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BIBLICAL TRAINING ACADEMY—Apologetic Defense of the faith, the Bible, and Christianity

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NT Textual Commentary

NTTC GALATIANS 1:6: “grace of Christ”” or “grace”?

by the grace of Christ: There is a textual problem involving the phrase by the grace of Christ. In the Greek manuscripts we find four different readings: Continue Reading →

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NTTC 1 TIMOTHY 3:16: “God was manifest in the flesh” or “He was manifested in the flesh”?

This simply solved textual issue caused many problems in the nineteenth century and really with the King James Version Onlyists, it still does today. The Bible scholars entered the fray because they thought the textual scholars were undermining their doctrinal position that God became man. ... Continue Reading →

NTTC MATTHEW 4:17: Repent, for the kingdom of heavens has drawn near

The longer reading is preferred if there is clear reason(s) internally as to why the scribe omitted a word or phrase, like difficulties (perceived contradictions) or awkwardness. For example, a scribe may willfully remove or alter a verse that is repeating one of the previous verses. Continue Reading →

NTTC LUKE 23:34: “[[But Jesus was saying, ‘Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing.’]]

The primary weight of external evidence goes to the original language manuscripts. If the weight is so evenly distributed, it is difficult to make a decision; the versions and Church Fathers may serve to tip the scales. Manuscripts are to be weighed not counted. Certain families of manuscripts are more trustworthy (e.g. Alexandrian over Byzantine, Western, or Caesarean). In addition, certain manuscripts within a family are more faithful than others (e.g. P66 P75 01 03) Continue Reading →

NTTC MATTHEW 4:12: Now when he [Jesus] heard that John had been arrested …

Manuscripts are to be weighed not counted. Certain families of manuscripts are more trustworthy (e.g. Alexandrian over Byzantine, Western, or Caesarean). In addition, certain manuscripts within a family are more faithful than others (e.g. P66 P75 01 03) Continue Reading →

NTTC MATTHEW 4:10: Then Jesus said to him, “Go away, Satan!”

The primary weight of external evidence goes to the original language manuscripts. If the weight is so evenly distributed, it is difficult to make a decision; the versions and Church Fathers may serve to tip the scales. Continue Reading →

NTTC MATTHEW 3:16a: the heavens were opened

The shorter reading is generally preferred if the change is intended. This is a reflection of scribal tendency, as a scribe is far more likely in his efforts at clarification, willfully to make an addition to a text. Very rarely will a scribe intentionally add to his text by mistake. Continue Reading →

NTTC MATTHEW 3:11b: he will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire

The reading that the other reading most likely came from is likely the original. This is the fundamental principle of textual criticism. Thus, we can see why a scribe might ... Continue Reading →

NTTC MATTHEW 3:11a: I baptize you with water for repentance, but the one who is coming [after me] is mightier than I

Harmonization is a group of variants where we have scribal changes in an effort to make a passage of Scripture agree more closely with a similar or parallel passage in another book. Most of these changes take place in ... Continue Reading →

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