Syriac translations of the New Testament were among the first and date from the 2nd century. The whole Bible was translated by the 5th century.
Syriac is the language of ancient Syria and one of the dialects of Aramaic, which was an official language of the Persian Empire. It was spoken in northern Mesopotamia and around ancient Antioch. In the second or third century C.E., as a written language, Syriac came into wide use.