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NT Textual Criticism Articles

New Testament Textual Criticism and Modern Bible Translations

What is the benefit of all Churchgoers knowing about textual criticism? How can the English Bible reader benefit from an understanding of textual criticism? There truly has been a renewed interest in the field of textual criticism, which had lain relatively dormant for several decades. What has contributed to this renewed interest? ... Continue Reading →


HOW THE BIBLE SURVIVED Careless and Even Deceitful Bible Copyists?

Preservation of Scripture This is one of the most hotly debated discussions, this new doctrine Preservation of Scripture. Some have equated this doctrine with Inerrancy of Scripture. Inerrancy of Scripture is simply that the original authors were inspired and that... Continue Reading →

KONSTANTIN VON TISCHENDORF: In Search of Ancient Bible Manuscripts

Friedrich Constantin von Tischendorf [1815-1874] Tischendorf was a world-leading biblical scholar who rejected higher criticism, which led to his noteworthy success in defending the authenticity of the Bible text. He was born in Lengenfeld, Saxony, in northern Europe, the son... Continue Reading →

CODEX VATICANUS: End of Mark’s Gospel

Codex Vaticanus (03, B) contains the Gospels, Acts, the General Epistles, the Pauline Epistles, the Epistle to the Hebrews (up to Hebrews 9:14, καθα[ριει); it lacks 1 and 2 Timothy, Titus, Philemon, and Revelation. It is written on 759 leaves of... Continue Reading →

CODEX SINAITICUS: End of Mark’s Gospel

Codex Sinaiticus (01, א) alone has a complete text of the New Testament and portions of the Greek translation of the Hebrew Scriptures known as the Septuagint. It is a vellum manuscript written in Greek dating to c. 330–360 C.E.  The Codex Sinaiticus Project... Continue Reading →

DETERMINING THE ORIGINAL READING: The Principles and Practice of New Testament Textual Criticism

The Practice of Textual Criticism Determine the Original Reading Note: The following are critical texts: the TR stands for Textus Receptus text (1550), WH stands for Westcott and Hort text (1881), and NU stands for the Nestle-Aland text (28th ed.... Continue Reading →

Was Mark 16:9-20 Written by Mark?

Mark 16:17-18 New King James Version (NKJV) 17 And these signs will follow those who believe: In My name they will cast out demons; they will speak with new tongues; 18 they will take up serpents; and if they drink anything deadly, it will by... Continue Reading →

How the Bible Came Down to Us

We have a young man, who is a has been on the run from the Catholic church for many years, all the while working as a printer and a translator of the English Bible. Many times, there was a pounding... Continue Reading →

HOW WE GOT The Greek Text of the New Testament

Below is a short overview of the copying process of the Greek text of the New Testament. We will cover its transmission in the Greek of the time, as well as other languages that it has been translated into; not... Continue Reading →

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