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BIBLICAL TRAINING ACADEMY—Apologetic Defense of the faith, the Bible, and Christianity


OT Textual Criticism Articles

How Did Our Bible Manuscripts Survive the Elements?

The Materials The primary materials used to receive writing in ancient times papyrus and parchment. These were used by Bible authors and copyists.[1] as well. At 2 Timothy 4:13 the apostle Paul requested of Timothy that he “bring the cloak that... Continue Reading →


THE SEPTUAGINT: A Bible Translation That Changed the World

THE IMPORTANCE OF THE SEPTUAGINT The Greek version of the Old Testament commonly known as the Septuagint holds a unique place among translations. Its importance is many-sided. Its chief value lies in the fact that it is a version of... Continue Reading →

How Reliable Are Our Bible Translations?

Even though there has been a serious decline in Christianity over the past 70 years, the Bible is still the bestselling book throughout the world. In fact, it seems that since 1960 there have been dozens of new translations over... Continue Reading →

Mistakes Were Made In Copying God’s Word. Was the Purity of the Bible Text Threatened? Were These Serious Enough to Ruin the Message of the Bible?

Dionysius of Corinth, an avowed Christian overseer in the second century, lamented what had been done to his own writings. “For I wrote letters when the brethren requested me to write. And these letters the apostles of the devil have... Continue Reading →

HEBREW TEXT: Copyists Preserved God’s Word

God is the Author and Originator of the Bible, as well as its Preserver. He is the One who inspired the prophet Isaiah to write: Isaiah 40:8 Updated American Standard Version (UASV) 8 The grass withers, the flower fades, but the word... Continue Reading →

HEBREW TEXT: Who Were the Masoretes?

Isaiah 40:8 Updated American Standard Version (UASV) 8 The grass withers, the flower fades, but the word of our God will stand forever. God had promised that he would preserve his Word, the Bible. The apostle Peter quoted Isaiah 40:6, 8. For, “All flesh... Continue Reading →

HEBREW TEXT: The Septuagint

The Septuagint is the common term for the Old Greek translation of the Hebrew Scriptures. The word means "seventy" and is frequently shortened by using the Roman numeral LXX, which is a reference to the tradition 72 Jewish translators (rounded... Continue Reading →

HEBREW TEXT: Preservation of the Text

Internal Conditions Judaism has always been a book religion: it stands or falls with the Old Testament, especially with the Pentateuch. Although no manuscript of the Hebrew Old Testament is older than the 10th-century B.C.E, save for one minute papyrus,... Continue Reading →

HEBREW TEXT: How Were the Inspired Books of the Hebrew Old Testament Preserved from Moses Down to Ezra’s Day?

Ezra was an inspired scribe/copyist/Bible author about 467-537 B.C.E But how were the inspired writings preserved down to Ezra’s day? There is no way of knowing with absolute certainty just how they were preserved, What we do know is that... Continue Reading →

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