Aram. gezar; Gr. magos) A person who studies the positions of the Moon, Sun, and other planets in the belief that they can predict future events. A person of the pagan world who was respected for their occultist knowledge of medicine, astrology, and the interpretation of dreams. – Dan. 2:27; Matt. 2:1.

At once; Immediately: (Gr. euthús) The Greek word euthús, “at once” or “immediately,” especially in the Gospel of Mark is used to transmit a sense of immediacy and urgency to Christ’s ministry. It is used eleven times in the first chapter alone and forty-two times throughout Mark’s Gospel. The sense of euthús is to act without any delay or hesitation, as there is no time left. The Gospel of Mark could be seen as an action Gospel. – Mark 1:18, 28-30, 43; 5:42; 9:20; 11:3.

Atonement, Reconciliation: (Heb. kāpar; Gr. katallage; katallasso) The sense in both the OT Hebrew and NT Greek Scriptures is that of making an amends (cleansing oneself from a sin or one’s sinful condition), i.e., falling short (be it intentional, ignorance, or negligence) and restoring a previously harmonious relationship with God. This would then allow the person to approach God and worship him in an approved condition regardless of his human imperfection. In the Hebrew Scriptures, different types of sacrifices were offered, especially on the annual Day of Atonement. This was to bring about reconciliation with God regardless of the sins of individuals and the whole nation. The sacrifices of the Hebrew OT pointed to the ransom sacrifice of Jesus Christ. This was the sacrifice once for all time that atoned for anyone who accepts Jesus and evidence faith in that sacrifice, which reconciles that one to God. – Lev. 5:10; 23:28; Eph. 2:16; Col 1:20, 22; Heb. 9:12.

Author, Prince of Life: (Gr archēgos) The Greek term basically means originator, founder, author (Ac 3:15; Heb. 2:10; 12:2+), pioneer or chief leader. (Ac 5:31) It is a reference to Christ Jesus, the Author of life, who has freed faithful humans from sin and death, giving them the hope of eternal life.

Azazel: (Heb. ăzāzēl) The Hebrew name of the “scapegoat” that was released into the wilderness on atonement day, symbolizing the releasing of the past years sins of the Israelite community into a desolated place. – Lev. 16:8, 10, 26.

B

Baal: (Heb. bǎʿǎl; Gr. Βάαλ) The Hebrew means “Owner; Master; Husband.” An ancient Canaanite god: a fertility or nature god, seen as the owner of the sky and giver of rains, worshiped by the Canaanites and the Phoenicians. –  1 Ki 18:21; Rom. 11:4.

Baptism; Baptize: (Gr. baptizō) The Greek verb baptizo means to immerse, submerse, someone underwater in a symbol of repentance for the forgiveness of sins. John the Baptist, baptized Jews, which served as a public demonstration and symbol of the individual’s repentance, seeking forgiveness for sins that they had committed against the Law, i.e., God, the author of that Law. Jesus made Baptism a requirement for all who see to be his disciples. Baptism does not wash away sins, but the repentance and changing of one’s ways, as well as faith in Jesus Christ. There is no infant baptism. (Ac 2:14, 22, 38, 41) There is no baptism on behalf of those, who died in an unbaptized state. (1 Cor. 15:29; See Matt 28:19; Ac 2:41; 8:12; 13:24; Rom 6:3, for one must ‘accept the word,’ believe,’ and ‘repent.’) What does it mean to be “baptized for the sake of the dead”? (UASV) Paul is here speaking of the immersion of Christians who have a heavenly hope into a life course in which they maintain their righteous standing until their death and subsequent resurrection to heaven. The Scriptures also refer to baptism with Holy Spirit, and baptism with fire, baptism into Jesus’ death.–Matt. 3:11, 16; 28:19; John 3:23; 1 Pet. 3:21; Rom. 6:3; 1 Cor. 12:12-13, 27; Col. 1:18.

Barbarian: (Gr. barbaros) The repetition of the “bar bar” in the Greek originally convey the idea of a stammering, stuttering, babble, or any form of unintelligible sounds. Thus, the term “barbarian” was a term used by the Greeks, which referred to any foreigner, especially one who did not speak Greek, only later being viewed as uncivilized foreigners. Initially, there was no sense of hostility or contempt, and these non-Greeks were not offended by the term. It is similar to Gentile being used to refer to non-Jews. Eventually, a barbarian, any non-Greek, came to suggest one who was uncivilized. – Ac 28:2, 4; Rom. 1:14; 1 Cor. 14:11; Col. 3:11.

Barricade: (Gr. Charax) The Greek noun means pointed stakes, poles, used as a tall wall or enclosure driven into the ground side by side to keep out enemies or intruders. However, it can be used to keep enemies within an ancient fortified city. In 70 C.E., the Roman general, Titus, surrounded Jerusalem with a barricade. – Luke 19:43.

Bath: (Heb. bǎṯ) An OT liquid measure that is equal to equal about 5.81 gallons (22 L), which is based on archaeological finding of jar fragments that bear this name. (1 Ki 7:26, 38; 2 Ch. 2:9[EB 10]; 4:5; Isa 5:10; Eze. 45:10, 11, 14) Some sources see it as 8-9 gallons based on Josephus Jos. Ant. 8:2:9; and some simply round it up to ten gallons.

Believe, faith, Trust in: (Gr. pisteuo) If pisteuo is followed by the Greek preposition eis, (“into, in, among,” accusative case), it is generally rendered “trusting in” or “trust in.” (John 3:16, 36; 12:36; 14:1) The grammatical construction of the Greek verb pisteuo “believe” followed by the Greek preposition eis “into” in the accusative gives us the sense of having faith into Jesus, putting faith in, trusting in Jesus. – Matt. 21:25, 32; 27:42; John 1:7, 12; 2:23–24; 3:15-16, 36; 6:47; 11:25; 12:36; 14:1; 20:31; Acts 16:31; Rom. 4:3.

Beelzebub: (Heb. bǎʿǎl zeû; Gr. Beelzeboul) In the OT BaalZebub meaning “Owner of the Flies,” was local pagan god worshiped by the Philistines at Ekron. (2 Ki 1:2, 3, 6, 16) In the NT, also a designation applied to Satan the Devil, the prince, the ruler of the demons. (Matt. 10:25; 12:24, 27; Mark 3:22; Lu 11:15, 18, and 19) The Jewish religious leaders blasphemously said that Jesus casts out demons only by Beelzebul, the ruler of the demons.

Betrothed: (Gr. mnēsteuomai) This refers to a person who was promised in marriage. The Greek means ‘to be engaged, to be promised in marriage.’ According to ancient cultural customs of the Jewish people, “to be betrothed to a man,” namely, engaged, was to be legally bound to a future marriage. The engaged couple were already viewed as though they were already married, which means they could not just break off the engagement but rather would have to by law, seek a bill of divorce. (Matt. 1:19) It was so binding that the young woman could not marry another until she was freed by due process of law. Even though a young Jewish couple was viewed as already being married, they did not begin living together as husband and wife until after the wedding formalities. – Matt. 1:18; Lu 1:27; 2:5.

Bind and Loose: (Gr. deō kai luō) In Matthew Chapter 16:18 Jesus said, “You are Peter, and on this rock I will build my congregation.” Both Peter and Paul make it clear to us that Jesus, not Peter was the foretold rock. (1 Pet. 2:4-9; Ps. 118:22; Isa. 8:14; 1 Cor. 10:1-4) Therefore, Jesus’ words in Matthew 16:19 do not mean that Peter dictated to heaven what was to be bound or loosed. Jesus said, “I will give you the keys of the Kingdom of the heavens, and whatever you may bind on earth will already be bound in the heavens, and whatever you may loosen on earth will already be loosened in the heavens.” Rather it meant that Peter was going to be used by heaven to open up three groups to enter the Messianic Kingdom: Jews and Jewish proselytes (Acts 2:1-41), Samaritans (Acts 8:14-17) and uncircumcised Gentiles (Acts 10:1-48).

Blameless: (Heb. tam, tamim; Gr. amomos, amometos) means, “perfect, blameless, sincerity, entire, whole, complete, and full.” Of course, Noah, Jacob, and Job were not literally perfect. When used of imperfect humans, the terms are relative, not absolute. However, if we are fully committed to following, a life course based on God’s will and purposes, fully living by his laws, repent when we fall short, he will credit us righteousness. – Gen. 6:6; 25:27; Job 9:20-22l Ps. 119:1; Pro. 11:20; Phil 2:15; 1 Thess. 5:23.

Blasphemy: (Gr. blasphēmia) This is speaking abusively against another in such a way to harm or injure his or her reputation, ‘profane speech, to revile, to defame, to blaspheme, reviling, denigration, disrespect, slander.’ The term is also used for anyone who willfully and knowingly blasphemed the Father, the Son, or the Holy Spirit, by claiming the powers, attributes or rights of God, or assigning these to themselves, another, or a thing. (Matt. 12:31-32; Mark 3:28-30; Lu 12:10; Ac 12:21-22) This is referred to as the unforgivable sin. This unforgivable sin also applies to any who came to be a Christian, gained an accurate knowledge of the truth, and then deliberately, willfully, and knowingly turned from God’s pure worship by speaking abusively of the Father, the Son, the Holy Spirit, the faith, and biblical truth. –Heb. 10:26-27.

Body: (Gr. sōma) The complete material structure or physical form of a organism, human being, or animal. (Mark 14:22; Lu 17:37; Rom. 8:23; 1 Cor. 12:12; 15:37; Phil. 3:21) There are also spiritual bodies, which are invisible to human eyes and completely beyond human senses. (1 Cor. 15:40, 44) The term “body” is also used in symbolically. – Rom. 6:3-6; 1 Cor. 12:13; Gal. 3:28; Eph. 1:22-23; 2:16; 4:4; Col. 1:18.

Body of Christ (Congregation): (Gr. sōma tou Christou) Metaphorically, the phrase refers to all persons who are an anointed born-again member of the Christian congregation as a whole. – Rom. 12:15; 1 Cor. 12:12-20, 22-25; Eph. 4:12, 16.

Body of Jesus Christ: (Gr. sōma tou lēsou Christou) The phrase can refer to the literal physical body of Jesus Christ. – Matthew 26:26; Mark 14:22; Luke 22:19; Hebrews 10:5.

Book of Life: (Gr. biblos tēs zōēs) In biblical times, cities had a register of names for the citizens living there. (See Ps. 69:28; Isa. 4:3) God, figuratively speaking, has been writing names in the “book of life” “from the foundation of the world.” (Rev. 17:8) Jesus Christ talked about Abel as living “from the foundation of the world,” this would suggest that we are talking about the world of ransomable humankind after the fall. (Lu 11:48-51) Clearly, Abel was the first person to have his name written in the “book of life.” The individuals who have their names written in the “book of Life” do not mean they are predestined to eternal life. This is evident from the fact that they can be ‘blotted out’ of the “book of life.” (Ex 32:32-33; Rev. 3:5) Jesus ransom sacrifice alone gets one written in the “book of life,” if they accept the Son of God. However, it is remaining faithful to God that keeps them from being ‘blotted’ out of the “book of life.” (Phil. 2:12; Heb. 10:26-27; Jam. 2:14-26) It is only by remaining faithful until the end that one can be retained permanently in the “book of life.” – Matt. 214:13; Phil. 4:3; Rev. 20:15.

Born Again, Born of God, Born of the Spirit, Regeneration (Rebirth): (Gr. gennaō anōthen; gennaō theos; gennaō pneuma; palingenesia) This regeneration is the Holy Spirit working in his life, giving him a new nature, who repents and accepts Christ, placing him on the path to salvation. By taking in this knowledge of God’s Word, we will be altering our way of thinking, which will affect our emotions and behavior, as well as our lives now and for eternity. This Word will influence our minds, making corrections in the way we think. If we are to have the Holy Spirit controlling our lives, we must ‘renew our mind’ (Rom. 12:2) “which is being renewed in knowledge” (Col. 3:10) of God and his will and purposes. (Matt 7:21-23; See Pro 2:1-6) All of this boils down to each individual Christian digging into the Scriptures in a meditative way, so he can ‘discover the knowledge of God, receiving wisdom; from God’s mouth, as well as knowledge and understanding.’ (Pro. 2:5-6) As he acquires the mind that is inundated with the Word of God, he must also “be doers of the Word.”–John 3:3; 6-7; 2 Cor. 5:17; Titus 3:5; Jam. 1:22-25.

Bread of Life: (Gr. artos zōēs) It was for “the life of the world,” of redeemable humankind that Jesus gave his flesh. And anyone of the world of humankind who eats symbolically of that “bread of life” (spiritual nourishment), by trusting in the redeeming power of Jesus’ sacrifice, may “enter through the narrow gate. For the gate is small and the way is narrow that leads to life, and there are few who find it,” (Matt 7:13-14) i.e. the path to eternal life.–John 6:35, 48.

Breastpiece: (Heb. ḥōšen) The pouch covered with twelve Jewels, which was worn over the high priest’s heart (connected to the high priest’s ephod), as he entered the Most Holy. It was called the “breastpiece of judgment” because it held the Urim and the Thummim, which the high priest used so as to determine God’s judgments. – Ex. 28:15-30.

Bride (Bride of Christ): (Gr. numphē) Jesus Christ is presented as the bridegroom for the bride, namely, the Christian congregation, which is his body. – 2 Cor. 11:2; Eph. 1:22-23; Rev. 19:7; 21:2, 9.

Bridegroom: (Gr. numphios) Jesus Christ is presented as the bridegroom for the bride, namely, the Christian congregation, which is his body. – Mark 2:19-20; John 3:29; 2 Cor. 11:2; Eph. 1:22-23; Rev. 19:7; 21:2, 9.

Brother-In-Law Marriage: (Heb. yāḇǎm) The Hebrew term literally means “and perform the duty of a husband’s brother to her.” This was a custom that would later be added into the Mosaic Law, whereby a man would marry the widow of his deceased brother if she was sonless, in order to continue the lineage of the brother. This is also known as levirate marriage. – Gen. 38:8; Deut. 25:5.

Brothers: (Gr. adelphoi) This refers to male siblings. (Matt 4:18) It also refers to a group of persons, that is, fellow believers (male and female at times, Rom. 18:29), regardless of the masculine form. It can also refer to a fellow Jew (Ac 22:1); to fellow countryman (Ac 2:29), as well as one’s neighbor (Matt. 5:22)–Acts 1:15-16; 9:30; 11:1; Romans 1:13; 1 Corinthians 1:1, 10.

Burnt offering: (Heb. ʿō·lā(h)) A sacrifice that was clean and acceptable in which the entire animal (bull, ram, a male goat, turtledove, or young pigeon), was consumed on the altar, as a total offering to God. The worshipper kept no part of the sacrifice for himself. – Ex. 29:18; Lev. 6:9.

C

Caesar: (Gr. Kaisar) This is the transliteration of the Greek, which means Emperor. It comes from a Roman family named Caesar, which would later become the title for the Roman emperors. Augustus, Tiberius, and Claudius are specifically mentioned by name in the Bible. Even though Nero is not specifically named in the Bible, it would apply to him as well. “Caesar” is also used in the Greek New Testament to represent the civil authority or the State. – Matt. 22:17; Mark 12:17; Ac 25:11-12.

Cananaean, the: (Gr. Kananaios) A term from Aramaic, meaning ‘Zealot,’ ‘the zealous one,’ ‘enthusiast.’ (Lu 6:15; Ac 1:13) This was a name used to distinguish the apostle Simon from the apostle Simon Peter. (Matt. 10:4; Mark 3:18) This name is in no way a geographical reference to Cana or Canaan, who were ones belonging to a Jewish nationalistic party, the Zealots, who were seeking independence from Rome.

Chaff: (Heb. mōṣ; Gr achyron) This is the husks, the non-edible portion of the grain, which are separated from the edible portion during the threshing and winnowing. It is very light and easily blown away. Chaff is used in figures of speech in the Bible as something that is useless and unwanted. – Ps 1:4; Matt. 3:12; Lu 3:17.

Chaldea; Chaldeans: (Arm. kǎsdāy; Gr Chaldaios) This is a member of an ancient people who lived in an ancient region of Mesopotamia lying between the Euphrates delta and the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Desert. Eventually, the term was used in reference to all of Babylonia and its people. The term was also used in reference to an educated class of people, who studied science, history, languages, and astronomy. They also magic and astrology as well. – Ezra 5:12; Dan. 4:7; Ac 7:4.

Chariot: (Heb. rě·ḵěḇ; Gr harma) This is a two-wheeled horse-drawn vehicle used in ancient warfare and racing. – Ex. 14:23; Judg. 4:13; Ac 8:28, 29, 38.

Chemosh: (Heb. kemôš) This a pagan god of the Moabites. – 1 ki 11:33.

Cherubs: (Heb. ke; Gr Cheroub) These are a high-ranking class of angelic beings that have special duties, as they serve God in several capacities. They are different than the Seraphs. – Gen. 3:24; Ex. 25:20; Isa. 37:16; Heb. 9:5.

Chief priest: (Heb. rō˒š kō·hēn; Gr archiereus) This term refers to the “high priest” in the Hebrew Scriptures, who carries our religious ceremonies to God in behalf of the Israelize people. In the Greek New Testament Scriptures, the term refers to the principal men in the priesthood, in the family line of high priests. These ones had significant power and wealth. – 2 Ch 26:20; Ezr. 7:5; Matt. 2:4; Mark 8:31.

Chislev: (Heb. ḥō·ḏěš) Chislev became the name for the ninth month of the Jewish sacred calendar and the third month of the secular calendar after the Jews returned from Babylonian captivity. The month ran from mid-November to mid-December. – Neh. 1:1; Zech. 7:1.

Christ: (Gr. Christos) The title of Jesus (ho Christos, “the Christ”), which is equivalent to the Hebrew word “Messiah” (Mashiach) or “Anointed One.” It literally means “one who has been anointed.”– Matt. 1:16; 2:4; 27:17; John 1:41.

Christian: (Gr. Christianos) This is the name God gave to the followers of Jesus Christ, which is found only three times in the Greek New Testament. It was first “in Antioch [Syria] the disciples were first called Christians.” (Ac 11:26) There is a likelihood then that this name was used as early as the year 44 C.E. when the circumstances surrounding this text took place. Yet, the grammatical structure of this phrase does not necessarily make it so. Some Bible scholars contend that it was a little later. Regardless, the name was well known and was being used by about 58 C.E., in the city of Caesarea, even by public officials, for at that time King Herod Agrippa II said to the apostle Paul: “In a short time you will persuade me to become a Christian.” – Ac 11:26; 26:28; 1 Pet. 4:16.

Circumcision: (Heb. mûl; Gr peritomē) This is the removal of the foreskin of the male’s genital organ for ceremonial, social, or ritual purposes. Abraham and his descendants were under mandatory circumcision. However, it is not a requirement for Christians. Circumcision is also used figuratively in the Bible in many different contexts. For example, the removal of the old person and the putting on the new person (Rom. 12:2; Eph. 4:22-23; Col. 3:9-11), removing the flesh so to speak, acquiring the mind of Christ (1 Cor. 3:1), and being regenerated by the Holy Spirit, identifies one as a true Christian, separating him or her from the world. – Gen. 17:10; Rom. 2:26-29; 1 Cor. 7:19; Gal. 2:7-9; Phil. 3:3.

Citadel Fortress: (Heb. armon) A military defensive building, small based and relatively tall, a part of a palace area. – 1 Ki 16:18; Ps. 122:7; Isa. 13:22; Amos 1:4.

Cities of Refuge: (Heb.ʿîr miq·lāṭ) This was a Levite city where a person who unintentionally commits manslaughter could seek refuge from any relatives trying to avenge the blood of their kin. These were the following six cities: Bezer, Ramoth, Golan, Hebron, Shechem, Ephraim, and Kedesh. They were spread throughout the Promise land so the one who accidentally took a life would not have that far to reach the closest city. These cities were appointed by Moses and Joshua under the direction of God. Once the manslayer comes to the city of refuge, he would make his case to the city elders at the gate, being received welcomingly. In other words, he was actually innocent until proven guilty. Now, someone who committed a willful murder could not escape punishment because there was a trial to establish once innocence. If he were found innocent, he would still have to remain within the boundaries of the city of refuge the rest of his life, or until the death of the high priest. – Num. 35:6, 11-15, 22-29; Josh. 20:2-8.

City of David: (Heb.ʿîr dā·wi) David conquered the city of Jebus, (meaning “trodden under foot”), the fortified city of the Jebusites, where he then built a royal residence; it thereafter being called the city of David. It is also called Zion. It is the Southeastern and the oldest part of Jerusalem. – 2 Sam. 5:7; 1 Chron 11:4, 5.

Clean: (Heb. ṭā·hôr; Gr. katharizō) This word be it Hebrew or Greek refers to both being physically clean as well as spiritually clean. Being spiritually clean refers to a human condition, even in our imperfection, that is without stain, unblemished, being free from anything that would dirty, adulterate, or corrupt in a moral or spiritual way. The Hebrew term refers being ceremonially clean. – Lev. 10:10; Ps. 51:7; Matt. 8:2; 1 Cor. 6:11.

Comforter: (Gr. paraklētos) This Greek word literally means “one who is called to our side.” This is a comforter in many ways, being one who consoles, or one who defends and protects. This is one who acts in behalf of another, like a mediator, who intercedes, to come to the aid of the other. In John 14:26 and 15:26, the Holy Spirit is called our parakletos, our “Comforter.” While the Holy Spirit works within us to comfort, encourage and direct us, this is no miraculous direction; otherwise, we would never make a mistake. The primary way the Comforter (Holy Spirit) guides us is through the Spirit inspired, inerrant, authoritative, Word of God. (2 Tim. 3:16-17; 2 Pet. 1:21) Jesus Christ is also called a comforter, as he is our representative before the Father. – Heb. 7:25–28

Communion offering: (Heb. šě·lěm) This was a sacrifice offered to the Father in Old Testament times, requesting peace with him. This offering was carried out by the worshiper and his household, the priest officiating, as well as the priest on duty, each partaking of the offering. God, in a symbolic sense, received the pleasing smoke of the burning fat. The blood, which represented the life, was also offered to God. In a sense, it is as though God, the priests, and the worshipers were sitting at a meal together, which signified a peaceful relationship. – Lev. 7:29, 32; Deut. 27:7.

Concubine: (Heb. pi·lě·ḡěš) This was a secondary wife that was often a slave girl. (Ex 21:8; 2 Sam 5:13; 1 Ki 11:3) God had established the standard of monogamy in the Garden of Eden. However, after the sin of man and the expulsion from the garden, God did not see fit to restore that standard immediately among his people. Nevertheless, God did protect the concubine under the Mosaic Law. The allowance of concubines for a time did allow an exponential growth of the Israelite nation, which could keep pace with the pagan nations that surrounded them. Still, under Jesus Christ, this standard was restored. – Matt. 19:5, 6; 1 Cor. 7:2; 1 Tim. 3:2.

Confess: (Gr. homologeō) In some ways, the word confess has a bit of a negative connotation to it. However, it also has a positive one. To confess means that an individual confirms his or her beliefs, their worldview. The Greek word literally means “saying the same thing,” namely, to affirm one’s agreement with a particular spiritual truth. As Christians, we confess or openly acknowledge that we are sinners. We also confess (affirm) that Jesus Christ is our Savior. – Mark 1:4–5; Rom. 10:9–10; 1 Tim. 6:12; 1 John 1:9; 4:2.

Conform: (Gr. symmorphos) The Greek word for conform, summorphizō means “to take the form as another,” “similar in form,” “to be conformed to,” “to be like,” “to be patterned after,” “comparable or alike in characteristic essence or nature to something else.” The apostle Paul uses this word to describe the spiritual manner in which one is molded as believer into the image of the Son, Jesus Christ, taking on the mind of Christ.

Congregation: (Heb. qahal; Gr. ekklesia) A congregation of Christians. A group of Christians, who gather for a Christian meeting, implying an interacting membership. In the Hebrew Scriptures, it usually refers to the nation of Israel, i.e., “the assembly of Israel” or “the congregation of Israel.” In the Greek New Testament, it refers to congregations of Christians, as well as the Christian congregation as a whole.–Nu 20:8; De 4:10; 1 Ki 8:22; Ac 9:31; Rom. 16:5; 1 Cor. 14:4.

Common Era: B.C.E. means “before the Common Era,” which is more accurate than B.C. (“before Christ”). C.E. denotes “Common Era,” often called A.D., for anno Domini, meaning “in the year of our Lord.”

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Christian Living

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Why should you be interested in the prophecy recorded by Daniel in chapter 11 of the book that bears his name? The King of the North and the King of the South of Daniel are locked in an all-out conflict for domination as a world power. As the centuries pass, turning into millenniums, …

YOU CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE: Why and How Your Christian Life Makes a DifferenceYOU CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE: Why and How Your Christian Life Makes a Difference

The theme of Andrews’ new book is YOU CAN MAKE A DIFFERENCE. As a Christian, you touch the lives of other people, wherein you can make a positive difference. Men and women of ancient times such as David, Nehemiah, Deborah, Esther, and the apostle Paul had a positive influence on others …

TURN OLD HABITS INTO NEW HABITS: Why and How the Bible Makes a DifferenceTURN OLD HABITS INTO NEW HABITS: Why and How the Bible Makes a Difference

Many have successfully conquered bad habits and addictions by applying suggestions found in the Bible and by seeking help from God through prayer. You simply cannot develop good habits and kick all your bad ones overnight. See how to establish priorities. Make sure that your new habits …

GOD WILL GET YOU THROUGH THIS: Hope and Help for Your Difficult TimesGOD WILL GET YOU THROUGH THIS: Hope and Help for Your Difficult Times

It may seem to almost all of us that we are either entering into a difficult time, living in one, or just getting over one and that we face one problem after another. This difficulty may be the loss of a loved one in death or a severe marriage issue, a grave illness, the lack of a job, or …

FEARLESS: Be Courageous and Strong Through Your Faith In These Last DaysFEARLESS: Be Courageous and Strong Through Your Faith In These Last Days

The world that you live in today has many real reasons to be fearful. Many are addicted to drugs, alcohol, bringing violence into even the safest communities. Terrorism has plagued the world for more than a decade now. Bullying in schools has caused many teen suicides. The divorce rate …

JOHN 3:16: For God So Loved the WorldJOHN 3:16: For God So Loved the World

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THE BOOK OF JAMES: CPH New Testament Commentary, Vol. 17 (An Apologetic and Background Exposition of the Holy Scriptures) CPH New Testament CommentaryTHE BOOK OF JAMES (CPH New Testament Commentary 17)

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THE OUTSIDER: Coming-of-Age In This MomentTHE OUTSIDER Coming-of-Age In This Moment

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THIRTEEN REASONS WHY YOU SHOULD KEEP LIVING: When Hope and Love VanishTHIRTEEN REASONS WHY YOU SHOULD KEEP LIVING: When Hope and Love Vanish

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WAGING WAR: A Christian's Cognitive Behavioral Therapy WorkbookWAGING WAR: A Christian’s Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Workbook

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THE POWERFUL WEAPON OF PRAYER: A Healthy Prayer LifeTHE POWERFUL WEAPON OF PRAYER: A Healthy Prayer Life

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HUMAN IMPERFECTION: While We Were Sinners Christ Died For UsHUMAN IMPERFECTION: While We Were Sinners Christ Died For Us

There are many reasons the Christian view of humanity is very important. The Christian view of humanity believes that humans were created in the image of God. We will look at the biblical view of humanity. We are going to look at the nature of man, the freedom of man, the personality of …

FOR AS I THINK IN MY HEART SO I AM: Combining Biblical Counseling with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy [Second Edition]FOR AS I THINK IN MY HEART SO I AM: Combining Biblical Counseling with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy [Second Edition] 

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APPLYING GOD'S WORD MORE FULLY: The Secret of a Successful Christian Life [Second Edition]APPLYING GOD’S WORD MORE FULLY: The Secret of a Successful Christian Life [Second Edition]

There is a genuine happiness, contentment, and joy, which come from reading, studying and applying God’s Word. This is true because the Scriptures offer us guidance and direction that aids us in living a life that coincides with our existence as a creation of Almighty God. For example, we …

PUT OFF THE OLD PERSON: Put On the New Person [Second Edition]PUT OFF THE OLD PERSON: Put On the New Person [Second Edition]

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Walking With Your God_Second EditionWALK HUMBLY WITH YOUR GOD: Putting God’s Purpose First in Your Life [Second Edition]

A clean conscience brings us inner peace, calmness, and a profound joy that is seldom found in this world under the imperfection of fallen flesh that is catered to by Satan, the god of the world. Many who were formerly living in sin and have now turned their life over to God, they now know this amazing relief and are able today to hold a good and clean conscience as they carry out the will of the Father. WALK HUMBLY WITH YOUR GOD, has been written to help its readers to find that same joy, to have and maintain a good, clean conscience in their lives. Of course, it is incapable of covering every detail that one would need to consider and apply in their lives …

WIVES BE SUBJECT TO YOUR HUSBANDS: How Should Wives Treat Their Husbands?WIVES BE SUBJECT TO YOUR HUSBANDS How Should Wives Treat Their Husbands?

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HUSBANDS LOVE YOUR WIVES: How Should Husbands Treat Their Wives?HUSBANDS LOVE YOUR WIVES: How Should Husbands Treat Their Wives?

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Christian Apologetics

DEFENDING OLD TESTAMENT AUTHORSHIP: The Word of God Is Authentic and TrueDEFENDING OLD TESTAMENT AUTHORSHIP: The Word of God Is Authentic and True

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UNDERSTANDING ISLAM AND TERRORISM: A Biblical Point of ViewUNDERSTANDING ISLAM AND TERRORISM: A Biblical Point of View

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REASONS FOR FAITH: The First Apologetic Guide For Christian Women on Matters of The Heart, Soul, and MindREASONS FOR FAITH: The First Apologetic Guide For Christian Women on Matters of The Heart, Soul, and Mind

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BIBLICAL CRITICISM: What are Some Outstanding Weaknesses of Modern Historical Criticism?BIBLICAL CRITICISM: What are Some Outstanding Weaknesses of Modern Historical Criticism

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BIBLICAL CRITICISM: Beyond the BasicsBIBLICAL CRITICISM: Beyond the Basics

Biblical criticism is an umbrella term covering various techniques for applying literary historical-critical methods in analyzing and studying the Bible and its textual content. Biblical criticism is also known as higher criticism, literary criticism, and historical criticism. Biblical …

CHRISTIAN APOLOGETIC EVANGELISM: Reaching Hearts with the Art of PersuasionCHRISTIAN APOLOGETIC EVANGELISM: Reaching Hearts with the Art of Persuasion

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CONVERSATIONAL EVANGELISM: Defending the Faith, Reasoning from the Scriptures, Explaining and Proving, Instructing in Sound Doctrine, and Overturning False Reasoning, [Second Edition]CONVERSATIONAL EVANGELISM, [Second Edition]

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THE CHRISTIAN APOLOGIST: Always Being Prepared to Make a Defense [Second Edition]THE CHRISTIAN APOLOGIST: Always Being Prepared to Make a Defense [Second Edition]

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THE EVANGELISM HANDBOOK: How All Christians Can Effectively Share God's Word in Their Community, [SECOND EDITION]THE EVANGELISM HANDBOOK: How All Christians Can Effectively Share God’s Word in Their Community, [SECOND EDITION]

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YOUR GUIDE FOR DEFENDING THE BIBLE: Self-Education of the Bible Made Easy [Third Edition]YOUR GUIDE FOR DEFENDING THE BIBLE: Self-Education of the Bible Made Easy [Third Edition]

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THE CULTURE WAR: How the West Lost Its Greatness & Was Weakened From WithinTHE CULTURE WAR: How the West Lost Its Greatness & Was Weakened From Within 

The Culture War. How the West lost its greatness and was weakened from within outlines how the West lost its values, causing its current decline. It is a forceful attack on the extreme liberal, anti-religious ideology which since the1960’s has permeated the Western culture and …

EARLY CHRISTIANITY IN THE FIRST CENTURY Jesus' Witnesses to the Ends of the EarthEARLY CHRISTIANITY IN THE FIRST CENTURY Jesus’ Witnesses to the Ends of the Earth

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CRISIS OF FAITH: Saving Those Who DoubtCRISIS OF FAITH Saving Those Who Doubt 

Inside of some Christians unbeknownst to their family, friends or congregation, they are screaming, “I doubt, I doubt, I have very grave doubts!” OURS is an age of doubt. Skepticism has become fashionable. We are urged to question everything: especially the existence of God and the …

Investigating Jehovah's Witnesses: Why 1914 Is Important to Jehovah?s WitnessesINVESTIGATING JEHOVAH?S WITNESSES: Why 1914 Is Important to Jehovah?s Witnesses

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Translation and Textual Criticism

THE COMPLETE GUIDE to BIBLE TRANSLATION: Bible Translation Choices and Translation Principles [Second Edition]THE COMPLETE GUIDE TO BIBLE TRANSLATION: Bible Translation Choices and Translation Principles [Second Edition] 

THE COMPLETE GUIDE TO BIBLE TRANSLATION (CGBT) is for all individuals interested in how the Bible came down to us, as well as having an insight into the Bible translation process. CGBT is also for those who are interested in which translation(s) would be the most beneficial to use.

CHOOSING YOUR BIBLE: Bible Translation DifferencesCHOOSING YOUR BIBLE: Bible Translation Differences

There are more than 150 different Bible translations in the English language alone. Some are what we call literal translations, which seeks to give the reader the exact English equivalent of what was written in the original language text, thus allowing the reader access to the actual Word …

THE TEXT OF THE NEW TESTAMENT The Science and Art of Textual CriticismTHE TEXT OF THE NEW TESTAMENT: The Science and Art of Textual Criticism

THE TEXT OF THE NEW TESTAMENT was copied and recopied by hand for 1,500 years. Regardless of those scribes who had worked very hard to be faithful in their copying, errors crept into the text. How can we be confident that what we have today is the Word of God? Wilkins and Andrews …

MISREPRESENTING JESUS: Debunking Bart D. Ehrman's "Misquoting Jesus" [Third Edition]MISREPRESENTING JESUS: Debunking Bart D. Ehrman’s “Misquoting Jesus” [Third Edition]

Edward D. Andrews boldly answers the challenges Bart D. Ehrman alleges against the fully inerrant, Spirit-inspired, authoritative Word of God. By glimpsing into the life of Bart D. Ehrman and following along his course of academic studies, Andrews helps the reader to understand the …

Biblical Studies

HOW TO STUDY YOUR BIBLE: Rightly Handling the Word of GodHOW TO STUDY YOUR BIBLE: Rightly Handling the Word of God

A comprehensive book on HOW TO STUDY YOUR BIBLE by observing, interpreting, and applying, which will focus on the most basic Bible study tools, principles, and processes for moving from an in-depth reading of the Scriptures to application. What, though, if you have long felt that you are …

THE NEW TESTAMENT: Its Background, Setting & ContentTHE NEW TESTAMENT: Its Background, Setting & Content

…the author’s intended meaning to his original readers and how that meaning can then apply to us. Marshall gives you what you need for deeper and richer Bible study. Dr. Lee M. Fields writes, “‘Deep’ study is no guarantee that mature faith will result, but shallow study guarantees …

THE LIFE OF JESUS CHRIST: What Do You Know About Jesus? [Updated and Expanded]THE LIFE OF JESUS CHRIST: What Do You Know About Jesus? [Updated and Expanded] 

The life of Christ is an exhaustless theme. It reveals a character of greater massiveness than the hills, of a more serene beauty than the stars, of sweeter fragrance than the flowers, higher than the heavens in sublimity and deeper than the seas in mystery. As good Jean Paul has …

THE LIFE OF THE APOSTLE PAUL: The Apostle to the Nations [Updated and Expanded]THE LIFE OF THE APOSTLE PAUL: The Apostle to the Nations [Updated and Expanded] 

Stalker’s Life of St. Paul became one of the most widely read and respected biographies of the Apostle to the Gentiles. As an insightful compendium on the life of Paul, this work is of particular interest to pastors and teachers who desire to add realism and vividness to their account of …

INTERPRETING THE BIBLE: Introduction to Biblical HermeneuticsINTERPRETING THE BIBLE: Introduction to Biblical Hermeneutics

Delving into the basics of biblical interpretation, Edward D. Andrews has provided a complete hands-on guide to understanding what the author meant by the words that he used from the conservative grammatical-historical perspective. He teaches how to study the Bible on a deep, scholarly …

HOW TO INTERPRET THE BIBLE: An Introduction to HermeneuticsHOW TO INTERPRET THE BIBLE: An Introduction to Hermeneutics

…Linguistic and literary factors are analyzed so that the various genres of Scripture are examined for their true meaning. The importance of having sound principles of interpretation cannot be overstated as to ignore them will result in all manner of erroneous assumptions. Beville presents …

THE CHURCH COMMUNITY IN CONTEMPORARY CULTURE: Evangelism and Engagement with Postmodern PeopleTHE CHURCH COMMUNITY IN CONTEMPORARY CULTURE: Evangelism and Engagement with Postmodern People

Once upon a time, Postmodernism was a buzz word. It pronounced Modernism dead or at least in the throes of death. It was a wave that swept over Christendom, promising to wash away sterile, dogmatic and outmoded forms of church. But whatever happened to postmodernism? It was regarded …

DEVELOPING HEALTHY CHURCHES: A Case-Study in RevelationDEVELOPING HEALTHY CHURCHES: A Case-Study in Revelation

church. It offers an appointment with the Great Physician that no Christian can afford to ignore. Developing Healthy ChurchesA Case-Study in Revelationbegins with a well-researched outline of the origins and development of the church health movement. With that background in mind the …

DYING TO KILL: A Christian Perspective on Euthanasia and Assisted SuicideDYING TO KILL: A Christian Perspective on Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide

…liberties in a multi-cultural society that is becoming increasingly secular. This work provides an ethical framework in which euthanasia and assisted suicide can be evaluated. These issues are on the radar indicating a collision course with Christian values. It is time for Christians to be …

JOURNEY WITH JESUS THROUGH THE MESSAGE OF MARK: Experience the Ministry of Jesus in a Spiritually Captivating WayJOURNEY WITH JESUS THROUGH THE MESSAGE OF MARK

Journey with Jesus through the Message of Mark is an insightful and engaging survey of Mark‘s Gospel, exploring each major section of the text along with key themes. It is a work that can be enjoyed by laypersons as well as pastors and teachers. Pastors will find the abundant use …

ANGELS & DEMONS: The Bible AnswersANGELS & DEMONS The Bible Answers

What are angels & demons? Can angels help us? What does the Bible say about angels? What is the truth about angels? Can Angels affect your life? Who were the “sons of God” in Genesis 6:2? Who were the Nephilim in Genesis 6:2? Who is Michael the archangel? Can Satan the Devil control …

Bible Doctrines

WHERE ARE THE DEAD? Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian FaithWHERE ARE THE DEAD? Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian Faith

What is the Bible’s viewpoint? Without delving into an endless stream of what man has said, Andrews looks at what the Bible says about death and the like. Why do we grow old and die? What happens at death? Is there life after death, or is this all there is? Do we have an immortal soul? …

IDENTIFYING THE ANTICHRIST: The Man of Lawlessness and the Mark of the Beast RevealedIDENTIFYING THE ANTICHRIST: The Man of Lawlessness and the Mark of the Beast Revealed

Herein Andrews will give the reader exactly what the Bible offers on exposing who the Antichrist and the Man of Lawlessness are. If we look at the texts that refer to the antichrist and the man of lawlessness, we will have lines of evidence that will enable us to identify them. Why is it …

UNDERSTANDING THE CREATION ACCOUNT: Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian FaithUNDERSTANDING THE CREATION ACCOUNT: Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian Faith

Throughout the Scriptures, God is identified as the Creator. He is the One “who created the heavens (He is the God who formed the earth and made it, He established it.” [Isa 45:18] He is the One “who forms mountains and creates the wind” (Am 4:13) and is the One “who made the heaven and …

The SECOND COMING of CHRIST: Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian FaithThe SECOND COMING of CHRIST: Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian Faith

The information herein is based on the disciples coming to Jesus privately, saying, “Tell us, (1) when will these things be, and (2) what will be the sign of your coming, and (3) of the end of the age?” (Matthew 24:3) What will end? When will the end come? What comes after the end? Who …

WHAT IS HELL? Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian FaithWHAT IS HELL? Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian Faith

What Really Is Hell? What Kind of Place is Hell? What Really Happens at Death? What Did Jesus Teach About Hell? How Does Learning the Truth About Hell Affect You? Who Goes to Hell? What Is Hell? Is It a Place of Eternal Torment? Does God Punish People in Hellfire? Do the Wicked Suffer in …

Miracles? - Do They Still Happen Today?: God Miraculously Saving People’s Lives, Apparitions, Speaking In Tongues, Faith HealingMIRACLES – DO THEY STILL HAPPEN TODAY? God Miraculously Saving People’s Lives, Apparitions, Speaking In Tongues, Faith Healing 

Miracles were certainly a part of certain periods in Bible times. What about today? Are miracles still taking place. There are some very important subjects that surround this area of discussion that are often misunderstood. Andrews will answer such questions as does God step in and solve …

HOMOSEXUALITY - The BIBLE and the CHRISTIAN: Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian FaithHOMOSEXUALITY – The BIBLE and the CHRISTIAN: Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian Faith

Today there are many questions about homosexuality as it relates to the Bible and Christians. What does the Bible say about homosexuality? Does genetics, environment, or traumatic life experiences justify homosexuality? What is God’s will for people with same-sex attractions? Does the …

Christian Fiction

THE DIARY OF JUDAS ISCARIOT: How to Keep Jesus at Arm's LengthTHE DIARY OF JUDAS ISCARIOT: How to Keep Jesus at Arm’s Length

…desert but none of such significance as a handful of scrolls retrieved from a buried Roman satchel (presumed stolen) at this site. The discovery has since come to be known as ‘The Diary of Judas Iscariot.’ In The Diary of JudasIscariot Owen Batstone relates the observations and feelings …

THE RAPTURE: God’s Unwelcomed WrathTHE RAPTURE: God’s Unwelcomed Wrath

Kevin Trill struggles with the notion that he may have missed the Rapture. With nothing but the clothes on his back and a solid gold pocket watch, he sets off towards Garbor, a safe haven for those who haven’t yet taken the mark of thebeast. While on his way to Garbor, he meets up …

SEEKERS AND DECEIVERS: Which One are You? It Is Time to Join the Fight!

There grew an element in the valley that did not want to be ruled by the Light of the Word. Over time, they convinced the people to reject it. As they started to reject this Light, the valley grew dim and the fog rolled in. The people craved the darkness rather than the Light because they were evil. They did not want to  …

The Shadow Flames of Uluru: Book ONE in the CHAOS DOWN UNDER 

When an ancestor saddles them with the responsibility to purge Australia of a demon threatening to wipe our humanity with black flames, fraternal siblings Amber and Michael Hauksby lay their lives on the line. As the world crumbles around them into chaos, and ancient marsupials wreak havoc in their hometown, they must journey into …

WRITE PLACE, RIGHT TIME: The Pre-Apocalyptic Misadventure of a Freelance Journalist 

“Write Place, Right Time” follows the pre-apocalyptic misadventures of freelance journalist Don Lamplighter. While on what he expects to be a routine Monday night trip to a village board meeting, Lamplighter’s good nature compels him to help a stranded vehicle. Little does he know that by saving one of the car’s occupants, he sets forth a chain of what to him seem to be unrelated events where he must use his physical and social skills to save himself and others from precarious situations.

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