THE DANGEROUS CONDITIONS: Papyrus was a material prepared in ancient Egypt from the pithy stem of a water plant, used in sheets throughout the ancient Mediterranean world for writing, and it was one of the primary materials used by Bible authors and copyists. Parchment was a thin material made from the prepared skin of an… Continue Reading →
WHAT DO WE KNOW?
Some eminent papyrologists, H. Hunger and O. Montevecchi, have affirmed Marcan identification. Still the debate of positive Marcan identification goes on; Some papyrologists argue for it,6 some argue against it, and one scholar has come up with a new identification altogether, namely Zechariah 7:4-5. In addition to proposing Marcan identification for 7Q5, O’Callaghan proposed identification of 1 Timothy 3:16-4:1 for 7Q4.
The Sopherim The Sopherim (scribes) were copyist from the days of Ezra down to the time of Jesus. While they were very serious about their task as a copyist, they did take liberties in making textual changes at times. Whether this was what Jesus had in mind cannot be know for certain, but Jesus condemned… Continue Reading →
God is the Author and Originator of the Bible, as well as its Preserver. He is the One who inspired the prophet Isaiah to write:
Isaiah 40:8 Updated American Standard Version (UASV)
8 The grass withers, the flower fades,
but the word of our God will stand forever.
Now that we have determined that, the Dead Sea Scrolls were the library of the Qumran community, who were its people? Early on, in 1947 Professor Eleazar Sukenik obtained three scrolls from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem; after that, suggesting that these scrolls had belonged to the Essene Community. The Essenes were a sect, mentioned by… Continue Reading →
The Materials The primary materials used to receive writing in ancient times was papyrus and parchment. These were used by Bible authors and copyists. as well. At 2 Timothy 4:13 the apostle Paul requested of Timothy that he “bring the cloak that I left with Carpus at Troas, also the books [scrolls], and above all the… Continue Reading →
MT “and the boy was a boy” LXX “and the boy was with them” VG “the boy was yet an infant” The ESV reads “And the child was young.” (NASB, LEB, CSB similar) The UASV has “And the boy was a boy.”
The Shapira Scroll (also known as the Shapira Strips) was a manuscript written in Paleo-Hebrew script. It was presented by Moses Shapira in 1883 as an ancient Biblical artifact and was the focus of a major archaeological controversy. Modern scholars are saying that it is 700 years older than the oldest Dead Sea Scrolls that date to about 250 B.C.E.
The largest organized collection of Hebrew Old Testament manuscripts in the world is housed in the Russian National Library (“Second Firkovitch Collection”) in Saint Petersburg. Codex Leningradensis is the oldest complete manuscript of the Hebrew Bible in Hebrew. Manuscripts earlier than the 13th century are very rare.
Preservation of Scripture This is one of the most hotly debated discussions, this new doctrine Preservation of Scripture. Some have equated this doctrine with Inerrancy of Scripture. Inerrancy of Scripture is simply that the original authors were inspired and that they were moved along by Holy Spirit so that the end product was, in essence,… Continue Reading →