WHAT DO WE KNOW? Some eminent papyrologists, H. Hunger and O. Montevecchi, have affirmed Marcan identification. Still the debate of positive Marcan identification goes on; Some papyrologists argue for it,6 some argue against it, and one scholar has come up with a new identification altogether, namely Zechariah 7:4-5. In addition to proposing Marcan identification for 7Q5, O’Callaghan proposed identification of 1 Timothy 3:16-4:1 for 7Q4.
The earliest MS evidence available for the OT text is also the most recently discovered. Since 1947 thousands of fragments of MSS, both biblical and nonbiblical, have come to light in the Dead Sea region.
The largest organized collection of Hebrew Old Testament manuscripts in the world is housed in the Russian National Library ("Second Firkovitch Collection") in Saint Petersburg. Codex Leningradensis is the oldest complete manuscript of the Hebrew Bible in Hebrew. Manuscripts earlier than the 13th century are very rare.
THE DANGEROUS CONDITIONS: Papyrus was a material prepared in ancient Egypt from the pithy stem of a water plant, used in sheets throughout the ancient Mediterranean world for writing, and it was one of the primary materials used by Bible authors and copyists. Parchment was a thin material made from the prepared skin of an... Continue Reading →
The first list of the Old Testament manuscripts in Hebrew, made by Benjamin Kennicott (1776–1780) and published by Oxford, listed 615 manuscripts from libraries in England and on the Continent. Giovanni de Rossi (1784–1788) published a list of 731 manuscripts. The main manuscript discoveries in modern times are those of the Cairo Geniza (c. 1890)... Continue Reading →
En-geʹdi is the name of a city and the surrounding wilderness in the territory of Judah. (Jos 15:62; 1Sa 24:1) The En-Gedi Scroll is an ancient and fragile Hebrew parchment found in 1970 at Ein Gedi, Israel. It has...
The Materials The primary materials used to receive writing in ancient times was papyrus and parchment. These were used by Bible authors and copyists. as well. At 2 Timothy 4:13 the apostle Paul requested of Timothy that he “bring the cloak that I left with Carpus at Troas, also the books [scrolls], and above all the... Continue Reading →
God is the Author and Originator of the Bible, as well as its Preserver. He is the One who inspired the prophet Isaiah to write: Isaiah 40:8 Updated American Standard Version (UASV) 8 The grass withers, the flower fades, but the word of our God will stand forever. That statement is absolutely true, even though we have... Continue Reading →
Preservation of Scripture This is one of the most hotly debated discussions, this new doctrine Preservation of Scripture. Some have equated this doctrine with Inerrancy of Scripture. Inerrancy of Scripture is simply that the original authors were inspired and that they were moved along by Holy Spirit so that the end product was, in essence,... Continue Reading →
Prior to the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls, the oldest manuscripts of the Old Testament were dated to about the ninth and tenth centuries C.E., known as the Masoretic texts (MT). The Hebrew Old Testament was complete in the middle of the fifth century B.C.E., over 1,400 years earlier than these MT. Therefore, the question... Continue Reading →