Before printing from movable type became common (from the 15th century C.E. onward), the original Bible writings and also copies of them were handwritten. Therefore, they are called manuscripts (Latin, manu scriptus, “written by hand”). This is an Account of the history of the Greek text up to the time of the Printed Text of the Greek New Testament. It, of course, covers Desiderius Erasmus, his life and the Greek Text he produced that attained wide acceptance for centuries until 1881.
What is philosophy? Philosophy is the critical examination (clarification [What does this mean?], justification [Is it true?], and evaluation [What is its significance and value?]) of our basic beliefs (Fundamental beliefs that underlie our thinking [Presuppositions]) concerning reality, knowledge and truth, and our personal and social values. Socrates said that philosophy is simply “examining life.” The Greek word philosophia means, literally, “love of wisdom.”