THE EARLY CHRISTIAN COPYISTS OF THE NEW TESTAMENT THE TEXT OF THE NEW TESTAMENT MISREPRESENTING JESUS_Third Edition The Complete Guide to Bible Translation-2

Don Wilkins

Now that we have covered many aspects of textual criticism, though certainly not all, I want to conclude by the “So what?” question that may well be in the reader’s mind. I’m aware that you may have even jumped first to this chapter, to help you decide whether reading this rather large book is worth the trouble.

The Two Big Questions

So then, so what, now that you have read our book (I’m assuming that you have)? Let’s begin with two questions that may have led you to this and other books on the subject. Many students of textual criticism became interested in it because they wondered whether the Bible is trustworthy, in the sense that what we have today is what the original writers wrote; and, whether variations in the ancient manuscripts could affect our theology. Since my seminary days as a student, and before that as a younger Bible reader in church, I have received basically the same answers to these two questions from my teachers (and we have touched on them previously): first, we can be confident that we have the Bible today in its original form in existing ancient manuscripts; second, no major doctrine is affected by variant textual readings.

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For a long time now, I have been on the answering end of these questions as an expert on the subject. I can offer these same answers in honesty, but now that you have what we have previously discussed as context and background, I can be candid. For the first question, while I sincerely believe that we have sufficient material in the ancient manuscripts to reconstruct the original (i.e. the autograph), it is, in fact, a belief or a matter of faith. As we have noted earlier, many conservative textual critics refuse to accept a reading that is not supported by at least one credible Greek manuscript. At the same time, it is also a fact that the latest edition of NA text (NA28) has one reading that is not found in any extant Greek manuscript: the “not” in 2 Pet. 3:10 (discussed in connection with the CBGM). It is found in some important ancient versions, but the NA (and GNT) editors have essentially testified that the word is missing from all ancient Greek manuscripts. At the same time, they would say that the word was in the original and was simply lost at a very early stage, but not before it was copied to the ancient versions.

This immediately takes us to one reason that TC matters: the experts disagree about the wording of the text in various places. I am not referring to routine disagreements over the KJV or NKJV against translations based on Alexandrian manuscripts, or over literal vs. thought-for-thought translations, though those disagreements are very important. Rather, I am referring to such differences as we find in 2 Pet. 3:10, where determining the original reading presents the challenge of evaluating readings by internal and external criteria, as we have discussed. I doubt that every textual variation of this kind will be a matter of concern, but a good many will be.

To be true to their consciences, textual critics who reject readings not supported by a Greek manuscript would be obligated to reject the NA28 reading in 2 Pet. 3:10, and the same could be said of any Bible student who takes the same position. For now and the foreseeable future, this is the only reading of its kind in the NA/GNT editions. However, as we saw in our discussion of the problem, the decision ultimately rests on the “harder reading” principle and the provision that the harder reading can be rejected if it is judged “impossible.” There are many readings in the NT that are judged by this principle and are therefore subject to opposing verdicts by textual critics. Whenever this happens, readers must somehow reach their own decisions. Indeed, critics and editors of the Greek text will sometimes disagree on readings due to other criteria as well. Thus the stability of the text as it appears in any printed Bible is something of an illusion. New editions are always coming out, and some of the changes may be due to differences in variant readings that are chosen.

What are readers who are not Bible scholars to do about this? If you are among this largest group, you have taken the first step by reading this book (of course I would say the same thing if you read another book on TC instead). You now know the issues and the criteria used for making decisions about readings. Many no doubt will prefer to trust a particular Bible translation and trust their pastors to provide them additional guidance for textual problems. Whether they fully realize it or not, what they are saying is, “We’re counting on you, Mr./Ms. Translator, or you, Pastor, to make the decision for us as to what the Bible actually says.” But I can tell you that the translators and pastors who are worthy of your trust will reply that they are committed to doing their best, and that is the best they can do. We who do this work all have varying levels of confidence over the textual decisions that we make, and some decisions are very difficult. For these and many other decisions, I feel what medical doctors must feel when they are discussing alternative treatments with critically ill patients. We can make recommendations if we have at least a shred of evidence to back them up; but in the end, it is the patient’s, or the reader’s, decision. I feel compelled to add, too, that very often a pastor is not going to have sufficient training and experience to be of real assistance. There is only so much that can be covered even in three or four years of seminary, and the work of pastoring usually does not allow time for study and practice in TC.

If you have not yet chosen a particular translation as your personal Bible, you may think that I have just made a decisive argument for the KJV, or at least the NKJV. We know that the text of the KJV will not change (barring misprints), so you will not have to worry about variant readings. The issue for the KJV is whether it is–as its most dedicated advocates maintain–the autograph. If it is not (as I would maintain), then it is actually in need of many changes.

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It’s Up to the Reader to Choose

Now let’s sum up this first point: TC is important because textual critics disagree over variant readings. As a result, readers ultimately have to decide for themselves how the Bible should read in these places, and they need some familiarity with TC. I should add that they also need access to variant readings, at least the more important ones. Most good translations provide notes about these variants, at least in the editions intended for study. More information can be found in good commentaries, and at a minimum pastors should be familiar enough with the original languages to be able to identify variant readings.

Do Different Readings Affect Theology?

Now let me attempt a candid answer to whether variations in ancient manuscripts could affect our theology. We can be quite confident that variant readings do not and will not affect major doctrines because these doctrines do not depend on one or two verses. Probably the most famous example of this is the spurious version of 1 John 5:7-8 found in the TR/KJV.[1] Opponents of the doctrine of the trinity (such as Jehovah’s Witnesses) have wreaked a great deal of havoc among the orthodox by pointing out that the passage was not originally in the Bible. However, conservative scholars have for a very long time acknowledged this fact and pointed out that the trinity is nevertheless biblical, due to other proof texts.

The same came probably said about various minor doctrines as well; we just don’t worry about them as much. One that has attracted my interest actually is subject to change as a result of variant readings, in my personal opinion: the doctrine of forgiveness. It seems clear that Jesus was generous with forgiveness and that He taught generosity in forgiving others who do us wrong. Society, in general, seems to find that appealing, and we tend to consider those especially noble who forgive their offenders even when the latter are incorrigible and do not ask for forgiveness. In the case of those who have been wronged and are reluctant to forgive, we encourage them to do so, and this is frequently taken a step farther: the victims are encouraged to forgive for their own benefit, whether their kindness is acknowledged by the offenders or not.

I’m sure we have all seen a conversation played out in which a reluctant victim is gently disciplined by being told that God expects him or her to forgive regardless of what the offender does. If a proof text is called for, the most likely to be used probably is Luke 23:34: “Father, forgive them; for they do not know what they are doing.” We certainly want to emulate Jesus, and it is crystal clear that when He said this, the people who were crucifying Him were not acknowledging their sin nor asking for His forgiveness.

But did Jesus actually say this? If you check your study Bible (a note may be in Bibles without commentary as well), you will find that early manuscripts do not have the verse. Actually, the information may not be as specific as that so you may need to consult a commentary or other source. Textual critics are agreed that the line is not scripture because it is missing from the best manuscripts. That is only external evidence, but I expect that the reading without the line will prevail eventually in the CBGM as well. In terms of internal criteria, the shorter version better serves as the origin of the longer than the reverse. We can easily imagine a scribe adding the line to his copy from another source when his main exemplar did not have it. It is far less likely that the scribe would delete the line when his exemplar had it.

It can be argued that Jesus might actually have said this even though it was not recorded as scripture, but when I considered that the line was spurious, it occurred to me that Jesus’ teaching seems rather to be generosity in forgiveness whenever the offender comes to the victim and acknowledges the wrong. Probably the best example of His teaching on the subject is Matt. 18:21-35, in the parable of the hopelessly indebted slave and the king. It begins with Peter asking Jesus how many times he should forgive an offending brother, the answer essentially being an unlimited number. In the brief parallel in Luke 17:3-4, Jesus actually points out that the offending brother repents.

Following all this out, I came to the conclusion that Jesus quite possibly did not teach a blind forgiveness, i.e. forgiveness whether the offender cares or even knows about it, but unlimited forgiveness that is conditioned on the offender repenting or seeking it. This would not make Jesus less generous in my mind, but rather more sensible. When we seek forgiveness, we want to restore a broken relationship and/or avoid the consequences of a wrong we have committed. It seems clear from NT teaching on forgiveness that it is for the benefit of the offender. If that person is unrepentant, however, he or she has no reason to seek forgiveness, other than to avoid any painful consequences. But avoiding the latter will again lead to seeking out the victim. So the only situation that makes sense for the dispensing of forgiveness is that of the offender coming to the victim in repentance. It seems to be necessary in the relationship between God and man (cf. 1 John 1:9).

I could say much more about the topic, but the point here is that the authenticity or lack of it for a variant reading can conceivably affect doctrine. In the particular case of forgiveness, it could be that we have overlooked an important detail and, as a result, some poor advice has been given to victims who are suffering unnecessarily.

Let’s consider one more example, in this case, another traditional one: Luke 2:14. Many people are aware now that the KJV’s  beloved “good will toward men” is a variant reading supported by a large number of weak manuscripts. The reading supported by the best manuscripts, which is also the harder reading, is “men [or people] of good will/pleasure.” The difference in the Greek is purely grammatical. Good will can refer to people who are kind or have good intentions toward others. The Greek can also be understood as “of good pleasure,” in which case it can be interpreted as referring to God’s good pleasure. From that, we get the idea, “with whom He is pleased.” In a good study Bible, you will see some note about this.

If you haven’t already noticed it, the difference is significant for the doctrine of salvation. “Good will toward men [mankind]” is easily understood as God’s best wishes for all mankind, pretty much the kind of Christmas that the average person believes in. On the other hand, “men of good will” would indicate that the blessings of Christmas are only for good people, not everyone, and there are rewards for good deeds. If we narrow it down to “with whom He [God] is pleased,” it can be understood as those of the right faith, or even as the elect, Calvinisticly speaking. So there are several interesting interpretations of this verse–a verse which much, if not most, of the English-speaking world, is familiar. But determining the correct interpretation begins with choosing a variant reading through the practice of textual criticism.

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Now What?

I hope this answers the “so what” questions. There remains a “Now what?” question: what changes can we expect to see in the New Testament (and by extension in the OT, though we are discussing only the NT) going forward as the result of textual criticism? In simpler times, when I was also much younger and naïve, I would say that new manuscript discoveries are taking place all the time. That was true then, and it is still true, but I am going to continue with a candid appraisal here. I think that, at least for conservatives, the impact of new discoveries will be minimal compared to the impact of new systems for evaluating and choosing variant readings. For example, we are not likely to discover any manuscripts from the early centuries, with the possible exception of fragments. Late manuscripts will continue to surface, and their value depends in large part on one’s principles of textual criticism.

Fortunately, I have a real-world way to provide examples of future changes. I have indicated that I take mainly a positive view of the CBGM and that in any case, it will play a major role in TC because of its use in editing the current and future editions of the NA/GNT text. The current (NA28) edition incorporates 34 changes in the General (Catholic) Epistles relative to the previous edition.[2] What I propose to do is to go through some of them, explaining not only what they are in the Greek, but also how the English text might be translated differently as a result. Whether these changes will prove to be representative of all changes that will eventually be made to the NT text as a result of the CBGM, we cannot know, but it seems more likely than not.

We have already looked at three of the 34 changes in the chapter on the CBGM. The first was Jude 5, where the grammatical subject “the Lord” has been changed in NA28 to “Jesus.” This decision, ironically, need not have had anything to do with the CBGM, though it did. Traditional TC supported “Jesus” as having better external support and being the harder reading. It was rejected on the basis of the provision to the latter criterion that it was an impossible reading. “Lord” was deemed possible because there was the potential for confusion between the nomina sacra abbreviations for “Lord” and “Jesus.”

The next example was James 1:20. In this case, the difference between the readings in NA28 and the previous edition (NA27/26) is much more subtle: the verb for “accomplish” or “achieve” is intensified in the Greek of NA28. However, the difference in meaning is so slight that the translation of the previous NA could be retained.

The third example was 2 Pet. 3:10, and here again the decision ironically had nothing really to do with the CBGM. It was another case of rejecting the harder reading “will be found” as too difficult to be possible. In looking at additional examples, therefore, I will select only examples that were not clearly outcomes of a rejected harder reading.

James 2:3 is a good example, where the issue is the order of wording, specifically the position of the Greek for “there.” NA27 (and previous editions) have it with “stand,” supported mainly by manuscript A (02) if we take a traditional perspective. If we consult the CBGM online tools, the calculations tell us that A inherited the reading from 01 and other related manuscripts.

In NA28, the position of “there” has been changed to follow the command “sit,” supported mainly by B (03). The difference in meaning is interesting. The rich man has just been directed to a good seat “here.” If we follow NA27 (as in the NASB), the poor man is told to “Stand there, or sit by my footstool.” We can clearly see the preferential treatment. On the other hand, if we follow ms B, the translation would be “Stand, or sit there by my footstool.” It seems clear that this is harsher treatment, arguably a better fit for the context. From a traditional TC viewpoint, it also has better external support than the previous reading supported by A.

Given these appraisals, you might wonder why the reading supported by A (02) was previously chosen by Metzger et al. for earlier editions of NA. In his textual commentary he maintains that the scribes of B (03) and other witnesses transposed the Greek “there” to produce a parallelism of two, rather than three, references to places–i.e. the “here” for the rich man’s seat and the “there” where the poor man is told to either stand or sit.[3] Metzger surmised that the scribes missed the point that the footstool was the nearest place to the speaker. He does not say anything about a harder reading; rather, this decision seems to be solely about reconstructing the origins of the variants. As such, it illustrates the first fundamental principle as I noted in the chapter on criteria above.[4]

I think we will all agree that the choice of reading here will not affect theology in any way. Nevertheless, we may well prefer the reading chosen for NA28 just because of its contribution to the context. There are a few other changes in James, but their effects on translation are not significant for our purposes here. To illustrate, I cite the last one, which is found in 4:10. It is a question of whether “Lord” has the Greek article (“the”) or not. Since we know that James is referring to deity, we would translate with the article in any case as opposed to “a lord.”[5]

More of the 34 changes occur in the epistles of Peter than in the other books combined: a total of 19. Again, however, not many of these are significant for translation. We have already discussed one that is significant in 1 Peter, i.e. 4:16, and I refer the reader to that discussion.[6] There are five variant readings before that where NA28 differs from NA27, but none affects translation or is really significant.[7]

The next reading that does affect translation is the presence or absence of “Therefore” (Greek OUN) in 1 Peter 5:1. The Greek can be translated in different ways, but in other passages, Peter consistently uses it to infer something from what precedes, so “Therefore” fits. In this particular case, the text-critical issues are interesting, so I will address them. We begin with the fact that the editors of NA28 chose the reading supported by the Byzantine text, which omits “Therefore” (OUN), as opposed to the Alexandrian manuscripts.

At first glance, this looks as though it could be a choice of a Byzantine reading over the Alexandrians for its own sake. It is more complicated than that, however. While traditional criticism would tend to ignore late manuscripts and consider mainly (or only) the early Alexandrians, we must bear in mind that the CBGM ignores the dates of manuscripts. In this case, 1739 and 81, which both reflect the Alexandrian “text-type,” part company with the older manuscripts and have the Byzantine reading. So as far as the CBGM is concerned, we have here a split in the Alexandrians, with important representatives lending support to the Byzantine variant. If we consult the CBGM diagrams online, we also find better coherence on the Byzantine side.

What we have just considered amounts to external evidence in the CBGM. Internally, we should ask which reading better accounts for its counterpart. For an inferential particle (often called a “marker”), there must be something in the preceding text that serves as a logical basis or precedent for the statement with the particle. The particle becomes difficult to explain when there is little or no logical connection between what follows and what precedes. I think it is a matter of opinion here, but I see little connection with the preceding (the end of chapter four). If I am correct, it follows that a scribe would not add “Therefore” if it were not before his eyes in his exemplar. On the other hand, it seems plausible to me that the Greek word could be omitted by accident due to its resemblance to the endings of the words before and after it, i.e. both -OUS. I must add that my preference is a qualified rejection of the criterion favoring the shorter reading. So on balance, it is not difficult to see why the ECM editors chose the reading found in Byzantine mss. We can also conclude that while their choice affects translation here, like other variants so far, it has no implications for theology.

There are two remaining textual variants that have been changed for NA28 in 1 Peter, one in 5:9 that does not affect translation, and one in 5:10 that actually does not change the choice presented to translators in NA27. This brings us to 2 Peter, where most of the changes occur.

I should acknowledge the first variant, which occurs in 2:6 because the textual choice significantly affects the translation. We will have something like either “an example to those who were going to behave in an ungodly way,” or “an example to ungodly people of things [i.e. punishments] to come.” In NA27 the choice was clearly marked in the text by brackets, indicating uncertainty on the part of the editors. In NA28 the brackets are gone, leaving one choice (the Greek infinitive) preferred, probably because it exhibits perfect coherence in the CBGM analysis. However, any translator paying attention to the apparatus will find the same options with their support, so I doubt that the change in NA28 will be of consequence.

The next variant reading of significance occurs in 2:18, where the ECM editors have chosen “really” or “actually” in place of “barely” in the phrase “barely escape….” The two words are almost antonyms in both the Greek and the English, and “barely” seems a much better fit for the context. Orthographically[8] they are so similar that scribes could easily miscopy either or assume that one was mistaken for the other and change what is found in the exemplar. It happens that the choice of the ECM editors is also the reading of the Byzantine witnesses, who join 01 against 03. Such an opposition of readings could be very significant if the subject matter involved doctrine. It is also interesting that the original choice of the other reading had the complete confidence of the editors (an “A” decision); this was not a case of a slight tipping of the scales.

A change of what was a rather doubtful reading occurred for 2 Pet 2:20, with the deletion of “our” following “Lord.” It is of little or no significance to the meaning of the passage, so I think we can move on to the next variant unit, the form of the relative pronoun following a preposition in 3:6. NA28 now has the pronoun in the accusative case, changing the meaning of the preposition from “through/by” to “because of” (“because of which [water] the world…was destroyed”). There is a significant difference in meaning, and we would need to perform a good deal of exegesis to do the matter justice.

I think it is fair to say that after 2 Pet 3:10 (discussed earlier), the only  other variation unit in 2 Peter of significance for our purposes here occurs in 3:16, where the uncertainty is the tense of the verb “distort.” In NA27 the present tense was the accepted reading; in NA28 the reading chosen is the future. It is a significant difference in meaning (“the untaught distort/will distort, as they do…”) but the point seems to be the same either way, one that does not involve doctrine.

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There are four changed readings in 1 John, but only one, found in 5:18, is significant for our purposes. The question is whether the third-person personal pronoun follows the verb “keeps,” or the reflexive pronoun (“himself”). This, in turn, leads to (or follows) a decision whether the subject of the verb is the divine Son or the believer. If the former, the implication is that the Son protects the believer from a sinful way of life, which would be a doctrinal matter. In NA27 the personal pronoun was chosen supporting this doctrine; in NA28 it is the believer keeping himself from sin.

There are two changes in 2 John, both changes of word order, neither significant for us. In 3 John there is one change, the presence or absence of the article before “truth” in verse 4. Some would question whether such a small change is significant. I would say that “walking in truth” (without the article) could refer to honest behavior, while “walking in the truth” more likely would refer to following Christian doctrine faithfully.

We come finally to Jude, where there are three changes. The first is quite interesting, mainly substituting “Jesus” for “Lord” in verse 5. This would be a clear reference to the activity of the preexistent Christ in the OT. As such it could probably serve as a Trinitarian proof text if the reading were strongly favored by text-critical criteria, but that is not the case. Of the two remaining changes, the first is very uncertain and of minimal importance, while second is virtually insignificant for translation.

What are we to conclude about these changes? First, there are very few of them compared to the total number of variant units in the epistles, and if anyone expects the outcome to match the expectations that we might have had given the use of a major new tool (the CBGM and nearly exhaustive database) in textual criticism, he or she will be underwhelmed. Even then, many if not most of the changes will seem inconsequential, depending on one’s perspective. I suppose we can say positively that this is a tribute both to the stability of the biblical text and the objectivity of the new technology. We may, of course, be in for some surprises as work continues on the rest of the New Testament.

So much for the quantity of changes; what about the quality of the changes that are significant? Conservative theologians undoubtedly will continue to say with great confidence that no major doctrine is affected, and for my own part, I find it difficult to imagine that to be untrue. But for a few changes discussed above, we did see the possibility of doctrinal implications. We also saw at least one case where a previously confident decision on a reading was reversed. I have, moreover, seen such reversals on readings between the publications of ECM (first edition) and ECM2. So there are no guarantees that decisions about variant readings will remain the same, at least not for a number of future ECM/NA/GNT editions. For translators, even one significant change is important; and for theologians, any change in a verse affecting doctrine needs to be evaluated for its validity and any possible effects it may have on the doctrine.

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What We Can Expect to See

In closing, I think we are entering a new era of textual criticism and Bible translation in which not just two or three mainstream competing Greek New Testaments will continue to be available, but eventually, a handful will be or even more. For translators, in particular, it will be necessary either to take a “frozen text” position or put on the additional hat of a textual critic, unless they simply entrust themselves to a favorite textual scholar or organization to make text-critical decisions for them. I think a professional translator has an obligation to wear both hats, not only for intellectual honesty but also for the practical purpose of responding properly to challenges about his or her work. “Why did you translate X this way?” is a frequent question, and I believe it always deserves an intelligent answer. To say that the Greek reads this way in the Nth NA edition, or that Dr. So-and-so recommends it, is an honest answer, but not really intelligent. For those who are content if the Greek reads such a way in the TR, I say, God, bless them, and I’m sure He does.

[1] See above, pp. 154 f.

[2] The list of changes can be found in several sources, including NA28, 6* and 50*-51*.

          [3] Metzger, Textual Commentary, 609-610.

[4] See p. 239.

[5] This is an English problem: “presence of Lord” (if the anarthrous Greek is preferred) would be too awkward, forcing the translator to add either “a” or “the,” and “a” (indefinite) typically implies a plurality of members in a given class.

[6] See above p. 275.

[7] Some might disagree about the participle in 1 Pet.  1:6, but I think the accusative simply assumes an implied infinitive of being.

[8] For example in P72 it is very easy to misread the Greek for “barely” as “really,” the other Greek word.

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THE BOOK OF JAMES: CPH New Testament Commentary, Vol. 17 (An Apologetic and Background Exposition of the Holy Scriptures) CPH New Testament CommentaryTHE BOOK OF JAMES (CPH New Testament Commentary 17)

…about God and his personal revelation, allowing it to change our lives by drawing closer to God. The Book of James volume is written in a style that is easy to understand. The Bible can be difficult and complex at times. Our effort herein is to make it easier to read and understand, while …

THE OUTSIDER: Coming-of-Age In This MomentTHE OUTSIDER Coming-of-Age In This Moment

THE OUTSIDER is a Coming-of-Age book. SECTION 1 Surviving Sexual Desires and Love will cover such subjects as What Is Wrong with Flirting, The Pornography Deception, Peer Pressure to Have Sexual Relations, Coping With Constant Sexual Thoughts, Fully Understanding Sexting, Is Oral Sex …

THIRTEEN REASONS WHY YOU SHOULD KEEP LIVING: When Hope and Love VanishTHIRTEEN REASONS WHY YOU SHOULD KEEP LIVING: When Hope and Love Vanish

Who should read THIRTEEN REASONS WHY YOU SHOULD KEEP LIVING? Anyone who is struggling with their walk as a young person. Anyone who has a friend who is having difficulty handling or coping with their young life, so you can offer them the help they need. Any parent who has young ones. And …

WAGING WAR: A Christian's Cognitive Behavioral Therapy WorkbookWAGING WAR: A Christian’s Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Workbook

Waging War is a guide to start the youth with the most basic information and work pages to the culmination of all of the facts, scripture, and their newly gained insight to offer a more clear picture of where they are and how to change their lives for the better. Every chapter will have …

THE POWERFUL WEAPON OF PRAYER: A Healthy Prayer LifeTHE POWERFUL WEAPON OF PRAYER: A Healthy Prayer Life

DOZENS OF QUESTIONS WILL BE ANSWERED: Why is prayer necessary? What must we do to be heard by God? How does God answer our prayers? Does God listen to all prayers? Does God hear everyone’s prayers? What may we pray about? Does the Father truly grant everything we ask for? What kind …

HUMAN IMPERFECTION: While We Were Sinners Christ Died For UsHUMAN IMPERFECTION: While We Were Sinners Christ Died For Us

There are many reasons the Christian view of humanity is very important. The Christian view of humanity believes that humans were created in the image of God. We will look at the biblical view of humanity. We are going to look at the nature of man, the freedom of man, the personality of …

FOR AS I THINK IN MY HEART SO I AM: Combining Biblical Counseling with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy [Second Edition]FOR AS I THINK IN MY HEART SO I AM: Combining Biblical Counseling with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy [Second Edition] 

In FOR AS I THINK IN MY HEART – SO I A M, Edward D. Andrews offers practical and biblical insights on a host of Christian spiritual growth struggles, from the challenge of forgiveness to eating disorders, anger, alcoholism, depression, anxiety, pornography, masturbation, same-sex …

APPLYING GOD'S WORD MORE FULLY: The Secret of a Successful Christian Life [Second Edition]APPLYING GOD’S WORD MORE FULLY: The Secret of a Successful Christian Life [Second Edition]

There is a genuine happiness, contentment, and joy, which come from reading, studying and applying God’s Word. This is true because the Scriptures offer us guidance and direction that aids us in living a life that coincides with our existence as a creation of Almighty God. For example, we …

PUT OFF THE OLD PERSON: Put On the New Person [Second Edition]PUT OFF THE OLD PERSON: Put On the New Person [Second Edition]

THERE IS ONE MAJOR DIFFERENCE between Christian living books by Andrews and those by others. Generally speaking, his books are filled with Scripture and offer its readers what the Bible authors meant by what they penned. In this publication, it is really God’s Word offering the counsel, …

Walking With Your God_Second EditionWALK HUMBLY WITH YOUR GOD: Putting God’s Purpose First in Your Life [Second Edition]

A clean conscience brings us inner peace, calmness, and a profound joy that is seldom found in this world under the imperfection of fallen flesh that is catered to by Satan, the god of the world. Many who were formerly living in sin and have now turned their life over to God, they now know this amazing relief and are able today to hold a good and clean conscience as they carry out the will of the Father. WALK HUMBLY WITH YOUR GOD, has been written to help its readers to find that same joy, to have and maintain a good, clean conscience in their lives. Of course, it is incapable of covering every detail that one would need to consider and apply in their lives …

WIVES BE SUBJECT TO YOUR HUSBANDS: How Should Wives Treat Their Husbands?WIVES BE SUBJECT TO YOUR HUSBANDS How Should Wives Treat Their Husbands?

This book is primarily for WIVES, but wives will greatly benefit from it as well. WIVES will learn to use God’s Word to construct a solid and happy marriage. The Creator of the family gives the very best advice. Many have been so eager to read this new publication: WIVES BE SUBJECT TO …

HUSBANDS LOVE YOUR WIVES: How Should Husbands Treat Their Wives?HUSBANDS LOVE YOUR WIVES: How Should Husbands Treat Their Wives?

This book is primarily for HUSBANDS, but wives will greatly benefit from it as well. HUSBANDS will learn to use God’s Word to construct a solid and happy marriage. The Creator of the family gives the very best advice. Many have been so eager to read this new publication: HUSBANDS LOVE …

TECHNOLOGY AND SOCIAL TRENDS: A Biblical Point of View

Technological and societal change is all around us. What does the future hold? Trying to predict the future is difficult, but we can get a clue from the social and technological trends in our society. The chapters in this book provide a framework as Christians explore the uncharted territory in our world of technology and social change.

CHRISTIANS AND GOVERNMENT: A Biblical Point of View

Government affects our daily lives, and Christians need to think about how to apply biblical principles to politics and government. This book provides an overview of the biblical principles relating to what the apostle Paul calls “governing authorities” (i.e., government) with specific chapters dealing with the founding principles of the American government. This includes an examination of the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, the Bill of Rights, and the Federalist Papers.

CHRISTIANS AND ECONOMICS A Biblical Point of View

Economics affects our daily lives, and Christians need to think about how to apply biblical principles to money, investment, borrowing, and spending. They also need to understand the free enterprise system and know how to defend capitalism. Chapters in this book not only look at broad economic principles, but a section of the book is devoted to the challenges we face in the 21st century from globalization and tough economic times. A section of the book also provides an in-depth look at other important social and economic issues (gambling, welfare) that we face every day

Christian Apologetics

REASONABLE FAITHREASONABLE FAITH: Saving Those Who Doubt 

Inside of some Christians unbeknownst to their family, friends or the church, they are screaming, “I doubt, I doubt, I have very grave doubts!” Ours is an age of doubt. Skepticism has become fashionable. We are urged to question everything: especially the existence of God and the truthfulness of his Word, the Bible. A SUBSTANTIAL PORTION of REASONABLE FAITH is on healing for the elements of emotional doubt. However, much attention is given to more evidenced-based chapters in our pursuit of overcoming any fears or doubts that we may have or that may creep up on us in the future.

DEFENDING OLD TESTAMENT AUTHORSHIP: The Word of God Is Authentic and TrueDEFENDING OLD TESTAMENT AUTHORSHIP: The Word of God Is Authentic and True

How true is the Old Testament? For over two centuries Biblical scholars have held to the so-called documentary hypothesis, namely, that Genesis-Deuteronomy was not authored by Moses, but rather by several writers, some of whom lived centuries after Moses’ time. How have many scholars …

Agabus CoverDEFENDING AGABUS AS A NEW TESTAMENT PROPHET: A Content-Based Study of His Predictions In Acts by Sung Cho

Agabus is a mysterious prophetic figure that appears only twice in the book of Acts. Though his role is minor, he is a significant figure in a great debate between cessationists and continualists. On one side are those who believe that the gift of prophecy is on par with the inspired Scriptures, infallible, and has ceased. On the other side are those who define it as fallible and non-revelatory speech that continues today in the life of the church. Proponents of both camps attempt to claim …

WHAT WILL HAPPEN IF YOU DIEWHAT WILL HAPPEN IF YOU DIE?: Should You Be Afraid of Death or of People Who Have Died?

People grow old, get sick, and die. Even some children die. Should you be afraid of death or of anybody who has died? Do you know what happens if we die? Will you ever see your dead loved ones again? “If a man dies, shall he live again?” asked the man Job long ago. (Job 14:14) Did God originally intend for humans to die? Why do you grow old and die? What is the Bible’s viewpoint of death? What is the condition of the dead? Are the dead aware of what is happening around them? What hope is there for the dead?

UNDERSTANDING ISLAM AND TERRORISM: A Biblical Point of ViewUNDERSTANDING ISLAM AND TERRORISM: A Biblical Point of View

Islam is making a significant mark in our world. It is perhaps the fastest-growing religion in the world. It has become a major obstacle to Christian missions. And Muslim terrorists threaten the West and modern democracies. What is the history of Islam? What do Muslims believe? Do Christians and Muslims worship the same God? Why do we have this clash of civilizations? Is sharia law a threat to modern democratic values? How can we fight terrorists in the 21st century? These are significant questions that deserve thoughtful answers …

IS THE QURAN The WORD OF GOD?: Is Islam the One True Faith?IS THE QURAN THE WORD OF GOD?: Is Islam the One True Faith?

IS THE QURAN THE WORD OF GODIs Islam the One True Faith? This book covers the worldview, practices, and history of Islam and the Quran. This book is designed as an apologetic evangelistic tool for Christians, as they come across Muslims in their daily lives, as well as to inform …

REASONS FOR FAITH: The First Apologetic Guide For Christian Women on Matters of The Heart, Soul, and MindREASONS FOR FAITH: The First Apologetic Guide For Christian Women on Matters of The Heart, Soul, and Mind

If you have the desire to become better equipped to reach others for the lost or to strengthen your faith, Judy Salisbury’s guide—written specifically to meet the needs of Christian women today—offers you a safe, practical, and approachable place to start. In her lively, …

BIBLICAL CRITICISM: What are Some Outstanding Weaknesses of Modern Historical Criticism?BIBLICAL CRITICISM: What are Some Outstanding Weaknesses of Modern Historical Criticism

Historical Criticism of the Bible got started in earnest, known then as Higher Criticism, during the 18th and 19th centuries, it is also known as the Historical-Critical Method of biblical interpretation. Are there any weakness to the Historical-Critical Method of biblical interpretation …

BIBLICAL CRITICISM: Beyond the BasicsBIBLICAL CRITICISM: Beyond the Basics

Biblical criticism is an umbrella term covering various techniques for applying literary historical-critical methods in analyzing and studying the Bible and its textual content. Biblical criticism is also known as higher criticism, literary criticism, and historical criticism. Biblical …

CHRISTIAN APOLOGETIC EVANGELISM: Reaching Hearts with the Art of PersuasionCHRISTIAN APOLOGETIC EVANGELISM: Reaching Hearts with the Art of Persuasion

APOLOGETICS: Reaching Hearts with the Art of Persuasion by Edward D. Andrews, author of seventy-two books, covers information that proves that the Bible is accurate, trustworthy, fully inerrant, and inspired by God for the benefit of humankind. The reader will be introduced to Christan …

REVIEWING 2013 New World Translation of Jehovah’s Witnesses: Examining the History of the Watchtower Translation and the Latest Revision

REVIEWING 2013 New World Translation of Jehovah’s Witnesses is going to challenge your objectivity. Being objective means that personal feelings or opinions do not influence you in considering and representing facts. Being subjective means that your understanding is based on or influenced by personal feelings, tastes, or ideas. If the reader finds these insights offense, it might be a little mind control at work from years of being told the same misinformation repeatedly, so ponder things objectively …

REASONING FROM THE SCRIPTURES: Sharing CHRIST as You Help Others to Learn about the Mighty works of God

Use of REASONING FROM THE SCRIPTURES should help you to cultivate the ability to reason from the Scriptures and to use them effectively in assisting others to learn about “the mighty works of God.” – Acts 2:11. If Christians are going to be capable, powerful, efficient teachers of God’s Word, we must not only pay attention to what we tell those who are interested but also how we tell them. Yes, we must focus our attention on…

REASONING WITH THE WORLD’S VARIOUS RELIGIONS: Examining and Evangelizing Other Faiths

God’s will is that “all sorts of men should be saved and come to an accurate knowledge of truth.” (1 Tim. 2:4) God has assigned all Christians the task of proclaiming the Word of God, teaching, to make disciples. (Matt. 24:15; 28:19-20: Ac 1;8 That includes men and women who profess a non-Christian religion, such as Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam to mention just a few. If there are Hindus, Buddhist or Muslims are in your community, why not initiate a conversation with them? Christians who take the Great Commission seriously cannot afford to ignore these religions…

CONVERSATIONAL EVANGELISM: Defending the Faith, Reasoning from the Scriptures, Explaining and Proving, Instructing in Sound Doctrine, and Overturning False Reasoning, [Second Edition]CONVERSATIONAL EVANGELISM, [Second Edition]

Evangelism is the work of a Christian evangelist, of which all true Christians are obligated to partake to some extent, which seeks to persuade other people to become Christian, especially by sharing the basics of the Gospel, but also the deeper message of biblical truths. Today the …

THE CHRISTIAN APOLOGIST: Always Being Prepared to Make a Defense [Second Edition]THE CHRISTIAN APOLOGIST: Always Being Prepared to Make a Defense [Second Edition]

MOST Christian apologetic books help the reader know WHAT to say; THE CHRISTIAN APOLOGIST is HOW to communicate it effectively. The Christian apologist words should always be seasoned with salt as we share the unadulterated truths of Scripture with gentleness and respect. Our example …

THE EVANGELISM HANDBOOK: How All Christians Can Effectively Share God's Word in Their Community, [SECOND EDITION]THE EVANGELISM HANDBOOK: How All Christians Can Effectively Share God’s Word in Their Community, [SECOND EDITION]

THE EVANGELISM HANDBOOK is a practical guide (for real-life application) in aiding all Christians in sharing biblical beliefs, the Good News of the kingdom, how to deal with Bible critics, overturning false beliefs, so as to make disciples, as commanded by Christ. Matthew 24:14; …

YOUR GUIDE FOR DEFENDING THE BIBLE: Self-Education of the Bible Made Easy [Third Edition]YOUR GUIDE FOR DEFENDING THE BIBLE: Self-Education of the Bible Made Easy [Third Edition]

The reader will receive eight small introductory books in this one publication. Andrews’ intention is to offer his reader several chapters on eight of the most critical subject areas of understanding and defending the Word of God. This will enable the reader to lay a solid foundation for …

THE CULTURE WAR: How the West Lost Its Greatness & Was Weakened From WithinTHE CULTURE WAR: How the West Lost Its Greatness & Was Weakened From Within 

The Culture War. How the West lost its greatness and was weakened from within outlines how the West lost its values, causing its current decline. It is a forceful attack on the extreme liberal, anti-religious ideology which since the1960’s has permeated the Western culture and …

EARLY CHRISTIANITY IN THE FIRST CENTURY Jesus' Witnesses to the Ends of the EarthEARLY CHRISTIANITY IN THE FIRST CENTURY Jesus’ Witnesses to the Ends of the Earth

EARLY CHRISTIANITY IN THE FIRST CENTURY will give its readers a thrilling account of first-century Christianity. When and how did they come to be called Christians? Who are all obligated to be Christian evangelists? In what way did Jesus set the example for our evangelism? What is the …

CRISIS OF FAITH: Saving Those Who DoubtCRISIS OF FAITH Saving Those Who Doubt 

Inside of some Christians unbeknownst to their family, friends or congregation, they are screaming, “I doubt, I doubt, I have very grave doubts!” OURS is an age of doubt. Skepticism has become fashionable. We are urged to question everything: especially the existence of God and the …

Investigating Jehovah's Witnesses: Why 1914 Is Important to Jehovah?s WitnessesINVESTIGATING JEHOVAH?S WITNESSES: Why 1914 Is Important to Jehovah?s Witnesses

The intention of this book is to investigate the biblical chronology behind Jehovah’s Witnesses most controversial doctrinal position that Jesus began to rule invisibly from heaven in October 1914. This biblical chronology of the Witnesses hinges upon their belief that the destruction of …

FLEECING THE FLOCK_03FLEECING THE FLOCK: Setting the People of God Free From the Lies of Tithing

Evangelist Norman Robertson claims that “Tithing is God’s way of financing His kingdom on the earth.” He asserts that “It is His system of economics which enables the Gospel to be preached.” Not bashful about telling his followers of their duty to give, he flatly states: ‘Tithing isn’t something you do because you can afford it. It is an act of obedience. Not tithing is a clear violation of God’s commandments. It is embezzlement.’ Most likely you accept that giving should be part of Christian worship. However, …

Deception In the ChurchDECEPTION IN THE CHURCH: Does It Matter How You Worship?

DECEPTION IN THE CHURCH by Fred DeRuvo asks Does It Matter How You Worship? There are 41,000 different denominations that call themselves “Christian” and all would claim that they are the truth. Can just any Christian denomination please God? Can all be true or genuine Christianity if they all have different views on the same Bible doctrines? DeRuvo will answer. He will focus on the largest part of Christianity that has many different denominations, the charismatic, ecstatic Signs and Wonders Movements. These ecstatic worshipers claim … DeRuvo will answer all these questions and more according to the truth of God’s Word.—John 8:31-32; 17:17.

Translation and Textual Criticism

THE COMPLETE GUIDE to BIBLE TRANSLATION: Bible Translation Choices and Translation Principles [Second Edition]THE COMPLETE GUIDE TO BIBLE TRANSLATION: Bible Translation Choices and Translation Principles [Second Edition] 

THE COMPLETE GUIDE TO BIBLE TRANSLATION (CGBT) is for all individuals interested in how the Bible came down to us, as well as having an insight into the Bible translation process. CGBT is also for those who are interested in which translation(s) would be the most beneficial to use.

CHOOSING YOUR BIBLE: Bible Translation DifferencesCHOOSING YOUR BIBLE: Bible Translation Differences

There are more than 150 different Bible translations in the English language alone. Some are what we call literal translations, which seeks to give the reader the exact English equivalent of what was written in the original language text, thus allowing the reader access to the actual Word …

THE TEXT OF THE NEW TESTAMENT The Science and Art of Textual CriticismTHE TEXT OF THE NEW TESTAMENT: The Science and Art of Textual Criticism

THE TEXT OF THE NEW TESTAMENT was copied and recopied by hand for 1,500 years. Regardless of those scribes who had worked very hard to be faithful in their copying, errors crept into the text. How can we be confident that what we have today is the Word of God? Wilkins and Andrews …

MISREPRESENTING JESUS: Debunking Bart D. Ehrman's MISREPRESENTING JESUS: Debunking Bart D. Ehrman’s “Misquoting Jesus” [Third Edition]

Edward D. Andrews boldly answers the challenges Bart D. Ehrman alleges against the fully inerrant, Spirit-inspired, authoritative Word of God. By glimpsing into the life of Bart D. Ehrman and following along his course of academic studies, Andrews helps the reader to understand the …

Biblical Studies

HOW TO STUDY YOUR BIBLE: Rightly Handling the Word of GodHOW TO STUDY YOUR BIBLE: Rightly Handling the Word of God

A comprehensive book on HOW TO STUDY YOUR BIBLE by observing, interpreting, and applying, which will focus on the most basic Bible study tools, principles, and processes for moving from an in-depth reading of the Scriptures to application. What, though, if you have long felt that you are …

THE NEW TESTAMENT: Its Background, Setting & ContentTHE NEW TESTAMENT: Its Background, Setting & Content

…the author’s intended meaning to his original readers and how that meaning can then apply to us. Marshall gives you what you need for deeper and richer Bible study. Dr. Lee M. Fields writes, “‘Deep’ study is no guarantee that mature faith will result, but shallow study guarantees …

THE LIFE OF JESUS CHRIST: What Do You Know About Jesus? [Updated and Expanded]THE LIFE OF JESUS CHRIST: What Do You Know About Jesus? [Updated and Expanded] 

The life of Christ is an exhaustless theme. It reveals a character of greater massiveness than the hills, of a more serene beauty than the stars, of sweeter fragrance than the flowers, higher than the heavens in sublimity and deeper than the seas in mystery. As good Jean Paul has …

THE LIFE OF THE APOSTLE PAUL: The Apostle to the Nations [Updated and Expanded]THE LIFE OF THE APOSTLE PAUL: The Apostle to the Nations [Updated and Expanded] 

Stalker’s Life of St. Paul became one of the most widely read and respected biographies of the Apostle to the Gentiles. As an insightful compendium on the life of Paul, this work is of particular interest to pastors and teachers who desire to add realism and vividness to their account of …

INTERPRETING THE BIBLE: Introduction to Biblical HermeneuticsINTERPRETING THE BIBLE: Introduction to Biblical Hermeneutics

Delving into the basics of biblical interpretation, Edward D. Andrews has provided a complete hands-on guide to understanding what the author meant by the words that he used from the conservative grammatical-historical perspective. He teaches how to study the Bible on a deep, scholarly …

HOW TO INTERPRET THE BIBLE: An Introduction to HermeneuticsHOW TO INTERPRET THE BIBLE: An Introduction to Hermeneutics

…Linguistic and literary factors are analyzed so that the various genres of Scripture are examined for their true meaning. The importance of having sound principles of interpretation cannot be overstated as to ignore them will result in all manner of erroneous assumptions. Beville presents …

THE CHURCH COMMUNITY IN CONTEMPORARY CULTURE: Evangelism and Engagement with Postmodern PeopleTHE CHURCH COMMUNITY IN CONTEMPORARY CULTURE: Evangelism and Engagement with Postmodern People

Once upon a time, Postmodernism was a buzz word. It pronounced Modernism dead or at least in the throes of death. It was a wave that swept over Christendom, promising to wash away sterile, dogmatic and outmoded forms of church. But whatever happened to postmodernism? It was regarded …

DEVELOPING HEALTHY CHURCHES: A Case-Study in RevelationDEVELOPING HEALTHY CHURCHES: A Case-Study in Revelation

church. It offers an appointment with the Great Physician that no Christian can afford to ignore. Developing Healthy ChurchesA Case-Study in Revelationbegins with a well-researched outline of the origins and development of the church health movement. With that background in mind the …

DYING TO KILL: A Christian Perspective on Euthanasia and Assisted SuicideDYING TO KILL: A Christian Perspective on Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide

…liberties in a multi-cultural society that is becoming increasingly secular. This work provides an ethical framework in which euthanasia and assisted suicide can be evaluated. These issues are on the radar indicating a collision course with Christian values. It is time for Christians to be …

JOURNEY WITH JESUS THROUGH THE MESSAGE OF MARK: Experience the Ministry of Jesus in a Spiritually Captivating WayJOURNEY WITH JESUS THROUGH THE MESSAGE OF MARK

Journey with Jesus through the Message of Mark is an insightful and engaging survey of Mark‘s Gospel, exploring each major section of the text along with key themes. It is a work that can be enjoyed by laypersons as well as pastors and teachers. Pastors will find the abundant use …

ANGELS & DEMONS: The Bible AnswersANGELS & DEMONS The Bible Answers

What are angels & demons? Can angels help us? What does the Bible say about angels? What is the truth about angels? Can Angels affect your life? Who were the “sons of God” in Genesis 6:2? Who were the Nephilim in Genesis 6:2? Who is Michael the archangel? Can Satan the Devil control …

AN ENCOURAGING THOUGHT The Christian Worldview

An Encouraging Thought elucidates the ways in which Tolkien’s The Hobbit and The Lord of the Rings are informed by and communicate a biblical worldview. This book will help readers appreciate the ways in which a biblical worldview informs Tolkien’s work, to the end that their own faith may be confirmed in strength, focused in understanding, deepened in joy, and honed in its ability to communicate the Gospel.

Bible Doctrines

WHERE ARE THE DEAD? Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian FaithWHERE ARE THE DEAD? Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian Faith

What is the Bible’s viewpoint? Without delving into an endless stream of what man has said, Andrews looks at what the Bible says about death and the like. Why do we grow old and die? What happens at death? Is there life after death, or is this all there is? Do we have an immortal soul? …

IDENTIFYING THE ANTICHRIST: The Man of Lawlessness and the Mark of the Beast RevealedIDENTIFYING THE ANTICHRIST: The Man of Lawlessness and the Mark of the Beast Revealed

Herein Andrews will give the reader exactly what the Bible offers on exposing who the Antichrist and the Man of Lawlessness are. If we look at the texts that refer to the antichrist and the man of lawlessness, we will have lines of evidence that will enable us to identify them. Why is it …

UNDERSTANDING THE CREATION ACCOUNT: Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian FaithUNDERSTANDING THE CREATION ACCOUNT: Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian Faith

Throughout the Scriptures, God is identified as the Creator. He is the One “who created the heavens (He is the God who formed the earth and made it, He established it.” [Isa 45:18] He is the One “who forms mountains and creates the wind” (Am 4:13) and is the One “who made the heaven and …

The SECOND COMING of CHRIST: Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian FaithThe SECOND COMING of CHRIST: Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian Faith

The information herein is based on the disciples coming to Jesus privately, saying, “Tell us, (1) when will these things be, and (2) what will be the sign of your coming, and (3) of the end of the age?” (Matthew 24:3) What will end? When will the end come? What comes after the end? Who …

WHAT IS HELL? Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian FaithWHAT IS HELL? Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian Faith

What Really Is Hell? What Kind of Place is Hell? What Really Happens at Death? What Did Jesus Teach About Hell? How Does Learning the Truth About Hell Affect You? Who Goes to Hell? What Is Hell? Is It a Place of Eternal Torment? Does God Punish People in Hellfire? Do the Wicked Suffer in …

Miracles? - Do They Still Happen Today?: God Miraculously Saving People’s Lives, Apparitions, Speaking In Tongues, Faith HealingMIRACLES – DO THEY STILL HAPPEN TODAY? God Miraculously Saving People’s Lives, Apparitions, Speaking In Tongues, Faith Healing 

Miracles were certainly a part of certain periods in Bible times. What about today? Are miracles still taking place. There are some very important subjects that surround this area of discussion that are often misunderstood. Andrews will answer such questions as does God step in and solve …

HOMOSEXUALITY - The BIBLE and the CHRISTIAN: Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian FaithHOMOSEXUALITY – The BIBLE and the CHRISTIAN: Basic Bible Doctrines of the Christian Faith

Today there are many questions about homosexuality as it relates to the Bible and Christians. What does the Bible say about homosexuality? Does genetics, environment, or traumatic life experiences justify homosexuality? What is God’s will for people with same-sex attractions? Does the …

Daily Devotionals

DEVOTIONAL FOR YOUTHS: Growing Up In Christ

Young ones and teens, you are exposed to complex problems that your parents may not understand. Young Christians, you are bombarded with multiple options for solving everyday problems through social media. Where do you turn to find answers? Where can you look to find guidance from Scripture? In order to provide a Christian perspective to problem-solving, the author of this devotional book decided to take a different approach.

DEVOTIONAL FOR TRAGEDYDEVOTIONAL FOR THOSE COPING WITH TRAGEDY: A Journey Back to God

This devotional book follows the author’s own faith journey back to God. Significant life events can shake our world and distort our faith. Following life’s tragedies, a common reaction is to become angry with God or to reject Him altogether. Examples of tragedies or traumas include life-changing events such as physical or sexual assault, destruction of one’s home, the tragic death of a loved one, diagnoses of terminal diseases, divorce, miscarriages, or being a victim of a crime. Tragedies or traumas can cause feelings of anxiety, depression, shame, and guilt.

DEVOTIONAL FOR CAREGIVERSDEVOTIONAL FOR CAREGIVERS: Finding Strength Through Faith 

Throughout the book, common themes emerge to support caregivers. The reader will find interesting Bible Scriptures, offering a Christian perspective, for handling issues that may arise. These inspiring passages will assist the caregiver in finding peace and faith as they travel their journey as a caregiver. Although caregivers may not know how long they will play this role, they take on the responsibility without any question. Taking care of others is often mentioned in the Bible and, as noted in this devotional, this self-sacrificing, highly valued, and often challenging service will ultimately be rewarded.

DAILY DEVOTIONAL Daily Musings From the Old Testament

Humans must breathe in the air of our atmosphere to survive. Many cities because of pollution face a dangerous level of contamination in their air. However, an even more deadly air affects both Christians and nonChristians. Ordinary methods or devices cannot detect this poisonous air.

DAILY DEVOTIONAL: Daily Musing From the New Testament

Paul counseled, “Set your mind on the things above, not on the things that are on earth.” (Col. 3:2) It is, for this reason, Marshall has penned the DAILY DEVOTIONAL: Daily Musings From the New Testament, which can help us be protected against Satan’s efforts at controlling our mind and heart.  For each day of the year, DAILY DEVOTIONAL provides a Daily Bible Reading and comments for consideration.

BREAD OF HEAVEN: Daily Meditations on Scripture

BREAD OF HEAVEN helps the reader to have a greater understanding of the timeless truths of Scripture and a deeper appreciation of the grandeur of God. It offers meditations on selected Scriptures which will draw the reader’s attention upwards to the Savior.

Christian Fiction

THE DIARY OF JUDAS ISCARIOT: How to Keep Jesus at Arm's LengthTHE DIARY OF JUDAS ISCARIOT: How to Keep Jesus at Arm’s Length

…desert but none of such significance as a handful of scrolls retrieved from a buried Roman satchel (presumed stolen) at this site. The discovery has since come to be known as ‘The Diary of Judas Iscariot.’ In The Diary of JudasIscariot Owen Batstone relates the observations and feelings …

THE SECRET HIDEAWAYTHE SECRET HIDEAWAY ON BRIDGETON HILL

Rachael Garrison knows all the shrewd ways to successfully close multi-million-dollar real estate deals with her father’s famous New York real estate enterprise. But beyond her savvy to rake in huge deals is her premonition that an impending global takeover of the world’s financial wealth is on the horizon by evil leaders of The Great Ten Nations. From New York City to the Irish Hills of Michigan, and into the streets of Detroit her life takes on enormous purpose as

THE RAPTURE: God’s Unwelcomed WrathTHE RAPTURE: God’s Unwelcomed Wrath

Kevin Trill struggles with the notion that he may have missed the Rapture. With nothing but the clothes on his back and a solid gold pocket watch, he sets off towards Garbor, a safe haven for those who haven’t yet taken the mark of thebeast. While on his way to Garbor, he meets up …

SEEKERS AND DECEIVERS: Which One are You? It Is Time to Join the Fight!

There grew an element in the valley that did not want to be ruled by the Light of the Word. Over time, they convinced the people to reject it. As they started to reject this Light, the valley grew dim and the fog rolled in. The people craved the darkness rather than the Light because they were evil. They did not want to  …

The Shadow Flames of Uluru: Book ONE in the CHAOS DOWN UNDER 

When an ancestor saddles them with the responsibility to purge Australia of a demon threatening to wipe our humanity with black flames, fraternal siblings Amber and Michael Hauksby lay their lives on the line. As the world crumbles around them into chaos, and ancient marsupials wreak havoc in their hometown, they must journey into …

WRITE PLACE, RIGHT TIME: The Pre-Apocalyptic Misadventure of a Freelance Journalist 

“Write Place, Right Time” follows the pre-apocalyptic misadventures of freelance journalist Don Lamplighter. While on what he expects to be a routine Monday night trip to a village board meeting, Lamplighter’s good nature compels him to help a stranded vehicle. Little does he know that by saving one of the car’s occupants, he sets forth a chain of what to him seem to be unrelated events where he must use his physical and social skills to save himself and others from precarious situations.

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