Exodus 4:21 BDC: Did God Harden Heart of the Pharaoh?

Exodus mentions that a heart is hardened or unbending 19 times. In the list below, each of the situations is listed, along with the Hebrew verb used and the subject of that verb. At times the text states that the heart itself grows hard, while in other instances there is an agent— Jehovah or Pharaoh—who does the hardening.

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