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NT Textual Criticism Articles

How Did Our Bible Manuscripts Survive the Elements?

The Materials The primary materials used to receive writing in ancient times papyrus and parchment. These were used by Bible authors and copyists.[1] as well. At 2 Timothy 4:13 the apostle Paul requested of Timothy that he “bring the cloak that... Continue Reading →

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Were Distinctively Byzantine Readings In the Early Papyri New Testament Manuscripts?

The King-James-Version-Only advocates are John William Burgon (1813–1888) and Edward Miller (1825–1901), both authoring The Causes of the Corruption of the Traditional Text of the Holy Gospels (1896) and The Traditional Text of the Holy Gospels Vindicated and Established (1896). Edward... Continue Reading →

PAPYRUS 75 (P75): The Manuscript that Changed the Thinking of Textual Scholars

The discovery of P75 proved to be the catalyst for correcting the misconception that early copyists were predominately unskilled. As we elsewhere on our blog earlier, either literate or semi-professional copyist produced the vast majority of the early papyri, and some copied by professionals. Continue Reading →

CODEX VATICANUS: Why a Treasure?

Codex Vaticanus (03, B) contains the Gospels, Acts, the General Epistles, the Pauline Epistles, the Epistle to the Hebrews (up to Hebrews 9:14, καθα[ριει); it lacks 1 and 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon, and Revelation. It is written on 759 leaves of... Continue Reading →

THE LAST NAIL: Setting Straight the Indefensible Defenders of the Textus Receptus and King James Version

The King-James-Version-Only advocates are John William Burgon (1813–1888), E. H. A. Scrivener (1813–1891), Edward Miller (1825–1901), and Edward F. Hills (1912–1981). The King James version Onlyist love to uses these men's tired arguments in their defense of the corrupt Textus... Continue Reading →

How Reliable Are the Early Texts of the New Testament?

Even though many textual scholars credited the Aland’s The Text of the New Testament with their description of the text as “free,” that was not the entire position of the Alands. They did describe different texts’ styles, such as “at least... Continue Reading →

CAN WE TRUST THE WESTCOTT AND HORT 1881 GREEK TEXT?: Were Westcott and Hort Occultist Unbelievers?

Before delving into whether Westcott and Hort were Occultists or unbelievers, let us look at their work first. Brooke Foss Westcott (1825–1901) and Fenton John Anthony Hort (1828–1892) were nineteenth-century theologians and Bible and textual scholars. Together, they produced The New Testament in... Continue Reading →

What Can We Do to Establish Faith In the Restored Text of the New Testament?

B. F. Westcott and F. J. A. Hort believed that they had established the original text with their New Testament in the Original Greek (1881). They write, “This edition is an attempt to present exactly the original words of the New Testament, so far... Continue Reading →

What Is the Primary Task of the Textual Scholar?

The long-held task of the textual scholar has been to recover the original reading. Samuel Prideaux Tregelles (1813-1875) stated that the objective “of all textual criticism is to present an ancient work, as far as possible, in the very words... Continue Reading →

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