BIBLE HISTORY: The Migrations of Abraham

According to the traditional view, Abraham began his migration from Ur in the southern Mesopotamian plain. Some scholars, however, prefer an Ur located in northwestern Mesopotamia, noting that all other references to the patriarchal homeland point to that direction.

BIBLE BACKGROUND: The Middle Bronze Age in Mesopotamia and Egypt

After the collapse of urban civilization, powerful states reappeared beginning about 2000 B.C. In southern Mesopotamia the city-state of Ur had already gained control of the surrounding territory. Ur-Nammu, greatest king of the Third Dynasty of Ur (ca. 2113–2006 B.C.), erected a great ziggurat (temple tower) and encouraged art and literature.

BIBLE BACKGROUND: Food In Bible Times

The Hebrew and Greek words rendered “food” have various literal meanings, such as “thing eaten,” “nourishment,” “bread,” and “meat," or "flesh.” After God had created Adam and Eve, he said: "'Look, I have given you every plant yielding seed that is on the face of all the earth, and every tree with seed in its fruit. You shall have them for food. And to every beast of the earth and to every bird of the heavens and to everything that creeps on the earth, in which there is a living soul, I have given every green plant for food.' And it was so.” Gen. 1:29-30.

THE BIBLE AS HISTORY: The Law, and the Prophecy

Degenerate and corrupt though the mass of Judaism was, yet the Old Testament economy was the divine institution preparatory to the Christian redemption, and as such received deepest reverence from Christ and his apostles, while they sought by terrible rebuke to lead its unworthy representatives to repentance.

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