What Was the Reading Culture In Early Christianity?

Were the Apostles Illiterate? Over the past 150-years, many scholars have said that Jesus’ early disciples could not read and write, and so they did not write down the teachings and deeds of Jesus but that they passed them on by word of mouth. Moreover, these same scholars say that throughout the decades of oral transmission, the historical account of Jesus’ ministry was expanded on, adapted, or elaborated on and exaggerated. Thus, they claim, the Gospels are far from being actual events. What is the truth?

Why Do New Testament Textual Studies Matter?

Many students of textual criticism became interested in it because they wondered whether the Bible is trustworthy, in the sense that what we have today is what the original writers wrote; and, whether variations in the ancient manuscripts could affect our theology.

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