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NT Textual Commentary

NTTC MATTHEW 3:16a: the heavens were opened

The shorter reading is generally preferred if the change is intended. This is a reflection of scribal tendency, as a scribe is far more likely in his efforts at clarification, willfully to make an addition to a text. Very rarely will a scribe intentionally add to his text by mistake. Continue Reading →


NTTC MATTHEW 3:11b: he will baptize you with the Holy Spirit and fire

The reading that the other reading most likely came from is likely the original. This is the fundamental principle of textual criticism. Thus, we can see why a scribe might ... Continue Reading →

NTTC MATTHEW 3:11a: I baptize you with water for repentance, but the one who is coming [after me] is mightier than I

Harmonization is a group of variants where we have scribal changes in an effort to make a passage of Scripture agree more closely with a similar or parallel passage in another book. Most of these changes take place in ... Continue Reading →

NTTC MATTHEW 3:7: the Pharisees and Sadducees coming to the baptism

“… coming to the baptism” א* B cop Origen; “… coming to his baptism” א1 C D L W 0233 f1, 33 565 579 700. 892 1241 1424 Maj it syr cop. The earliest textual support and likely the original reading of Matthew is ... Continue Reading →

NTTC MATTHEW 2:18: weeping and great mourning

Lucian of Antioch (c. 240-312 C.E.), a Christian presbyter (minister), theologian, and martyr, produced the Syrian text, renamed the Byzantine text. About 290 C.E., some of his associates made various subsequent alterations, which deliberately combined elements from earlier types of text, and this text ... Continue Reading →

NTTC MATTHEW 2:15: Out of Egypt I called my son

As we can see from the above Matthew at 2:15 as we know it quoted Hosea 11:1. Hosea at 11:1 was not speaking prophetically, but rather, his words were a historical reference to the time of Moses when God called the Israelite nation (the son) out of Egypt. ... Continue Reading →

NTTC MATTHEW 2:5: Micah the Prophet, Isaiah the Prophet, or just the prophet?

Here at Matthew 2:5, we have one thirteen century Greek manuscript (ms. nr. 4 saec. XIII bibliotheca Paris, Bibl. Nat., Gr. 84) and a couple of ancient versions (syrhmg copbo), who ... Continue Reading →

NTTC MATTHEW 1:25: she gave birth to [her firstborn] son

The harmonization of passages is likely an intentional change by a copyist, who is seeking have a passage agree with a similar passage from another book. Again, these are generally found in what are known as the Synoptic Gospels,* names Matthew, Mark, and Luke. ... Continue Reading →

NTTC MATTHEW 1:23: they [or you] shall call his name Immanuel

WHNU reads καὶ καλέσουσιν τὸ ὄνομα αὐτοῦ Ἐμμανουήλ (and they shall call his name Immanuel). This is supported by the... Continue Reading →

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